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Current Aids News and Events, Aids News Articles.
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Scientists join forces to explain HIV spread in Central and East Africa
A research team led by scientists at the University of Florida explained why two subtypes of HIV-1 -- the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS -- held steady at relatively low levels for more than 50 years in west central Africa before erupting as an epidemic in east Africa in the 1970s. (2009-09-29)

Certain cancers more common among HIV patients than non-HIV patients
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that non-AIDS-defining malignancies such as anal and lung cancer have become more prevalent among HIV-infected patients than non-HIV patients since the introduction of antiretroviral therapies in the mid-1990s. (2009-09-25)

Study finds nontuberculous mycobacteria lung disease on the rise in the United States
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental organisms found in both water and soil that can cause severe pulmonary (lung) disease in humans. Pulmonary NTM is on the rise in the United States, according to a large study of people hospitalized with the condition. (2009-09-24)

Canada's G8 leadership must address catastrophic failure in progress towards Millennium Development Goals
The baton of G8 leadership will soon to pass to Canada, and in a comment published online first Lancet editor Dr. Richard Horton says the most prominent issue Canada must tackle is the catastrophic failure in progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. (2009-09-23)

Regulatory role of key molecule discovered at Hebrew U.
The discovery by Hebrew University of Jerusalem researchers of an additional role for a key molecule in our bodies provides a further step in world-wide efforts to develop genetic regulation aimed at controlling many diseases, including AIDS and various types of cancers. (2009-09-17)

How HIV cripples immune cells
In order to be able to ward off disease pathogens, immune cells must be mobile and be able to establish contact with each other. The working group around Dr. Oliver Fackler in the virology department of the Hygiene Institute of the Heidelberg University Hospital has discovered a mechanism in an animal model revealing how HIV, the AIDS pathogen, cripples immune cells: cell mobility is inhibited by the HIV Nef protein. (2009-09-16)

Once-daily pill effective as multiple dosings for oral yeast infection in HIV/AIDS patients
A once-daily medication option for treating the most common mouth infection in HIV/AIDS patients has shown to be just as effective and safe as taking an anti-fungal pill five times a day, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study. (2009-09-14)

Center for AIDS Intervention Research Medical receives $11.16 million NIH grant
The Medical College of Wisconsin's Center for AIDS Intervention Research received a five-year, $11.16 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Mental Health to continue its HIV prevention research. (2009-09-14)

NIH awards major grant to Chicago-based consortium to create center for AIDS research
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a consortium of Chicago-based institutions, led by Rush University Medical Center, a five-year, $3.75-million grant to establish a Developmental Center for AIDS Research, creating a comprehensive research infrastructure to spur basic science, clinical studies and translational research in the prevention, detection and treatment of HIV infection and AIDS. (2009-09-08)

High HIV infection rate among Soweto Township gays
The study's authors were the first to examine HIV and the community of men who have sex with men in the Soweto Township, an area on the periphery of Johannesburg reserved for black South Africans during apartheid. The researchers found that Soweto MSM identified themselves as straight, bisexual or gay, with the highest HIV rate among gay identified men, at 33.9 percent. (2009-08-31)

HIV subtype linked to increased likelihood for dementia
Patients infected with a particular subtype of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, are more likely to develop dementia than patients with other subtypes, a study led by Johns Hopkins researchers shows. (2009-08-28)

Grasso and team awarded $2.8 million, 5-year grant by HHS HIV/AIDS Bureau
Dr. S. Vincent Grasso, a member of the Stevens Healthcare Information Technology Management Advisory Board and Seminar Leader for the Stevens Healthcare Educational Partnership, will act as technical lead, solution provider and systems integrator within a nation-wide initiative to enhance the quality of care to women of color suffering from HIV/AIDS. (2009-08-26)

HIV infection and tuberculosis in South Africa -- an urgent need to escalate the public health response
The third paper documents SA's struggle with HIV/AIDS, with the chilling statistic that despite having just 0.7 percent of the world's population, the country has 17 percent of the global HIV burden. The paper is written by Professor Salim S. Abdool Karim, CAPRISA, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and colleagues. (2009-08-24)

Achieving the health Millennium Development Goals for South Africa: Challenges and priorities
Fifteen years after liberation from apartheid, South Africans are facing new challenges for which the highest caliber of leadership, vision, and commitment is needed. The authors discuss the type of vision and priority actions needed to achieve such a change. (2009-08-24)

New analysis details devastating toll of neglected tropical diseases in sub-Saharan Africa
An analysis published Aug. 25 in the open-access journal PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases sheds new light on the toll that neglected tropical diseases take on sub-Saharan Africa, with an estimated 500 million people suffering from these debilitating and sometimes deadly diseases. Helminth infections account for approximately 85 percent of the NTD burden. Overall, the NTD burden may be equivalent to more than double that caused by tuberculosis and up to one-half of SSA's malaria disease burden. (2009-08-24)

The health and health system of South Africa: Historical roots of current public health challenges
The roots of a dysfunctional health system and the collision of the epidemics of communicable and noncommunicable diseases in South Africa can be found in policies from periods of the country's history, from colonial subjugation, apartheid dispossession, to the post-apartheid period. Racial and gender discrimination, the migrant labor system, the destruction of family life, vast income inequalities, and extreme violence have all formed part of South Africa's troubled past, and all have inexorably affected health and health services. (2009-08-24)

USDA grant to educate AIDS patients about food safety
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health have received a grant from the US Department of Agriculture to educate AIDS patients on food safety. (2009-08-24)

The burden of noncommunicable disease in South Africa
The fourth paper focuses on the emerging chronic diseases epidemic in South Africa, and is written by Professor Bongani Mayosi, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, and colleagues. They urge the launching of a national initiative to establish sites of service excellence in urban and rural settings throughout South Africa to trial, assess and implement integrated care interventions for chronic infectious and noncommunicable diseases. (2009-08-24)

UCLA to host conference on revolutionary and controversial new strategy to combat HIV
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a new strategy for combating HIV. With PrEP, HIV-negative people take antiretroviral drugs prior to potential exposure to the virus to reduce the risk of infection. UCLA's Center for HIV Identification, Prevention and Treatment Services (CHIPTS) will host Preparing for PrEP: A Stakeholder's Dialogue, a one-day conference comprising researchers, policy makers, providers, consumers and community representatives who will explore how PrEP could impact HIV prevention efforts. (2009-08-17)

Updated guidelines highlight primary care needs of those living with HIV
With HIV patients living longer thanks to advances in treatment, the primary care needs of those living with HIV have never been more important. Updated, evidence-based guidelines from the HIV Medicine Association and the Infectious Diseases Society of America are designed to help providers manage the care of those living with this complex chronic infection. (2009-08-13)

AIDS research center earns $7.5 million grant renewal
The grant enables investigators to focus, expand their research goals and explore new ideas through collaboration and shared resources available to HIV teams. The UAB CFAR supports research on disease prevention and treatment in AIDS patients, and also strengthens the capacity for HIV research in developing countries such as Africa, the center director said. (2009-08-11)

An HIV-blocking gel for women
University of Utah scientists developed a new kind of (2009-08-09)

Yerkes researchers propose ambitious new strategies for AIDS vaccine research
Researchers believe conventional vaccine strategies should not be the only avenue explored in the development of an effective AIDS vaccine. Based on studying simian immunodeficiency viruses in African nonhuman primates, they propose an additional new approach to the AIDS vaccine research agenda. (2009-08-07)

Hearing the words beneath the noise
Professor Miriam Furst-Yust of TAU's School of Electrical Engineering has developed a new software application to improve the noise-filtering abilities of hearing aids and cochlear implants. (2009-08-05)

AIDS patients face higher risk of HPV-related cancers as immunosuppression grows
Risk of human papillomavirus-associated cancers is greater for people living with AIDS and increases with increasing immunosuppression, according to a new study published online July 31 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2009-07-31)

Why retroviruses such as HIV love their neighbors
Retroviruses such as HIV that are already within cells are much more easily transmitted when they are next to uninfected cells than if they are floating free in the bloodstream. Now, Yale University researchers led by Walther Mothes and Jing Jin, a postdoctoral associate in Mothes' lab, have made movies of viral activity within cells that help explain why cell-to-cell transmission is so efficient and provide potential targets for a new generation of AIDS drugs. (2009-07-27)

Leading health organizations launch new accreditation process for laboratories across Africa
Government health officials from 13 African countries today launched the first-ever push for accreditation of the continent's medical laboratories, starting a process that the World Health Organization and the US government believe will be an historic step to strengthen health systems and lead to better care for patients. (2009-07-27)

Yerkes plays vital role in study challenging prevailing view of AIDS in nonhuman primates
Researchers at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, contributed key comparative data for a landmark study showing African wild chimpanzees infected with simian immunodeficiency virus, an HIV-1-like virus, die prematurely and develop hallmarks of HIV-1 infection and AIDS. (2009-07-22)

AIDS discovered in wild chimpanzees
A new study from an international team, including University of Minnesota professors Anne Pusey and Michael Wilson, shows that chimpanzees infected with SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus), the precursor to HIV-1, do contract and die from AIDS. (2009-07-22)

New method for HIV testing holds promise for developing world
A new technique that detects the HIV virus early and monitors its development without requiring refrigeration may make AIDS testing more accessible in sub-Saharan Africa. (2009-07-21)

'Go to the doctor? Only if I'm really sick ...'
African-American men could be putting their health at risk by avoiding disease screening, in the belief that the results might threaten their masculinity. Waverly Duck from the Department of Sociology at Yale University, argues that current leading theories of gender and masculinity and health behavior models are not relevant enough to African-American men and their distinctive notion of masculinity. His results are published online in Springer's Journal of African American Studies. (2009-07-21)

Genetic variation associated with survival advantage in African-Americans with HIV
From the start of the HIV epidemic, it appeared that some of the people who were infected with the virus were able to ward off the fatal effects of the disease longer than others. (2009-07-20)

Men who have sex with men in Africa: The forgotten part of the HIV pandemic
Men who have sex with men in sub-Saharan Africa are a high risk group for HIV infection -- yet religious, political, and social stigma mean that this isolated group cannot access vital services. The HIV/AIDS community needs to take vital steps to address this crisis. The issues are discussed in a review published online first and in an upcoming edition of the Lancet, written by Dr. Adrian D. Smith, University of Oxford, UK, and colleagues. (2009-07-19)

Brazil proves developing countries can use generic medicines to fight HIV/AIDS epidemic
Researchers from Brown University, the Harvard School of Public Health, the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, and the University of Edinburgh say Brazil's push for inexpensive, low-cost HIV and AIDS treatments has helped contain the virus during the last 20 years. Details will be published in the July/August issue of Health Affairs. (2009-07-14)

Study may explain why HIV progresses faster in women than in men with same viral load
A Massachusetts General Hospital-based research team has found that a receptor molecule involved in the first-line recognition of HIV-1 responds to the virus differently in women, leading to subsequent differences in chronic T cell activation, a known predictor of disease progression. (2009-07-13)

Risky sexual behavior among male clients of Tijuana sex workers heightens risk of HIV transmission
A study by a bi-national team of global health researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, examining HIV infection among male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, has found that over half of male clients had recently had unprotected sex. They also reported a high prevalence of drug use. (2009-07-10)

PTs say proper fit and use of walking aids can prevent fall-related injuries in elderly
The American Physical Therapy Association is urging elderly adults who use canes and walkers as walking aids to be properly assessed and fitted by a physical therapist to avoid fall-related injuries. This advice comes in response to a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, which found that 47,000 senior citizens end up in emergency rooms each year due to falls from improper use and fit of walkers and canes. (2009-07-10)

HIV-1 damages gut antibody-producing immune cells within days of infection
The virus that causes AIDS is classified as a lentivirus, a word derived from the Latin prefix, (2009-07-06)

Visit to the doctor: The supply of additional private services is increasing
Panel physicians are increasingly offering individual health services to patients with statutory health insurance. This is documented by Susanne Richter et al. of the Department of Social Medicine, Lubeck University, in the new edition of Deutsches Arzteblatt. IHS include medical health services which are not reimbursed by the health insurance funds and which the patient has to pay for himself. (2009-07-02)

Black gay men may be at increased HIV risk
In a study looking at social and sexual mixing between ethnic groups in men who have sex with men, H. Fisher Raymond and Willi McFarland, from the San Francisco Department of Public Health in the US, show that social barriers faced by black gay men may have a serious impact on their health and well-being. Their findings are published in Springer's journal AIDS and Behavior. (2009-06-29)

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