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The Mediterranean connection: ecological effects of El Niño in the Northern hemisphere
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) are increasingly acknowledged as major climatic sources of ecological variability. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, this is a priority research area facing global warming. In the July issue of Ecology Letters, Pablo Almaraz and Juan A. Amat provide the first evidence of concurrent NAO and ENSO effects on the long-term dynamics of a natural population. (2004-06-10)

EU Council of Ministers declares European heart health a policy priority
The Council of Ministers of the European Union (EU) has acknowledged that cardiovascular disease in Europe is 'the largest cause of death of men and women in the European Union' and 'unhealthy lifestyles, particularly tobacco consumption, as well as unhealthy diet and physical inactivity amongst European citizens are risk factors to be addressed in the development of national and European policy'. (2004-06-03)

Surgical skill increases survival for oesophageal cancer surgery
Resection of the oesophagus for cancer should no longer be an operation with a high mortality rate provided experienced surgeons are involved as part of a multidisciplinary team. The results mirror those found in other studies and further suggest that surgical skill is a major factor in successful outcome of surgical procedures for a range of cancers, and may also suggest a potential beneficial effect of centralization of oesophageal cancer surgery in England. (2004-04-08)

Pharmacists play role in cholesterol control
The idea of pharmacists as simple drug distributors is archaic, and a new study out of the University of Alberta proves it. (2004-01-29)

Seeing HIV in positive light boosts patients' mental health
Seeing HIV in a more positive light -- as a challenge rather than a threat, for instance -- is associated with greater psychological well-being and lower levels of depression among patients, new research suggests. (2003-11-01)

Poor health affects business' bottom line, says HHS
Chronic conditions like obesity and asthma cost U.S. businesses billions of dollars in health insurance costs and lost productivity, according to a report released Tuesday by the Department of Health and Human Services. (2003-09-16)

Blame, not just poor economy, needed to impact voting
People who are experiencing financial hardship are more likely to vote if they blame the government for the bad economy. (2003-06-16)

Researcher reveals courts and psychiatrists better understood infanticide 200 years ago
New research by a historian at the University of Warwick reveals puerperal insanity, a serious yet temporary condition most acutely expressed through infanticide, was better understood and treated more sympathetically by courts and psychiatrists in the 1800s than today. (2003-06-11)

A more challenging summit than Everest
In the week celebrating the 50th anniversary of the conquest of Everest, this week's editorial points to a more challenging summit-the gathering of G8 leaders in Evian-les-Bains, France-to address the plight of an estimated billion people who live in countries ravaged by civil war. (2003-05-29)

Support for cutting edge research: New professorial fellowship scheme
The ESRC launches a new professorial fellowship scheme to support up to 10 of the UK's top social scientists today. The fellows will be able to create and evolve their own creative and groundbreaking research agendas in any area of the social sciences. (2003-02-18)

Kyoto will have little effect on global warming
Life expectancy and prosperity will continue to rise and food production should keep up with population growth, but the Kyoto agreement will have little effect on global warming according to this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ. (2002-12-19)

20th Anniversary Conference of the International Humic Substances Society (IHSS)
Hundreds of scientists from around the globe will gather on the campus of Northeastern University from July 21 - 26 for the 20th Anniversary Conference of the International Humic Substances Society. The biennial conference returns to the United States twenty years after the first conferences in Colorado in 1983. The conference will be followed by the Humic Substances Seminar VI, a series of lectures by top researchers on the practical applications of such substances, on July 27. (2002-07-09)

Weizmann Women & Science Award to Dr. Susan Solomon, NOAA
The 2002 Weizmann Women & Science Award will be presented to Dr. Susan Solomon of the Aeronomy Laboratory of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Dr. Solomon, most widely known for her crucial role in the international scientific community's efforts to determine the cause of the Antarctic ozone (2002-05-08)

Certain behaviors can predict binge-eating disorders in teenage girls
Binge-eating, a disorder that can lead to obesity in young women, can be predicted by looking at a girl's negative emotions, including dissatisfaction with her body image, new data confirms. (2002-03-14)

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry turns 50 and increases publication frequency
In conjunction with its 50th anniversary, the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, published by the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, began publishing biweekly January 2002. (2002-02-21)

New research reveals that fibre can improve mood
A new study at Cardiff University (Wales,UK) shows that high-fibre eaters are less stressed and have a more positive mood. (2002-02-20)

Milk provides unique benefits in vitamin E enrichments of plasma lipids
Saturated fat found in dairy products may contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, while vitamin E, a lipid antioxidant, may have a protective affect against CVD. In research published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Hayes et al. studied the potential of vitamin E to offset the potential CVD risk effects of milk fat by adding the vitamin to milk at different dosage levels, in different forms, and through different dispersion methods. In comparison to other forms of vitamin E delivery, milk had an enhanced ability to transport vitamin E to plasma lipoproteins. (2001-07-24)

More senior doctors needed to improve UK emergency care
A study in this week's BMJ finds that most care in accident and emergency departments in the United Kingdom is delivered by junior medical staff, often in their first post-registration job. As a result, many patients attending these departments could be managed better. (2001-07-06)

The older you are, the less the chance of thrombolytic therapy
Recent guidelines have acknowledged that thrombolytic therapy reduces the risk of death after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), independently of age. To examine the age- related in-hospital AMI mortality rate and its determinants in a large cohort of patients, the Quebec Acute Coronary Care Working Group conducted an analysis involving a registry of 44 acute care Quebec hospitals that enrolled 3741 patients with AMI between January 1995 and May 1996. (2001-04-30)

Science exclusive: President Clinton on science's growing impact
United States President Bill Clinton liberated his self- described (2000-12-21)

Placebo controlled trials -- a moral issue?
The World Medical Association is debating the next revision of the Declaration of Helsinki which covers issues surrounding using patients in medical trials. This week's Education and Debate section in the BMJ carries for and against arguments over the morality of carrying out placebo controlled trials when there is an existing accepted treatment for a condition. (2000-08-10)

Way in which vaccination given may contribute to falling uptake
Mothers may be deterred from bringing their infants to be vaccinated if they feel that health professionals are unsympathetic to them and the pain inflicted on their children, suggests research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Mothers who had bad experiences put off following through vaccinations or defaulted altogether, the research showed. (2000-04-18)

Newest Depression Medications Widely Prescribed For Children
A majority of family physicians and pediatricians are treating children with Prozac-type drugs for mild to moderate mental illness, despite a lack of scientific evidence to support their safety and effectiveness in youngsters, according to a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study. (1999-05-01)

Sibling Bone Marrow Donors Do Better In School
Siblings who donate bone marrow to their brothers or sisters are more adaptive at school, their teachers tell researchers, but the children themselves aren't so sure. These same sibling-donors report more anxiety and lower self-esteem than do non-donor siblings of transplant patients. (1997-08-08)

Big Cat Expert Applauds Listing Of Jaguar As Endangered In U.S.
Big Cat expert, Dr. Alan Rabinowitz of the Wildlife Conservation Society, applauds last week's decision to list the jaguar as an endangered species on U.S. soil. Rabinowitz recently released a report on the status of wild jaguars in the southwest. (1997-07-22)

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