Current Addiction News and Events | Page 25

Current Addiction News and Events, Addiction News Articles.
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Grant awarded to study impact of pain medication exposure in the womb on developing brain
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded a $472,500 Cutting Edge Basic Research Award by the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health to study models of the brain development of newborns who have been exposed -- and become addicted -- to prescription pain medication while still in the womb. (2014-04-09)

The Lancet: Small cash incentives dramatically improve hepatitis B vaccination rates among injecting drug users
Small financial incentives, totaling as little as £30, can dramatically increase the likelihood of people who inject drugs completing a course of hepatitis B virus vaccination, according to new research published in The Lancet. (2014-04-08)

Scientists identify part of brain linked to gambling addiction
Researchers believe hyperactivity in the insula could lead to problem gambling; future treatments could focus on reducing this hyperactivity. (2014-04-07)

Penn Medicine points to new ways to prevent relapse in cocaine-addicted patients
Relapse is a painful and expensive feature of drug addiction. Though some relapse triggers can be consciously avoided, other subconscious triggers may be impossible to avoid -- they can gain entry to the unconscious brain, setting the stage for relapse. Penn Medicine researchers have found that the drug baclofen can help block the impact of the brain's response to 'unconscious' triggers before conscious craving occurs. They suggest that this can prevent cocaine relapse. (2014-04-01)

Researchers identify similarities between HIV/AIDS and opioid addiction epidemics
There are important parallels between the early years of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the current epidemic of opioid addiction -- ones that could trigger a significant shift in opioid addiction prevention, diagnosis and treatment. (2014-04-01)

CAMH researcher discovers 2 new genes linked to intellectual disability
Researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have discovered two new genes linked to intellectual disability, according to two research studies published concurrently this month in the journals Human Genetics and Human Molecular Genetics. (2014-03-31)

Addicts who live in the moment may benefit most from certain kinds of treatment
A simple cognitive test may be able to predict how well an individual struggling with addiction will respond to certain treatments, according to a study led by an addiction expert at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute. (2014-03-31)

How does acupuncture at Baihui and Dazhui reduce brain cell apoptosis in heroin readdicts?
How does acupuncture at Baihui and Dazhui reduce brain cell apoptosis in heroin readdicts? (2014-03-29)

Brain differences in college-aged occasional drug users
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered impaired neuronal activity in the parts of the brain associated with anticipatory functioning among occasional 18- to 24-year-old users of stimulant drugs, such as cocaine, amphetamines and prescription drugs such as Adderall. (2014-03-25)

Nasal spray delivers new type of depression treatment
A nasal spray that delivers a peptide to treat depression holds promise as a potential alternative therapeutic approach, research from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health shows. (2014-03-24)

Can 'love hormone' protect against addiction?
Addictive behavior such as drug and alcohol abuse could be associated with poor development of the so-called 'love hormone' system in our bodies during early childhood, according to researchers at the University of Adelaide. (2014-03-20)

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: An under-recognized issue that may be on the rise
The open-access International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research has released a special issue on fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), with the intention of increasing awareness of the negative effects of alcohol use in pregnancy and improving prevention, treatment and care for those living with FASD. (2014-03-19)

E-cigarettes: Gateway to nicotine addiction for US teens, says UCSF study
E-cigarettes, promoted as a way to quit regular cigarettes, may actually be a new route to conventional smoking and nicotine addiction for teenagers, according to a new UC San Francisco study. (2014-03-06)

Blurred Lines? Sexual boundaries are not really all that blurred
Sexual aggression has become a common experience in bars. New findings show that approximately 90 percent of the incidents involve male initiators and female targets. The initiators' level of invasiveness was related to intoxication of the targets but not their own intoxication. This suggests that intoxicated women were being targeted, perhaps perceived as easier or more blameworthy. (2014-03-03)

Opioid abuse initiates specific protein interactions in neurons in brain's reward system
Opiate abuse alter the activity of RGS9-2 protein needed for normal functioning of brain's reward system and unexpectedly also altered the threshold for pain relief and opioid tolerance. (2014-02-24)

Addicted to tanning?
They keep tanning, even after turning a deep brown and experiencing some of the negative consequences. Skin cancer is among the most common, preventable types of the disease, yet many continue to tan to excess. (2014-02-19)

Antidepressant holds promise in treating Alzheimer's agitation
An antidepressant medication has shown potential in treating symptoms of agitation that occur with Alzheimer's disease and in alleviating caregivers' stress, according to a multi-site US-Canada study. (2014-02-19)

No such thing as porn 'addiction,' researchers say
Journalists and psychologists are quick to describe someone as being a porn (2014-02-12)

Strong religious beliefs may drive self-perception of addiction to online pornography
People who consider themselves very religious and view Internet porn even once may perceive they are addicted, according to a new Case Western Reserve University's psychology study. (2014-02-12)

Smoking cessation may improve mental health
Although many health professionals who treat people with psychiatric problems overlook their patients' smoking habits, new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis shows that people who struggle with mood problems or addiction can safely quit smoking and that kicking the habit is associated with improved mental health. (2014-02-11)

Teens who consume energy drinks more likely to use alcohol and drugs
Nearly one-third of US adolescents consume high-caffeine energy drinks or (2014-02-04)

Impulsive personality linked to food addiction
The same kinds of impulsive behavior that lead some people to abuse alcohol and other drugs may also be an important contributor to an unhealthy relationship with food, according to new research from the University of Georgia. (2014-01-24)

New substance abuse treatment resources focus on teens
Resources to help parents, health care providers, and substance abuse treatment specialists treat teens struggling with drug abuse, as well as identify and interact with those who might be at risk, were released today by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). The release came before the start of National Drug Facts Week, an annual observance to educate teens about drug abuse. NIDA is part of the National Institutes of Health. (2014-01-23)

Mount Sinai researchers find promising new drug targets for cocaine addiction
Mount Sinai researchers identify PARP-1 enzyme and Sidekick-1 gene as key in the brain reward system for cocaine addiction. (2014-01-20)

Cocaine users enjoy social interactions less
Regular cocaine users have difficulties in feeling empathy for others and they exhibit less prosocial behavior. A study at the Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Zurich now suggests that cocaine users have social deficits because social contacts are less rewarding for them. Social skills should therefore be trained during the treatment of cocaine addiction. (2014-01-20)

KAIST participates in the 2014 Davos Forum on Jan. 22-25 in Switzerland
The 2014 Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum will kick off on Jan. 22-25 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland. President Sung-Mo Steve Kang and Distinguished Professor Sang Yup Lee from the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, KAIST, will attend the Forum and engage in a series of dialogues on MOOCs, new paradigms for universities and researchers, the transformation of higher education, the role and value of scientific discoveries, and the impact of biotechnology on the future of society and business. (2014-01-17)

Scientists develop promising drug candidates for pain, addiction
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have described a pair of drug candidates that advance the search for new treatments for pain, addiction and other disorders. The two new drug scaffolds offer researchers novel tools that act on a demonstrated therapeutic target, the kappa opioid receptor, which is located on nerve cells and plays a role in the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine. (2014-01-13)

Dr. Matt G. Kushner earns Hazelden's Dan Anderson Research Award
Dr. Kushner earned the award for his study, (2014-01-07)

By the numbers: A simple 10 step approach to reducing the harms of alcohol
Much the same way individuals are encouraged to know their blood pressure and cholesterol numbers to maintain a healthy lifestyle, a new editorial in the Journal of Psychopharmacology urges the European public to know and monitor their alcohol intake number using a simple 10 point plan. (2014-01-07)

Severe mental illness tied to higher rates of substance use
People with severe mental illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have a higher risk for substance use, especially cigarette smoking, and protective factors usually associated with lower rates of substance use do not exist in severe mental illness, according to a new study funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health. (2014-01-03)

Molecule discovered that protects the brain from cannabis intoxication
Two INSERM research teams recently discovered that pregnenolone, a molecule produced by the brain, acts as a natural defence mechanism against the harmful effects of cannabis in animals. Pregnenolone prevents THC, the main active principle in cannabis, from fully activating its brain receptor, the CB1 receptor, that when overstimulated by THC causes the intoxicating effects of cannabis. By identifying this mechanism, the INSERM teams are already developing new approaches for the treatment of cannabis addiction. (2014-01-02)

Nicotine exploits COPI to foster addiction
A study in the Journal of General Physiology helps explain how nicotine exploits the body's cellular machinery to promote addiction. The findings could lead to new therapies to help people quit smoking. (2013-12-30)

Want to stop smoking? See a specialist!
Smokers in England who want to stop smoking are three times more likely to succeed if they see a trained advisor than if they try by themselves, according to a new study published online today in the medical journal Addiction. (2013-12-20)

In addiction, meditation is helpful when coupled with drug and cognitive therapies
First author Yariv Levy says, (2013-12-19)

Discovery of 'teen gene' could hold promise for combating severe mental illnesses
Researchers at the Douglas Institute Research Centre, affiliated with McGill University, have isolated a gene, DCC, which is responsible for dopamine connectivity in the medial prefrontal cortex during adolescence. Working with mice models, they have shown that dysfunction of this gene during adolescence has behavioral consequences which carry into adulthood. (2013-12-17)

Silencing synapses
Imagine kicking a cocaine addiction by simply popping a pill that alters the way your brain processes chemical addiction. New research from the University of Pittsburgh suggests that a method of biologically manipulating certain neurocircuits could lead to a pharmacological approach that would weaken post-withdrawal cocaine cravings. The findings have been published in Nature Neuroscience. (2013-12-17)

Wake Forest Baptist researchers study alcohol addiction using optogenetics
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center researchers are gaining a better understanding of the neurochemical basis of addiction with a new technology called optogenetics. (2013-12-16)

Is smoking cannabis and driving the new drinking and driving?
Alcohol consumption and smoking among grade 7-12 students in Ontario, Canada is at an all-time low; however recreational use of over-the-counter drugs is on the rise. Prescription drug misuse and driving after using drugs also remain elevated according to the 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, released by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. (2013-12-12)

Stimulant-addicted patients can quit smoking without hindering treatment
Smokers who are addicted to cocaine or methamphetamine can quit smoking while being treated for their stimulant addiction, without interfering with stimulant addiction treatment. This is according to new research funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health. (2013-12-10)

The smoking gun: Fish brains and nicotine
In researching neural pathways, it helps to establish an analogous relationship between a region of the human brain and the brains of more-easily studied animal species. New work from a team led by Carnegie's Marnie Halpern hones in on one particular region of the zebrafish brain that could help us understand the circuitry underlying nicotine addiction. (2013-12-09)

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