Current Accidents News and Events | Page 19

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Better Training, Not New Technology Is Needed To Stop Pilots Crashing
The biggest single cause of air accident fatalities is not mechanical failure, but disorientated pilots flying into terrain. Industry watchdogs say that airlines are putting too much faith into new technologies to warn pilots of danger when they should be concentrating more on better training for flight crews. (1998-11-25)

Discovery: Experiments Confirm Novel Eye Pigment Controls Circadian Rhythm
CHAPEL HILL - New research by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientists has proven that a light-sensitive pigment they discovered in the eye, the skin and part of the brain controls the body's internal clock. (1998-11-19)

Common Type Of Aircraft Wing Susceptible To Hazardous Icing
Researchers at the University of Illinois have identified an aircraft wing that may be hazardous to your health. The wing -- similar to the kind used on some commuter aircraft -- is highly susceptible to certain icing conditions thought to be linked to some fatal accidents. (1998-11-02)

New Model Would Shorten Delays Caused By Highway Incidents
Two Northwestern University operations researchers who say they have a faster way of rerouting traffic around highway accidents are presenting their findings in a paper at the national convention of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®) on Wednesday, October 28. (1998-10-20)

New UCSF Study Shows California Motorcycle Helmet Law Saves Money
The California law that requires motorcycle drivers to wear helmets saved the state and its taxpayers a significant amount of money during its first two years, primarily by reducing the number of head injuries associated with motorcycle accidents, a new University of California San Francisco study has found. (1998-09-15)

New Study Shows 13 High School Boys Died Pole Vaulting From 1982 To 1997
Thirteen young U.S. athletes -- all high school boys -- died from catastrophic accidents suffered while pole vaulting between fall 1982 and spring 1997, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows. (1998-08-11)

New Insights On Sequence of Cell Death After Brain Injury: Understanding Cellular Events After Brain Trauma Could Lead To Better Therapies
How the brain responds to injury is poorly understood. Looking at a particular pattern of cell death called apoptosis, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have discovered that in the rat this kind of deleterious cellular destruction continues deeper in the brain for weeks after the initial trauma. (1998-08-01)

Six Football Players Died In 1997 Season: New Study
Six young football players - all high school students -- died across the United States last year as a direct result of injuries suffered on the field, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows. Eight other players also died, but those fatalities were not directly tied to the game and could have resulted from other vigorous activities. (1998-07-07)

Alzheimer's Patients Who Pay Attention On The Road Remain Safe Drivers
Not all people with mild dementia from Alzheimer's disease show poor driving skills. Investigators at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified specific aspects of attention that may help in determining whether a demented individual can drive safely. (1998-07-02)

Scientists To Investigate Long-Term Consequences For Wheels And Rails
Wearout as a result of high-velocity train traffic can lead to expensive repairs and even accidents. The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) set up in 1996 a programme to investigate these stresses scientifically and make predictions on their long-term consequences. Its first results: models that allow the prediction of wearout and damage of undercarriages and rails. (1998-06-24)

Increased Interest In "Smart" Materials Is Reported
Interest in (1998-06-19)

Good Manners Put The Brakes On "Road Rage"
A major cause of anger while driving is the inconsiderate and discourteous behaviour of other road users - not blatant law- breaking. If drivers adopted better road manners much of Britain's reported 'road rage' could be eradicated. (1998-06-10)

Childhood Deprivation Linked To Adult Stroke And Stomach Cancer Deaths
Inequalities in health start in the cradle. Children from poorer families carry a health disadvantage into adulthood, with greater morbidity and earlier mortality. But some causes of death are more strongly linked to childhood circumstances than others. Deaths from stroke and stomach cancer are particularly strongly linked to childhood deprivation. (1998-05-29)

Any PORT In A Storm
Two years ago, the PORTS system was launched. This year, during the International Year of the Ocean, the system was formally dedicated and is well on the way to helping avoid the storms and shallows that lead to collisions and groundings. (1998-05-29)

Major Discovery: Scientists Find Eye Pigment Controls Circadian Rhythm
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers have discovered a new light-sensitive pigment in the eye, the skin and part of the brain responsible for the body's internal clock. The discovery is the first of its kind in more than a century and might lead to better treatment for depressed people or fewer accidents at work during late-night shifts. (1998-05-25)

Children Of Single Parent Families Have More Accidents, More Home Visits And Less Immunization
Children of one parent families should be targeted by general practitioners and other primary healthcare workers, as they tend to visit their doctor more frequently, receive more home visits, report more accidents and receive less immunization. (1998-05-22)

Unintentional Injuries, Workers' Health And Major Risks For Heart Disease Are Among The Topics Addressed At APA/CDC Conference In Atlanta
The American Psychological Association (APA) in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and 13 other collaborating organizations will sponsor the conference entitled, Public Health in the 21st Century: Behavioral and Social Science Contributions, May 7-9, 1998, at the Atlanta Marriott Marquis Hotel. (1998-03-20)

Life-Saving Dr. Mueller Selected To Get Top Sports Medicine Award
Dr. Frederick O. Mueller, professor and chairman of physical education, exercise and sport science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, has been named winner of the Dr. Ernst Jokl Sports Medicine Award for 1997. (1998-02-03)

"Save Your Face - Drink Sensibly" - Assault And Alcohol Major Causes Of Facial Injury
Assault and alcohol consumption are the two major factors responsible for serious facial injuries in young adults. One half of the facial injuries in the 15 - 25 year age group were sustained in assaults, usually in bars or streets, and were associated with alcohol consumption. From 1977 to 1987 the proportion of patients with facial injuries sustained in road accidents fell by 34 per cent, but violent crime has more than compensated for this decrease. (1998-01-30)

Results Of Phase 2 Hemorrhage Drug Reported
Researchers say a new drug has tested well for patients who have suffered a severe blood loss (hemorrhage) due to trauma. The drug is Neuprex (rBPI21) and is made by the XOMA Corporation of Berkeley, Calif. (1997-12-02)

Hopkins Team Shows New Ways To Prevent Brain Damage During Cardiac Surgery
An unlikely team of heart surgeons and brain chemistry experts at Johns Hopkins has experimental evidence that some common drugs including anti-seizure medications may reduce or eliminate the most feared risk to people facing heart bypass surgery -- inevitable, if often subtle, brain damage. (1997-11-08)

Predicting Accident Times On The Job
Fluctuations in people's job performance have been documented for many years. Most errors occur during the night, peaking between 1:00 and 3:00 a.m. A second peak occurs between 1:00 and 3:00 in the afternoon. If managers know when accidents are most likely to occur, they can redesign safety-sensitive jobs such as truck driving. (1997-10-22)

Airline Pilots With Drunk Driving Convictions Are More Likely To Have Accidents
This paper gives conclusive evidence that random preflight alcohol testing of pilots is not as effective as looking into the pilot's drunk driving record. The author found that even one DWI conviction doubled the risk of a pilot error accident. (1997-10-22)

Sleep Apnea Is A Risk Factor For Hypertension
Chronic high blood pressure can be linked to sleep apnea, researchers at the University of Wisconsin Medical School have found. (1997-08-13)

Study Finds Five Football Players Died In 1996 Season, Nine Paralyzed
Five high school football players died from injuries suffered on the playing field during the 1996 season, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study. (1997-08-12)

Fire Truck Color Is A Life-or-Death Issue
Fire truck accidents are the second-largest cause of firefighter death. The researchers contend that the traditional red fire truck may contribute to this hazard because red is difficult to see and can even be undetectable. They advance lime-yellow as the safest color for fire apparatus (1997-05-01)

FAA Sends NCAR And NOAA Researchers To Study Aircraft-Threatening Turbulence In Colorado Springs
Weather researchers from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) are flying a research aircraft through high winds and deploying a wide array of specialized instruments to study turbulence near the Colorado Springs, Colorado, airport in February and March (1997-02-10)

Alcohol A Major Factor In Bicycling Injuries And Deaths
In a government-supported study of more than 300 fatal and non-fatal bicycle accidents, Johns Hopkins researchers found that alcohol was a factor in at least a third of the deaths (1997-01-20)

Study Shows Suicide A Greater Danger To Police Officers Than Homicide
Police officers are eight times more likely to die by their own hand than by homicide and take their own lives at a much higher rate than other municipal employees, a study by University at Buffalo epidemiologists has shown. The study was reported in American Journal of Industrial Medicine. (1996-09-18)

Computer Program Designed To Improve Airlines Inspections by Identifying Why Errors Occur
University at Buffalo industrial engineers are developing a computer program that will allow airline maintenance workers to determine why errors occur and to see how other airlines have solved similar problems. Work on the Proactive Error Reduction Syste program is being funded by the Federal Aviation Administration. Office of Aviation Medicine, is based on a human-factors approach to solving errors (1996-06-27)

Engineers Road Test System For Reducing Highway Construction Delays
A new portable computer monitoring system designed at the University of Cincinnati might make the highway construction season more bearable. The system is being tested this summer along I-71 in southern Ohio. It uses a series of sensors to detect changesin traffic flow through construction zones and provide accurate warnings of expected delays. The early warnings allow drivers to use alternate routes (1996-06-14)

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