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Current Archaeologist News and Events, Archaeologist News Articles.
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Rock art: Life-sized sculptures of dromedaries found in Saudi Arabia
At a remarkable site in northwest Saudi Arabia, a CNRS archaeologist and colleagues from the Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage have discovered camelid sculptures unlike any others in the region. They are thought to date back to the first centuries BC or AD. The find sheds new light on the evolution of rock art in the Arabian Peninsula. (2018-02-13)

Redefining knowledge of elderly people throughout history
An archaeologist from The Australian National University is set to redefine what we know about elderly people in cultures throughout history, and dispel the myth that most people didn't live much past 40 prior to modern medicine. (2018-01-03)

Indonesian island found to be unusually rich in cave paintings
A tiny Indonesian island, previously unexplored by archaeologists, has been found to be unusually rich in ancient cave paintings following a study by researchers from The Australian National University (ANU). (2017-12-15)

ANU archaeologist finds world's oldest funereal fish hooks
An archaeologist from The Australian National University has uncovered the world's oldest known fish-hooks placed in a burial ritual, found on Indonesia's Alor Island, northwest of East Timor. (2017-12-14)

Research team quantifies blind spots on the protein maps
While researchers already know what the DNA-blueprints look like for most proteins, they do not know what many of these proteins actually do in the body. An interdisciplinary team composed of experimental and computational scientists from the University of Luxembourg has now systematically quantified and characterized the extent of this knowledge gap. An unprecedented effort has been directed towards predicting more specifically how many, among the proteins of unknown function, are enzymes. (2017-12-04)

Scandinavia's earliest farmers exchanged terminology with Indo-Europeans
5,000 years ago, the Yamnaya culture migrated into Europe from the Caspian steppe. In addition to innovations such as the wagon and dairy production, they brought a new language -- Indo-European -- that replaced most local languages the following millennia. But local cultures also influenced the new language, particularly in southern Scandinavia, where Neolithic farmers made lasting contributions to Indo-European vocabulary before their own language went extinct, new research shows. (2017-09-29)

Study sheds light on Neanderthal-Homo sapiens transition
Archaeologists at The Australian National University (ANU) and the University of Sydney have provided a window into one of the most exciting periods in human history -- the transition between Neanderthals and modern humans. (2017-06-13)

Why was a teenager with bone cancer buried on Witch Hill in Panama?
Likely the first bone tumor from an ancient skeleton in Central America is reported by Smithsonian archaeologists and colleagues. The starburst-shaped tumor is in the upper right arm of the skeleton of an adolescent buried in about 1300 AD in a trash heap at a site in western Panama called Cerro Brujo or Witch Hill. The reason for what appears to be a ritual burial in this abandoned pre-Colombian settlement is unknown. (2017-06-01)

FAU archaeologist involved in groundbreaking discovery of early human life in ancient Peru
A-tisket, a-tasket. You can tell a lot from a basket. Especially if it's from ancient ruins of a civilization inhabited by humans 15,000 years ago. An archaeologist is among the team who made a groundbreaking discovery in coastal Peru -- home to one of the earliest pyramids in South America. Thousands of artifacts, including elaborate hand-woven baskets, show that early humans in that region were a lot more advanced than originally thought and had very complex social networks. (2017-05-24)

400,000-year-old fossil human cranium is oldest ever found in Portugal
A large international research team, directed by the Portuguese archaeologist João Zilhão and including Binghamton University anthropologist Rolf Quam, has found the oldest fossil human cranium in Portugal, marking an important contribution to knowledge of human evolution during the middle Pleistocene in Europe and to the origin of the Neandertals. (2017-03-13)

University of South Carolina discovery of widespread platinum may help solve Clovis people mystery
No one knows for certain why the Clovis people and iconic beasts -- mastodon, mammoth and saber-toothed tiger -- living some 12,800 years ago suddenly disappeared. However, a discovery of widespread platinum at archaeological sites across the US by three UofSC archaeologists has provided an important clue in solving this enduring mystery. Their research findings are outlined in a new study released Thursday (March 9) in Scientific Reports, a publication of Nature. (2017-03-09)

Archaeologists find 12th Dead Sea Scrolls cave
Hebrew University archaeologists have found a cave that previously contained Dead Sea scrolls, which were looted in the middle of the 20th Century. Scholars suggest the cave should be numbered as Cave 12, along with the 11 caves previously known to have housed hidden Dead Sea scrolls. 'Finding this additional scroll cave means we can no longer be certain that the original locations assigned to the scrolls that reached the market via the Bedouins are accurate,' said Dr. Oren Gutfeld. (2017-02-08)

Archaeologists uncover new clues to Maya collapse
Using the largest set of radiocarbon dates ever obtained from a single Maya site, a team of archaeologists, led by the University of Arizona, developed a high-precision chronology that sheds new light on patterns leading up to the two major collapses of the Maya civilization. (2017-01-23)

Major Viking Age manor discovered at Birka, Sweden
For centuries it has been speculated where the manor of the royal bailiff of Birka, Herigar, might have been located. New geophysical results provide evidence of its location at Korshamn, outside the town rampart of the Viking Age proto-town Birka in Sweden. The results will be published in the international scientific journal Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt. (2017-01-19)

Archaeological excavation unearths evidence of turkey domestication 1,500 years ago
Archaeologists have unearthed a clutch of domesticated turkey eggs used as a ritual offering 1,500 years ago in Oaxaca, Mexico -- some of the earliest evidence of turkey domestication. (2016-11-21)

Early Pacific seafarers likely latched onto El Nino and other climate patterns
Climate patterns, including the El Nino Southern Oscillation, likely were known to long-ago Pacific Ocean seafarers and may have helped their exploration and settlement of islands in Remote Oceania, concludes a research team that included University of Oregon anthropologist Scott Fitzpatrick. (2016-10-27)

U of T Mississauga professor discovers new origins for farmed rice
Chew on this: rice farming is a far older practice than we knew. In fact, the oldest evidence of domesticated rice has just been found in China, and it's about 9,000 years old. (2016-06-22)

Professor Rina Talgam awarded the polonsky prize for her comprehensive examination of a millennium of mosaics
Prof. Rina Talgam, the Alice and Edward J. Winant Family Professor of Art History, in the History of Art Department in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Faculty of Humanities, has been following the intricate visual dialogues among Paganism, Judaism, Samaritanism, Christianity and Islam in the Holy Land from before the Roman Empire to after the Muslim conquests. (2016-06-07)

Underwater 'lost city' found to be geological formation
New research reveals how an underwater 'lost city' has been found to be a geological formation. The ancient underwater remains of what was thought to be a long lost Greek city, found close to the holiday island Zakynthos, were in fact created by a naturally occurring phenomenon up to five million years ago. (2016-06-02)

Ancient Irish musical history found in modern India
An archaeologist studying musical horns from iron-age Ireland has found musical traditions, thought to be long dead, are alive and well in south India. The realization that modern Indian horns are almost identical to many iron-age European artifacts reveals a rich cultural link between the two regions 2,000 years ago. (2016-05-13)

FAU student deciphers 'cave art'
The Mäanderhöhle cave near Bamberg was previously regarded as an archaeological sensation. It was thought to contain some of the oldest cave art in Germany. However, Julia Blumenröther, a former student at Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, has demonstrated in her Master's thesis that the markings discovered inside the cave in 2005 are not fertility symbols carved by humans as previously thought. In fact, these lines occurred as a result of natural processes, the archaeologist says. (2016-05-12)

World's oldest axe fragment found in Australia
Australian archaeologists have discovered a piece of the world's oldest axe in the remote Kimberley region of Western Australia. (2016-05-10)

Indonesian 'Hobbits' may have died out sooner than thought
An ancient species of pint-sized humans discovered in the tropics of Indonesia may have met their demise earlier than once believed, according to an international team of scientists who reinvestigated the original finding. Published in the journal Nature this week, the group challenges reports that these inhabitants of remote Flores island co-existed with modern humans for tens of thousands of years. (2016-03-30)

Text in lost language may reveal god or goddess worshipped by Etruscans at ancient temple
Archaeologists in Italy have discovered what may be a rare Etruscan sacred text likely to yield rich details about Etruscan worship and early beliefs of a lost culture fundamental to western traditions. The lengthy text is on a large 6th century sandstone slab uncovered from an Etruscan temple, said Gregory Warden, principal investigator of Mugello Valley Archaeological Project, which made the discovery, and professor emeritus, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, main sponsor of the project. (2016-03-29)

Internal dissension cited as reason for Cahokia's dissolution
Dr. Thomas E. Emerson and Dr. Kristin M. Hedman from the Illinois State Archaeological Survey-Prairie Research Institute at the University of Illinois present a new case for Cahokia's demise. The new theory was published in Southern Illinois University Press' volume, 'Beyond Collapse: Archaeological Perspectives on Resilience, Revitalization, and Transformation in Complex Societies.' Emerson and Hedman contributed a chapter that explores internal divisions that led to the collapse of Cahokia. (2016-02-23)

Drones for research: DePaul University archaeologist to explain UAV use at Fifa
The use of drones to document and monitor the Fifa landscape in Jordan for the past three years reveals that looting continues at the site, though at a measurably reduced pace, according to Morag M. Kersel, a DePaul University archaeologist. (2016-02-14)

VU archaeologists discover location of historic battle fought by Caesar in Dutch riverarea
Archaeologist Nico Roymans from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam announced a unique discovery: the location where the Roman general and statesman Julius Caesar massacred two Germanic tribes 55 BC. The location of this battle, which Caesar wrote about in detail in Book IV of his De Bello Gallico, was unknown to date. It is the earliest known battle on Dutch soil. The conclusions are based on a combination of historical, archaeological, and geochemical data. (2015-12-16)

Archaeologists piece together how crew survived 1813 shipwreck in Alaska
Working closely with the US Forest Service and the Sitka Tribe of Alaska, an international team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation has begun to piece together an archaeological and historical narrative of how the crew of the wrecked 19th century Russian-American Company sailing ship Neva survived the harsh subarctic winter. (2015-09-10)

Scientists reveal New Zealand's prehistoric wildlife sanctuaries
Prehistoric 'sanctuary' regions where New Zealand seabirds survived early human hunting have been documented by New Zealand and US scientists. The researchers reconstructed the population histories for prehistoric New Zealand shags using DNA analysis and radiocarbon dating with computer modelling. (2015-08-31)

Archaeologists use new methods to explore move from hunting, gathering to farming
Recent research by a team of archaeologists sheds new light on the variables that might have affected the human shift from hunting and gathering to food production. (2015-07-20)

UChicago anthropologist leads global effort to improve climate change models
Current climate models do not accurately account for humans' role in changing the environment, according to a UChicago-led team of international researchers embarking upon a project to help climate scientists better document land cover and use over the past 10,000 years. (2015-07-09)

Getting to the heart of the matter: CERN's hidden heritage
A nuclear physicist and an archaeologist at the University of York have joined forces to produce a unique appraisal of the cultural significance of one of the world's most important locations for scientific inquiry. (2015-06-08)

Archaeologists restore early Islamic caliph's palace on the shores of the Sea of Galilee
The Department of Ancient Studies at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz is to receive EUR 30,000 through the Cultural Preservation Program of the German Federal Foreign Office to help with the restoration of a caliph's palace on the shores of the Sea of Galilee. (2015-06-02)

Geological foundations for smart cities: Comparing early Rome and Naples
Geological knowledge is essential for the sustainable development of a 'smart city' -- one that harmonizes with the geology of its territory. Making a city 'smarter' means improving the management of its infrastructure and resources to meet the present and future needs of its citizens and businesses. In the May issue of GSA Today, geologist Donatella de Rita and classical archaeologist Chrystina Häuber explain this idea further by using early Rome and Naples as comparative examples. (2015-04-29)

Dive discovers missing aircraft hangar of sunken WW II-era Japanese submarine
A recent survey of newly discovered submarine wreck successfully located, mapped and captured on video for the first time not only the submarine's hangar and conning tower (navigation platform), and the submarine's bell. The massive aircraft hangar, large enough to launch three float-plane bombers, was the defining feature of the I-400. (2015-04-28)

Researchers use isotopic analysis to explore ancient Peruvian life
Through work conducted in Arizona State University's Archaeological Chemistry Laboratory, a team of bioarchaeologists and archaeologists have been able to study the diets of 14 individuals dating back almost 2,000 years. The findings were recently published in the Journal of Archaeological Science. (2015-02-13)

1.6 million euros from the DFG: Nok culture study enters its third round
The scientific team of the Institute for Archaeological Sciences, which has been researching the Nok culture in Nigeria since 2005, can continue its successful work: the German Research Foundation will support the total 12-year duration of the planned long-term project for another three years with 1.6 million euros. (2015-01-31)

Has one of Harald Bluetooth's fortresses come to light?
This was the first discovery of its kind in Denmark in over 60 years. Since then, archaeologists have been waiting impatiently for the results of the dating of the fortress. Now the first results are available. (2014-11-18)

Highest altitude archaeological sites in the world explored in the Peruvian Andes
Research conducted at the highest-altitude Pleistocene archaeological sites yet identified in the world sheds new light on the capacity of humans to survive in extreme environments. The findings, to be published in the Oct. 24 edition of the academic journal Science -- co-authored by a team of researchers including University of Calgary archaeologist Sonia Zarrillo -- were taken from sites in the Pucuncho Basin, located in the Southern Peruvian Andes. (2014-10-23)

Ancient human genome from southern Africa throws light on our origins
The skeleton of a man who lived 2,330 years ago in the southernmost tip of Africa tells us about ourselves as humans, and throws some light on our earliest common genetic ancestry. The man's genome was sequenced and shown to be one of the 'earliest diverged' -- oldest in genetic terms -- found to-date in a region where modern humans are believed to have originated roughly 200,000 years ago. (2014-09-29)

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