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Quantifying effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions on SARS-CoV-2 transmission with modeling
Limiting gatherings to fewer than 10 people and closing educational institutions were among the most effective nonpharmaceutical interventions at reducing transmission of SARS-CoV-2, a new modeling study finds. (2020-12-15)

Study of virus attack rate in Manaus, Brazil, shows outcome of mostly unmitigated epidemic
Researchers studying data from blood donors in Manaus, Brazil, who experienced high mortality from SARS-CoV-2, estimate that more than 70% of the population was infected approximately seven months after the virus first arrived in the city. (2020-12-08)

The COVID-19 pandemic: How US universities responded
A new George Mason University study found that the majority of university announcements occurred on the same day as the World Health Organization's pandemic declaration. Timing of announcements on moving courses online, discouraging campus housing, canceling travel, closing campus, and remote working was studied. (2020-11-12)

Large, delayed outbreaks of endemic diseases possible following COVID-19 controls
Measures such as mask wearing and social distancing that are key to reducing coronavirus infection have also greatly reduced the incidence of other diseases, such as influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). But Princeton researchers report that current reductions in these common respiratory infections, however, may increase people's susceptibility to these diseases, resulting in large future outbreaks when they begin circulating again. (2020-11-09)

Social distancing may have saved more than 59,000 u.s. Lives if implemented two weeks earlier
Implementing social distancing, business closures, and other non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) in the U.S. two weeks sooner, during the earliest stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, may have (2020-11-06)

COVID-19 containment shaped by strength, duration of natural, vaccine-induced immunity
New research suggests that the impact of natural and vaccine-induced immunity will be key factors in shaping the future trajectory of the global coronavirus pandemic, known as COVID-19. In particular, a vaccine capable of eliciting a strong immune response could substantially reduce the future burden of infection, according to a study recently published in the journal Science. (2020-10-26)

The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Study provides estimates of the effect of introducing and lifting physical distancing measures on COVID-19 reproduction (R) number
Analysis suggests that individual measures (including school closure, workplace closure, public events ban, ban on gatherings of more than ten people, requirements to stay at home, and internal movement limits) are associated with a reduction in transmission of SARS-CoV-2 but combined measures are more effective at reducing transmission, according to a modelling study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal. (2020-10-22)

Long-term COVID-19 containment will be shaped by strength, duration of immunity
New research suggests that the impact of natural and vaccine-induced immunity will be key factors in shaping the future trajectory of the global coronavirus pandemic, known as COVID-19. In particular, a vaccine capable of eliciting a strong immune response could substantially reduce the future burden of infection, according to a study by Princeton researchers published in the journal Science Sept. 21. (2020-09-21)

Coordinated exit strategies crucial to avoid virus second-wave in Europe
Research by the University of Southampton shows European countries need to work together when lifting lockdown measures, to prevent COVID-19 cases rising again on the continent. (2020-07-17)

How to identify which interventions work best in a pandemic
In lieu of a vaccine or reliable preventative medications, the only approaches currently available to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 are behavioral -- handwashing, mask-wearing and social distancing, for example. (2020-05-21)

New report: Advancing the 2030 Agenda in African cities through knowledge co-production
The challenges of sustainable urban development in African cities can best be met through an innovative approach that crosses boundaries between science, policy and society, according to a new report published by the International Science Council (ISC) today. (2020-04-30)

Assembly of the human oral microbiome age 1 to 12
At the 97th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the 48th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR) and the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Ann Griffen, Ohio State University, Columbus, USA, gave an oral presentation on ''Assembly of the Human Oral Microbiome Age 1 to 12.' (2019-06-20)

Marcus regime in organic devices: Interfacial charge transfer mechanism verified
Physicists from the Research Cluster Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (cfaed) of the TU Dresden, together with researchers from Spain, Belgium and Germany, were able to show in a study how electrons behave in their injection into organic semiconductor films. Simulations and experiments clearly identified different transport regimes. The study was published now in Nature Communications. (2019-05-09)

Lack of science support fails Brazil
Reflecting on Brazil's National Museum fire, scientists warn against lack of museum investment. (2018-09-27)

Study: Most US adults say today's children have worse health prospects
Less than one-third of adults believe that kids are physically healthier today compared to kids in their own childhoods and fewer than 25 percent think children's mental health status is better now. (2017-11-02)

A new model yields insights into glaciers' retreats and advances
A University of Alaska Fairbanks study looking at the physics of tidewater glaciers has yielded new insights into what drives their retreat-and-advance cycles and the role that climate plays in these cycles. (2017-07-24)

Many older adults will need help with managing their medicines and money
In a study of nearly 9,500 individuals aged 65 and older who did not need help in managing medications or finances, many needed assistance as time went on. (2017-04-07)

Computing -- quantum deep
In a first for deep learning, an Oak Ridge National Laboratory-led team is bringing together quantum, high-performance and neuromorphic computing architectures to address complex issues that, if resolved, could clear the way for more flexible, efficient technologies in intelligent computing. (2017-04-03)

Experts seek to jump-start vaccine development
Although many infectious diseases lack vaccines, current vaccine research is limited, primarily due to an understandable but unfortunate lack of commercial interest. (2017-02-23)

How blood can be rejuvenated
Our blood stem cells generate around a thousand billion new blood cells every day. But the blood stem cells' capacity to produce blood changes as we age. This leads to older people being more susceptible to anaemia, lowered immunity and a greater risk of developing certain kinds of blood cancer. Now for the first time, a research team at Lund University in Sweden has succeeded in rejuvenating blood stem cells with established reduced function in aging mice. The study is published in Nature Communications. (2017-02-23)

AGU sends letter to federal agencies urging protection of scientific integrity
The American Geophysical Union (AGU) wrote to federal agency heads on Jan. 26, expressing concern over recent reports about violations of scientific integrity and interference with public access to and communication of scientific information. (2017-01-26)

Mix-up over homemade herbal tea puts woman in life-threatening condition
A woman who mistakenly used foxglove instead of comfrey leaves to make a herbal tea was rushed to hospital in a life-threatening condition. (2016-12-01)

Over half of UK toddler deaths from unintentional drug poisoning due to methadone
Methadone, the medicine used to help heroin addicts kick their habit, is the most common cause of unintentional fatal poisoning from prescribed drugs among UK toddlers, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. (2016-05-16)

American Thoracic Society applauds action to reduce methane emissions
The American Thoracic Society applauds the collaborative effort of President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada to reduce methane emissions from the oil and natural gas sector. Methane is a powerful greenhouse gas that contributes to global climate change. (2016-03-11)

Hypothermia during surgery linked with increased risk for infection
A Henry Ford Hospital finds that hypothermia, a relatively common but unintentional occurrence during surgery, is associated with an increased risk for infection in patients who undergo surgery to repair a hip fracture. Researchers theorize that advancing age and lower body mass index (BMI) may be linked to the hypothermia. (2016-03-02)

Ag and food research funding supported
Three scientific societies praise the Obama administration's commitment to doubling funding for the US Department of Agriculture. (2016-02-08)

SwRI's Alan Stern awarded Carl Sagan Memorial Award by American Astronautical Society
Dr. Alan Stern, associate vice president of the Space Science and Engineering Division at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and the Principal Investigator of NASA's New Horizons mission to Pluto, has been awarded the 2016 Carl Sagan Memorial Award by the American Astronautical Society (AAS). (2016-01-14)

American College of Cardiology to launch JACC: Basic Translational Research
The American College of Cardiology will add to its family of journals with the launch of JACC: Basic Translational Research in December 2015. Douglas L. Mann, M.D., FACC, has been named Editor-in-Chief of the new journal, which will be published monthly as an open-access journal. (2015-07-28)

Launch of Tan Cheng Lim-CCF Professorship in Pediatric Oncology
The Children's Cancer Foundation and SingHealth Duke-NUS Academic Medical Centre's Paediatrics Academic Clinical Programme have partnered to establish the Tan Cheng Lim-CCF Professorship in Paediatric Oncology. The professorship, named in honor of one of Singapore's pioneers in pediatric oncology, emeritus consultant, Professor Tan Cheng Lim, aims to promote continued learning and innovative medical research in the future generations of pediatricians in Singapore. (2015-07-26)

Fjords are 'hotspots' in global carbon cycling
While fjords are celebrated for their beauty, these ecosystems are also major carbon sinks that likely play an important role in the regulation of the planet's climate, new research reveals. (2015-05-04)

University of Toronto researcher wins clinical nutrition award
Marialena Mouzaki, M.D., M.Sc., an assistant professor at University of Toronto and a staff gastroenterologist at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children, has been named the Best International Abstract Awardee by the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.). (2015-02-05)

What to do in a flu epidemic? Stay at home and watch TV
Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) include actions individuals can take to reduce disease spread, such as hand washing and minimizing contacts with sick people. These can play a key role in reducing the spread of infectious diseases such as influenza, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Infectious Diseases. (2015-01-22)

This week from AGU: Thunderstorms and ozone, urban air pollution
A new study in Geophysical Research Letters offers for the first time unequivocal evidence that large storms move significant amounts of ozone from the stratosphere down to the troposphere, the lowest part of the atmosphere. From EOS, an analysis of decades of mitigation efforts in Los Angeles demonstrates that air quality in megacities can be greatly improved. (2015-01-13)

The Association for Molecular Pathology announces 2014 award recipients
The Association for Molecular Pathology announced its 2014 award winners. Recipients of the Award for Excellence in Molecular Diagnostics, Jeffrey A. Kant Leadership Award, and AMP Meritorious Service Award were presented at the Association for Molecular Pathology Annual Meeting this past week in National Harbor, Md. (2014-11-19)

Advancing Innovation Gala to honor leaders of companies built on LA BioMed Research
Four champions of innovation to be honored at Oct. 18 Advancing Innovations Gala in Los Angeles. (2014-10-06)

Quentin Bryce receives first Alliance honorary doctorate
The former Australian Governor-General the Honourable Quentin Bryce AD CVO has received the first joint honorary doctorate from the Monash Warwick Alliance. The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws honoris causa, conferred by the Alliance yesterday, recognizes Ms. Bryce's contribution to advancing human rights and equality, the rights of women and children, and the welfare of the family. (2014-08-28)

University of Houston receives $3.3 million grant to promote women in STEM fields
The University of Houston has received a $3.3 million grant from the National Science Foundation to increase the number of women faculty in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields, as well as to ensure they have opportunities to move into leadership roles. (2014-08-21)

Financial incentives for hospitals only reduce patient death rates in the short-term
New research funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Services and Delivery Research Programme published in the New England Journal of Medicine today demonstrates that while the quality of care continued to increase over the following two years, there was no further reduction in patient deaths in the region covered by the programme over that observed in the rest of England. (2014-08-06)

Bioelectronics could lead to a new class of medicine
Imagine having tiny electronics implanted somewhere in your body that can regulate nerve signals and make symptoms of various disorders go away. That's the vision of the field of bioelectronic medicine -- the emerging discipline that has made enough promising advances to draw a big investment by a pharmaceutical giant, according to an article in Chemical & Engineering News, the weekly news magazine of the American Chemical Society. (2014-07-02)

Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Tata Memorial Centre sign MOU to pool expertise
Two world-renowned cancer centres today announced they will work together to further a shared vision of advancing innovation and delivery of best practices in all aspects of cancer care, research and education. (2014-05-27)

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