Popular Wikipedia News and Current Events

Popular Wikipedia News and Current Events, Wikipedia News Articles.
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A lonely beauty
Beauty, grace, mystery -- this magnificent spiral galaxy has all the qualities of a perfect galactic Valentine. Captured by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, the galaxy NGC 3344 presents itself face-on, allowing astronomers a detailed look at its intricate and elegant structure. And Hubble's ability to observe objects over a wide range of different wavelengths reveals features that would otherwise remain invisible. (2018-02-14)

Kallikrein 6 protease advances colon tumorigenesis via induction of the high mobility group A2 protein
In the CRC patients, KLK6 protein levels were elevated in the non-cancerous distant and adjacent tissues, compared to their paired tumor tissues. Patients with mutant K-RAS tumors had significantly higher level of KLK6 protein in the luminal surface of non-cancerous distant tissue, compared to the corresponding tissues of the patients with K-RAS wild type tumors. (2019-10-22)

Hubble sees the brightest quasar in the early Universe
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has discovered the brightest quasar ever seen in the early Universe. After 20 years of searching, astronomers have identified the ancient quasar with the help of strong gravitational lensing. This unique object provides an insight into the birth of galaxies when the Universe was less than a billion years old. (2019-01-10)

Secretome of pleural effusions associated with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and malignant meso
Cryopreserved cell-free PE fluid from 101 NSCLC patients, 8 mesothelioma and 13 with benign PE was assayed for a panel of 40 cytokines/chemokines using the Luminex system. (2019-11-05)

The medium shapes the message: New communication technologies may bias historical record
The introduction of communication technologies appears to bias historical records in the direction of the content best suited for each technology, according to a study published Feb. 20, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by C. Jara-Figueroa and colleagues from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA. (2019-02-20)

North, east, south, west: The many faces of Abell 1758
Resembling a swarm of flickering fireflies, this beautiful galaxy cluster glows intensely in the dark cosmos, accompanied by the myriad bright lights of foreground stars and swirling spiral galaxies. A1758N is a sub-cluster of Abell 1758, a massive cluster containing hundreds of galaxies. Although it may appear serene in this NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image, the sub-cluster actually comprises two even smaller structures currently in the turbulent process of merging. (2018-01-18)

Analysis of billions of Wikipedia searches reveals biodiversity secrets
An international team of researchers from the University of Oxford, the University of Birmingham and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev have found that the way in which people use the internet is closely tied to patterns and rhythms in the natural world. (2019-03-05)

Could internet activity provide accurate in plant and animal conservation?
More than a quarter of the species in their dataset showed seasonal interest. For these seasonal species, the researchers found that the timing and amount of internet activity is a highly accurate measure of when and how the species is present. The team thinks it might be possible to measure changes in the presence and abundance of species simply by measuring internet activity. (2019-03-13)

Kinesins ignore weak forces as they carry heavy loads
Simulations detail the mechanisms of kinesins that carry cargo inside cells. Rice scientists determined the motor proteins respond best to strong forces and hardly at all to weak ones, even those applied by motors attached to the same cargo. (2017-10-02)

New attack could make website security captchas obsolete
Researchers have created new artificial intelligence that could spell the end for one of the most widely used website security systems. The new algorithm, based on deep learning methods, is the most effective solver of captcha security and authentication systems to date and is able to defeat versions of text captcha schemes used to defend the majority of the world's most popular websites (2018-12-05)

Rapamycin for longevity -- Opinion article
The scientist discusses several reasons, including fear of the actual and fictional side effects of rapamycin, everolimus and other clinically-approved drugs, arguing that no real side effects preclude their use as anti-aging drugs today. (2019-10-16)

Genetic analysis calls for the protection of 2 highly endangered Portuguese fish species
A chromosome study of the endemic Portuguese fish Squalius aradensis and S. torgalensis draws attention to their current status of highly endangered species. Rapid habitat loss in combination with ongoing geographic confinement and a poor genetic bank of the two species requires the fast application of specific conservation measures to preserve the integrity of their genomes. The study was published in the open access journal Comparative Cytogenetics. (2013-03-21)

Hubble & Gaia accurately weigh the Milky Way
In a striking example of multi-mission astronomy, measurements from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and the ESA Gaia mission have been combined to improve the estimate of the mass of our home galaxy the Milky Way: 1.5 trillion solar masses. (2019-03-07)

'Tsunami' on a silicon chip: a world first for light waves
A collaboration between the University of Sydney Nano Institute and Singapore University of Technology and Design has for the first time manipulated a light wave, or photonic information, on a silicon chip that retains its overall 'shape'. This foundational work is important because most communications infrastructure still relies on silicon-based devices for propagation and reception of information. Manipulating solitons on-chip could potentially allow for the speed up of photonic communications devices and infrastructure. (2019-07-03)

Wikipedia readers get shortchanged by copyrighted material
When Google Books digitized 40 years worth of copyrighted and out-of-copyright issues of Baseball Digest magazine, Wikipedia editors realized they had scored. Suddenly they had access to pages and pages of player information from a new source. Yet not all information could be used equally: citations to out-of-copyright issues increased 135 percent more than issues still subject to copyright restrictions, according to a new UC Berkeley study. (2017-02-13)

Japanese anime and zoos boost public interest in conservation of real-life animal characters
Animated shows with animal characters -- specifically the Japanese anime Kemono Friends -- can increase public interest in real wildlife, including boosting donations to conservation programs at zoos. A new national analysis in Japan highlights the potential of entertainment-conservation partnerships to increase public interest in the natural world even as communities become increasingly urbanized. (2019-11-26)

Reducing carbon emissions could help -- not harm -- US economy
A national policy to cut carbon emissions by as much as 40 percent over the next 20 years could still result in increased economic growth, according to an interactive website that reviews 25 of the leading economic models used to predict the economic impacts of reducing emissions. (2008-03-19)

Rise of the bots: Stevens team completes first census of Wikipedia bots
Researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology, in Hoboken, N.J., have completed the first analysis of all 1,601 of Wikipedia's bots, using computer algorithms to classify them by function and shed light on the ways that machine intelligences and human users work together to improve and expand the world's largest digital encyclopedia. (2019-11-21)

BUFFALO charges towards the earliest galaxies
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has started a new mission to shed light on the evolution of the earliest galaxies in the Universe. The BUFFALO survey will observe six massive galaxy clusters and their surroundings. The first observations show the galaxy cluster Abell 370 and a host of magnified, gravitationally lensed galaxies around it. (2018-09-13)

COX-2 expression is marker for cancer development in some benign breast biopsies
The research team discovered women whose atypia tissue expressed COX-2 enzymes were more likely to develop breast cancer subsequently, and that the more the enzyme expressed, the higher the risk. (2008-03-11)

Rough terrain? No problem for beaver-inspired autonomous robot
University at Buffalo researchers are using stigmergy, a biological phenomenon that has been used to explain everything from the behavior of termites and beavers to the popularity of Wikipedia, to build new problem-solving autonomous robots. (2018-06-27)

Research into why we remember some aviation disasters and forget others
Oxford University researchers have tracked how recent aircraft incidents or accidents trigger past events and how some are consistently more memorable than others. (2017-04-05)

Dermatology students improve Wikipedia entries on skin disease
A group of medical students recruited to improve Wikipedia articles on skin-related diseases, saw millions more views of those stories following their editing, highlighting the value of expert input on the popular web encyclopedia. (2019-04-03)

Who does what on Wikipedia?
The patterns of collaboration between Wikipedia contributors have a direct effect on the data quality of an article, according to a new paper co-authored by a University of Arizona professor and graduate student. (2010-03-11)

Does the Internet really influence suicidal behavior?
People searching the Internet for information about suicide methods are most likely to come across sites that encourage suicide rather than sites offering help and support, finds a study in this week's issue of the BMJ. (2008-04-10)

The Wikipedia gender gap
In a recent University of Washington study, researchers interviewed women 'Wikipedians' to examine the lack of female and non-binary editors in Wikipedia. (2019-06-12)

100-year-old physics model replicates modern Arctic ice melt
A nearly 100-year-old physics model captures the essential mechanism of pattern formation and geometry of Arctic melt ponds. (2019-06-17)

New university ranking system includes the cultural perspective
A new study proposes a new way of ranking universities, using a more balanced cultural view and based on 24 international editions of Wikipedia. (2019-01-28)

Invasive species threaten critical habitats, oyster among victims
A study of oyster reefs in a once-pristine California coastal estuary found them devastated by invasive Atlantic Coast crabs and snails, providing new evidence of the consequences when human activities move species beyond their natural borders. (2009-07-17)

Survey finds errors in Wikipedia articles
Sixty percent of Wikipedia articles about companies contain factual errors. But when public relations professionals try to make corrections the rules often get in the way. (2012-04-17)

Nimotuzumab-cisplatin-radiation versus cisplatin-radiation in HPV negative oropharyngeal cancer
Oncotarget Volume 11, Issue 4: In this study, locally advanced head and neck cancer patients undergoing definitive chemoradiation were randomly allocated to weekly cisplatin - radiation {CRT arm} or nimotuzumab -weekly cisplatin -radiation {NCRT arm}. (2020-02-06)

Building trustworthy big data algorithms
Northwestern University professor Luis Amaral's new TopicMapping algorithm shows better accuracy and reproducibility than the leading algorithm for mining unstructured text. (2015-01-29)

The amazing amphibians and reptiles of the Philippine island Luzon
Renewed interest in exploring the unique fauna of the northern Philippines has produced a series of notable discoveries, drawing attention to the astonishingly high level of species diversity in this small island archipelago. A recent categorization of the amphibians and reptiles of the Luzon Island offers insight into the unexpected variety of fascinating species that occur there and no where else in the world. The study was published in the open-access journal Zookeys. (2013-02-07)

Hubble measurements suggest disparity in Hubble constant calculations is not a fluke
Hubble's measurements of today's expansion rate do not match the rate that was expected based on how the Universe appeared shortly after the Big Bang over 13 billion years ago. Using new data from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have significantly lowered the possibility that this discrepancy is a fluke. (2019-04-25)

Tsoi lives in Malaysian forests
Sergey Ermilov, a researcher from Tyumen State University, discovered and described a new species of oribatid mites that lives on the forest floors in Malaysia. The species was named Trachyoribates viktortsoii after Viktor Tsoi, a Soviet rock musician, songwriter, and artist who had a great influence both on the Russian culture in general and the discoverer of the new species in particular. (2019-12-11)

Common -- but without a name
The most commonly occurring red alga in the Bangiales in New Zealand has at last received a formal scientific name. Pyropia plicata, an intertidal red alga, is found in the North, South and Chatham Islands. It had been confused for years with another species from New Zealand. Known as karengo, it is eaten and highly prized by Maori as a taonga or treasure. The paper was published in the open access journal PhytoKeys. (2013-03-28)

Computer bots are more like humans than you might think, having fights lasting years
Bots appear to behave differently in culturally distinct online environments. The paper says the findings are a warning to those using artificial intelligence for building autonomous vehicles, cyber security systems or for managing social media. (2017-02-23)

Family tree of blood production reveals hundreds of thousands of stem cells
Adult humans have ten times more blood-creating stem cells in their bone marrow than previously thought, ranging between 50,000 and 200,000 stem cells. Researchers developed a new approach for studying stem cells, based on methods used in ecology. The results in Nature present a new opportunity for studying how human stem cells throughout the body change during ageing and disease, and could lead to insights on cancer development and stem cell therapies. (2018-09-05)

Oncotarget: Both BRCA1-wild type and -mutant triple-negative breast cancers show
Oncotarget Volume 11 Issue 8 features Figure 8, 'MLN4924 treatment induces DNA damage by stabilizing CDT1 and accumulates the cells in S phase which are enhanced by MLN4924/cisplatin co-treatment,' by Misra, et al. (2020-02-26)

Hubble reveals latest portrait of Saturn
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Camera 3 observed Saturn on 20 June 2019 as the planet made its closest approach to Earth this year, at approximately 1.36 billion kilometres away. (2019-09-12)

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