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Effective Clinical Practice, Nov/Dec 2000 highlights
Defining Medical Errors: A Flaw in the Definition; Developing a Culture of Safety in the Veterans Health Administration; Calculating Risk: Validity of Medical Error Numbers Questioned (2000-12-11)

Long working days with too few hours' sleep slow responses as much as alcohol
After 17 to 19 hours of staying awake- a normal working day for many people- reaction times are up to 50 per cent slower than they are after drinking alcohol within the legally accepted limits. (2000-09-18)

More than 300 regularly prescribed medicines can damage the lungs
The First World Congress on Lung Health and Respiratory Diseases (Florence, Italy, Aug 30 - Sept 3) issues a warning: more than 300 regularly prescribed medicines can damage the lungs. The lung experts meeting in Florence believe other doctors are not sufficiently aware of the danger. (2000-08-29)

New study finds 18 football players died in 1999 season, eight paralyzed
Six high school football players died from injuries suffered on the playing field in 1999, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study. (2000-08-13)

Out of the vortex
A dangerous phenomenon that can flip an aircraft over in flight may have been defeated by two engineers from Boeing in the US. They have been granted a patent on destroying wake vortices, the dangerous rotating turbulence that billows from a plane's wings. (2000-07-18)

Guidelines issued on risk of driving with Alzheimer's
Note: The text of this release has been changed since it was originally posted (6/21/00). The American Academy of Neurology has issued guidelines to help determine whether people with Alzheimer's disease should continue driving. The guidelines are published in the June 27 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2000-06-26)

Child accident victims show high level of post-traumatic stress that often is not recognized by parents and care-givers
Children injured in accidents suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder more often than previously thought, according to new research. (2000-06-18)

Speed limit must be reduced to prevent 'unacceptable' levels of pedestrian deaths
Speeding kills around 1200 people on UK roads every year: 140 of those deaths are child pedestrians. If any impact is to be made on these figures, speed limits in built-up areas must be reduced to 20 miles per hour, argues Paul Pilkington, a public health specialist, in this week's BMJ. (2000-04-27)

Don't get sick on a space shuttle
As if an astronaut's life wasn't already filled with risks, two recent studies show that, in the event of an accident in space, the use of emergency medicine may put injured astronauts in even greater danger. (2000-04-25)

Trial by laptop
A laptop program called the Electronic Judge is being tested on the streets of Brazil to deliver instant justice on straightforward cases. This Justice-on-Wheels scheme can arrive at the scene of an incident and give a verdict within minutes, to try to save wasting months of expensive wrangling in the courts. (2000-04-25)

Gulf War Syndrome dizziness linked to nerve gas
In medical tests analyzing brain function, Gulf War veterans who complain of dizziness showed results similar to those of victims of the Toyko subway nerve-gas attack, according to a recent study. (2000-04-12)

New UNC analysis of N.C. accident records shows growth in motor vehicle-deer crashes
Deer caused 5.4 percent of all reported driving accidents across the state in 1998, according to a new University of North Carolina study of N.C. motor vehicle accident records. Total crashes involving deer grew by more than 3 percent from the previous year, the analysis showed. (2000-03-29)

Consortium in place to advance coach safety
The Cranfield Impact Centre have been asked to join a new European consortium set up to research and improve legislation surrounding coach and bus safety. This is a further example of Cranfields campaign to increase the safety of transport. (2000-03-28)

Mother's risk of death from cardiovascular disease doubled for every kilo less her baby weighs at birth
A mother's risk of dying from cardiovascular disease is doubled for every kilo less her baby weighs at birth, shows research in this week's BMJ. (2000-03-23)

American Thoracic Society news tips for March 2000
News tips from the American Thoracic Society journals for March 2000 feature briefs on research directed at a treatment that prevented all auto accidents for high risk sleep apnea patients over two years; the development of the first biochemical marker for acute lung injury; and a study showing X-ray screening for tuberculosis is the most cost effective disease prevention method for immigrants from high-risk countries. (2000-03-15)

Protein that stimulates blood vessel growth also helps repair broken bones
Bones that refuse to heal may one day be set straight by a drug that stimulates the growth of new blood vessels, according to a new study in mice from the University of California, San Francisco. (2000-03-12)

New study: 'Sport of Kings' also sport of serious injuries
Thoroughbred horse racing, one of the top spectator sports in the United States, also is extremely dangerous, a first-of- its-kind University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study confirms. (2000-03-06)

It's not such 'a wonderful life' living next door to a liquor store
  • Alcohol availability seems to affect (2000-02-13)

    New technique predicts wet pavement accidents,
    Penn State engineers have developed a computer-based technique that not only reliably predicts the probable number of accidents due to wet pavement on a particular section of highway, but also can suggest corrective actions to improve safety. (2000-01-12)

    A new analysis on the risks of NASA'S space station
    A management consultancy near Washington DC has released the first results of its attempts to quantify for NASA the risks the crew will face on the International Space Station. The consultancy calculates that over the next 15 years, the station will have at least one (1999-12-20)

    Overreaction to Paddington disaster will ultimately drive more people on to the roads and increase deaths
    The public reaction to the tragic Paddington rail disaster might make those running railways so fearful of accidents and subject to such severe controls that they are no longer able to do their job well enough to compete with far more dangerous and polluting modes of transport, writes Dr Kevin Connolly in this week's BMJ. (1999-12-09)

    New study examines the confidence of high school counselors in recognizing teens at risk for suicide
    A University of Cincinnati assistant professor has published, in the (1999-12-05)

    New details on Japan nuclear accident
    Newly revealed details on the nuclear accident in Tokaimura, Japan this September are contained in this month's issue of Physics Today magazine. (1999-12-02)

    Blood-error reporting system tracks medical mistakes
    A group of UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas and Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center researchers, however, thinks that every mistake, even those caught before tragedy, provides important lessons that could prevent the next headline. The Medical Event Reporting System for Transfusion Medicine, MERS-TM, seeks to stop blood-transfusion errors before they happen. (1999-11-18)

    Cranfield pioneers coach safety research
    Cranfield University has been working with Dutch coach manufacturers Bova to develop a new coach structure which will dramatically increase the survival rate of passengers in the event of a crash. The new system comes ahead of new safety measures currently being discussed in Europe. (1999-11-08)

    Technology to prevent rail accidents should be implemented
    Recommendations to introduce automatic train control were made 71 years ago and yet we are still waiting for it to be implemented, writes Professor Robert Cocks from the University of Hong Kong in this week's BMJ. (1999-10-15)

    Microsystems + supercomputers = weapons support + industry interest: MESA -- Sandia's largest project ever -- wins DOE nod
    The largest construction project ever proposed by Sandia National Laboratories -- the $300 million Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Application (MESA) facility -- has received DOE approval to proceed with a conceptual design.
    Purpose: to join Sandia's expertise in weapons, supercomputing, and microsystems into an immersive environment in which scientists can create better non-nuclear components of nuclear weapons and offer businesses and universities new advantages. (1999-09-16)

    Heatstroke killed four football players during 1998, expert urges precautions
    During 1998, seven football players died across the United States as a direct result of injuries suffered on the field, the study showed. Seven other players - including the heatstroke victims -- also died, but those fatalities were not directly tied to the game and could have resulted from other vigorous activities. (1999-08-02)

    Major economic change can lead to an increase in deaths in car accidents
    Based on the experiences of the reunification of Germany, researchers in this week's BMJ warn that during times of economic change and modernisation, deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents are a predictable side-effect of the sudden affluence which increases car ownership. (1999-06-18)

    To Drive Or Not To Drive? New Criteria For Those With Epilepsy
    Having a seizure while driving is one worry that nags people with epilepsy, and to date, no good research exists that lets them predict their risk of an accident. A new study at Johns Hopkins and the University of Maryland, however, tells how epilepsy patients and their physicians can assess chances of having an auto accident due to seizures. (1999-04-20)

    New Use of An Old Test Can Help Brain-Injured Patients
    Researchers in Penn State's College of Medicine are using a quasi-experimental simulation to help pinpoint the problems of patients who have suffered concussions. (1999-04-14)

    ORNL Part Of Team To Keep Trucks On Wheels
    Thousands of accidents involving truck rollovers could be prevented with an onboard warning system being developed by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. (1999-03-31)

    "Smart" Fire-Resistant Polymers Under Study For Use In Aircraft
    Research into new polymers targeted for aircraft safety shows that they are much more fire-resistant than current materials and, when heated, actually produce water vapor and leave a nearly nonflammable residue. (1999-03-24)

    Air Bags May Cause Hearing Loss
    Despite contributing substantially to the safety of car occupants in road accidents, air bags may also be causing hearing loss due to the high level of noise generated by their inflation, says a study in this week's BMJ. (1999-02-19)

    Live Kidney Donors Could Hold The Key To Organ Shortage
    Greater use of kidneys from living donors offers scope for increasing the number of kidney transplants argue Michael Nicholson, Professor of Surgery at Leicester General Hospital and Andrew Bradley, Professor of Surgery at Addenbrookes, in an editorial in this week's BMJ. (1999-02-12)

    UNC-CH Ligament-Tendon Structure Discovery May Lead To Better Treatment, Scientists Explain
    CHAPEL HILL - Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered that a simple molecule known as a pentapeptide tends to block binding of one collagen fibril to another. (1999-02-01)

    Depression Kills In More Ways Than Suicide
    People who suffer from depression are at increased risk for early death, but suicide is not as large a reason for that risk as is commonly thought, a research team has concluded from a review of scientific evidence. However, depression does appear to increase the risk of death by heart disease. (1999-01-29)

    New Accident Record Analysis Shows Deer Mishaps Climbing
    CHAPEL HILL - Deer cause more than 5 percent of all reportable driving accidents across the state, according to a new University of North Carolina analysis of 1997 N.C. motor vehicle accident records. (1999-01-12)

    One Third Of Children In Road Traffic Accidents Develop Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    In a study of 119 children involved in road traffic accidents during 1997 and published in the BMJ, Dr Paul Stallard and colleagues from the Royal United Hospital in Bath reveal that one third were found to be suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. (1998-12-11)

    Antabuse May Inhibit Fatal Reaction To Anesthetic
    Studies show that disulfiram -- a drug known by the trade name Antabuse -- turns off the enzyme that triggers fatal reactions to halothane, historically one of the most widely used anesthetics in the world. (1998-12-03)

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