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Scientists uncover principles of universal self-assembly
Self-assembly is the process that built up life and its surrounding, atom-by-atom. Now, a team of scientists in Turkey has demonstrated the fundamental principles of a universal self-assembly process acting on a range of materials starting from a few atoms-large quantum dots up to nearly 100 trillion atoms-large human cells. (2020-04-20)

Environmental DNA in rivers offers new tool for detecting wildlife communities
Ecologists in England and Scotland, collaborating with ecologists Christopher Sutherland and Joseph Drake at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, report this week on a new method of identifying an 'entire community of mammals' -- including elusive and endangered species that are otherwise difficult to monitor -- by collecting DNA from river water. (2020-03-12)

Inclusion of a crop model in a climate model to promote climate modeling
A new crop-climate model provides a good tool to investigate the relationship between crop development and climate change for global change studies. (2019-03-25)

Why are genetically identical individuals different? Ask your mum!
Does the age of a mother influence the traits and characteristics of her progeny, and how? A team of scientists at the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) in Barcelona have addressed these questions by studying tiny, genetically identical C. elegans worms. Their results have been published in Nature. (2017-11-30)

Nothing to fear for 'good Samaritan' doctors who assist medical emergencies
Experts at this year's Euroanaesthesia congress in Geneva (June 3-5) will look at what can happen when doctors are called on to help with a medical emergency (for example on board an aircraft, a so called 'good Samaritan' act) and says that and says that as long as they do their best, they can be confident it is very unlikely that legal action will be taken against them. (2017-06-04)

Study adds to evidence that high strength cannabis is associated with an increased risk of becoming dependent
New data presented at this year's International Early Psychosis Association meeting in Milan, Italy, (Oct. 20-22) adds to accumulating evidence that high-potency cannabis in associated with an increased risk of users becoming dependent on cannabis. The analysis is by Dr. Tom Freeman at University College London, UK. (2016-10-21)

New gene for familial high cholesterol
New research from Denmark reveals the gene that explains one quarter of all familial hypercholesterolemia with very high blood cholesterol. Familial hypercholesterolemia is the most common genetic disorder leading to premature death, found in 1 in 200 people. (2016-05-12)

Asthma linked to an increased time to pregnancy
Asthma has been associated with a prolonged time to pregnancy and a decreased birth rate in a new clinical observation study. (2016-02-11)

DNA suggests that the diversity of European butterflies could be seriously underestimated
The first map of the genetic biodiversity of butterflies of the Iberian peninsula appears this week. The work was led by Roger Vila, a CSIC scientist at the Institute of Evolutionary Biology a joint center of the Spanish National Research Council and the University Pompeu Fabra. The work is published in the Scientific Reports. (2015-07-24)

Will you ever pay off your student loan?
Would-be participants of higher education must be given full and transparent advice before they accumulate debts as students that follow them into the workplace, according to a report published in the International Journal of Pluralism and Economics Education. (2015-03-25)

Researchers enable solar cells to use more sunlight
Scientists of the University of Luxembourg and of the Japanese electronics company TDK report progress in photovoltaic research: they have improved a component that will enable solar cells to use more energy of the sun and thus create a higher current. (2015-02-25)

Sexual offending treatment programs in prisons and hospitals are ineffective
The current rehabilitation program for sexual offenders is not proven to work and leaves the public at risk. (2015-01-27)

Spiders spin possible solution to 'sticky' problems
University of Akron scientists created synthetic duplicates of the super-sticky, silk 'attachment discs' that spiders use to attach their webs to surfaces. (2014-05-16)

Is UK shale gas extraction posing a risk to public health?
More needs to be done to investigate the risks to human health that extracting shale gas poses, suggests a personal view published on bmj.com today. (2014-04-17)

Study reveals record rise in insulin use
The use of insulin to treat type 2 diabetes has trebled in the UK over the last 20 years, a new study has revealed. In a study published in the Journal of Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, a team of academics from Cardiff University and the University of Bristol reviewed clinical practice research data to estimate the prevalence of insulin use in the UK population. (2014-02-06)

England's smoking ban linked to annual 5 percent drop in emergency admissions for asthma
Emergency admissions for asthma among adults fell by just under five percent in each of the first three years after the ban on smoking in public places was introduced in England, reveals the largest study of its kind, published online in Thorax. (2013-04-15)

Liverpool care pathway has transformed end of life care, argues doctor
The Liverpool care pathway has transformed end of life care from an undignified, painful experience into a peaceful, dignified death at home, argues a doctor in this week's BMJ. (2012-10-30)

Prescription for palliative care: 4 points to improve discussions about dying
In an editorial appearing in the October 25 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, medical oncologists at Johns Hopkins and Brigham and Women's hospitals provide a four-point plan for integrating palliative care discussions throughout the treatment of patients with terminal illnesses. (2012-10-24)

Expert questions Lansley's key arguments for NHS reform
England's health secretary Andrew Lansley has said that his reforms for the NHS are needed because the country's health outcomes are among the poorest in Europe. But in an article published on bmj.com today, John Appleby, Chief Economist at the King's Fund, reviews the data and finds the UK in better health than Lansley suggests. (2011-01-27)

Linguistics professor examines manufacturers' prescription drug websites
Researchers from Dartmouth College and the University of Minnesota have examined the corporate websites dedicated to the 100 best-selling prescription drugs. They found a startling lack of consistency in an industry where advertising standards are regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration. (2010-06-30)

People living in communities near oil sands can breathe easy: U of A study
University of Alberta researcher Warren Kindzierski's study found that despite ongoing oil sands development, people living in the communities near Alberta's oil sands should feel confident that the air they are breathing is safe. (2010-04-13)

SwRI announces pioneering program to fly next-generation suborbital experiments with crew
Southwest Research Institute announces a new initiative to build and fly experiments with SwRI payload specialists on next-generation suborbital vehicles. (2010-02-18)

Ovarian cancer is not a symptomless killer
Ovarian cancer is not the symptom free disease that many medical textbooks have been claiming for years, says an Editorial in this week's edition of The Lancet. (2007-06-21)

New diabetes research: Half of Americans have gene that affects how body burns sugar
New findings by a Saint Louis University researcher shed light on the genetic risk some of us have for developing diabetes. (2007-01-26)

Chronic tinnitus and its impact on demanding cognitive tasks
Individuals with chronic, moderate tinnitus do more poorly on demanding working memory and attention tests than those without tinnitus, according to research conducted at the University of Western Sydney. (2006-03-10)

Expression of Rb2/p130 and VEGF could serve as potential liver cancer prognosticators
The expression of the tumor-suppressing gene Rb2/p130 and the protein VEGF in liver cancer could serve as important independent prognostic markers in determining the aggressiveness of the cancer. (2004-05-15)

Exposure to homeless people increases sympathetic public attitudes
Most people living in cities have seen or been approached by homeless people asking for food or money, leading many city governments to pass laws restricting or prohibiting panhandling. A Penn State-led study, however, has found that exposure to homeless people, even when vicarious or indirect, actually improves public attitudes toward homelessness. (2004-03-22)

Radiofrequency ablation shows promise as safe, effective way to destroy lung tumors
Radiofrequency ablation -- using heat to treat cancers - offers some lung cancer patients an alternative to extensive surgery, additional chemotherapy or radiation therapy, a new study shows. (2003-05-08)

MDCT shows promise in detecting urinary tract cancers
Multidetector CT is faster and much more accurate than excretory urography in detecting urinary tract cancers and other urinary tract diseases, a new study suggests. (2003-05-08)

Radiology procedure eases pain of uterine fibroids without adversely affecting fertility
Interventional radiology procedures are effective in treating uterine fibroids in patients who have symptoms of the disease without causing infertility or premature menopause, a new study shows. (2003-05-05)

Low-income mothers' mental health may soften the impact of growing up in poverty
Growing up in poverty can cause depression and low self-esteem in adolescents, but having a caring mother who feels in control of her life can reduce this effect, says a Penn State researcher. (2002-08-19)

In family retirement decisions, husbands expect to work longer than wives
The decision to retire is increasingly becoming a family decision, but husbands maintain a stronger attachment to the work force than wives, researchers say. (2002-08-16)

West Coast earthquakes ongoing, scientists discover
The most recent evidence indicates there is an earthquake going on right now on the West Coast, yet no one feels it. The temblor, a so-called slow earthquake, has been ongoing since about Feb. 7, according to geologist Meghan Miller of Central Washington University in Ellensburg. She was among the first scientists to use GPS (global positioning system) technology to study earthquakes. (2002-03-28)

Radical solutions needed to address health inequalities
Radical solutions are needed to address health inequalities in the NHS. Dr Sheena Asthana from the University of Plymouth highlights the issue of resource allocation. She comments, 'Targeting more hospital services at the most deprived areas may not be the best way to address health inequalities.' Age and sex also emerge as significant determinants of service access. (2002-03-07)

Eating breakfast may keep colds & flu at bay
Overall knowledge about the psychology of the common cold has greatly increased in recent years and one of the main findings has been the link between stress and susceptibility to colds. Research released during National Science Week also shows that other factors such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and even eating breakfast, are related to susceptibility to colds. Another area of research has shown that colds and influenza impair performance and change mood. (2002-03-06)

Involved fathers key for children
Girls whose fathers are involved in their upbringing are less likely to have mental health problems in later life whilst good father relations can prevent boys from getting into trouble with the police says new research released during National Science Week 2002. (2002-03-01)

FAA, NCAR team win technology leadership
Researchers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research played a key role in developing an award-winning Web site that provides pilots with accurate weather forecasts of winds, turbulence, icing, and thunderstorms. A Government Technology Leadership Award was presented to the site's sponsoring agency, the Federal Aviation Administration. (2000-12-26)

See-through letters
A simple spray can make unopened letters transparent, and leave no trace behind. The spray, called `See-Through' was developed in the US to let police forces inspect potentially dangerous packages. (2000-12-12)

Majority of complications from angioplasty occur within 18 hours
Researchers at Penn State College of Medicine in collaboration with several other universities have found that more than 80 percent of complications from angioplasty procedures occur within 18 hours of treatment. (2000-11-16)

New Use of An Old Test Can Help Brain-Injured Patients
Researchers in Penn State's College of Medicine are using a quasi-experimental simulation to help pinpoint the problems of patients who have suffered concussions. (1999-04-14)

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