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Researchers develop faster way to replace bad info in networks
Researchers have demonstrated a new model of how competing pieces of information spread in online social networks and the Internet of Things (IoT). The findings could be used to disseminate accurate information more quickly, displacing false information about anything from computer security to public health. (2020-03-27)

AI taps human wisdom for faster, better cancer diagnosis
A new system combining artificial intelligence (AI) with human knowledge promises faster and more accurate cancer diagnosis. The powerful technology, developed by a team led by engineering researchers at the University of Waterloo, uses digital images of tissue samples to match new cases of suspected cancer with previously diagnosed cases in a database. (2020-03-11)

Approximating a kernel of truth
Machine learning tasks using very large data sets can be sped up significantly by estimating the kernel function that best describes the data. (2020-03-10)

Using artificial intelligence to assess ulcerative colitis
Researchers from Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) have developed an artificial intelligence system with a deep neural network that can effectively evaluate endoscopic data from patients with ulcerative colitis, which is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, without the need for biopsy collection. The system was able to identify patients in both endoscopic remission and histologic remission with comparable accuracy to experts, representing a gain in terms of efficiency and costs. (2020-03-05)

Researchers identify breaking point of conducting material
An improved method to predict the temperature when plastics change from supple to brittle, which could potentially accelerate future development of flexible electronics, was developed by Penn State College of Engineering researchers. (2020-03-04)

New research takes p*** out of incontinence
Millions of people might eventually be spared the embarrassment and extreme isolation caused by wetting themselves, thanks to new research. (2020-02-20)

Count me out of counting seeds
Technology lends a hand during tedious seed counting process. (2020-02-19)

UCLA researchers find new method for measuring treatment of rare liver disease in children
UCLA researchers who previously found that intravenous administration of fish oil can treat a rare but potentially deadly form of liver disease in children have now monitored levels of a small molecule at the center of the disorder to track treatment results. (2020-02-19)

Vaccine misinformation and social media
People who rely on social media for information were more likely to be misinformed about vaccines than those who rely on traditional media, according to a study by the Annenberg Public Policy Center. The study, based on surveys of nearly 2,500 US adults, found that up to 20% of respondents were at least somewhat misinformed about vaccines. (2020-02-17)

What is your risk from smoking? Your network knows!
A new study from researchers at Penn's Annenberg School for Communication found that most people, smokers and non-smokers alike, were nowhere near accurate in their answers to questions about smoking's health effects. But critically, the study found a way to help people be more accurate: discussing their ideas with other people. (2020-02-06)

AI to help monitor behavior
Algorithms based on artificial intelligence do better at supporting educational and clinical decision-making, according to a new study. (2020-01-27)

Study finds flooding damage to levees is cumulative -- and often invisible
Recent research finds that repeated flooding events have a cumulative effect on the structural integrity of earthen levees, suggesting that the increase in extreme weather events associated with climate change could pose significant challenges for the nation's aging levee system. (2020-01-21)

Determining the atomic structure of natural products more rapidly and accurately
Many drugs are derived from natural products. But before natural products can be exploited, chemists must first determine their structure and stereochemistry. This can be a major challenge, particularly when the molecules cannot be crystallized and contain only few hydrogen atoms. A new NMR-based method, developed at the Leibniz-Forschungsinstitut für Molekulare Pharmakologie (FMP), now simplifies the analysis and produces more accurate results. The work has been published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. (2020-01-21)

New hospital-based data contradicts HUD estimates on homelessness
Illinois hospital visits associated with homelessness have tripled since 2011 and conservative estimates of homelessness using hospital-based data exceeded similar estimates from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, or HUD. (2020-01-16)

Advances in the characterization of high dynamic range or HDR images
A set of techniques used in image processing that allow better viewing between the lighter and darker areas of an image. A study by Raquel Gil Rodríguez, Javier Vázquez-Corral and Marcelo Bertalmío, researchers of the Image Processing for Enhanced Cinematography (IP4EC) research group. (2019-12-20)

Your DNA is not your destiny -- or a good predictor of your health
In most cases, your genes have less than five per cent to do with your risk of developing a particular disease, according to new research by University of Alberta scientists. (2019-12-19)

Artificial intelligence identifies previously unknown features associated with cancer recurrence
Artificial intelligence (AI) technology developed by the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) in Japan has successfully found features in pathology images from human cancer patients, without annotation, that could be understood by human doctors. Further, the AI identified features relevant to cancer prognosis that were not previously noted by pathologists, leading to a higher accuracy of prostate cancer recurrence compared to pathologist-based diagnosis. (2019-12-18)

Neural network for elderly care could save millions
A deep neural network model helps predict healthcare visits by elderly people, with the potential to save millions (2019-12-13)

New tool to detect blackleg disease in potato has widespread application
'We hope Uniqprimer and the tests it designed will aid in the accurate detection of D. dianthicola and many other pathogens,' said lead author Shaista Karim. 'Accurate pathogen detection is the first step for management of a disease, which helps in reducing the losses in the potato industry and informing the farmers in a timely manner to better aid on-farm decision making.' (2019-12-05)

Sleep helps memory, right? Not for eyewitnesses
New research investigating the effect of sleep on eyewitness memory has found that having a period of sleep, compared to a period of wake, does not improve eyewitness identification accuracy. (2019-12-03)

A question of pressure
The Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) has implemented a novel pressure measurement method, as a byproduct of the work on the 'new' kelvin. As a primary method it only depends on natural constants. It offers unique possibilities to check the most accurate pressure gauges, for which PTB is known as the world leader, and to investigate helium - an important model system for the fundamentals of physics. (current issue of Nature Physics) (2019-12-02)

Cybershoppers make better buying decisions on PCs than phones -- Ben-Gurion U. researchers
This is the first study that differentiates between screen size and information reduction, which are often mixed up. The findings will be presented next month at the International Conference on Information Systems, the top academic conference in the field. (2019-11-21)

Best of the best: Who makes the most accurate decisions in expert groups?
New method predicts accuracy on the basis of similarity. (2019-11-20)

Combining satellites, radar provides path for better forecasts
Every minute counts when it comes to predicting severe weather. Combing data from cutting-edge geostationary satellites and traditional weather radar created a path toward earlier, more accurate warnings, according to Penn State researchers who studied supercell thuderstorms in the Midwest. (2019-11-11)

New polysomnography electrode set enables easy at-home assessment of sleep bruxism
An easy-to-use electrode set can assess sleep bruxism severity as well as a conventional polysomnography, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. (2019-10-18)

A new approach to reconstructing protein evolution
One angle scientists have taken to explore how protein functions arise is to trace family evolution and relatedness, which is difficult. In eLife, Roman Sloutsky of UMass Amherst and his former advisor Kristen Naegle, now at UVA, propose an unusual, new and more accurate way to trace how proteins diverged over time. ''It can yield powerful insights into the relationship between protein sequence, structure and function for that family,'' he says. (2019-10-17)

AI learns to model our Universe
An international team has used AI to create a 3D simulation of the Universe. (2019-08-28)

New method increases accuracy of nontuberculous mycobacteria identification
The more than 200 species of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are notoriously difficult to differentiate, delaying the implementation of targeted antibiotic therapy. Researchers from Osaka University and the University of the Ryukyus in Japan have now developed a comprehensive database of 175 NTM species based on new and existing genome sequences, along with specialized comparative software, that can be used to accurately identify unknown NTM isolates. (2019-07-30)

Simulation explores how insects glean compass direction from skylight
A computational simulation suggests that insects may be capable of using the properties of light from the sky to determine their compass direction with an error of less than two degrees. Evripidis Gkanias of the University of Edinburgh, U.K., and colleagues present their findings in PLOS Computational Biology. (2019-07-18)

New technology improves atrial fibrillation detection after stroke
It's important to determine whether stroke patients also experience atrial fibrillation (Afib). Monitoring technology invented at Michigan Medicine (University of Michigan) could make the process easier and more accurate. (2019-07-12)

Study suggests arthroscopy more effective than MRI for chondral defects of the knee
Using arthroscopy to stage a lesion in the chondral area of the knee is more accurate than magnetic resonance imaging, according to researchers from the Rothman Institute, La Jolla, Calif. The findings were presented today at the American Orthopedic Society of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting. (2019-07-11)

New high-definition satellite radar can detect bridges at risk of collapse from space
An early warning system to identify at-risk structures using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) has been developed. The system could be applied to infrastructure projects including roads, railways and building developments at lower cost and greater accuracy than existing techniques. Researchers from Bath worked with the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and the Italian Space Agency to study the Morandi bridge collapse in Italy in August 2018. (2019-07-09)

Danish researchers create worldwide solar energy model
For any future sustainable energy system, it is crucial to know the performance of photovoltaic (solar cell) systems at local, regional and global levels. Danish researchers have investigated and mapped the capacities of photovoltaic generation in the European countries in four different configurations: Rooftop, optimum tilt, tracking and delta configuration, and made the data openly available. The different configurations have a strong influence on the hourly difference between electricity demand and PV generation. (2019-07-01)

People's motivations bias how they gather information
A new study suggests people stop gathering evidence earlier when the data supports their desired conclusion than when it supports the conclusion they wish was false. Filip Gesiarz, Donal Cahill and Tali Sharot of University College London, UK report in PLOS Computational Biology. (2019-06-27)

The first AI universe sim is fast and accurate -- and its creators don't know how it works
For the first time, astrophysicists have used artificial intelligence techniques to generate complex 3D simulations of the universe. The results are so fast, accurate and robust that even the creators aren't sure how it all works. The Deep Density Displacement Model can accurately simulate how the cosmos would look if certain parameters were tweaked -- such as the dark matter composition of the universe -- even though the model never received training data where those parameters varied. (2019-06-26)

New research hopes to identify individuals at risk of clinically significant COPD
New research from UAB provides evidence, for the first time, to continue using the criteria set by major respiratory societies for the diagnosis of airflow obstruction and COPD. (2019-06-25)

Resonance-enhanced tunneling induces F+H2 reaction in interstellar clouds
Scientists from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and their collaborators investigated the mechanism of rapid reactivity of the F + H2 reaction at low temperature and found that rapid reactivity was actually induced by resonance-enhanced tunneling. (2019-06-24)

Tiny probe that senses deep in the lung set to shed light on disease
A hair-sized probe that can measure key indicators of tissue damage deep in the lung has been developed by scientists. (2019-06-16)

New research accurately predicts Australian wheat yield months before harvest
Topping the list of Australia's major crops, wheat is grown on more than half the country's cropland and is a key export commodity. With so much riding on wheat, accurate yield forecasting is necessary to predict regional and global food security and commodity markets. A new study published in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology shows machine-learning methods can accurately predict wheat yield for the country two months before the crop matures. (2019-05-13)

An electric tongue can handle more spicy foods than you can
Spicy food is huge business, and Washington State University researchers have found that an electronic tongue, or e-tongue, is more effective and accurate in taste-testing fiery foods than sensitive human taste buds. (2019-05-09)

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