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COVID-19: Over 20.5 million years of life may have been lost due to COVID-19
Over 20.5 million years of life may have been lost due to COVID-19 globally, with an average of 16 years lost per death, according to a study published in Scientific Reports. (2021-02-18)

Latest review shows intensive care mortality from COVID-19 continued to fall in 2020, but improvement is slowing
A meta-analysis of global studies published in Anaesthesia (a journal of the Association of Anaesthetists) shows that intensive care morality from COVID-19 has continued to fall since the start of the pandemic, but the improvement is slowing and may have plateaued. (2021-02-01)

Naltrexone use decreases the risk of hospitalization in persons with alcohol use disorder
Naltrexone, used either alone or together with disulfiram or acamprosate, is associated with a decreased risk of hospitalization due to alcohol use disorder (AUD) when compared with non-use of AUD drugs, a new register-based study shows. (2021-01-17)

US fishing and seafood industries saw broad declines last summer due to COVID-19
The US fishing and seafood sector years generated more than $200 billion in annual sales and supported 1.7 million jobs in recent years. It experienced broad declines in 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 public health crisis, according to a new NOAA Fisheries analysis released today. (2021-01-15)

Effects of head trauma from intimate partner violence largely unrecognized
Carrie Esopenko, assistant professor at the Rutgers School of Health Professions, speaks on new international effort to understand ramifications of concussions and head and neck injuries sustained due to intimate partner violence. (2021-01-14)

How effective are educational support programs for children with cancer?
As children undergo treatment for cancer, they may miss school and risk falling behind in their education. An analysis published in Pyscho-Oncology has examined the educational support programs provided to children with cancer. (2021-01-06)

Electrochemical oxygen evolution on Hf2B2Ir5 electrode material
Electrochemical oxygen evolution on Hf2B2Ir5 electrode material. (2020-11-11)

New analysis finds lung cancer screening reduces rates of lung cancer-specific death
Low-dose CT screening methods may prevent one death per 250 at-risk adults screened, according to a meta-analysis of eight randomized controlled clinical trials of lung cancer screening. Researchers at the University of Georgia analyzed the health outcomes of 90,275 patients, comparing those who were screened versus those who received usual medical care or chest x-rays. (2020-11-10)

Does classroom indoor environmental quality affect teaching and learning?
What impact does a classroom's indoor environment have on teaching, learning, and students' academic achievement in colleges and universities? This is the question researchers set out to answer in their analysis of all relevant published studies. (2020-10-21)

Study: Death counts fail to capture full mortality effects of COVID-19
A study published in the Journal of Public Health finds that for each person in the U.S. who died after contracting COVID-19, an average of nearly 10 years of life had been lost. Researchers claim ''years of life lost'' is a more insightful measure than death count since it accounts for the ages of the deceased. (2020-09-23)

Discovered: New resistance gene to devastating potato disease that caused Irish Famine
In a recent collaboration between the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and the James Hutton institute, scientists identified a diploid wild potato with a high resistance to Phytophthora infestans. They discovered novel R genes in this potato using dRenSeq analysis, and further transcriptional analysis revealed the essential role of multiple signal transduction pathways and secondary metabolic pathways in plant immunity in the wild potato. (2020-09-21)

Targeting 'cost-effective zones' to protect global biodiversity could help balance conservation goals and political priorities
Scientists have identified regions of land around the world with both high conservation value and low levels of human impact. These cost-effective zones (CEZs) - only 24% of which are currently covered by protected areas - could be incorporated into a post-2020 international biodiversity framework that balances conservation imperatives with political. (2020-09-09)

Lockdown did not reduce "most harmful" type of air pollution in Scotland
The significant reduction in vehicle journeys during the COVID-19 lockdown did not reduce the level of toxic fine particles in Scotland's air, according to experts at the University of Stirling. (2020-09-08)

Global deaths due to smokeless tobacco are up by a third, according to new study
The number of deaths globally due to smokeless tobacco has gone up by a third in 7 years to an estimated 350,000 people, a new study suggests. (2020-08-13)

HPV strains may impact cervical cancer prognosis
An analysis of cervical cancers in Ugandan women has uncovered significant genomic differences between tumours caused by different strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), signifying HPV type may impact cervical cancer characteristics and prognosis. (2020-08-10)

Study suggests overall COVID-19 intensive care mortality has fallen by a third since the start of the pandemic
A systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies from three continents published in the journal Anaesthesia (a journal of the Association of Anaesthetists) shows that overall mortality of COVID-19 patients in intensive care units (ICUs) has fallen from almost 60% at the end of March to 42% at the end of May -- a relative decrease of almost one third. (2020-07-15)

Mortality rates higher following kidney injury, University of Cincinnati research finds
New research from the University of Cincinnati shows kidney failure resulting from acute kidney injury leads to a higher risk of death in the first six months compared to kidney failure from diabetes or other causes. The study highlights the need for developing treatment strategies targeting factors that enhance kidney recovery. (2020-06-19)

Study settles the score on whether the modern world is less violent
A study, by mathematicians at the University of York, has used new techniques to address the long-running debate over whether battle deaths have been declining globally since the end of the Second World War. (2020-06-16)

An analysis of psychological meta-analyses reveals a reproducibility problem
Meta-analysis research studies in psychology aren't always reproducible due to a lack of transparency of reporting in the meta-analysis process, according to a new study published May 27, 2020, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Esther Maassen of Tilburg University, the Netherlands, and colleagues. (2020-05-27)

New research shows that increasing number of lost pregnancies is linked to higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that the higher the number of pregnancy losses a woman has, the higher her risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The study is by Dr. Pia Egerup, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark, and colleagues. (2020-05-20)

Growing mountains or shifting ground: What is going on in Earth's inner core?
Exhaustive seismic data from repeating earthquakes and new data-processing methods have yielded the best evidence yet that the Earth's inner core is rotating - revealing a better understanding of the hotly debated processes that control the planet's magnetic field. (2020-05-12)

Green tea may help with weight loss efforts
In an analysis published in Phytotherapy Research of randomized controlled trials, individuals who consumed green tea experienced a significant decline in body weight and body mass index. (2020-05-06)

Work-related PTSD in nurses
A recent Journal of Clinical Nursing analysis of published studies examined the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among nurses and identified factors associated with work-related PTSD among nurses. (2020-05-06)

Exploring why males are larger than females among mammals
In most animals, females are larger than males, but in most mammals, males are larger than females. A new analysis published in Mammal Review examines the potential drivers of these differences. (2020-04-08)

Rise in global deaths and disability due to lung diseases over past three decades
There has been an increase in deaths and disability due to chronic respiratory (lung) diseases over the past three decades, finds an analysis of data from 195 countries published by The BMJ today. (2020-02-19)

Scientists identify new genetic drivers of cancer
Analysis of whole cancer genomes gives key insights into the role of the non-coding genome in cancer. (2020-02-05)

Does inflammatory bowel disease carry certain risks during pregnancy?
Pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are more likely to undergo delivery by Caesarean section and face certain risks during pregnancy, according to an analysis published in Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics. (2020-01-08)

SUTD and collaborators developed novel methodology to predict spinal fractures in patients
SUTD-led research enables more accurate patient-specific analysis of spinal fractures in a non-invasive manner, providing timely opportunities for early treatment. (2019-12-19)

Trends in Alzheimer's disease diagnoses across the United States
A recent analysis published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society offers estimates of the changes in incidence of Alzheimer's disease in the United States, confirming previous reports of a declining trend. (2019-12-04)

Gallium-based solvating agent efficiently analyzes optically active alcohols
A KAIST research team has developed a gallium-based metal complex enabling the rapid chiral analysis of alcohols. A team working under Professor Hyunwoo Kim reported the efficient new alcohol analysis method using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in iScience. (2019-11-14)

Scientists develop method to standardize genetic data analysis
MIPT researchers have collaborated with Atlas Biomedical Holding and developed a new bioinformatics data analysis method. The developed program, EphaGen, can be used for quality control when diagnosing genetic diseases. (2019-11-08)

Is there evidence of the 'immigrant health paradox' among Arab Americans?
In a study published in the Journal of American Public Health, researchers find little evidence of the 'immigrant health paradox' among Arab American immigrants living in California. Lead author Nadia Abuelezam of Boston College says there is a need to intentionally collect ethnicity and racial data on Arab immigrants in order to better understand their health. (2019-10-17)

Non-pharmacologic treatments may be more effective for psychiatric symptoms of dementia
A systematic review and meta-analysis, led by St. Michael's Hospital of Unity Health Toronto and the University of Calgary, suggests outdoor activities were more clinically effective than anti-psychotic medication for treating physical aggression in patients with dementia. For patients with physical agitation, massage and touch therapy were more efficacious than usual care or caregiver support. (2019-10-14)

Large meta-analysis links IVF to higher gestational diabetes risk
Women who give birth to singleton babies following assisted reproductive technologies including vitro fertilisation (IVF) are at greater risk of developing gestational diabetes than those who conceive naturally, according to a meta-analysis involving over almost 2 million singleton pregnancies. (2019-09-18)

The danger of heat and cold across Australia
Cold temperatures are not nearly as deadly as heat, with around 2% of all deaths in Australia related to heat, according to new research from the University of Technology Sydney. (2019-09-10)

Medication adherence may affect risk of hospitalization and early death
A recent analysis of published studies examined the clinical consequences of medication adherence. The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology analysis found that medication adherence is linked with lower risks of needing to be hospitalized and of dying early. (2019-09-05)

New study confirms protective effect of diabetes drugs against kidney failure
A new meta-analysis published in Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology has found that SGLT2 inhibitors can reduce the risk of dialysis, transplantation, or death due to kidney disease in people with type 2 diabetes. (2019-09-05)

A global assessment of Earth's early anthropogenic transformation
A global archaeological assessment of ancient land use reveals that prehistoric human activity had already substantially transformed the ecology of Earth by 3,000 years ago, even before intensive farming and the domestication of plants and animals. (2019-08-29)

Development of simplified new mass spectrometric technique using laser and graphene
DGIST Research Fellow Jae Young Kim and Chair-professor Dae Won Moon's team developed a mass spectrometric technology using graphene substrate and continuous wave laser without complex sample preparation. Expected to be used for precise medical diagnosis and surgery with easy high-resolution analysis image processing. (2019-08-09)

Warming climate intensifes summer drought in parts of US, study finds
Researchers using climate data from before and after the Industrial Revolution found that in regions with low soil moisture, higher temperatures brought about by climate change led to a 'coupling' of land and atmosphere, which increased the severity of heatwaves. (2019-07-15)

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