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Popular Tobacco Control News and Current Events, Tobacco Control News Articles.
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PSU study: Kids from wealthier families feel more control over lives
Sociology professor Dara Shifrer examined which measures of socioeconomic status -- parents' education, family income, race and parents' occupation -- have the greatest influence over a child's locus of control and why (2018-03-22)

Acid reflux associated with head and neck cancers in older adults
Acid reflux was associated with cancer of the respiratory and upper digestive tracts in older adults. (2017-12-21)

Children bear the brunt of secondhand smoke in Bangladesh
Children in Bangladesh are being exposed to high levels of secondhand smoke despite laws banning smoking in public spaces, a study carried out by the University of York suggests. (2017-12-08)

Tobacco smoke makes germs more resilient
University of Louisville School of Dentistry researcher David A. Scott, Ph.D., explores how cigarettes lead to colonization of bacteria in the body. (2016-05-31)

Smokers often misunderstand health risks of smokeless tobacco product, Rutgers study finds
American smokers mistakenly think that using snus, a type of moist snuff smokeless tobacco product, is as dangerous as smoking tobacco, according to a Rutgers study. The study provides new research on what smokers think about snus, a Swedish style product that is popular in Scandinavia, but newer to the United States. (2019-03-04)

Farm sunshine, not cancer: Replacing tobacco fields with solar arrays
Michigan Tech researchers contend that tobacco farmers could increase profits by converting their land to solar farms, which in turn provides renewable energy generation. (2018-02-05)

Study suggests vaping does not stain teeth
Scientists at British American Tobacco have studied the impact of the vapor from Vype, an e-cigarette and glo, a tobacco-heating-product, on teeth and compared it to that of cigarette smoke. The results show that teeth exposed to Vype e-cigarette vapor or vapor from glo do not become stained, whereas teeth exposed to cigarette smoke became stained very quickly. (2018-03-24)

Who is using guns for suicide?
The average profile of an American using a gun for suicide is a married, white male over the age of 50 who is experiencing deteriorating health. (2018-04-26)

Growing number of state laws limit local government control over food and nutrition
In recent years, more than a dozen states have passed laws limiting local governments' ability to create food and nutrition policies and more than two dozen states previously enacted laws preventing obesity-related lawsuits against food businesses, finds a new analysis led by NYU College of Global Public Health. These laws are examples of preemption, a legal mechanism in which a higher level of government withdraws or limits the ability of a lower level of government to act on an issue. (2018-11-19)

The microbiome of a native plant is much more resilient than expected
The microbiome, which consists of all microorganisms that live on or in plants, animals and also humans, is important for the health and development of these organisms. In a new study published in eLife, scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, investigated how a plant responds to manipulations of its microbial associations. The results indicate that the enormous bacterial diversity residing in natural soils may account for the stability of the plant-microbiome relationship. (2018-04-17)

Fruits, vegetables and teas may protect smokers from lung cancer, UCLA researchers report
Tobacco smokers who eat three servings of fruits and vegetables per day and drink green or black tea may be protecting themselves from lung cancer, according to a first-of-its-kind study by UCLA cancer researchers. (2008-05-28)

Alcohol and tobacco are by far the biggest threat to human welfare of all addictive drugs
A new review published online today in the journal Addiction has compiled the best, most up-to-date source of information on alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use and the burden of death and disease. It shows that in 2015 alcohol and tobacco use between them cost the human population more than a quarter of a billion disability-adjusted life years, with illicit drugs costing a further tens of millions. (2018-05-11)

Higher cigarette taxes may increase use of chewing tobacco and cigars in adolescents
Raising cigarette taxes to combat smoking may increase the use of cigars and smokeless tobacco, such as chewing tobacco, in adolescents according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health, involving 499,381 adolescents. (2018-02-14)

A 'joint' problem: Investigating marijuana and tobacco co-use
A survey of marijuana and tobacco co-users by Medical University of South Carolina investigators found that co-users with high degree of interrelatedness between their use of the two substances had greater tobacco dependence and smoked more cigarettes per day. However, the finding of a strong link between the two substances was not universal. These findings, reported in Addictive Behaviors, suggest that highly personalized treatments are needed for co-users who want to quit smoking. (2019-02-22)

Got menopause? Healthy lifestyle now is crucial for heart health
A healthy lifestyle in middle-aged women was strongly associated with healthier arteries. (2018-11-28)

Correlation between secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke exposure and children ED visits
Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit substance in the US. Secondhand marijuana smoke (SHMS) exposure and its subsequent impact on child health have not been studied. The objective of this study was to determine association between SHMS exposure and rates of emergency department visitation, and rates of tobacco sensitive conditions (asthma, otitis media and viral respiratory infections). (2018-05-05)

First-of-its-kind study in endothelial stem cells finds exposure to flavored e-cigarette liquids, e-cigarette use exacerbates cell dysfunction
There has been a rapid rise in e-cigarette use, but its health effects have not been well-studied and their effect on vascular health remains unknown. A first of its kind study in endothelial stem cells, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, found acute exposure to flavored e-liquids or e-cigarette use exacerbates endothelial cell dysfunction, which often precedes heart disease. (2019-05-27)

Research sheds light on a novel disease mechanism in chronic smokers
Research published in the journal Clinical Science suggests that an immune signalling protein called interleukin (IL)-26 is increased among chronic smokers with lung disease and this involvement reveals disease mechanisms of interest for developing more effective therapy for these hard-to-treat patients. (2018-05-20)

Majority of Canadians view physical inactivity as a serious public health issue
Physical inactivity is nearly on par with unhealthy diets and tobacco use as a public health concern among Canadians, a new UBC study has found. Approximately 55 per cent of respondents in a national survey of 2,519 people rated physical inactivity as a serious public health concern, compared with 58 per cent for unhealthy diets and 57 per cent for tobacco use. (2018-11-29)

Parental warning: second-hand smoke may trigger nicotine dependence symptoms in kids
Parents who smoke cigarettes around their kids in cars and homes beware -- second-hand smoke may trigger symptoms of nicotine dependence in children. The findings are published in the September edition of the journal Addictive Behaviors in a joint study from nine Canadian institutions. (2008-09-29)

Nicotine in breast milk disrupts infants' sleep patterns
A study from the Monell Chemical Senses Center reports that nicotine in the breast milk of lactating mothers who smoke cigarettes disrupts their infants' sleep patterns. The findings raise new questions regarding whether nicotine exposure through breast milk affects infant development. (2007-09-04)

Study reveals new mechanism in nicotine addiction
Two chemical signals, acetylcholine and glutamate, were known to act as part of the negative reward system that fuels craving, but it wasn't clear how this happened. In new experiments, researchers have learned that one of these neurotransmitters, acetylcholine, regulates the other, glutamate, to reinforce nicotine dependence. (2015-12-01)

Bloomberg era's emphasis on 'health in all policies' improved New Yorkers' heart health
From 2002 to 2013, New York City implemented a series of policies prioritizing the public's health in areas beyond traditional healthcare policies and illustrated the potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. This strategy is known as employing a 'health in all policies' approach. Researchers catalogued health-relevant legislation in New York City from 1998 to 2017 and found that 7.4 percent of the 3,745 pieces of legislation introduced during the Bloomberg Administration had the potential to impact New Yorkers' cardiovascular health. (2018-05-02)

States with strong tobacco control measures have fewer e-cigarette users
States with robust tobacco control policies and regulations, such as smoke free air laws and taxes on cigarettes, not only have fewer cigarette users but also fewer e-cigarette users, according to research from NYU School of Medicine and the NYU College of Global Public Health. (2018-02-27)

Cancer patients can quit smoking through lengthened medication time, counseling support
More than 50 percent of cancer patients still smoke after being diagnosed, yet quitting smoking can significantly improve the effectiveness of cancer treatment. A new study from Northwestern Medicine and the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania found cancer patients have better success quitting and are not as prone to relapsing one year later if they undergo counseling sessions for 24 weeks and take the smoking cessation medication varenicline (e.g. Chantix) for 24 weeks, compared to the routine 12 weeks. (2019-01-25)

'Heat not burn' smokeless tobacco product may not be as harm free as claimed
iQOS, one of the first 'heat not burn' smokeless tobacco products marketed as a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes, may not be as harm free as its manufacturer claims, suggests research published online in the journal Tobacco Control. (2018-03-13)

Tobacco company's understanding of addiction revealed by internal documents
After decades denying the role of nicotine dependence in smoking addiction, tobacco company Philip Morris (PM) publicly embraced nicotine as the main driver of smoking behavior in 2000. However, their internal understanding of smoking addiction was more complex, and the company simultaneously promoted nicotine reduction products alongside advertising and policy campaigns to promote smoking behavior, according to a new study published this week in PLOS Medicine. (2018-05-01)

E-cigarettes and tobacco product use linked to increased risk of oral cancer
At the 96th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the IADR Pan European Regional (PER) Congress, Benjamin Chaffee, University of California, San Francisco, USA gave a poster presentation 'Nicotine and Carcinogen Exposure by Tobacco Product Type and Dual-Use.' (2018-07-28)

Some e-cigarette ingredients are more toxic than others
A new study shows that e-liquids in e-cigarettes are potentially far from harmless and contain ingredients that can vary wildly from one type of e-cigarette to another. The study, publishing March 27 in the open-access journal, PLOS Biology, by UNC School of Medicine scientists led by Robert Tarran, created a new screening technique to deduce the different toxicity levels of the more than 7,700 types of e-liquid flavors available to consumers. (2018-03-27)

Men younger than 50: The more you smoke, the more you stroke
The more cigarettes men younger than 50 smoked, the more likely they were to have a stroke. Researchers say, while smoking cessation is the goal, just reducing the number of cigarettes younger men smoke could help reduce their stroke risk. (2018-04-19)

Tobacco use linked with higher use of opioids and sedatives
Tobacco is a known risk factor for the misuse of prescription opioids. In addition, concurrent use of opioids and sedative-hypnotics is a risk factor for opioid overdose or addiction. In an American Journal on Addictions study, tobacco users were more likely to receive prescriptions for opioid analgesics with muscle relaxants and/or benzodiazepines than people who did not use tobacco. (2019-01-09)

More than 2,500 cancer cases a week could be avoided
More than 135,500 cases of cancer a year in the UK could be prevented through lifestyle changes, according to new figures from a Cancer Research UK landmark study. (2018-03-22)

The transgenic key to more productive crops
Transgenic tobacco plants engineered with synthetic metabolic pathways designed to bypass the inefficient and costly side effects of natural photorespiration show large increases in productivity -- as much as 40 percent over unmodified tobacco plants, a new study says. (2019-01-03)

Study uncovers the intricacies of the pursuit of higher self-control
Self-control is a central human capacity associated with a wide range of personal and societal advantages. In view of its benefits, increasing self-control among children and adults has been advocated as a remedy to many of society's ailments, from childhood obesity to adulthood criminal behavior. Although widely considered highly beneficial, a recent review uncovers some disadvantages to high self-control. (2018-03-26)

Study finds prenatal marijuana use can affect infant size, behavior
Smoking during pregnancy has well-documented negative effects on birth weight in infants and is linked to several childhood health problems. Now, researchers at the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions have found that prenatal marijuana use also can have consequences on infants' weight and can influence behavior problems, especially when combined with tobacco use. (2018-05-10)

Hookah smokers are inhaling toxic chemicals that may harm the heart
Smoking tobacco in hookahs results in inhaling significant levels of toxic chemicals, such as carbon monoxide, and particulates from tobacco that can harm blood vessels and the heart. Globally, hookah smoking is more common among youth and young adults, encouraged by flavored tobacco marketing, social media promotion and misperceptions regarding its addictive potential and health effects. (2019-03-08)

Smoking study personalizes treatment
A simple blood test is allowing Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) researchers to determine which patients should be prescribed varenicline (Chantix) to stop smoking and which patients could do just as well, and avoid side effects, by using a nicotine patch. (2017-11-20)

Corporate interests may have influenced key public health declaration
Corporate interests may have influenced a key public health declaration, intended to promote integrity and transparency at the interface of science and policy-making, warn a trio of leading academics* in an analysis published online in the journal Tobacco Control. (2018-06-25)

The more you smoke, the greater your risk of a heart rhythm disorder
The more you smoke, the greater your risk of a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation. That's the finding of a study published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a European Society of Cardiology journal. (2018-07-12)

How plants fine tune their natural chemical defenses
Even closely related plants produce their own natural chemical cocktails, each set uniquely adapted to the individual plant's specific habitat. Comparing antifungals produced by tobacco and henbane, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies discovered that only a few mutations in a key enzyme are enough to shift the whole output to an entirely new product mixture. (2008-09-07)

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