Current April News and Events

Current April News and Events, April News Articles.
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Rich nations see virus rates fall quicker -- study
Richer countries were more likely to see rates of COVID-19 fall faster during the first wave of the pandemic, according to new research published in the journal Frontiers in Public Health. (2021-02-18)

Vanderbilt researchers discover strong correlation between partisanship and social mobility during COVID-19 pandemic
According to many medical experts, reduced social mobility - defined here as social contact and travel within and among communities - is a necessary factor to contain the spread of COVID-19. (2020-12-11)

Central Europe: dry Aprils pave the way for summer droughts
In the past 20 years, Central Europe has experienced six summer heat waves and droughts. Until now, however, it was unclear what factors led to these extreme events. (2020-12-07)

COVID-19: Fall in cancer drug treatment rose quickly following 'rapid' NHS guidance
The number of patients starting anticancer therapies dropped by more than 30 per cent in April, the month following the UK's first COVID-19 lockdown, but went above pre-pandemic levels within three months, finds a new study of NHS England data co-led by UCL researchers. (2020-11-27)

Controversy continues over '13 Reasons Why' and adolescent suicide
A new pair of commentaries in PLOS ONE debate a reanalysis of data concerning adolescent suicide and the Netflix series ''13 Reasons Why.'' Although a 2019 study found a contagion effect among boys, an Annenberg Public Policy Center reanalysis concluded that, to the contrary, the series had no clear effect. The author of the reanalysis stands by his work. (2020-11-18)

Health care use drops during pandemic; switch to telemedicine creates disparities
One of the first studies to quantify the cuts in elective medical care experienced in March and April found that the number of mammograms and colonoscopies dropped by more than 65% during the period. Lower rates of telemedicine use were observed among patients who reside in lower-income or predominately non-white zip codes. (2020-11-05)

COVID: women are less likely to put themselves in danger
Women's attitudes and behaviors may have contributed to their reduced vulnerability and mortality. A survey conducted in 8 OECD countries shows that they consider the Coronavirus a more serious problem than men, are more likely to approve health policies and less likely to disregard them (2020-10-16)

US study shows decline in viral load of patients with COVID-19 as pandemic progressed
A US study from the city of Detroit, presented at this week's ESCMID Conference on Coronavirus Disease (ECCMID, online 23-25 September) shows that the initial SARS-CoV-2 viral load in nasopharyngeal samples has been decreasing as the pandemic progressed. The authors also observed that the decline in viral load was associated with a decrease in death rate. (2020-09-23)

Study suggests link between decreasing viral load and proportion of COVID-19 patients needing intensive care
New research presented at this week's ESCMID Conference on Coronavirus Disease (ECCVID, online 23-25 September) suggests that, as lockdown took effect and case numbers dropped, the amount of virus patients were exposed to (viral load) fell, and this could be linked to lower proportions of patients requiring intensive care and dying. (2020-09-23)

US adults experienced increased COVID-19-related mental health challenges as the pandemic unfolded
US adults increasingly experienced symptoms associated with acute stress and depression as COVID-19 cases and deaths skyrocketed between mid-March and mid-April 2020, according to a study of more than 6,500 people from three large, nationally representative cohorts. These (2020-09-18)

Environment: Removing marine plastic litter is costly for small island states
Removing all of the plastic litter from the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Aldabra Atoll -- a ring of islands formed from coral reef in the Seychelles -- would cost US $4.68 million and require 18,000 hours of labour, according to a study in Scientific Reports. The findings highlight the economic cost of marine plastic litter to small island states. (2020-09-10)

US hospital admissions for stroke fell by almost a third during lockdown
Almost a third fewer cases of stroke and mini-stroke (TIA) were seen in US hospitals during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic between March and April this year compared to the same time in 2019, finds research published in the journal Stroke and Vascular Neurology. (2020-08-26)

Nursing home study suggests dialysis patients at greater risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection
It's widely known that the causative agent for COVID-19, the SARS-CoV-2 virus, can spread rapidly among residents in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities, leading to high numbers of cases and deaths in a very vulnerable population. According to a new study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine, residents receiving hemodialysis for chronic kidney disease may be at even greater risk for infection from the virus. (2020-08-25)

SARS-CoV-2 RNA detected in untreated wastewater from Louisiana
A group of scientists have detected genetic material from SARS-CoV-2 in untreated wastewater samples collected in April 2020 from two wastewater treatment plants in Louisiana, USA. (2020-08-25)

One in 10 Tennessee families were food insufficient during early months of COVID-19
The latest research from the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture indicates that during late April and early May 2020, approximately 525,000 Tennessee households were food insufficient, meaning they sometimes or often did not have enough to eat - that's one in 10 families. About 30% of these struggling households were food sufficient prior to the onset of the pandemic. (2020-08-19)

Stay-at-home orders significantly associated with reduced spread of COVID-19, study finds
As COVID-19 swept across the nation, most states went into lockdown -- new research and state-by-state data suggests that stay-at-home orders helped slow the pandemic significantly. (2020-08-12)

Credible assumptions replace missing data in COVID analysis
How contagious is COVID-19, and how severe is the virus for those who've caught it? (2020-08-06)

Emergency Department visits plunged as COVID-19 cases climbed, Yale study finds
A new study from researchers at Yale and the Mayo Clinic found that emergency department (ED) visits dropped significantly in March as the public responded to messages about staying home as a result of the pandemic. (2020-08-03)

Work absences in April highest on record, suggesting under-count of COVID cases: New study
In April, more than 2 million jobholders were out sick from work, the highest number since at least 1976, and more than double the rate from mid-April 2019, according to a study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine. The surge in absences was largest for immigrant workers, whose absence rate rose almost five-fold from 12 months earlier, when their absenteeism rate had been 37% lower than that of U.S.- born jobholders. (2020-07-27)

Individuals physically distanced before state mandates, slowing COVID-19 spread
Residents in all 25 of the US counties hardest hit by COVID-19 began to limit their public movements six to 29 days before states implemented stay-at-home orders, according to Johns Hopkins University researchers. (2020-07-01)

Survey finds large increase in psychological distress reported among US adults during the COVID-19 pandemic
A new survey conducted by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health during the COVID-19 pandemic found a more-than-threefold increase in the percentage of US adults who reported symptoms of psychological distress -- from 3.9% in 2018 to 13.6% in April 2020. (2020-06-03)

Human lifelong immunity depends on APRIL
Researchers from Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) identified the protein APRIL as a key regulator of plasmacyte maintenance and immunoglobulin production in humans. They showed in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency and a mutation in the gene encoding APRIL that a lack of APRIL reduces levels of plasmacytes and immunoglobulins. These findings help us understand how APRIL regulates the immune system and suggest the novel treatment by recombinant APRIL for immunodeficient conditions. (2020-06-01)

Study shows domestic violence reports on the rise as COVID-19 keeps people at home
A UCLA-led research team has found an increase in domestic violence reports in Los Angeles and Indianapolis since the stay-at-home restrictions were implemented in March. The scholars, who are leaders in applying mathematics to interpret and make sense of police crime data, predict the incidence should gradually decrease as people return to normal routines, but would likely increase again if there is a second wave of COVID-19 infections that prompts new stay-at-home orders. (2020-05-27)

COVID-19 puts brakes on global emissions
Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel sources reached a maximum daily decline of 17 per cent in April as a result of drastic decline in energy demand that have occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic. (2020-05-19)

COVID-19 death counts 'substantial underestimation' of actual deaths for some Italian regions
Official COVID-19 death counts are likely to be a 'substantial underestimation' of the actual number of deaths from the disease, at least for some Italian regions, concludes a study published by The BMJ today. (2020-05-14)

A new way to accurately estimate COVID-19 death toll
A Rutgers engineer has created a mathematical model that accurately estimates the death toll linked to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and could be used around the world. (2020-04-30)

Wake Forest Baptist shares key elements needed in setting up designated COVID-19 unit
In an effort to rapidly provide specialized care for patients with coronavirus-like symptoms while protecting the safety of health care workers, doctors at Wake Forest Baptist Health created a special respiratory isolation unit from an existing 24-bed medical-surgical unit in the hospital in Winston-Salem. (2020-04-30)

Hubble watches comet ATLAS disintegrate into more than 2 dozen pieces
These two Hubble Space Telescope images of comet C/2019 Y4 (ATLAS), taken on April 20 and 23, 2020, provide the sharpest views yet of the breakup of the fragile comet. (2020-04-28)

NASA catches formation and final fate of Eastern Pacific's Tropical Depression 1E
The Eastern Pacific Ocean's hurricane season may not officially start until mid-May, but the first tropical cyclone of the season formed over the weekend of April 25 and 26. NASA's Aqua satellite provided an infrared look at the small depression when it was at its peak and before it became post-tropical. (2020-04-27)

NASA finds Tropical Storm Jeruto's displaced rainfall
NASA analyzed weakening Tropical Storm Jeruto's rainfall and found one small area of moderate rainfall displaced from the center, because of strong wind shear. (2020-04-16)

NASA finds Tropical Storm Jeruto develop in Southern Indian Ocean
The latest tropical cyclone to develop in the Southern Indian Ocean is no threat to land areas. NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided forecasters with a visible image of Tropical Storm Jeruto on April 15, 2020. (2020-04-15)

NASA observes rainfall from tornado-spawning storms in the southern US
For two days in mid-April, severe storms raced through the southern U.S. and NASA created an animation using satellite data to show the movement and strength of those storms. (2020-04-15)

Extra-tropical Cyclone Harold caught by NASA's Terra Satellite
NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Southern Pacific Ocean and captured a visible image of extra-tropical cyclone Harold. (2020-04-10)

NASA finds very heavy rainfall in major tropical cyclone Harold
On April 8, Tropical Cyclone Harold is a major hurricane, a Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, as it exits Fiji and heads toward the island of Tonga. NASA used satellite data to calculate the rainfall generated by this powerful and destructive storm in the Southern Pacific Ocean. (2020-04-08)

NASA finds Tropical Cyclone Harold between Vanuatu and Fiji
Tropical Cyclone Harold brought heavy rains and hurricane-force winds to Vanuatu and was moving toward Fiji when NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided forecasters with an image of the storm. (2020-04-07)

NASA sees tropical cyclone Irondro developing an eye
As Tropical Cyclone Irondro continues to move through the Southern Indian Ocean, NASA's Terra satellite saw the storm developing an eye as it continued to intensify. (2020-04-03)

NASA-NOAA satellite catches Tropical Cyclone Harold develop near Solomon Islands
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the Southern Pacific Ocean and provided forecasters with a visible image of newly formed Tropical Cyclone Harold. Harold formed near the Solomon Islands and now threatens Vanuatu, which has already issued some warnings. (2020-04-03)

Scientists find a fluctuating rising trend of open agricultural straw burning in Northeast China
Open biomass burning (OBB) has a significant impact on regional air quality, especially on the heavy haze pollution in Northeast China (NEC) in recent years. Recent research published in Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters provides scholars and decision-makers with a more comprehensive and long-term analysis of the spatiotemporal patterns of OBB in NEC. (2020-04-02)

Covid-19 deaths in Italian hospitals are today increasing at maximum rate and significant numbers will continue to die until at least mid-April
A new report on Covid-19 data up to March 30 from Italy, prepared by an Italian expert for the European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA), says that the number of daily deaths in Italian hospitals is today still accelerating at the maximum rate, and significant numbers of deaths in hospital are likely to continue until at least mid-April and could go on until early June. (2020-03-31)

Patients at risk because NHS hospitals using different record-keeping systems
A major survey of medical record keeping in the NHS has revealed critical deficiencies that could risk patients' safety. (2019-12-05)

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