Popular Radiologists News and Current Events

Popular Radiologists News and Current Events, Radiologists News Articles.
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Artificial intelligence can dramatically cut time needed to process abnormal chest X-rays
New research has found that a novel Artificial Intelligence (AI) system can dramatically reduce the time needed to ensure that abnormal chest X-rays with critical findings will receive an expert radiologist opinion sooner, cutting the average delay from 11 days to less than three days. Chest X-rays are routinely performed to diagnose and monitor a wide range of conditions affecting the lungs, heart, bones, and soft tissues. (2019-01-22)

New technique improves outcome for living donor liver transplants
Thanks to a review paper done at the University of Alberta radiologists at the University of Alberta Hospital are now using CT imaging for living-donor liver transplantation. CT imaging allows surgeons to plan the operation more accurately, which increases the likelihood for organ graft survival in recipients and reduces complication rates in donors. (2008-03-18)

New treatment option for ruptured brain aneurysms
Researchers in Finland have identified an effective new treatment option using stent-assisted coil embolization on patients who have suffered a ruptured brain aneurysm, a potentially life-threatening event, according to a new study. (2009-08-25)

Radiologists attempt to solve mystery of Tut's demise
Egyptian radiologists who performed the first-ever computed tomography (CT) evaluation of King Tutankhamun's mummy believe they have solved the mystery of how the ancient pharaoh died. The CT images and results of their study were presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America. (2006-11-27)

Researchers aim to prevent medical imaging cyberattacks
Researchers and cybersecurity experts have begun to examine ways to mitigate the risk of cyberattacks in medical imaging before they become a real danger. (2018-11-27)

Measurements from 3-D augmented reality holographic models shown to be highly accurate
Measurements taken on projected augmented reality 3-D holographic models were shown to be essentially as accurate as 'gold standard' measurements and nearly approaching that of PACS measurements, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, D.C. (2018-02-09)

Artificial intelligence used in clinical practice to measure breast density
An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm measures breast density at the level of an experienced mammographer, according to a new study. The researchers said the study, the result of a collaboration between breast imagers and AI experts, represents a groundbreaking implementation of AI into routine clinical practice. (2018-10-16)

Artificial intelligence may help reduce gadolinium dose in MRI
Researchers are using artificial intelligence to reduce the dose of a contrast agent that may be left behind in the body after MRI exams, according to a new study. (2018-11-26)

MRI analysis with machine learning predicts impairment after spinal injury, study shows
A test of machine-learning algorithms shows promise for computer-aided prognosis of acute spinal cord injury, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, D.C. (2018-04-05)

Artificial intelligence may help diagnose tuberculosis in remote areas
Researchers are training artificial intelligence models to identify tuberculosis (TB) on chest X-rays, which may help screening and evaluation efforts in TB-prevalent areas with limited access to radiologists, according to a new study. (2017-04-25)

Screening mammography for women 40-49 detects more cancers compared with older age groups
When compared to the screening population ages 50 and over, screening mammography in women ages 40-49 detects 19.3 percent additional cancers at the expense of an overall 1.5 percent increase in callbacks and 0.1 percent in increased biopsies, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, DC. (2018-03-13)

Interactive virtual reality enhances physicians' treatment planning of complex conditions
Interactive virtual reality (VR) brings medical images to life on screen, showing interventional radiologists a patient's unique internal anatomy to help physicians effectively prepare and tailor their approach to complex treatments, such as splenic artery aneurysm repair, according to new research being presented today at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting. (2018-03-18)

What is the cost of interrupting a radiologist?
A first of its kind study shows typical interruptions experienced by on-call radiologists do not reduce diagnostic accuracy but do change what they look at and increase the amount of time spent on a case. (2018-03-19)

New CT technology shows anorexia impairs adolescent bone development
Children and teenagers with even mild cases of anorexia exhibit abnormal bone structure, according to a new study. (2008-11-18)

Contrast-enhanced subharmonic imaging detects prostate cancers not identified by MRI
A test of contrast-enhanced subharmonic imaging (SHI) has shown promise in detecting prostate cancers that were not identified by MRI, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, D.C. (2018-04-10)

Researchers develop prostate cancer prediction tool that has unmatched accuracy
Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California have developed a novel machine-learning framework that distinguishes between low- and high-risk prostate cancer with more precision than ever before. The framework, described in a Scientific Reports paper published today, is intended to help physicians -- in particular, radiologists -- more accurately identify treatment options for prostate cancer patients, lessening the chance of unnecessary clinical intervention. (2019-02-07)

Focused ultrasound relieves fibroid symptoms in women
A noninvasive ultrasound procedure effectively shrinks uterine fibroids and significantly relieves fibroid-related symptoms in women, according to the results of a multicenter clinical trial reported in the June issue of the journal Radiology. Magnetic resonance-guided, focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) allows radiologists to precisely target fibroids without harming healthy surrounding tissue. (2007-05-29)

Artificial intelligence virtual consultant helps deliver better patient care
Interventional radiologists at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) are using technology found in self-driving cars to power a machine learning application that helps guide patients' interventional radiology care, according to research presented today at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting. (2017-03-08)

Machine learning predicts which patients benefit from prostate multiparametric MRI
A newly developed machine learning model can accurately predict which patients are most likely to benefit from prostate multiparametric MRI (mpMRI), according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, DC. (2018-03-21)

Radiologists can help identify victims of domestic violence
Radiologists may play a crucial role in identifying signs of intimate partner violence, a type of domestic violence, according to a new study. Radiologists can identify potential violence-related patterns of injury and work closely with referring providers to provide care for the victims. (2019-02-05)

MRI shows brain atrophy pattern that predicts Alzheimer's
Using special MRI methods, researchers have identified a pattern of regional brain atrophy in patients with mild cognitive impairment that indicates a greater likelihood of progression to Alzheimer's disease. (2009-02-10)

Radiotherapy offers new treatment option for liver cancer
A novel technique that delivers high doses of radiation to tumors while sparing the surrounding normal tissue shows promise as a curative treatment option for patients with early-stage liver cancer, according to a new study. (2018-04-24)

Emergency CT for head trauma may be overused, study shows
Emergency patients are too often given head CT to check for skull fractures and brain hemorrhage, leading to unnecessary heath care costs and patient exposure to radiation, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, DC. (2018-02-23)

Patients lack information about imaging exams
Patients and their caregivers desire information about upcoming imaging examinations, but many are not getting it, according to a new study. The researchers found that half of all patients and caregivers end up seeking information on their own. (2018-02-13)

Novel technique may significantly reduce breast biopsies
A novel technique that uses mammography to determine the biological tissue composition of a tumor could help reduce unnecessary breast biopsies, according to a new study. (2018-12-11)

Under-reporting of vertebral fractures by radiologists: A missed opportunity
A new retrospective study by researchers at the University of Oxford has found that within a cohort of hip fracture patients many had previous imaging studies showing incidental vertebral fractures -- but 54 percent of the vertebral fractures were not reported by radiologists. The study puts a spotlight on the under-reporting of osteoporotic vertebral fractures, particularly by radiologists who are not specialized in musculoskeletal imaging. This is a missed opportunity to prevent subsequent, often life-threatening hip fractures. (2017-09-08)

Follow-up imaging is less when radiologists read ED ultrasounds
According to a study presented at the American College of Radiology annual meeting, the use of follow-up imaging is significantly less when initial emergency department (ED) ultrasound examinations are interpreted by a radiologist than a nonradiologist. (2017-05-23)

Full integration of digital breast tomosynthesis reduces false positive rates, study shows
Rates of false positive breast cancer screening exams fell significantly after complete integration of diagnostic digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), potentially leading to higher quality, lower costs, and fewer unnecessary biopsies, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, DC. (2018-02-12)

Ultrasound guidelines identify children who should be biopsied for thyroid cancer
A Loyola Medicine study has found that new ultrasound guidelines can reliably identify pediatric patients who should be biopsied for thyroid cancer. Thyroid cancer is a common cause of cancer in teenagers, and the incidence is increasing. Adolescents have a 10-fold greater incidence than younger children, and the disease is five times more common in girls than boys. (2018-05-18)

A trained eye
UCSB researchers show that category learning can be influenced by where an object is in our field of vision. (2018-08-15)

Deep learning can distinguish recalled-benign mammograms from malignant and negative images
An artificial intelligence (AI) approach based on deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN) could identify nuanced mammographic imaging features specific for recalled but benign (false-positive) mammograms and distinguish such mammograms from those identified as malignant or negative. (2018-10-11)

Patient-derived organoids may help personalize the treatment of gastrointestinal cancers
A new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) review highlights the potential of 3-D organoid models derived from patient cells to help personalize therapy for individuals with gastrointestinal cancers. (2018-01-17)

Thinking outside the box and outside the tumor to detect lung cancer
A team of researchers at Case Western Reserve University is using 'deep-learning' diagnostic computers to examine the shape of blood vessels feeding a nodule found on a lung CAT scan and in regions surrounding the tumor. They're finding previously unrecorded changes in those blood vessels--or otherwise healthy surrounding tissue--which accurately predict a cancer growth nearby, in this case, lung cancer. (2018-12-18)

New research examines patients' satisfaction with their radiologists
New research reports that most US radiologists receive favorable satisfaction scores from their patients. The study, supported by research grants from the Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute, is published online in the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR). (2017-02-17)

Detection of breast cancer in screening mammography has improved over time
Researchers analyzing 2.5 million screening mammograms performed on nearly one million women found discrimination of cancerous from noncancerous lesions improved over a nine-year period. Results of the study are published in the online edition of the journal Radiology. (2010-05-26)

Freezing prostate cancer does a man's body good
The so-called (2009-03-09)

Radiology offers clues in cases of domestic abuse and sexual assault
Radiologic signs of injury could help identify victims of intimate partner violence, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). (2017-11-27)

Hip steroid injections associated with bone changes
Osteoarthritis patients who received a steroid injection in the hip had a significantly greater incidence of bone death and collapse compared with control groups, according to new research presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). (2017-11-29)

Shoulder 'brightness' on ultrasound may be a sign of diabetes
A shoulder muscle that appears unusually bright on ultrasound may be a warning sign of diabetes, according to a new study. (2018-11-19)

Minimally invasive autopsy improves postmortem diagnoses
Minimally invasive autopsy with CT and MRI performs as well as conventional autopsy in detecting cause of death and has the advantage of yielding more diagnoses, according to a new study. (2018-09-25)

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