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Sustained use of anti-depressants increases cell growth and protects cells in the brain
Continued use of anti-depressants leads to new growth in the hippocampal area of the brain. This is the same area where earlier research has shown stress and depression can cause cell death and atrophy. The Yale researcher on the new study says the new cell growth only occurs after 14 to 28 days of admininistration of anti-depressants, which is consistent with treatment regimens for the therapeutic response to anti- depressants. (2000-12-14)

Prepare now for next El Nino, says UN/NCAR study
Now is the time for vulnerable countries around the globe to begin preparing for the next El Nino, according to a new United Nations preliminary report. (2000-10-26)

Population, wealth boost cost of U.S. flood damage
Societal changes, much more than increased precipitation, spurred a steep rise in the nation's flood-damage costs over the past century, says a new study. (2000-10-18)

New theory of human behavior takes internal goals into account
Why do we do the things we do? Is our daily behavior essentially a reaction to outside occurrences? Might our actions instead be primarily driven by what's inside us? Or maybe, does what we do emerge from a combination of both internal and external factors? Such are the questions that drive a University of Illinois professor in his new book, (2000-04-30)

Parents pass on religious beliefs more by word than by deed
The saying goes that (2000-03-19)

Brain steroid a key player in alcohol's effects
Scientists at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine may have an answer for one of the biggest questions in the alcohol research field -- how does alcohol exert its effects in the brain? (2000-02-29)

New research on Tourette's syndrome
People who swear and twitch because they have Tourette's syndrome are doing so intentionally rather than as a result of involuntary spasms, as people have previously assumed. A psychologist in Canada has found the first direct evidence that the tics and verbal outbursts are made in response to some irresistible urge. (1999-09-08)

Scientists uncover molecular changes underlying amphetamine and antidepressant action
In this week's issue of Science, scientists illuminate the way in which neurons use molecular vacuum cleaners to clear synapses of released chemical messengers, an understanding that could lead to more effective antidepressants. (1999-07-30)

Virtual back-seat driver could save your life
Researchers are developing a smart car that can predict when you are about to make a dangerous move and help you avoid disaster. The car uses sensors to monitor the person's driving patterns and then uses a system that calculates the probability of particular actions happening next. (1999-06-16)

Carnegie Mellon research says accountability is not a social panacea; in fact it makes some problems worse
Some of the talk about making people and organizations more accountable may amount to just that -- talk with little real payoff, a Carnegie Mellon University study shows. That's the result of the first comprehensive review of what a new push toward accountability on the job can mean and where it is likely to go. (1999-06-08)

Hi-tech tutoring
An artificially intelligent tutoring system that semi- automates team training methods has been successfully demonstrated in a Navy laboratory and will be studied further at the AEGIS Training and Readiness Center in Dahlgren, Va. The center teaches individuals to work together as an integrated, high-functioning team. (1999-06-03)

Tobacco Control Is Global Challenge, WHO Director Says
Tobacco control is a global challenge and a cultural struggle against tobacco companies that prey on adolescents to increase sales, WHO Director-General Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland said today in opening the International Policy Conference on Children and Tobacco. (1999-03-18)

Wake Forest University Wins $7M Grant To Study The Causes Of Alcohol Addiction
The National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse of the National Institutes of Health has awarded a $7 million grant to Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center to study alcohol addiction. The studies will provide insights into brain processes that lead to alcoholism. (1999-01-04)

Does Initial Management Affect The Rate Of Repetition Of Deliberate Self Harm? Cohort Study
Patients who inflict self harm and discharge themselves from hospital before they have undergone a psychiatric assessment are more likely to repeat their actions, say Dr. Mike Crawford and Professor Simon Wessely from the Institute of Psychiatry. (1998-10-09)

Monkey Do, Monkey See ... Pre-Human Say?
Human speech derives from a gestural communication system facilitated by a neural circuit found in both monkeys and humans, two neuroscientists propose. They describe a group of neurons in the brains of monkeys that discharge when the monkey grasps or manipulates an object -- and when it sees an experimenter making similar actions. They say these (1998-08-18)

UK Should Learn Lessons From US When Dealing With Racism In Healthcare
Racism in healthcare institutions needs to be driven out, says Professor Raj Bhopal from the University of Newcastle and he suggests that lessons from the experience in the US, particularly difficulties in pinpointing racism and in narrowing inequalities, may guide actions in the UK. (1998-06-26)

PSA To Debut At National Oceans Conference
A new public service announcement will make its debut at the National Oceans Conference in Monterey June 11 - 12. The theme of the PSA, narrated by American Oceans Campaign President Ted Danson, is connections. (1998-06-03)

Models Assess Remedial Actions On Abandoned Mine Lands In Colorado
Effective remediation of abandoned mine lands involves identifying major sources of contamination in the watershed and the effects of contaminant sources on stream water quality as well as evaluating the effects of alternate remedial actions. This AGU poster presentation illustrates two simulation models that may be used to evaluate remedial actions. (1998-05-26)

Older Moms Have Favorite Children And Admit It
Cornell University gerontologist finds that 80 percent of older moms have favorite children and most children think -- wrongly -- that they are it. Moms tend to favor children who had problems out of their control. (1997-11-20)

Inhibition Deficit, Not Quick Reactions, What Sets Impulsive People Apart
Impulsive people, such as children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are quick to act. What sets them apart from people with normal behavior, however, is not speed. It's the inability to brake, researchers say. (1997-06-03)

Study Finds Characteristics That Identify Bullies And Victims
Bullies are controlling, hot tempered and lack empathy for others. Victims lack social skills, blame themselves for their problems and are afraid to go to school. These traits are among the most common indicators of bullying and victim behaviors in children, according to a new study at Ohio University (1997-05-19)

Scientists Make Progress In Gene Therapy For Heart Disease
Johns Hopkins scientists have successfully used a virus to supply a missing gene and its enzyme product to muscle cells in animals and humans for an extended period. The achievement could have implications in the treatment of an inherited fatal heart disease in children called Pompe's disease (1996-11-12)

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