Current Application News and Events

Current Application News and Events, Application News Articles.
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Efficiency limits of next-generation hybrid photovoltaic-thermal solar technology
Spectral-splitting hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (SSPVT) technology has emerged as a promising route toward high-performance solar harvesting. In this research, scientists have developed a comprehensive framework for modelling SSPVT solar collectors. The framework can be used to determine the efficiency limits of such collectors and to indicate how these limits can be approached through the selection of optimal designs and materials. This work promotes and provides guidance to the design, development and deployment of next-generation solar systems. (2021-02-08)

The application Radar COVID detects twice as many contacts as the manual tracing system
The application Radar COVID detects twice as many close contacts of people infected with the virus SARS-Cov2 as the manual tracing system. This is the conclusion of the first scientific study that was carried out to assess the application in a trial carried out last summer on the island of La Gomera in the Canary Islands (Spain). The results have been published in the scientific journal Nature Communications. (2021-01-31)

Deadly, emergent cancer becoming endemic in Tasmanian devils, reducing extinction threat
An emergent transmissible cancer that once threatened Tasmanian devils with extinction appears to be transitioning to a state of endemism, researchers report. (2020-12-10)

Remote control of heat nanosources motion and thermal-induced fluid flows by using light forces
The application of light for simultaneous heating and controlled motion of nano-objects is a great challenge in nanotechnology and science. Scientists from Spain have demonstrated the transport of hot nanoparticles remotely controlled on demand via engineered optical propulsion forces provided by freestyle laser traps. Moreover, they have discovered that the associated thermal-induced fluid flows can be also controlled by this way. This achievement paves a way for further development of micro-robotic optofluidic tools. (2020-11-22)

CCNY & partners in quantum algorithm breakthrough
Researchers led by City College of New York physicist Pouyan Ghaemi report the development of a quantum algorithm with the potential to study a class of many-electron quantums system using quantum computers. Their paper, entitled ''Creating and Manipulating a Laughlin-Type ν=1/3 Fractional Quantum Hall State on a Quantum Computer with Linear Depth Circuits,'' appears in the December issue of PRX Quantum, a journal of the American Physical Society. (2020-11-13)

Mobile smartphone technology is associated with better clinical outcomes for OHCA
Mobile smartphone technology can accelerate first responder dispatch and may be instrumental to improving out?of?hospital cardiac arrest (OCHA) survival. (2020-10-30)

210Pb dating of marine sedimentary cores
Fourteen laboratories participated in this interlaboratory comparison exercise (ILC). The results indicated good analytical performance by the participating laboratories, but the results of the 210Pb dating did not reach the desired level of satisfaction. (2020-10-05)

Corn farmers can apply a fungicide just once to protect against foliar diseases
'Our findings suggest that Kentucky corn growers likely can rely on a more cost-effective single fungicide application at R1 for foliar disease management and improve return on fungicide investment rather than making multiple applications at different times,' said Bradley. (2020-10-05)

Talc and petroleum jelly among the best lubricants for people wearing PPE
Talcum powder, a coconut oil-cocoa butter beeswax mixture, and petroleum jelly provide the best skin protection for long-term PPE use, say scientists. (2020-09-24)

Char application restores soil carbon and productivity
After two years of char application, researchers find increased soil Carbon, magnesium, and sodium concentrations. (2020-08-27)

Unconventional farming methods could help smallholders fight back against climate change
New research from Ghana shows less popular methods of biochar application are more effective in promoting cowpea growth and yield. Cowpea is widely cultivated in sub-Saharan Africa and in warm regions around the world. The crop is an important source of human food, livestock feed, and green manure, and generates income for smallholder farmers. It is valued for its ability to boost soil fertility by fixing nitrogen. (2020-08-24)

A new iron based superelastic alloy capable of withstanding extreme temperatures
Researchers from Tohoku University's Graduate School of Engineering have discovered a novel iron-based superelastic alloy (SEA) capable of withstanding extreme temperatures--both high and low. (2020-08-20)

Applying machine learning to biomedical science
Dr Pengyi Yang and colleagues from the University of Sydney have brought together the latest developments in applications of machine learning in biomedical science, showing that new techniques are combining ensemble methods with deep learning, with potential applications in cancer research and better understanding viruses. (2020-08-17)

Un-natural mRNAs modified with sulfur atoms boost efficient protein synthesis
A group of Japanese scientists has succeeded in the development of modified messenger RNAs (mRNAs) that contain sulfur atoms in the place of oxygen atoms of phosphate moieties of natural mRNAs. They discovered that modified mRNAs accelerated the initiation step of the translation reactions and improved efficiency of protein synthesis by at least 20 times compared with that using natural-form mRNAs. (2020-07-16)

Putting zinc on bread wheat leaves
Applying zinc to the leaves of bread wheat can increase wheat grain zinc concentrations and improve its nutritional content. (2020-07-02)

Reliable, High-speed MTJ Technology for 1X nm STT-MRAM and NV-Logic Has Wide Applications
Professor Tetsuo Endoh, leading a group of researchers at Tohoku University, has announced the development of an MTJ (Magnetic Tunnel Junction) with 10 ns high-speed write operation, sufficient endurance (>1011), and with highly reliable data retention over 10 years at 1X nm size. Realizing a 1X nm STT-MRAM (Spin Transfer Torque-Magnetoresistive Random Access Memory) and NV(Non-Volatile)-Logic has wide application to a variety of fields. (2020-06-16)

Deep learning: A new engine for ecological resource research
Deep learning is driven by big data, which brings new opportunities for target classification, detection, semantic segmentation, instance segmentation, and regression in ecological resource research. However, there are still great challenges in the standardization and sharing of data, the universality and interpretability of algorithms, and the enrichment and intelligence of applications. A recent study clarified the aforementioned frontier issues, which was published in the 'Science China Terrae' journal. (2020-05-21)

Patients prefer their consent to share their data and to manage it digitally
Patients with diabetes often have to see many different stakeholders who each specialize in different aspects of their treatment. Researchers from WMG, University of Warwick surveyed patients on their understanding of how their data was shared, and found they would prefer to have it shared digitally using the Dovetail Digital consent application. (2020-05-14)

Noble metal aerogels enabled by freezing
TU Dresden chemists developed a freeze-thaw method, capable of synthesising various noble metal aerogels (NMAs) with clean surfaces and multiscale structure. In virtue of their hierarchical structures and unique optical properties, outstanding performance for electro-oxidation of ethanol is found. The research provides new ideas for designing various gel or foam materials for high-performance electrocatalysis and photoelectrocatalysis. (2020-05-13)

A pioneering study into the description of the architecture of a new standard for telecommunications
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a United Nations Organization agency commissioned to regulate international telecommunications between different operating administrations and businesses. Pursuant to specific recommendations by this organization, on 1 July, standard Y.3172, an architecture for machine learning in future networks (5G and beyond), was approved for telecommunications networks. (2020-05-08)

How does nitrogen dynamics affect carbon and water budgets in China?
Scientists investigate how nitrogen dynamics affects carbon and water budgets in China by incorporating the terrestrial nitrogen cycle into the Noah Land Surface Model. (2020-05-06)

Green chemistry approaches to the synthesis of coumarin derivatives
Coumarin derivatives (coumarins) are a class of compounds with a wide range of biological activities, which have found their application in medicine, pharmacology, cosmetics and food industry. Therefore, many researchers have been performing the synthesis of coumarin derivatives on a daily basis. Green chemistry methods include the use of ultrasound and microwaves, ionic liquids and deep eutectic solvents, solvent-free synthesis, mechanosynthesis and multicomponent reactions. (2020-04-20)

New 'brick' for nanotechnology: Graphene Nanomesh
Researchers at Japan advanced institute of science and technology (JAIST) successfully fabricated suspended graphene nanomesh (GNM) by using the focused helium ion beam technology. The 2D array of 6nm diameter nanopores were patterned on a large-area suspended graphene uniformly. By systematically controlling the pitch from 15 nm to 50 nm, a series of stable GNM devices were achieved. This technology provides a new approach to explore nanoscale thermal engineering, advanced sensing, and quantum technology. (2020-04-20)

Teaming basic scientists with clinicians may improve medical education retention
There is a trend in modern medical school curriculum design to integrate the basic sciences and clinical sciences. Integrating basic science education with its clinical application from the initial stages of learning is thought to improve retention of information and facilitate the transfer of knowledge to the clinical setting. (2020-03-04)

Optimizing use of the 'hug hormone' to help those with social difficulties
New research has provided important insight into how oxytocin could be administered in a more targeted and effective way to help treat social problems that occur in a range of psychiatric disorders. (2020-03-03)

Active droplets
Using a mixture of oil droplets and hydrogel, medical active agents can be not only precisely dosed, but also continuously administered over periods of up to several days. The active agents inside the droplets are released at a constant rate, decreasing the risk of over- or underdosage. (2020-02-20)

Using voice analysis to track the wellness of patients with mental illness
A new study finds that an interactive voice application using artificial intelligence is as accurate at tracking the wellbeing of patients being treated for serious mental illness as their own physicians. (2020-01-15)

Magnetic skin ensures the force is with you
A magnetic skin that is safe and comfortable to wear could open the door to a wide range of wireless, remotely controlled applications. (2019-11-12)

Research suggests fumigants have very low long-term impact on soil health
It started with curiosity. How does a fumigant, commonly used for nematode management in potato cropping systems, influence soil microbial communities? To explore this question, scientists at Colorado State University and Oregon State University used high-throughput sequencing techniques to investigate changes in soil bacterial and fungal community structure in response to the application of 1,3-Dichloropropene (1,3-D) in Pacific Northwest potato production fields. Their research found that the fumigant had very minor effects. (2019-11-07)

Text-based nudges to high school seniors boost financial aid filing, college enrollment
High school seniors who receive texted reminders -- or 'nudges' -- from their school counselors are 17% more likely to complete the college financial aid application process and 8% more likely to enroll in college directly after graduating. (2019-10-29)

Land management practices to reduce nitrogen load may be affected by climate changes
Nitrogen from agricultural production is a major cause of pollution in the Mississippi River Basin and contributes to large dead zones in the Gulf of Mexico. Illinois and other Midwestern states have set goals to reduce nitrogen load through strategies that include different land management practices. A new study from University of Illinois researchers, published in Journal of Environmental Management, uses computer modeling to estimate how those practices may be affected by potential changes in the climate, such as increased rainfall. (2019-10-18)

Modeling a model nanoparticle
New research from the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering introduces the first universal adsorption model that accounts for detailed nanoparticle structural characteristics, metal composition and different adsorbates, making it possible to not only predict adsorption behavior on any metal nanoparticles but screen their stability, as well. (2019-09-18)

Researchers develop custom data collection system to improve health disparity research
Rutgers researchers develop innovative web-based data collection and management system that addresses linguistic and cultural barriers for researching minority populations. (2019-09-09)

Lifestyle counselling and mobile application helped people change their lifestyle habits
'The wife urged me to come' -- Finnish StopDia study yielded promising preliminary results in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. (2019-08-20)

The case of the poisoned songbirds
Researchers from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife's Wildlife Investigations Laboratory present their results from a toxicological investigation into a mortality event involving songbirds in a new publication in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. (2019-06-26)

New application can detect Twitter bots in any language
Thanks to fruitful collaboration between language scholars and machine learning specialists, a new application developed by researchers at the University of Eastern Finland and Linnaeus University in Sweden can detect Twitter bots independent of the language used. (2019-06-13)

Bacteria causing infections can be detected more rapidly
Prof. Young-Tae Chang, Dr. Nam Young Kang, Dr. Hwa-Young Kwon, and Xiao Liu of POSTECH Department of Chemistry developed a fluorescent probe, BacGo that can detect Gram-positive bacteria precisely and promptly. They published their research on the most renowned journal of the field of chemistry, Angewandte Chemie. The research team used bacterial sludge from wastewater for the demonstration experiment. They successfully monitored the proportion of bacteria in the process of wastewater treatment and confirmed the possible application to clinical diagnosis of keratitis. (2019-05-06)

Improving the lifetime of bioelectrodes for solar energy conversion
The use of proteins involved in the photosynthetic process enables the development of affordable and efficient devices for energy conversion. However, although proteins such as photosystem I are robust in nature, the use of isolated protein complexes incorporated in semi-artificial electrodes is associated with a considerably short long-term stability. Thus, technological application is still limited. Researchers showed that careful operation of the photosystem-based bioelectrode under the exclusion of oxygen is the key for achieving high stability. (2019-04-26)

How cortisol affects exposure therapy for anxiety disorders
Bochum-based psychologists have studied how the application of the stress hormone cortisol affects exposure therapy for anxiety disorders. The researchers knew from earlier studies that extinction learning, which constitutes the foundation of exposure therapy, can be reinforced by administering cortisol. However, the team has demonstrated with a group of arachnophobics that an application of cortisol after exposure is not beneficial for the patients. (2019-04-25)

Applying hand rub with three steps for 15 seconds as effective at reducing bacteria as WHO-recommended 6 steps for 30 seconds
A shortened 15-second application time and a simpler three-step technique for use of alcohol-based hand rub is as effective in reducing bacteria as the 30-second application and six-step technique recommended by WHO, and could improve hand hygiene compliance. (2019-04-14)

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