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Fewer delays on the railways thanks to automatic advice system
By using an automatic system to advise rail traffic managers, it is possible to limit the consequences of disruptions on the railways. That is the claim by Andrea D'Ariano, who is today -- Monday, April 7 -- obtaining his Ph.D. on the subject at TU Delft. (2008-04-07)

UC San Diego researchers eliminate drug discovery bottleneck
Determining the structure of unknown natural compounds is a slow and expensive part of drug screening and development -- but this may now change thanks to a new combination of experimental and computational protocols developed at the University of California, San Diego and presented at RECOMB 2008 (Research in Computational Molecular Biology) on March 31 in Singapore. (2008-03-31)

Rensselaer professor Fengyan Li awarded Sloan Research Fellowship
Fengyan Li, assistant professor of mathematical sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has been named a 2008 Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow. Li is among a group of 118 fellows from 64 colleges and universities in the United States and Canada who have been recognized for conducting research at the frontiers of physics, chemistry, mathematics, neuroscience, economics, computer science, and computational and evolutionary molecular biology. (2008-03-19)

ETH Zurich researchers test high-speed WLAN network
With the aid of multiple antenna technology, ETH Zurich researchers have succeeded in quadrupling the existing transmission rate of conventional networks from 54 megabytes per second (Mbps) to 216 Mbps. The successful tests involving several users were conducted within the framework of a research project funded by the European Union. (2008-03-12)

Researchers discover the structural alphabet of RNA
A team of bioinformaticians at the Université de Montréal report in the March 6 edition of Nature the discovery of a structural alphabet that can be used to infer the 3-D structure of ribonucleic acid from sequence data, providing new tools to understand the role of this important class of cellular regulators. (2008-03-06)

Plant reflections may be key to early detection of treatment needs
When disease and insect problems in crops are visible to the naked eye, it may be too late to treat. That's why Dr. Christian Nansen, Texas AgriLife Research entomologist, likes to take a closer look. A hyperspectral look, that is. Nansen, small grains entomologist at the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Lubbock, uses a hyperspectral camera to determine how light is being reflected off plant leaf surfaces. (2008-02-04)

Genomatix takes a lead in Next Generation Sequencing
Genomatix existing and newly developed technology allows high throughput analysis of Next Generation Sequencing data. Pilot studies for several customers demonstrated dramatic new insights from NGS data processing and interpretation. (2008-01-31)

Pervasive environmental sensing a possibility
Researchers from MIT and two Singaporean universities have launched a bold new international research program called CENSAM. The program will develop pervasive environmental sensor networks to collect data on parameters such as air and water quality from many sources, and use this data to provide accurate, real-time monitoring, modeling and control of the environment. (2008-01-31)

A simplified scoring system may predict overall CVD risk, individual CVD components risk
Physicians currently evaluate a patient's risk for heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases individually, but a new assessment tool could gauge risk of overall, or global, CVD and a range of cardiovascular diseases at one time, according to a study published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. (2008-01-22)

Computer learns dogspeak
Computer programs may be the most accurate tool for studying acoustic communications amongst animals, according to Csaba Molnar from Eoetvoes Lorand University in Hungary and his research team. Their paper, published in Springer's journal Animal Cognition this week, shows that a new piece of software is able to classify dog barks according to different situations and even identify barks from individual dogs, a task humans find challenging. (2008-01-16)

UCLA scientists working to create smaller, faster integrated circuits
Integrated circuits are the (2007-12-19)

Child mental health experts issue psychiatric medication treatment guidelines for preschoolers
The number of preschool-age children being treated with stimulants, antidepressants and other psychiatric drugs is on the rise, despite limited research and a lack of clinical practice guidelines. In a first step toward standardizing treatment approaches, child mental health professionals from the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center and 11 other institutions have developed recommendations for specific disorders to help clinicians who are considering medications for children ages 3 to 6. (2007-12-03)

First book on petascale computing launched at SC07
The College of Computing at Georgia Tech and Chapman & Hall/CRC Press today announced the launch of (2007-11-13)

NIST issues call for a new 'hash' algorithm
NIST has opened a competition to develop a new cryptographic hash algorithm, a tool that converts a file, message or block of data to a short (2007-11-08)

MIT aids creation of neural prosthetic devices
MIT researchers have developed a new algorithm to help create prosthetic devices that convert brain signals into action in patients who have been paralyzed or had limbs amputated. (2007-10-03)

Algorithms to reanimate the heart
When an adult suffers a cardiorespiratory arrest the rapid application of an electrical discharge with a defibrillator can avoid sudden death in many cases. (2007-10-02)

Using video-game technology to find oil & gas
What do video games and seismic explorations have in common? Both require very demanding computer applications that call for the ability to process massive quantities of data rapidly. Using computer technology originally co-designed by IBM for video-game consoles, University of Houston seismic researchers are employing this extremely fast technology to more effectively target oil reserves. IBM is supporting the UH Mission-Oriented Seismic Research Program with a system that represents a new generation of powerful supercomputers. (2007-09-19)

Louisiana Tech researchers investigate tracking, sensors to assist Air Force
The research conducted by two Louisiana Tech professors will affect many applications such as chemical agent monitoring, weather and hurricanes tracking and monitoring and explosive detection at the battlefield, Selmic said. The project also aims to develop unmanned air vehicle sensor nodes and a wireless sensor network test bed for the Air Force. (2007-09-10)

UCI and CODA Genomics collaborate to re-engineer yeast for biofuel production
Scientists from UC Irvine and CODA Genomics are partnering on new research aimed at turning a common strain of yeast used in the production of beer, wine and bread into an efficient producer of ethanol. (2007-09-04)

Software coordinates 19 mirrors, focuses James Webb Space Telescope
Scientists and engineers have created and successfully tested a set of algorithms and software programs which are designed to enable the 19 individual mirrors comprising NASA's powerful James Webb Space Telescope to function as one very sensitive telescope. (2007-08-24)

Users mistakenly trust higher positioned results in Google searches
An eye tracking experiment published in the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication revealed that college student internet users have an inherent trust in Google's ability to rank results by their true relevance to the query. When participants selected a link from Google's result pages, their decisions were strongly biased towards links higher in position, even if that content was less relevant to the search query. (2007-08-21)

CAD increases accuracy of diagnosing liver fibrosis
Magnetic resonance CAD is useful in diagnosing fibrosis of the liver, according to a recent study conducted by radiologists at Gifu University School of Medicine in Gifu, Japan. (2007-07-31)

Ovarian cancer is not a symptomless killer
Ovarian cancer is not the symptom free disease that many medical textbooks have been claiming for years, says an Editorial in this week's edition of The Lancet. (2007-06-21)

Carnegie Mellon scientists devise method to increase kidney transplants
Computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a new computerized method for matching living kidney donors with kidney disease patients that can increase the number of kidney transplants -- and save lives. (2007-06-11)

New cardiovascular risk prediction models developed for women
Researchers have developed a more accurate way to predict the risk of developing cardiovascular disease among women, according to a study in the February 14 issue of JAMA. (2007-02-13)

NIST wants comments on proposed 'hash' competition
NIST is planning a competition to develop one or more cryptographic (2007-02-01)

Virginia Tech's System X supercomputer provides super tool for simulation of cell division
Virginia Tech researchers in computer science and biology have used the university's supercomputer, System X, to create models and algorithms that make it possible to simulate the cell cycle -- the processes leading to cell division. They have demonstrated that the new mathematical models and numerical algorithms provide powerful tools for studying the complex processes going on inside living cells. (2007-01-30)

Functional brain imaging insights from UC San Diego grad student
David Wipf, a recent graduate of the electrical and computer engineering Ph.D. program at UC San Diego's Jacobs School of Engineering, has won a 2006 NIPS Outstanding Student Paper Award for his work on human functional brain imaging. With this work, functional brain imaging practitioners should be better able to assess the relative strengths and weaknesses of competing Bayesian approaches for source localization. (2006-12-06)

'Inverse planning' system improves brachytherapy treatment for prostate and other cancers
A California medical software company has launched the first (2006-11-27)

What lies beneath: Petroleum targets unearthed by UH professor
Enhancing ways to detect petroleum targets has earned one University of Houston scientist high international honors. Kristopher Innanen, an assistant professor of physics, received the J. Clarence Karcher Award from the Society of Exploration Geophysicists. Only the second from UH to receive this top honor, Innanen has developed algorithms to locate petroleum targets and create high-resolution pictures of the Earth's subsurface without any prior knowledge about what lies above the target. (2006-11-15)

New statistical approach could improve hospital care for sick newborns
The movement to computerize patient records in a growing number of hospitals is paving the way for the use of sophisticated statistical methods to assist doctors' decision making. The National Institutes of Health has provided $1.35 million to researchers working to develop new statistical approaches that could dramatically improve the care for severely ill newborn babies. These new methods could eventually be applied to all patients, radically changing the face of hospital care. (2006-11-08)

Better ways to cut a cake
Suppose a cake is to be divided between two people, Alice and Bob. A fair procedure is to have Alice cut the cake and then have Bob choose whichever piece he prefers. This (2006-11-06)

Ultrafast star escapes black hole
At last astronomers have a method to accurately measure the speed of stars within a galaxy containing a black hole. Dutch researcher Alessia Gualandris developed the algorithm for this in cooperation with the Astronomical Institute (2006-10-04)

Alliance aims to rethink network computing and communications
As part of a newly formed alliance of international scientists, researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute will be exploring advanced technologies for wireless sensor networks in urban environments. The consortium, which is funded through the United States Army Research Laboratory and the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence, will receive up to $138 million over the next 10 years to rethink network computing and communications. (2006-09-27)

Stolkin, a Stevens professor, publishes paper in elite journal
Rustam Stolkin, research assistant professor in the Department of Civil, Environmental and Ocean Engineering at Stevens Institute of Technology, has recently lead-authored and published a paper in the Institute of Physics Publishing's journal, Measurement Science and Technology. (2006-09-13)

Computer science, engineering Ph.D. student on leave from UCSD makes 'Top 35 Young Scientist' list
Sumeet Singh has been named one of the nation's top 35 innovators under age 35 by MIT's Technology Review magazine. Singh is being honored for research he started as a Ph.D. student in computer Science and engineering at UCSD's Jacobs School of Engineering. The project yielded a new way to identify worm and virus attacks across the Internet or other high-speed networks almost as soon as outbreaks occur. (2006-09-08)

First quantum cryptographic data network demonstrated
A joint collaboration between Northwestern University and BBN Technologies of Cambridge, Mass., has led to the first demonstration of a truly quantum cryptographic data network. By integrating quantum noise protected data encryption with Quantum Key Distribution, the researchers have developed a complete data communication system with extraordinary resilience to eavesdropping. The method makes use of the inherent and irreducible quantum noise in laser light to enhance the security of the system. (2006-08-28)

Cornell's Éva Tardos awarded George B. Dantzig Prize at SIAM Annual Meeting
Dr. Eva Tardos of Cornell University was awarded the George B. Dantzig Prize at the SIAM Annual Meeting held in Boston from July 10-14, 2006. (2006-07-18)

SIAM Awards Lagrange Prize to Roger Fletcher, Sven Leyffer and Philippe L. Toint
Roger Fletcher, Sven Leyffer and Philippe L. Toint win Lagrange Prize in Continuous Optimization at SIAM Annual Meeting held in Boston, from July 10-14, 2006. (2006-07-18)

Mobile data retrieval improved with new algorithm
Penn State researchers have developed a new algorithm which enables cell-phone users to fetch data from music to TV shows as quickly as feasible with minimal channel switches. (2006-06-15)

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