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How many squares, Mr. Franklin?
When he wasn't experimenting with lightning or overthrowing the British Empire, Benjamin Franklin found time to fool around with mathematics, inventing a variant of the magic square called Franklin's squares. Now Maya Ahmed, a mathematics graduate student at UC Davis, has come up with a way to construct both Franklin's own squares and others of the same type. The methods could have applications in computer programming for business. (2004-06-16)

UK Engineers open flight path to quieter aircraft
A new international project to reduce aircraft noise is building on pioneering research by UK engineers. (2004-05-20)

Trial found no impact of Malarone(TM) on performance and alertness tasks
Results from a new study presented today at the 75th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA) in Anchorage, USA, suggest that MalaroneTM (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride) would not be expected to affect the ability of pilots and cabin crew to perform their duties while on an aircraft. The study is the first to assess side effects of an antimalarial drug in a hypobaric chamber at aircraft cabin pressure (75.2kPa). (2004-05-06)

Science in the clouds
University of Utah meteorologists are using a NASA research jet to examine icy, wispy cirrus clouds high in the atmosphere - a study aimed at determining how much the clouds warm Earth's climate and how much they cool it. (2004-04-29)

Clouds caused by aircraft exhaust may warm the U.S. climate
NASA scientists have found that cirrus clouds, formed by contrails from aircraft engine exhaust, are capable of increasing average surface temperatures enough to account for a warming trend in the United States that occurred between 1975 and 1994. (2004-04-28)

Tornadoes, lightning and hurricanes
Scientists at the National Space Science and Technology Center in Huntsville, Ala., are using information gleaned from NASA satellites, aircraft and field research to better understand dynamics behind tornadoes, lightning, hurricanes and other destructive forces of nature. (2004-04-28)

NCAR aircraft, ground instruments to track carbon dioxide uptake
The National Center for Atmospheric Research will fly a C-130 research aircraft over Colorado's Front Range this May and July to measure how much carbon dioxide mountain forests remove from the air as spring turns into summer. Scientists are developing new methods for assessing carbon uptake over complex terrain. (2004-04-26)

Seven organizations vie in Tech World Series
INFORMS® today announced seven finalists that will compete for the 2004 Franz Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research and the Management Sciences. The competitors range widely in industry, origin, and orientation. They include three Fortune 500 companies; an entry from the growing fractional aircraft industry; a major Dutch electronic manufacturer; the largest terminal at the busiest container port in the world; and governmental agencies from the United States and Russia who are working together to control nuclear materials. (2004-04-19)

ASIRAS, a new ESA airborne instrument sees ice for the first time
Making sure that the measurements made by satellites are as accurate as possible has always been a difficult business and this will be especially true for ESA's ice mission CryoSat. However, last week a new instrument, which is set to be the workhorse for validating CryoSat data, was successfully tested from an aircraft over the snow and ice not far from the North Pole. (2004-04-08)

Space technologies aid solar-powered global flight bid
ESA's Technology Transfer Programme is to supply state-of-the-art technologies to assist adventurer Bertrand Piccard's flight around the world in a single-pilot solar-powered aircraft, as the ultimate demonstration of the potential for pollution-free flight. (2004-03-31)

Coal source of jet fuel for next generation aircraft
New fuel for the next generation of military aircraft is the goal of a team of Penn State researchers who are demonstrating that jet fuel can be made from bituminous coal. (2004-03-29)

Dragons of the air: Pterosaurs flew with smart wings
These are the images of which nightmares are made: ancient pterosaurs darkening Earth's skies during the Mesozoic era 225 million to 65 million years ago. Until now little has been understood about how these creatures, with wing spans as wide as a Lear jet, took flight. Research by an unusual partnership of paleontologist and aeronautical engineer now reveals these dragons of the air could teach today's aircraft designers a thing or two. (2004-03-15)

Sandia sensor has potential to help U.S. military eliminate 'friendly fire' during combat
A device to help eliminate friendly fire during military combat has been created by engineers at the National Nuclear Security Administration's Sandia National Laboratories. (2004-03-10)

Design of composite materials that detect terahertz discovered
A team of physicists and engineers from the University of California, San Diego, the University of California, Los Angeles and Imperial College, London have developed a class of materials that respond magnetically to terahertz radiation, a fundamental finding relevant to many exciting applications in areas including guidance in zero visibility weather conditions, security and biomedical imaging and quality control. (2004-03-04)

The making of an Ariane 5 launch
As Ariane 5 sped into space carrying Rosetta, it was easy to forget that behind this and every launch is a cast of hundreds. These people have been working for many months to prepare Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, for these brief minutes of excitement. (2004-03-03)

Scientists find ozone-destroying molecule
Using measurements from a NASA aircraft flying over the Arctic, Harvard University scientists have made the first observations of a molecule that researchers have long theorized plays a key role in destroying stratospheric ozone, chlorine peroxide. Analysis of these measurements was conducted using a computer simulation of atmospheric chemistry developed by scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California. (2004-02-10)

Clouds shield pollutants going out to sea
NASA scientists have the first evidence more regional pollution lurks in clouds than in clear skies off the Asian coastline. This finding has implications for space-based attempts to monitor global pollution and for other populated regions around the world. (2004-02-03)

Scientists find ozone-destroying molecule
For years, scientists theorized that a molecule called ClOOCl (the (2004-02-03)

Europe's eye on Mars: First spectacular results from Mars Express
ESA's Mars Express which successfully inserted into orbit around Mars on 25 December 2003 is about to reach its final operating orbit above the poles of the Red Planet. From the preliminary investigation, results look very promising. (2004-01-19)

Aeroplanes would be safer if cockpits were more human-friendly, says new study
Aircraft could achieve an even higher level of safety if cockpit designers took more of the psychological characteristics of pilots into account, according to researchers publishing a new study today. They say that many aeroplanes have computerised controls systems which are so complex that they even over-tax the mental capabilities of fully-trained pilots. (2004-01-06)

New-generation autonomous helicopter to create new era of human safety
Australian scientists have developed a 'brain', which enables the production of a world-first low-cost, intelligent small helicopter, set to end many difficult and dangerous tasks undertaken by humans. The CSIRO Mantis can simply be told where to go and what to do, and it will go off, do the job and find its own way home, unassisted. (2003-12-17)

NASA learning to monitor coral reef health from the sky
Coral reef health may be accurately estimated from sensors on airplanes and satellites in the future, according to a NASA scientist who is the principal investigator in a collaborative project to develop a method to remotely sense coral health. (2003-12-12)

UC Davis students try weightless science
Four University of California, Davis, students got a taste of weightlessness when they took their experiments aboard a NASA aircraft that simulates zero-gravity conditions for 25 seconds at a time. (2003-12-11)

Beetles could prove a hit with the aircraft industry
A species of beetle, that squirts its predators with a high-pressure spray of boiling liquid, could provide the key to significant improvements in aircraft engine design. (2003-12-08)

Lose weight fast the ESA way!
Lots of us want to lose some weight - but just take your seat on one very special aircraft and you will soon weigh 100% less - guaranteed! That fact makes a flight on ESA's 'Zero-G' A-300 Airbus a valuable asset for scientists across Europe, and ESA also gives European students a chance to fly. (2003-12-02)

Journal 'Transportation Science' marks 100th anniversary of flight with special issue
Transportation Science, the leading operations research journal dedicated to the analysis of transportation systems, has issued a special issue devoted to the 100th anniversary of the Wright Brothers' first flight, the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®) announced today. (2003-12-02)

Male flesh flies high-speed pursuit of females
Cornell University entomologists have discovered that male flesh flies traveling at very high speed, in sexual pursuit and swiveling their heads like gun turrets can lose sight of a target female, yet they compensate for the loss of vision and still catch up to mate. The study could lead to better military hardware. (2003-11-10)

British Antarctic Survey wins environment award
The British Antarctic Survey (BAS), is winner of a national (2003-11-07)

Another giant solar explosion follows Tuesday's enormous solar flare
Since Tuesday 28 October, explosive events originating from the Sun have been bathing the Earth and its surroundings in high energy radiation. (2003-10-30)

New study seeks to identify and minimize danger to aviation from cosmic radiation
The need to know the precise level of cosmic and solar radiation along air routes has become more acute, as recent generations of commercial aircraft use (2003-10-22)

Operations researchers say Delta Air Lines' Song has cut turnaround time of aircraft by 25%
SongTM, Delta Air Lines' new low-fare air service, has reduced the time that arriving aircraft return to service to 45-50 minutes, significantly shorter than the industry standard, according to a paper being presented at the annual meeting of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®). (2003-10-21)

NASA research team successfully flies first laser-powered aircraft
Since the dawn of powered flight, all aircraft have had to carry onboard fuel to stay aloft. But a team of researchers from NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center in Edwards, Calif., and the University of Alabama in Huntsville is trying to change that. The team has developed and demonstrated the first-ever small-scale aircraft that flies solely from power delivered by an invisible, ground-based laser. (2003-10-09)

New technology could enhance safety in rain and snow
The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Foundation has awarded an exclusive manufacturing license to Yankee Environmental Systems to manufacture an electrical gauge that calculates real-time rates of snow, rain, and other types of precipitation. (2003-10-09)

Bio-terror, Delta, math-that's-fun lead eclectic list as operations researchers meet in Atlanta
Led by a diverse mix of analysts in information technology, the airlines, and public health, the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®) holds an annual meeting in Atlanta from Sunday, October 19 to Wednesday, October 22 at the Westin Peachtree Plaza. (2003-10-08)

Scientists use satellite to 'pond-er' melted Arctic ice
NASA researchers and other scientists used a satellite combined with aircraft video to create a new technique for detecting ponds of water on top of Arctic sea ice. Until now, it was not possible to accurately monitor these ponds on ice from space. (2003-10-02)

Abrupt wing stall
When a fighter pilot engages an enemy at sonic speeds, abrupt wing stall is definitely not part of his flight plan. Yet for50 years, all aircraft that operate at velocities near the speed of sound have experienced the phenomenon - aircraft undergoing a one-sided or side-to-side upset. At the very least, it causes loss of advantage. At its worst, it could result in a loss of the aircraft. The Office of Naval Research has found a way to prevent this in future aircraft. (2003-09-30)

US air transportation system 'in peril' - report
A report released yesterday by the National Research Council found that the nation's air transportation system is (2003-09-24)

ASHRAE examines link between cabin air quality, health problems
Research examining the link between cabin air quality and health is being funded by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). (2003-09-22)

NSF considers alternatives for treating ill South Pole worker
National Science Foundation (NSF) officials are considering several alternatives to care for and treat a worker at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. NSF manages the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP), which coordinates all U.S. scientific research and logistics support on the southernmost continent. (2003-09-11)

Office of Naval Research to unveil the 'matchbox' atomic clock
How accurate is your kitchen clock? Probably good enough to get you to work on time, but perhaps not good enough for extremely precise ship and aircraft navigation, ground to outer space communications, or missile guidance. In October'03 ONR will unveil the performance of a super-accurate atomic clock no bigger than a matchbox. (2003-09-02)

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