Current Aids News and Events

Current Aids News and Events, Aids News Articles.
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Clients of female sex workers should be targeted for HIV prevention and treatment in South Africa
The researchers found that over a ten-year period (2010-19), sex between female sex workers and their paying clients contributed 6.9 per cent of new HIV infections, while sex between clients with their non-paying partners contributed 41.9 per cent (2021-02-04)

Rush researchers demonstrate success with new therapy for COVID-19
A new therapy developed by researchers at Rush University Medical Center is showing success as a way to prevent COVID-19 symptoms in mice. (2021-01-19)

Gates Foundation helps UC study sexual health of South African youth
An important new finding by University of Cincinnati researchers could help slow the transmission of HIV/AIDS and reduce pregnancies among adolescent girls in rural South Africa. (2020-12-22)

K9 chemistry: A safer way to train detection dogs
Trained dogs are better at detecting explosives and narcotics than any technological device scientists have invented. However, training dogs to detect hazardous substances can be inconvenient for the trainer and dangerous for the dog. NIST scientists are working to solve this problem with a material that can catch odors and safely release them over time. (2020-12-03)

ECDC and WHO call for improved HIV testing in Europe
The number of people living with undiagnosed HIV is increasing in the WHO European Region. According to data published today by ECDC and the WHO/Europe, more than 136 000 people were newly diagnosed in 2019 - roughly 20% of these diagnoses were in the EU/EAA and 80% in the eastern part of the European Region. Every second HIV diagnosis (53%) happens at a late stage of the infection, when the immune system has already started to fail. (2020-11-26)

Which speaker are you listening to? Hearing aid of the future uses brainwaves to find out
In a noisy room with many speakers, hearing aids can suppress background noise, but they have difficulties isolating one voice - that of the person you're talking to at a party, for instance. Researchers at KU Leuven, Belgium, have now addressed that issue with a technique that uses brainwaves to determine within one second whom you're listening to. (2020-11-24)

Stereotypes and discrimination contribute to HIV-related stigma among nursing staff
To describe the attitudes of the university nursing faculty toward caring for PLHIV; and to identify the relationship between faculty attitudes and explanatory factors such as age, education, religion, nationality, teaching in a clinical setting, years of experience, and university attributes. (2020-10-30)

Proof-of-concept for a new ultra-low-cost hearing aid for age-related hearing loss
A new ultra-affordable and accessible hearing aid made from open-source electronics could soon be available worldwide, according to a study published September 23, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Soham Sinha from the Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia, US, and colleagues. (2020-09-23)

Ultra-low-cost hearing aid could address age-related hearing loss worldwide
Using a device that could be built with a dollar's worth of open-source parts and a 3D-printed case, researchers want to help the hundreds of millions of older people worldwide who can't afford existing hearing aids to address their age-related hearing loss. (2020-09-23)

US aid restrictions reduce delivery of key health services for PEPFAR beneficiaries
In 2017, the Trump administration reinstated and expanded the Mexico City Policy, officially titled Protecting Life In Global Health Assistance. This policy prohibits any US-based or foreign nongovernmental organization from receiving US government global health assistance unless the organization certifies that it does not provide abortion services or counseling or referrals for abortion or advocate for changes in abortion laws. (2020-09-08)

Racial segregation drives disparities in COVID-19 and HIV diagnoses
Across the US, COVID-19 and HIV diagnoses are lowest in primarily white counties. They follow the same pattern, with diagnoses decreasing as the population of white residents in these counties increases. (2020-08-26)

Study finds benefit in more frequent HIV screenings for young men who have sex with men
A new study has found that HIV screening every three months compared to annually will improve clinical outcomes and be cost-effective among high-risk young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in the United States. (2020-08-06)

PLOS Special Collection: Successful approaches to HIV care
On July 27 2020, the US Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) launched a Special Collection of manuscripts across the open-access journals PLOS Medicine and PLOS ONE, highlighting Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program's (RWHAP) innovative approaches for data utilization and engagement of people with HIV who are not in care and not virally suppressed. (2020-08-03)

Nurses and midwives take the lead in providing HIV services in Eastern and Southern Africa
''Nurse-initiated and managed antiretroviral therapy'' (NIMART) is an innovative approach to making effective medications more accessible to people living with HIV (PLWH) in low-resource countries. A new study identifies challenges and opportunities to promoting nurse- and midwife-led HIV services in eastern and southern Africa, reports the July/August issue of The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (JANAC). The official journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, JANAC is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer. (2020-07-08)

Long-acting injectable form of HIV prevention outperforms daily pill in NIH study
A pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) regimen containing an investigational long-acting form of the HIV drug cabotegravir injected once every 8 weeks was more effective than daily oral Truvada at preventing HIV acquisition among cisgender men who have sex with men and transgender women who have sex with men in a clinical trial sponsored by NIH. Findings from the Phase 2b/3 study, called HPTN 083, will be discussed during the 23rd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2020: Virtual). (2020-07-07)

COVID-19, fake science, and conspiracy theories
What past scientific fraud is at the heart of some current anti-vaccine and anti-COVID-19 conspiracy theories? (2020-06-02)

New HIV vaccine combination strategy provides better and more durable protection
Emory researchers and their colleagues have shown a new HIV vaccine is better at preventing infection and lasts longer. The findings, which provide important insights for preventing HIV, show the key to the new vaccine's markedly improved protection from viral infection is an alliance between neutralizing antibodies and cellular immunity. Study will be published in Nature Medicine on May 11, 2020. (2020-05-11)

Depressive disorders are 'under recognized and under treated' in people with HIV/AIDS
People living with HIV/AIDS are at increased risk of depressive disorders. But all too often, these conditions go unrecognized or untreated, suggests a literature review in the May/June issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer. (2020-04-07)

Rapid infectious disease shifts in Chinese children and adolescents prior to COVID-19
Deaths of children and adolescents in China due to infectious diseases were becoming rare prior to the covid-19 pandemic, according to a new study. (2020-04-03)

Hearing aids may delay cognitive decline, research finds
Wearing hearing aids may delay cognitive decline in older adults and improve brain function, according to promising new research. University of Melbourne researchers have tested the use of hearing aids in almost 100 adults aged 62-82 years with hearing loss. After 18 months of hearing aid use, researchers found speech perception, self-reported listening disability and quality of life had significantly improved for participants. (2020-02-26)

Vitamin E effective, safe for fatty liver in HIV patients
A type of fatty liver disease that commonly affects patients with HIV can be safely treated with vitamin E, a McGill-led study has found. (2020-02-14)

HIV antibody therapy is associated with enhanced immune responses in infected individuals
Studies have demonstrated that immunotherapy combining two anti-HIV antibodies can suppress HIV, similar to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Now an international team of researchers from the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM), the Rockefeller University (United States) and the University of Cologne (Germany) has shown that the use of these antibodies during ART interruption has an effect on the immune system of HIV-infected individuals. (2020-02-03)

HIV outcomes improved by state-purchased insurance plans, study finds
Increasing enrollment in the plans could save millions in healthcare costs and even reduce HIV transmission, the researchers say. (2020-01-30)

Accelerated speed of discovery could lead to more effective smoking cessation aids
As smokers know all too well, nicotine is highly addictive. It's hard to quit smoking, a habit that claims the lives of more than seven million people each year. (2020-01-13)

Researchers support new strategies for HIV control
The search for a cure to AIDS has partly focused on ways to eradicate infected cells. Now, research from Karolinska Institutet and the University of Pennsylvania shows that this approach may not be necessary for a functional cure. In a study focusing on a subset of HIV-positive individuals who can live with the virus without needing treatment, the researchers found that these people's lymphocytes suppress the virus but do not kill off infected cells. (2019-12-18)

Researchers may have discovered where HIV takes refuge during antiretroviral treatment
An international team led by Professor Jerome Estaquier from Universite Laval's Faculty of Medicine may have discovered where in the body HIV takes refuge during antiretroviral treatment. Research conducted using an animal model indicates that the virus may hide in lymph nodes in the spleen and gut. The researchers believe those lymph nodes are the staging ground from which the virus prepares to relaunch the infection after treatment has stopped. (2019-12-02)

Half of all women with HIV are diagnosed late in Europe
Many women in the WHO European Region, particularly those in their 40s, are diagnosed at a late stage of HIV infection when their immune system is already starting to fail. They are three to four times more likely to be diagnosed late than younger women. According to data for 2018 released today by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the WHO Regional Office for Europe, women accounted for one-third of the 141,000 new HIV diagnoses in the Region. (2019-11-28)

Wound healing in mucous tissues could ward off AIDS
Wound healing in mucous tissues during early infection by Simian Immunodeficiency Virus guards some primate species against developing AIDS, Both HIV and SIV provoke an immune response that injures tissues surrounding the intestine, African green monkeys with SIV quickly repair their mucous tissues. This interrupts the disease course and avoids AIDS onset. Stimulating this response might be a way of treating HIV in people. (2019-11-21)

The invisible US Hispanic/Latino HIV crisis: Addressing gaps in the national response
Vincent Guilamo-Ramos of New York University's Silver School of Social Work unpacks the alarming rate of HIV infections among Hispanics/Latinos, in American Journal of Public Health. (2019-11-14)

Determinants of employability of people living with HIV/AIDS
People living with HIV/AIDS may face discrimination in employers' hiring practices. A study published in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine found that medical and socioeconomic factors may hinder their employment. (2019-11-06)

Around half a million men who have sex with men in the EU need PrEP but cannot access it
This estimate on the 'PrEP gap' in Europe was published in a paper in Eurosurveillance today stating that 500 000 men who have sex with men in the European Union currently cannot access HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), despite being very likely to use it. The paper is based on findings from European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control monitoring and the European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Internet Study (EMIS-2017). (2019-10-11)

Collaboration may improve access to HIV testing, primary care
Getting better access to testing and proper primary care for individuals vulnerable to HIV could be as simple as a telephone call or email among health providers. (2019-10-01)

Walking slower and pausing for rest may enable older adults to maintain outdoor mobility
The potential positive, enabling, effects of walking modifications should also be considered when older people's functional ability declines. (2019-09-18)

Study links hearing aids to lower risk of dementia, depression and falls
Older adults who get a hearing aid for a newly diagnosed hearing loss have a lower risk of being diagnosed with dementia, depression or anxiety for the first time over the next three years, and a lower risk of suffering fall-related injuries, than those who leave their hearing loss uncorrected, a new study finds. (2019-09-05)

Hearing aids may help reduce risks of dementia, depression, and falls
Use of hearing aids was linked with lower risks of being diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, dementia, depression, anxiety, and injurious falls in an analysis of medical information on 114,862 older adults with hearing loss. The findings are published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. (2019-09-05)

HIV-positive New Yorkers are living longer but still dying from underlying infection, not just from old age
A review of the autopsy reports of 252 men and women who died of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in New York City between 1984 and 2016 reveals several long-term trends in combatting the epidemic. (2019-08-28)

Addressing causes of mortality in Zambia
Despite the fact that people in sub-Saharan Africa are now living longer than they did two decades ago, their average life expectancy remains below that of the rest of the world population. A new study looked into the importance of various causes of death in Zambia and how eliminating the most prominent of these would impact life expectancy in the country. (2019-08-23)

Heavy drinking and HIV don't mix
Heavy alcohol consumption (3 drinks or more/day for women and 4 drinks or more/day for men) is linked to alterations in immune function among people with HIV. (2019-08-22)

Scientists crack the code to improve stress tolerance in plants
Epigenetic regulation -- modification of gene expression from the 'outside' -- is an important part of the overall genetic processes within a cell. A group of scientists from Tokyo University of Science now reveals a novel epigenetic regulation mechanism that is involved in DNA damage repair in plants, thereby suggesting a possibility of reinforcing global food security. (2019-08-01)

Study reveals how HIV infection may contribute to metabolic conditions
A single viral factor released from HIV-infected cells may wreak havoc on the body and lead to the development of metabolic diseases. By explaining the mechanisms, it could pave the way for targeted treatment to help provide a longer and healthier life for the 36 million people globally living with HIV/AIDS. (2019-07-25)

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