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Lehigh engineer discovers a high-speed nano-avalanche
Doctoral student Charles McLaren and Professor Himanshu Jain from Lehigh University -- along with colleagues at the University of Marburg in Germany -- have published new findings in the September 2016 issue of the Journal of Electrochemical Society about the process involving transformations in glass that occur under intense electrical and thermal conditions. New understanding of these mechanisms could lead the way to more energy-efficient glass manufacturing, and even glass supercapacitors that leapfrog the performance of batteries now used for electric cars and solar energy. (2016-08-24)

Understanding nature's patterns with plasmas
Patterns abound in nature, from zebra stripes and leopard spots to honeycombs and bands of clouds. Somehow, these patterns form and organize all by themselves. To better understand how, researchers have now created a new device that may allow scientists to study patterns in 3-D like never before. (2016-08-23)

NIST's compact gyroscope may turn heads
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has demonstrated a compact atomic gyroscope design that could, with further development, be portable, low power, and accurate enough to be used for navigation. (2016-08-23)

Modelling water uptake in wood opens up new design framework
Analytical approach could accelerate the development of new preservation treatments delivering environmental benefits and help in the design of bio-inspired smart actuators. (2016-08-23)

Chaos could provide the key to enhanced wireless communications
A team of researchers at the Xian University of Technology in China and the University of Aberdeen in the United Kingdom have demonstrated that chaos can be used to transmit information over a wireless physical channel offering wide-ranging advantages from enhanced communications security. The researchers explain their findings this week in Chaos. (2016-08-23)

The science of diffusion and the spread of public policy
A research team at New York University and University of California, Los Angeles collaborated on merging the domains of health policy with network science and dynamical systems to help understand the mechanisms of policy diffusion in the same way we understand the diffusion of one substance into another. Their findings are discussed in Chaos. (2016-08-22)

A collection of practical algorithms for polynomial inequality proving and discovering
'Automated Inequality Proving and Discovering' is the first book that focuses on practical algorithms for polynomial inequality proving and discovering. (2016-08-22)

Oxford University Press to publish the Journal of the European Economic Association
Oxford University Press has signed an agreement with the European Economic Association to publish the Journal of the European Economic Association, one of the leading journals in the field, beginning in Jan. 2017. (2016-08-18)

Hexagonal boron nitride semiconductors enable cost-effective detection of neutron signals
A group of Texas Tech University researchers led by Professors Hongxing Jiang and Jingyu Lin report this week in Applied Physics Letters that they have developed an alternative material -- hexagonal boron nitride semiconductors -- for neutron detection. This material fulfills many key requirements for helium gas detector replacements and can serve as a low-cost alternative in the future. (2016-08-16)

Studying blood flow dynamics to identify the heart of vessel failure
New research from a fluid mechanics team in Greece reveals how blood flow dynamics within blood vessels may influence where plaques develop or rupture this week in Physics of Fluids. The findings could one day help doctors identify weak spots on a vessel wall that are likeliest to fail, and lead to early interventions in treating heart disease. (2016-08-16)

Scientists explore oil clean-up properties of aquatic ferns
Certain varieties of aquatic floating weeds demonstrate an impressive ability to selectively absorb oil from contaminated water. These plants, which are often regarded as a nuisance, could in fact provide an extremely convenient way of cleaning up messy oil spills. (2016-08-16)

Tailored probes for atomic force microscopes
Atomic force microscopes make the nanostructure of surfaces visible. Their probes scan the investigation material with finest measurement needles. KIT has now succeeded in adapting these needles to the application. For any measurement task, e.g. for various biological samples, a suitable measurement needle can be produced. For production, 3-D laser lithography, i.e. a 3-D printer of structures in the nanometer size, is applied. This success has made it to the title page of the Applied Physics Letters journal. (2016-08-10)

Elsevier selected to publish open-access journal: Engineering
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced that it has been selected to publish Engineering, an open-access journal published in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Engineering. (2016-08-10)

Researchers immobilize underwater bubbles
Controlling bubbles is a difficult process and one that many of us experienced in a simplistic form as young children wielding a bubble wand, trying to create bigger bubbles without popping them. A research team in CINaM-CNRS Aix-Marseille Université in France has turned child's play into serious business. (2016-08-09)

BMJ signs pre-payment agreement with OpenAIRE
BMJ, a leading healthcare knowledge provider, has signed a new pre-payment agreement with the European Commission's OpenAIRE2020 project to enable researchers funded by the Seventh Framework programme (FP7) to apply for Open Access publishing fees for eligible BMJ journals. (2016-08-09)

Tailored AFM probes created via 3-D direct laser writing
Atomic force microscopy is a technique that allows researchers to analyze surfaces at the atomic scale, and it's based on a surprisingly simple concept: A sharp tip on a cantilever 'senses' the topography of samples. Now, a group of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology researchers report, in this week's Applied Physics Letters, that they have developed a method to tailor tips for specific applications via 3-D direct laser writing based on two-photon polymerization. (2016-08-08)

Adis launches new open access pharmacoeconomics journal
Adis, a leading global provider of drug information, is launching a new open access pharmacoeconomics journal, which will be added to their portfolio in 2017. Called PharmacoEconomics - Open, the new journal will focus on cost and health outcomes associated with drugs, devices and other healthcare interventions. PharmacoEconomics - Open has the same co-editors as Adis's flagship journal in the field, PharmacoEconomics. (2016-08-02)

Unlocking the secrets of creeping concrete
Concrete is everywhere -- a ubiquity owed to its strength as a building material. Despite its strength, however, it has a pernicious but inescapable tendency to 'creep,' or deform progressively under mechanical stress, which leads to crumbling bridges and cracked roads. Despite the obvious relevance this holds for the safety of infrastructure, however, the physical origin of the mechanism has remained poorly understood, and even scientifically contested. (2016-08-02)

Oxford University Press to publish American Journal of Comparative Law
Oxford University Press (OUP) has signed an agreement with the American Society of Comparative Law (ASCL) to publish the American Journal of Comparative Law (AJCL), the leading journal in the field, from January 2017. (2016-08-02)

Springer publishes HCNA learning guide for Huawei
Springer, part of Springer Nature, has published for Huawei Technologies an English-language technical reference book entitled HCNA Networking Study Guide in support of the ICT multinational's HCNA (Huawei Certified Network Associate) Series Certifications. This is the first international publishing project Springer has delivered for a Chinese corporation. (2016-08-02)

New metamaterials can change properties with a flick of a light-switch
Invisibility cloaks have less to do with magic than with metamaterials. These human-engineered materials have properties that don't occur in nature, allowing them to bend and manipulate light in weird ways. For example, some of these materials can channel light around an object so that it appears invisible at a certain wavelength. Now researchers have designed a new kind of metamaterial whose properties can be changed with a flick of a switch. (2016-08-02)

Swapping substrates improves edges of graphene nanoribbons
Miniscule ribbons of graphene are highly sought-after building blocks for semiconductor devices because of their predicted electronic properties. But making these nanostructures has remained a challenge. Now, a team of researchers from China and Japan have devised a new method to make the structures in the lab. Their findings appear in the current issue of Applied Physics Letters. (2016-08-01)

In the space travel age, photonic tech is the way to go
As the space travel age dawns upon us, photonic technology takes on a greater central role in its impact on the performance of space systems. (2016-07-27)

Here's how the human voice has been broken into its elements
Most recently, scientists dealing with the human voice have taken a novel view of the human voice from the perspective of voice production. The vitality of this new science is evidenced by five issued US patents. The monograph containing this is published by World Scientific. (2016-07-27)

Plasma technology can be tapped to kill biofilms on perishable fruit, foods
Seeing fruit 'turn bad and going to waste' inspired a team of researchers in China to explore using atmospheric pressure nonequilibrium plasma as a novel solution to extend the shelf life of fruit and other perishable foods. Now they report in Physics of Plasmas about their computational study of how air plasma interacts with bacterial biofilms on an apple's surface suggests that plasma technology could be used to decontaminate food in the future. (2016-07-26)

Making terahertz lasers more powerful
Researchers have nearly doubled the continuous output power of a type of laser, called a terahertz quantum cascade laser, with potential applications in medical imaging, airport security and more. Increasing the continuous output power of these lasers is an important step toward increasing the range of practical applications. The researchers report their results in the journal AIP Advances. (2016-07-26)

More power to you
Engineers from the University of Utah and the University of Minnesota have discovered that interfacing two particular oxide-based materials makes them highly conductive, a boon for future electronics that could result in much more power-efficient laptops, electric cars and home appliances that also don't need cumbersome power supplies. (2016-07-26)

James Kakalios wins 2016 Gemant Award from AIP
James Kakalios, a successful book author and accomplished physicist at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities, is the winner of the 2016 Andrew Gemant Award, an annual prize recognizing significant contributions to the cultural, artistic or humanistic dimension of physics, the American Institute of Physics (AIP) announced today. (2016-07-22)

Australian physicists revisit spin-bowling puzzle
Spin bowlers in cricket are masters at making the ball loop slowly through the air to confuse batsmen. Legends of the game know the magic combinations of top-spin, side-spin and off-spin necessary to fool the opposition, but some clever calculations by physicists in Australia could help to share this knowledge with a wider audience. (2016-07-21)

Minimalist swimming microrobots
When scaling down robots to the micrometer scale for tiny tasks such as incising tissue and puncturing retinal veins, minimalism is key. To make smaller, simpler microrobots, researchers at Drexel University have developed a fabrication method which utilizes the minimum geometric requirements for fluid motion -- consisting of just two conjoined microparticles coated with bits of magnetic debris. (2016-07-19)

Exploring superconducting properties of 3-D printed parts
While many techniques can be used for 3-D printing with metals, most rely on computer-controlled melting or sintering of a metal alloy powder by a laser or electron beam. The mechanical properties of parts produced by this method have been well studied, but not enough attention has focused on their electrical properties. In Applied Physics Letters, researchers in Australia report creating a resonant microwave cavity that they 3-D printed via an aluminum-silicon alloy. (2016-07-18)

Do we need to rethink modern democracy?
Democracy is under grave threat and with that the prospect of a better world for all, argues Philip Kotler in his latest book 'Democracy in Decline: Rebuilding its Future,' publishing with SAGE Publishing later this month. (2016-07-13)

Did cutting edge optics help Rembrandt draw self-portraits?
Rembrandt and many other of the Old Masters may have used cutting-edge optics to aid their self-portraits. (2016-07-13)

Mathematical models explain east-west asymmetry of jet lag recovery
Travelers frequently report experiencing a significantly slower jet lag recovery after an eastward vs. westward flight. While some are quick to dismiss this complaint as being 'all in their head,' new research suggests it may be caused by the oscillation of a certain type of brain cells. (2016-07-12)

Extending terahertz technology to obtain highly accurate thickness of automotive paint
In a novel approach to industrial applications of THz technology, a team of German researchers began from the principle that thicknesses of multi-layered paint coatings can be measured using time-of-flight measurements of ultrashort THz pulses. The model they developed obtained a new level of precision in measuring individual coating layers. Their report appears in the current issue of Applied Physics Letters. (2016-07-12)

Swedish researchers to benefit from innovative open access agreement with Springer
Springer and the Swedish library consortium for universities and research institutes (Bibsam) have finalized a broad agreement for Springer Compact running through December 2018. Springer Compact is a transitional deal combining reading access and open access publishing in one payment scheme. Specifically, participating consortium members' researchers gain access to over 2,000 Springer journals and also the right to publish their research via the open access model in more than 1,650 Springer hybrid journals. (2016-07-07)

Bouncing droplets remove contaminants like pogo jumpers
While the appeal of a self-cleaning, hydrophobic surface may be apparent, the extremely fragile nature of the nanostructures that give rise to the water-shedding surfaces greatly limit the durability and use of such objects. To remedy this, researchers at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, are investigating the mechanisms of self-propulsion that occur when two droplets come together, catapulting themselves and any potential contaminants off the surface of interest. (2016-07-05)

Tiniest imperfections make big impacts in nano-patterned materials
A research team at Clarkson University reports an interesting conclusion that could have major impacts on the future of nano-manufacturing. Their analysis for a model of the process of random sequential adsorption shows that even a small imprecision in the position of the lattice landing sites can dramatically affect the density of the permanently formed deposit. (2016-06-28)

Machine Learning techniques and the future of Ecology and Earth Science Research
Increasingly becoming a necessity in Ecology and Earth Science research, handling complex data can be a tough nut when traditional statistical methods are applied. As its first publication, the new technologically-advanced Open Access journal One Ecosystem features a review paper describing the benefits of using machine learning technologies when working with highly-dimensional and non-linear data. (2016-06-27)

Solving state-of-the-art high temperature related problems
How can engineers deal with oxidation and corrosion at high temperatures? How do we prevent degradation of mechanical properties of materials at high temperatures in corrosive environments? (2016-06-22)

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