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Injury death rate for Canadian farm children aged 1-6 higher than national average
The injury death rate for young children who live on farms is almost twice that for all young children in Canada, according to a study released today by the Canadian Agricultural Injury Surveillance Program (CAISP), a national initiative coordinated from Queen's that monitors and identifies farm injury patterns. (2002-08-21)

Annual study reveals 23 football players died during 2001 season
Eight young U.S. football players, including seven in high school and one playing in a Pop Warner league, died last year as a direct result of injuries suffered on the field, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows. Three other players died of heatstroke during the 2001 season, and 12 others died in ways not directly tied to the game but more from natural causes provoked by vigorous exercise. (2002-07-25)

Restricting epileptic drivers unnecessary, counterproductive
An article reviewing motor vehicle crashes among epileptic drivers finds statutes requiring physicians to report epileptic patients to driver-licensing authorities both unnecessary and counterproductive. (2002-05-30)

Deaths by drowning fall, but pools abroad still 'a major concern'
The number of children drowning in the United Kingdom has declined between 1988-89 and 1998-99. However drownings in pools abroad and in garden ponds have risen significantly, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2002-05-02)

Violence against women
This week marks the start of a new Lancet series-Violence against Women. Over the next six weeks, the series will discuss current challenges and debates on violence against women and the implications for public health. (2002-04-04)

Human Factors/Ergonomics contributes to combating terrorism
The Winter ERGONOMICS IN DESIGN describes human factors/ergonomics work that has contributed to improved commercial aviation, Special Forces training, and intelligence analysis. Also noted are other HF/E areas that should be factored into counterterrorism efforts, including sustained attention, collaborative teamwork in time-critical conditions, visual search, personnel selection and training, and information technology. (2002-04-01)

Hiroshima porcelain pieces provide insight into exposure levels
Scientists are still studying the after-effects of the nuclear disaster caused by an atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. The amount of neutron fluence, for example, has been calculated from the site to establish what might be a safe level of exposure for humans. Scientists have recently realized that there are discrepancies in earlier estimates. According to the latest research, the standards for a safe level of exposure to humans might be too conservative. (2002-03-25)

Like a deer in the headlights
Vehicle collisions with wildlife are common and often cause significant property damage and human injury. In this issue of CMAJ's Public Health column, Erica Weir discusses the injuries caused by accidents involving large animals like deer and moose and offers helpful tips on avoiding such direct contact with nature. (2002-03-18)

Researchers create simulation of chemical/biological release in Salt Lake City as precautionary measure
Researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have created a three-dimensional simulation of how a biological or chemical release could spread in and around Salt Lake City. The simulation was not created in response to any known threat. But rather, it was made to display how a dangerous airborne substance would flow through downtown buildings in Salt Lake City as well as the outskirts of the site of the 2002 Winter Olympics in case of an accidental release or terrorist attack. (2002-02-15)

Doctor, counselor, cost-cutter
Primary-care doctors do not typically talk to their patients about problem drinking. A new study tests the effectiveness of doctor-initiated advice generated by a routine patient visit. Advised patients show a significant decrease in alcohol use, accidents, and health-care utilization. Benefit-cost analysis estimates a $43,000 reduction in future health-care costs for every $10,000 invested in early intervention. (2002-01-15)

CWRU researchers find snoring associated with head shape
Six researchers at Case Western Reserve University have used the shape of a person's head as one indicator of potential problems with sleep apnea, a chronic form of snoring. Round-headed individuals tend to interrupt a good night's sleep with snoring more than long, thin-faced people. Prior to the study such factors as age, sex and obesity were used as predictors for chronic snoring, says Mark Hans, chair of the department of orthodontics at the CWRU School of Dentistry. (2002-01-04)

Noteworthy numbers from the 2002 Statistical Update
The American Heart Association's 2002 Heart and Stroke Statistical Update compiles data for 1999, the most recent year for which statistics are available. (2001-12-31)

Drunken driving costs and risk measured more accurately by economists
Drunk drivers are at least 13 times more likely to cause a fatal crash than sober drivers, according to a new study by Steven Levitt, Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago and Jack Porter, Professor of Economics at Harvard University. Using an innovative approach to studying drinking and driving, they were also able to determine which law enforcement strategies are most likely to reduce accidents caused by drunken driving. (2001-12-19)

Study shows alcohol boosts death risk for boat passengers as well as operators
Recreational boat passengers are just as likely as operators to die as a result of drinking alcohol, according to a new study of boating deaths in North Carolina and Maryland. One reason the study revealed was that passengers who have been drinking often topple overboard and drown. (2001-12-18)

Study: 3 percent of N.C. drivers on cell phones at any given time
Overall, only 3.1 percent of North Carolinians are talking on cell phones at any given time while driving, a surprising new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows. (2001-11-22)

Moses baskets are a potential health hazard
Moses baskets may pose potential health risks to babies, suggest researchers in this week's BMJ. Within two months in 2000 they encountered three cases of babies falling out of such baskets after an accidental slip of the handles, two of which resulted in skull fractures. (2001-11-15)

Computer-controlled differential braking can prevent heavy truck rollover accidents
Penn State researchers say a computer program they developed and have tested in simulation could automatically adjust the brake forces on the right and left sides of a heavy truck cab and prevent rollover accidents during cornering maneuvers. (2001-11-12)

Pushbike peril
More than a third of all abdominal injuries in children are as a result of bicycle crashes - usually by falling onto the ends of the handlebars. Now American engineers have come up with handgrips with springs to absorb some of the force on the handlebars on impact. (2001-09-12)

Cognitive processing speed is best way to assess risk factors in older drivers and can improve ability, says new study
Current measures of driving ability and risk factors, like visual acuity tests that are used for most driving tests are not always accurate in determining who is at risk for accidents. Cognitive researchers can now recommend a tool that can keep older drivers on the road longer and safer by measuring and even improving their visual information processing, an important measure of driving ability. (2001-08-28)

Risk of accidents no greater for drivers with cardiac arrhythmias
Drivers who have suffered a cardiac arrest, some of whom have implantable defibrillators for their condition, have no greater chance of being in a motor vehicle accident resulting from a loss of consciousness than drivers in the general U.S. population. In a study of 627 people, such patients had accidents at less than half the rate found in the general U.S. population. (2001-08-08)

Population-based study of potential brain injuries
Brain injury is an important health concern, yet there have been few population-based analyses on which to base prevention initiatives. In this study, William Pickett and colleagues studied the blunt head traumas seen at emergency departments in Kingston in 1998 to calculate the rates of potential brain injury and to describe the various causes of these injuries. (2001-08-06)

New study shows 13 Little League players died from baseball injuries from 1987-96
Thirteen boys died playing Little League baseball between 1987 and 1996, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows. During that decade, officials recorded 29,038 injuries and 1.69 injuries per 1,000 participants per season -- an injury rate revealing the sport is safe, researchers say. There remain, however, areas where better injury prevention is possible. (2001-07-30)

Children in care are at greater risk of death
Children in care are more likely to die before age 18 compared with the general population of the same age, conclude researchers from Finland in this week's BMJ. The results indicate the need for continuing attention to be paid to the transition period from foster care to independence. (2001-07-26)

Chiropractic correction of upper neck injury may help reverse multiple sclerosis
A recent case study, published in the Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research (JVSR), is the first to show that correction of upper neck injuries may reverse the progression of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). (2001-06-26)

Hang up the phone, or hang up the keys
In 1997, Drs. Donald Redelmeier and Robert Tibshirani published what has become the most widely cited scientific study on the link between cellular telephones and motor vehicle collisions. The authors state many factors now lead them to believe their original study underestimated the dangers of cell phone use when driving, and may justify regulations against the use of cellular telephones while driving. (2001-05-28)

Study finds one-third of American and European primary care patients at high risk for sleep apnea
Researchers report that about one-third of U.S. and European primary care patients have risk factors for sleep apnea, a disorder in which a person stops breathing during sleep. The study is the first direct comparison of these populations among countries on risk factors such as persistent snoring and daytime sleepiness. (2001-05-22)

Protective effects of alcohol marginal and only in over 55s
The protective effects of alcohol are marginal, and mostly in men over 55 and women over 65. (2001-05-09)

Parents not locking up guns, new study shows
Parents do a reasonably good job of making their homes safe for children -- with one major exception, new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill research indicates. As a group, they don't lock guns away where kids can't get at them. (2001-05-01)

Study finds holes dug in dry-sand beach can collapse and suffocate
Digging holes in dry sand, a frequent activity for children during a day at the beach, carries a risk of sudden death and other dangers, says a Brown University medical student whose study appears in the current Journal of the American Medical Association. (2001-04-16)

Study examines public acceptance of underage drinking prevention policies
A study by the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health may be extremely beneficial to alcohol policy advocates who want to mobilize public support to control underage drinking. Results show that individual factors are better predictors of public support for initiatives designed to curb underage drinking than demographic traits. (2001-04-15)

Workplace stress and fear of lay-offs can lead to increased rates of worker illness and injury
Modern workplace realities, including the threat of layoffs and working long stressful hours, may be taking more than just a mental toll on your body -- they could be putting your health and safety at risk, according to two new studies. (2001-04-15)

Standard scuba diving mouthpieces potentially hazardous
Standard design mouthpieces used by scuba divers are potentially hazardous. The design has changed little since the 1940s, when scuba equipment was first introduced. The use of these mouthpieces may result in vertigo and disorientation, both of which have been implicated in accidents and death under water. (2001-03-26)

Experiments help researchers warn drivers of impending crashes without annoying them
Warning of impending crashes without annoying drivers is a tricky timing problem; experiments by University of Michigan researchers help get it right. (2001-03-05)

Reducing driver distractions in the age of overload
Unless vehicles---and the devices in them---are engineered to help prevent accidents resulting from in-vehicle disturbances, the situation will only get worse, says Barry Kantowitz, director of the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute. (2001-03-05)

New treatment for whiplash induced headaches
Doctor's at the University of Pennsylvania's Department of Rehabilitation Medicine have demonstrated a new and successful technique for treating headaches stemming from whiplash injuires by injecting a steroid into the C2-3 joint where the skull connects to the spine. (2001-02-28)

Reduce drive distraction
Paul Green, a senior research scientist with the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) urged development of (2001-02-12)

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2001
HEALTH-Better CPR a heartbeat away? TRANSPORTATION-Safer Skies. ENVIRONMENT-Ocean's biology under spotlight. VEHICLE SAFETY-Driving dangerously. (2001-01-23)

Report: auto accidents involving deer still increasing across North Carolina
Automobile accidents involving deer across North Carolina increased from 11,503 in 1998 to 12,233 last year, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study. Deer caused 5.6 percent of all reported N.C. driving accidents in 1999, up from 5.4 percent the previous year, the analysis of all N.C. motor vehicle crash records showed. (2000-12-28)

Do animals bite more during a full moon?
The power of the moon is often used to explain a wide range of events - from human insanity to traffic accidents - but do animals feel more inclined to bite humans during the full moon than at other times? Two studies in this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ attempt to shed some light on a question that has baffled science for too long. (2000-12-21)

Injuries on the job: the effects of problem drinking
  • Problem drinking is well known to contribute to a number of accidents and personal injuries.
  • The association between problem drinking and workplace injuries is less well known.
  • One study found that heavy drinkers who reported more work-related injuries tended to have jobs that were dangerous and required a high-school education or less.
  • The role of heavy drinking and alcohol dependence in the causation of injury at work is still unclear.

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