Current Alcoholics News and Events

Current Alcoholics News and Events, Alcoholics News Articles.
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Increase in pleasurable effects of alcohol over time can predict alcohol use disorder
A new study out of the University of Chicago Medicine following young adult drinkers for 10 years has found that individuals who reported the highest sensitivity to alcohol's pleasurable and rewarding effects at the start of the trial were more likely to develop an alcohol use disorder (AUD) over the course of the study. (2021-01-05)

Drug eases recovery for those with severe alcohol withdrawal
Yale scientists say a drug originally developed to treat high blood pressure can reduce severe withdrawal symptoms for patients diagnosed with alcohol use disorder. (2020-11-19)

Why 'one day at a time' works for recovering alcoholics
''One day at a time'' is a mantra for recovering alcoholics, for whom each day without a drink builds the strength to go on to the next. A new brain imaging study by Yale researchers shows why the approach works. (2020-08-27)

Alcoholics anonymous method can mesh well with other treatments for alcohol misuse
Most treatment providers for individuals with alcohol use disorders are well versed in either the 12-Step Alcoholics Anonymous program or in a different treatment such as cognitive behavioral therapy -- but the two approaches can mesh well, according to a Baylor University researcher. (2020-04-28)

Alcoholics Anonymous and Twelve-Step programs help people to recover from alcohol problems
Newly updated evidence published in the Cochrane Library today compares Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and clinically-related Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) programs with other treatments, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, to see if they help people who suffer from alcohol use disorders achieve sobriety or reduce the amount of alcohol that they consume. (2020-03-11)

Why cigarettes initially feel disgusting and how this could help smokers quit
Scientists have pinpointed the cells responsible for nicotine aversion in the mouse brain in a finding that could help the development of better treatments to help smokers quit. (2019-11-25)

Stressed out: Americans making themselves sick over politics
Nearly 40% of Americans surveyed for a new study said politics is stressing them out, and 4% -- the equivalent of 10 million US adults -- reported suicidal thoughts related to politics. (2019-09-25)

Where to draw the line between mental health and illness?
Schizophrenia is considered an illness by nearly all Finns, while grief and homosexuality are not. On the other hand, opinions vary greatly on whether alcoholism, work exhaustion, drug addiction and gambling addiction are illnesses. In a study carried out with a Finnish dataset, researchers looked into which mental conditions from a group of 20 were considered illnesses and which were not by five different groups of people. (2019-06-06)

Gender impacts brain activity in alcoholics
Compared to alcoholic women, alcoholic men have more diminished brain activity in areas responsible for emotional processing (limbic regions including the amygdala and hippocampus), as well as memory and social processing (cortical regions including the superior frontal and supramarginal regions) among other functions. (2019-04-30)

Smoking and alcohol: Double trouble for the brain?
Along with many other harmful health consequences, smoking tobacco causes chemical changes, oxidative stress and inflammation in the brain. Excessive alcohol use can have similar effects. Surprisingly, however, very few studies have examined the combined impact of smoking and alcohol on the brain. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Chemical Neuroscience have shown that in rats, the joint use of tobacco and alcohol could increase neural damage in particular brain regions. (2019-02-27)

Binge drinking during adolescence impairs working memory, finds mouse study
Using a mouse model to simulate binge drinking, researchers at Columbia University showed that heavy alcohol use during adolescence damages neurons in the part of the brain involved in working memory. (2018-07-19)

New study shows how a single binge drinking episode affects gene that regulates sleep
New findings from the University of Missouri School of Medicine explain how a single episode of binge drinking can affect the gene that regulates sleep, leading to sleep disruption in mice. The finding may shed light on how sleep problems can contribute to alcoholism in humans. (2018-06-19)

Traditional Amazonian drug linked to improved sense of wellbeing
A psychedelic drug traditionally used in South America improves people's general sense of wellbeing and may offer a treatment for alcoholism and depression, new research suggests. (2017-11-09)

Young binge drinkers show altered brain activity
Researchers have studied the brain activity of young binge-drinking college students in Spain, and found distinctive changes in brain activity, which may indicate delayed brain development and be an early sign of brain damage. The results suggest that bingeing has tangible effects on the young brain, comparable with some of those seen in chronic alcoholics. (2017-09-14)

What makes alcoholics drink? Research shows it's more complex than supposed
What makes alcoholics drink? New research has found that in both men and women with alcohol dependence, the major factor predicting the amount of drinking seems to be a question of immediate mood. Surprisingly men with a history of depression were drinking less often than men who were not depressed. This probably means that alcohol treatment needs to be individually tailored. (2017-09-07)

Neuro-receptor PET could provide an early warning for alcoholic relapse
A study presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) reveals how brain receptors involved in the compulsion to drink, adapt to alcohol-dependency by reducing their bioavailability, but return to their normal availability after a modest period of detoxification. Receptor availability at the outset of sobriety could also serve as a predictor of long-term success. (2017-06-11)

Could targeting oxtyocin help treat opioid addiction?
A new review of published research indicates that the oxytocin system -- a key player in social reward and stress regulation -- is profoundly affected by opioid use. Therefore, it may be an important target for developing medications to treat opioid addiction and to prevent relapse. (2017-04-05)

Alcoholism may be caused by dynamical dopamine imbalance
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, Indiana University and the Russian Academy of Sciences Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Applied Physics have identified potential alcoholism mechanisms, associated with altered dopaminergic neuron response to complex dynamics of prefrontal cortex neurones affecting dopamine release. (2017-03-09)

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Feb. 15 issue
The context of a situation shapes how we respond to events and stimuli -- the sound of a gunshot, for example, would elicit profoundly different responses at a shooting range and a public park. In a new study examining how children's brains process context, researchers find children exposed to interpersonal violence have heightened responses to threat, which interferes with their ability to remember the context in which the threat occurred. They also have smaller hippocampi, the paired brain structures responsible for learning and memory. The results may help explain why children raised in dangerous environments are more fearful even in safe contexts. (2017-02-15)

Marijuana could help treat drug addiction, mental health
Using marijuana could help some alcoholics and people addicted to opioids kick their habits, a UBC study has found. 'Research suggests that people may be using cannabis as an exit drug to reduce the use of substances that are potentially more harmful, such as opioid pain medication,' says the study's lead investigator Zach Walsh, an associate professor of psychology at UBC's Okanagan campus. (2016-11-16)

Research finds that antibiotic may help in treatment of alcohol use disorder
Research has uncovered a new use for an established drug as a therapy for an age-old health problem. Nearly all Americans drink alcoholic beverages, but unfortunately many struggle with what physicians now describe as Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). AUD includes problematic drinking such as binge and chronic consumption, with both increasing risk for poor health, including death. (2016-11-14)

Researchers pinpoint neurons that tell the brain when to stop drinking
By activating particular neurons, we may be able to influence alcohol drinking behavior, according to new findings published by researchers at the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine in the journal Biological Psychiatry. (2016-07-06)

PET/CT reveals adaptations of the alcoholic brain
Alcoholism is a devastating disorder that too often leads to a perpetual cycle of abuse. An emerging molecular imaging technique may provide a way to break that cycle. It could signal patients' heightened risk and lead to targeted drug treatments that reduce the compulsion to drink, say researchers presenting at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. (2016-06-12)

Review finds fathers' age, lifestyle associated with birth defects
A growing body of research is revealing associations between birth defects and a father's age, alcohol use and environmental factors, say researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center. They say these defects result from epigenetic alterations that can potentially affect multiple generations. (2016-05-15)

Brain images reveal first physical evidence that AA prayers reduce cravings
Members Alcoholics Anonymous who recited AA prayers after viewing drinking-related images reported less craving for alcohol after praying. (2016-05-12)

Hormone and neurotransmitter systems disturbed in alcoholics' brains
The brain tissue of persons with alcohol dependence shows a variety of changes compared to non-alcoholic control persons. All alcoholics' brains share some characteristics, but some are exclusive to the brain tissue of anxiety-prone type 1 alcoholics or impulsive type 2 alcoholics, according to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland. (2016-04-29)

Researchers find brain circuit that controls binge drinking
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have identified a circuit between two brain regions that controls alcohol binge drinking, offering a more complete picture on what drives a behavior that costs the United States more than $170 billion annually and how it can be treated. (2016-04-26)

Study finds addiction associated with poor awareness of others
Developmental psychologist Maria Pagano, PhD, found adolescents with severe alcohol and other drug problems have a low regard for others, as indicated by higher rates of driving under the influence and having unprotected sex with a history of sexually transmitted disease. The findings also showed that they are less likely to volunteer their time helping others, an activity that she has been shown to help adult alcoholics stay sober. (2016-03-31)

Treating withdrawal symptoms could help cannabis users quit, study finds
Treating symptoms of cannabis withdrawal could help heavy users stay clean longer, finds a new study by researchers Douglas C. Smith and Jordan P. Davis at the University of Illinois. (2016-03-23)

VUMC study may offer answers for treating depression in alcoholics
A study by researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center is offering a glimmer of hope to alcoholics who find it hard to remain sober because their abstinence is hounded by stubborn, difficult-to-treat depression. (2016-02-01)

Group therapy is an effective and cost-efficient way to promote cardiovascular health
A simple support-group intervention program aimed at promoting general health yields significant improvements in the control of the 5 most important cardiovascular risk factors (blood pressure, exercise, weight, diet, and tobacco smoking); the improvement was especially clear for stopping smoking. (2015-11-09)

Falling off the wagon with Facebook
Despite the growing use of online support groups such as those on Facebook to help curb substance abuse, attending traditional face-to-face meetings may continue to be more effective for people trying to maintain sobriety, according to research presented at the American Psychological Association's 123rd Annual Convention. (2015-08-06)

Online tool enables public to track 'tip-of-the tongue' states, speech errors
Michael Vitevitch and colleagues have produced a web-based tool allowing everyday people to engage in 'citizen science' by recording speech errors. (2015-08-05)

Marriage can lead to dramatic reduction in heavy drinking in young adults
Research on alcohol-use disorders consistently shows problem drinking decreases as we age. Now, researchers collaborating between the University of Missouri and Arizona State University have found evidence that marriage can cause dramatic drinking reductions even among people with severe drinking problems. Scientists believe findings could help improve clinical efforts to help these people, inform public health policy changes and lead to more targeted interventions for young adult problem drinkers. (2015-08-03)

New study links drinking behaviors with mortality
A new University of Colorado Boulder study involving some 40,000 people indicates that social and psychological problems caused by drinking generally trump physically hazardous drinking behaviors when it comes to overall mortality rates. (2015-04-28)

Paternal alcohol problems, death from liver disease, signal offspring risk for cirrhosis
While heavy drinking is known to lead to liver cirrhosis, not all heavy drinkers develop the disease. Variation in susceptibility may go beyond quantity of alcohol to also involve genetics, gender, and obesity. New findings show having a father with alcohol problems who died from liver disease is a significant red flag. (2015-04-14)

Restoring IL-17 may treat skin infections related to chronic alcohol consumption
Alcoholism takes a toll on every aspect of a person's life, including skin problems. Now, a new research report appearing in the April 2015 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, helps explain why this happens and what might be done to address it. (2015-03-31)

Spouses of alcoholics can benefit from online help, study finds
Women married to men with alcohol abuse problems can face a slew of problems themselves, with finding support for their situation near the top of the list. Researchers at the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions found that women with alcoholic partners who face barriers to seeking help may benefit from an Internet-based, interactive support program. (2015-03-03)

Weight Watchers: Shed the pounds but lose your friends?
If you're trying to lose weight, Weight Watchers might seem like the ideal place to share advice and get support. While this may be true when you first join, a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research shows you'll bond less with the other members of a support group as you get closer to reaching your goals. (2015-01-21)

Alcohol abuse linked to newly identified gene network
Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have identified a network of genes that appear to work together in determining alcohol dependence. The findings, which could lead to future treatments and therapies for alcoholics and possibly help doctors screen for alcoholism, resulted from comparing brain tissue of alcoholics and non-alcoholics. (2014-12-02)

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