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Current Adaptive News and Events, Adaptive News Articles.
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Fas signaling and cardiac hypertrophy
Stimulation of Fas, the founding member of a family of dedicated cell surface (2002-01-30)

LLNL scientists create a virtual star over Hawaii for the world's largest telescope
Scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in collaboration with the W.M. Keck Observatory, have created a (2002-01-04)

Science study explains the sexy glow of parrot plumage
An ingenious experiment with budgerigar birds suggests that the birds derive some of their sex appeal from the fluorescence of their feathers. (2002-01-03)

Adaptive-decision strategy offsets uncertainties in climate sensitivity
The uncertainty of climate change because of global warming is much greater than previously thought, and as a result, policy-makers should adopt a robust, adaptive-decision strategy to cope with potential consequences, researchers at the University of Illinois say. (2001-09-28)

Researchers gain better understanding of deadly autoimmune heart ailment that affects young adults
A study by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health says complement, a key protein of the innate immune system, is critical to the development of autoimmune myocarditis. Researchers prevented autoimmune myocarditis in mice by depleting complement and blocking its interaction with two key complement receptors. The study examines the role of the innate immune system during the formation of autoimmune myocarditis, which may lead to better diagnosis and prevention of myocarditis and other autoimmune disorders, such as diabetes and multiple sclerosis. (2001-07-27)

Exploring the complexities of prenatal alcohol exposure

Plant/pathogen evolutionary dynamic defies simple arms race model
The battle between plants and disease-causing pathogens has been compared to an arms race--with each new defense calling forth a new offensive weapon, and neither gaining the upper hand for long. In this review of plant pathogen resistance, University of Chicago researchers find evidence of a more complicated story. (2001-06-21)

Very small galactic bulge could change ideas of galaxy formation
The nearby galaxy M33 has a much smaller central bulge than astronomers had previously thought -- or perhaps no bulge at all, according to astronomers at Ohio State University. The finding may expand current theories of how spiral galaxies form. (2001-06-04)

Study of marine snail suggests conservation efforts should consider factors beyond genetic diversity
A study of climate-induced evolutionary change in a California intertidal snail suggests that resource managers shouldn't focus exclusively on genetic diversity when developing conservation plans for protecting endangered or threatened species. (2001-05-31)

Making you fat - when you need it
A recent paper in G&D reveals what factors are necessary for the normal mechanism of lipid production as well as the adaptive response to lipid deprivation. (2001-05-14)

Adaptive optics tops NSF "highlights" at American Astronomical Society Meeting
Learn about the astronomy developments supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) at the American Astronomical Society meeting at the Town & Country Resort and Conference Center in San Diego, Calif., January 7-11, 2001. (2001-01-01)

Suspect list shortens for maternal aggression's brain origins
Scientists studying the origins of aggression have highlighted areas in the brains of mouse mothers that may generate fierce attacks on males who pose a potential threat to their pups. (2000-11-07)

Metabolic downregulation doesn't explain dieters' weight regain
The theory that adaptive changes in the resting metabolic rate (RMR) of weight-reduced persons predispose them to regain weight is challenged by new evidence published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. In a study of 24 overweight postmenopausal women, Weinsier et al. found no significant differences in RMR between the subjects once they had stabilized after weight loss and a control group of never-overweight women. (2000-10-31)

Astronomers find surprising double asteroid and a new asteroid moon
Astronomers announced today that they have found a large, double asteroid in our solar system. The configuration is a surprise to astronomers, who once thought asteroids were lone objects. (2000-10-25)

Gemini cuts deep into galactic core with release of first data
The first scientific observations from the Gemini North telescope provide a dramatic glimpse into the elusive core of the Milky Way, including an intriguing bow-shock from a star as it plows into a poorly understood gas cloud a mere three light-years from the galactic center. (2000-10-15)

Computer programs that adapt and evolve
Cornell, Mississippi State, the College of William and Mary, Ohio State and Clark-Atlanta University will create computer programs that can adapt to changing conditions in the virtual worlds they are creating and the hardware on which they are running in NSF's $5 million Adaptive Software Project. (2000-09-13)

UC Santa Cruz astronomers forge ahead on giant telescope project
The University of California and the California Institute of Technology have teamed up to design and build a 30-meter telescope, dubbed the California Extremely Large Telescope (CELT). The project is still in the early planning stages, but researchers led by UC Santa Cruz astronomers are making steady progress on the conceptual design for CELT. (2000-09-05)

Noted UCSF researcher to argue innate immune system plays vital role in fighting HIV
A debate between leading AIDS researchers on the role of the immune system in HIV infection will highlight the plenary sessions at the upcoming XIII International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa (July 9-14). (2000-07-06)

Technology first aimed at heavens now makes 'super' human vision possible
Adapting technology originally developed by astronomers to obtain better images of the heavens, a University of Rochester scientist has developed an optical system that has given research subjects an unprecedented quality of eyesight. The research dramatically improves the sight even of people who have 20/20 vision. (2000-06-08)

The Geometry of Ecological Interactions: Simplifying Spatial Complexity
The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and Cambridge University Press announce the publication of The Geometry of Ecological Interactions: Simplifying Spatial Complexity. By integrating mathematical models and statistics, the book presents empirical and theoretical conclusions on the effects of spatio-temporal patterns in ecology. (2000-05-21)

IIASA launches book series in adaptive dynamics
The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis announces initiation of a new book series in collaboration with Cambridge University Press. Edited by IIASA's Adaptive Dynamics Network project, the book extends evolutionary game theory in a way that allows for analyzing the adaptive implications of complex ecological settings. (2000-05-21)

Harnessing complexity
But two University of Michigan professors have devised an approach to (2000-05-18)

Hindsight bias - not just a convenient memory enhancer but an important part of an efficient memory system
It is said that hindsight is 20-20. According to new research, hindsight bias -- the way our impression of how we acted or would have acted changes when we learn the outcome of an event -- is actually a by-product of a cognitive mechanism that allows us to unclutter our minds by discarding inaccurate information and embracing that which is correct. (2000-05-13)

NYU professor Marsha Berger elected to National Academy of Science
Professor Berger's research is in large-scale scientific computing, with applications in the area of computational fluid dynamics. One area involves the currently time- consuming task of grid generation, needed, for example, to compute the flow around a full aircraft in three dimensions. (2000-05-07)

Emory researchers help develop new way to identify prostate cancer patients at high risk of recurrence
Emory University participated in a multi-center trial aimed at developing a (2000-04-30)

Renowned author, scientist and professor, John L. Casti, returns to IIASA
The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis is pleased to announce that renowned author, scientist and professor, John Casti, Ph.D. has rejoined the IIASA staff as a general research scholar. Dr. Casti also holds a professorship at The Santa Fe Institute, and at the Technical University of Vienna, Austria. (2000-03-30)

Palomar camera gets sharper Neptune images
Cornell researchers have built an infrared camera, the Palomar High Angular Resolution Observer (PHARO), for the 200-inch Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory that is providing detailed images unobstructed by atmospheric turbulence, beginning with the planet Neptune. (1999-10-13)

Astronomers sight an asteroid's moon
Astronomers this week announced their discovery of a moon orbiting an asteroid, in the first images ever obtained of such an object from Earth. Only one satellite orbiting an asteroid had been seen before from space. (1999-10-06)

Nonlinear flight control
A comparison of intelligent, adaptive, and nonlinear flight control laws is the topic of a paper recently published in proceedings of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). (1999-09-09)

When it comes to business travel there's something stressful in the air
Flying is no picnic for millions of business travelers. It is a stressful ordeal that has become an integral part of their working lives. But is doesn't have to be, according to University of Washington psychologists who have developed a new scale to measure air travel stress and validated it in an study of more than 300 employees of an international consulting firm. (1999-08-16)

Noise reduction
A new system developed by Hood Technology of Hood River, Ore. through the Navy's Small Business Innovation Research program controls interior noise and vibration, especially in propeller-induced sound within turbo-prop aircraft. (1999-07-01)

New Concepts Proposed To Investigate Drug Reactions
A University of Toronto professor is proposing two new concepts to help better understand the cause of adverse drug reactions to help explain why many of the features of such reactions are only seen in some people. (1999-05-28)

Plants Use 'Snorkels' To Survive Floods
When flooded by water, some plants send up shoots above the surface and use the new leaves as a kind of 'snorkel'. Dutch biologists, subsidized by NWO, are going to investigate the way plants control this adaptive behaviour. It is hoped that the insights gained will make it possible to select crops which can cope with floods. (1999-04-12)

Simulation Reveals Very First Stars That Formed In The Universe
Astronomers say they have turned back the hands of time and taken a look at the earliest structures that formed in the universe. The first objects to form, says a researcher at the University of Illinois and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, were low-mass clusters of metal- free stars that condensed in the cores of dark-matter halos. (1999-03-24)

NSF-Funded Researcher Plucks Four Unknown Fish Species From Antarctic Waters
An Ohio University researcher who netted four species of fish previously unknown to science during a National Science Foundation (NSF) Antarctic research cruise says the discoveries confirm his hypothesis that the continent's frigid seas are a world-class evolutionary laboratory. (1999-03-04)

Brief Exposure To High Temperature Has Lasting Effect On Nervous System
Researchers at the University of Chicago in collaboration with scientists at Queens University in Ontario, Canada, have shown for the first time that brief exposure to high temperatures has long-lasting physiological effects on the nervous system. These changes, which the researchers measured in locusts, may be what enables the animals to fly in very hot environments. (1999-02-19)

"Star Wars" Technology Finds A Surprise In Our Eyes
The best images ever obtained of the living human retina show an unexpected randomness in the way that individual cells called cones are arranged. The results were obtained by a University of Rochester team using a technology called adaptive optics that was originally developed by astronomers and the military (1999-02-10)

Wistar Institute Professor Named First Koprowski Professor
The Wistar Institute Board of Managers recently approved the appointment of Professor Giorgio Trinchieri, M.D., as Wistar's first Hilary Koprowsky Endowed Professor. Dr. Trinchieri has served as head of Wistar's Immunology Program since 1991. In 1996, he was awarded the William B. Coley Award for Distinguished Research in Basic and Clinical Immunology, one of the highest honors in the field of immunology, for his discovery of Interleukin-12 (IL-12). (1998-12-21)

Staring And Squirming Help Babies Explore
Staring and squirming by infants might not be as random or meaningless as they seem, says a Cornell University developmental psychologist. Rather, the link between the two could prevent infants from getting visually stuck, and allow them to (1998-12-11)

Researchers Make Breakthrough In Gene Transfer
Scientists often use the genetic material of viruses to smuggle foreign genes into cells. But such vectors frequently kill the cells they enter, limiting their long-term utility. For the first time, researchers have devised a way to create harmless vectors from a harmful virus. The vectors are efficient couriers of genes. (1998-10-27)

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