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Current Atlantic News and Events, Atlantic News Articles.
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Researchers from the UCA prove the existence of large accumulations of plastic in all of the oceans
Researchers from the University of Cadiz have made an unprecedented discovery: they have shown that there are five large accumulations of plastic debris in the open oceans, coinciding with the five main ocean gyres in the surface waters of the ocean. As well as the well-known accumulation of plastic rubbish in the North Pacific, these experts have proven the existence of similar accumulations in the centre of the North Atlantic, the South Pacific, the South Atlantic and the Indian Oceans. (2014-07-03)

Ironing out details of the carbon cycle
Iron is an essential element in all living creatures, and its availability in seawater can have a profound effect on phytoplankton growth and, consequently, the earth's carbon cycle. In the journal Nature, University of South Carolina researchers Seth John and Tim Conway have just published an assessment of the various sources of dissolved iron in the north Atlantic Ocean, establishing that a great deal of it, some 70 to 90 percent, originates from dust blowing off the Sahara desert. (2014-07-03)

NASA sees Hurricane Arthur's cloud-covered eye
When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Storm Arthur on July 2 at 2:50 p.m. EDT on July 2, it saw a cloud-covered eye as the storm was on the way to becoming a hurricane. (2014-07-03)

Ancient ocean currents may have changed pace and intensity of ice ages
Climate scientists have long tried to explain why ice-age cycles became longer and more intense some 900,000 years ago, switching from 41,000-year cycles to 100,000-year cycles. (2014-06-27)

Ancient ocean currents may have changed pacing and intensity of ice ages
In a new study in Science, researchers find that the deep ocean currents that move heat around the globe stalled or even stopped about 950,000 years ago, possibly due to expanding ice cover in the north. The slowing currents increased carbon dioxide storage in the ocean, leaving less in the atmosphere, which kept temperatures cold and kicked the climate system into a new phase of colder but less frequent ice ages, they hypothesize. (2014-06-26)

NHCGNE awards new fellows, scholars
The National Hartford Centers of Gerontological Nursing Excellence, located at The Gerontological Society of America, has announced $1.2 million in awards to the latest cohort of Claire M. Fagin Fellows and Patricia G. Archbold Scholars studying gerontological nursing in academic settings across the US. (2014-06-25)

Changes in forage fish abundance alter Atlantic cod distribution, affect fishery success
A shift in the prey available to Atlantic cod in the Gulf of Maine that began nearly a decade ago contributed to the controversy that surrounded the 2011 assessment for this stock. A recent study of how this occurred may help fishery managers, scientists, and the industry understand and resolve apparent conflicts between assessment results and the experiences of the fishing industry. (2014-06-25)

Crab and other crustacean shells may help prevent and treat inflammatory disease
Microparticles in crab, shrimp and lobster shells have anti-inflammatory mechanisims that could lead to the development of novel preventive and therapeutic strategies for those who suffer from IBD. Since these shells are abundant and a major waste in the seafood industry, they may provide an alternative to costly drugs that don't always work. (2014-06-24)

Scientists discover link between climate change and ocean currents over 6 million years
Scientists have discovered a relationship between climate change and ocean currents over the past six million years after analysing an area of the Atlantic near the Strait of Gibraltar, according to research published today in the journal Science. (2014-06-12)

Study of white sharks in the northwest Atlantic offers optimistic outlook for recovery
White sharks are among the largest, most widespread apex predators in the ocean, but are also among the most vulnerable. A new study, the most comprehensive ever on seasonal distribution patterns and historic trends in abundance of white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) in the western North Atlantic Ocean, used records compiled over more than 200 years to update knowledge and fill in gaps in information about this species. The study was published June 11 in PLOS ONE. (2014-06-11)

Scientific breakthrough: International collaboration has sequenced salmon genome
Today the International Cooperation to Sequence the Atlantic Salmon Genome announced completion of a fully mapped and openly accessible salmon genome. (2014-06-10)

Asymmetric continental margins and the slow birth of an ocean
When South America split from Africa 150 to 120 million years ago, the South Atlantic formed and separated Brazil from Angola. The continental margins formed through this separation are surprisingly different. (2014-06-06)

How do phytoplankton survive a scarcity of a critical nutrient?
How do phytoplankton survive when the critical element phosphorus is difficult to find? Researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences conducted the most comprehensive survey of the content and distribution of a form of phosphorus called polyphosphate, or poly-P in the western North Atlantic. What they found was surprising. (2014-06-05)

Five-question clinical tool the first to help screen risk of violence in military veterans
A new brief, five-question screening tool can help clinicians identify which veterans may be at greater risk of violence, according to a new study. (2014-06-04)

Notifying speeding mariners lowers ship speeds in areas with North Atlantic right whales
There are only around 500 North Atlantic right whales alive today. In an effort to further protect these critically endangered animals, a recent NOAA regulation required large vessels to reduce speed in areas seasonally occupied by the whales. The policy of notifying -- but not necessarily citing -- speeding vessels in protected areas was effective in lowering their speeds, helping to protect these magnificent creatures from ship collisions, while keeping punitive fines to mariners to a minimum. (2014-06-03)

Melting Arctic opens new passages for invasive species
For the first time in roughly 2 million years, melting Arctic sea ice is connecting the north Pacific and north Atlantic oceans. The newly opened passages leave both coasts and Arctic waters vulnerable to a large wave of invasive species, biologists from the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center assert in a commentary published May 28 in Nature Climate Change. (2014-05-28)

The results obtained in the evaluation of environmental strategies on livestock farms
The Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development (Neiker-Tecnalia) has coordinated the European BATFARM project, which is seeking to evaluate the effectiveness of technologies and practices used on livestock farms in the European Atlantic region in order to reduce their environmental impact on the air, water and soil. (2014-05-19)

The spot-tail golden bass: A new fish species from deep reefs of the southern Caribbean
Smithsonian scientists describe a new species of small coral reef sea bass from underexplored deep-reef depths of Curaçao, southern Caribbean. With predominantly yellow body and fins, the new species, Liopropoma santi, more closely resembles the other two 'golden basses' found together with it at Curaçao, L. aberrans and L. olneyi, than the striped species that occur on shallower reefs. The study was published in the open access journal ZooKeys. (2014-05-19)

Richest marine reptile fossil bed along Africa's South Atlantic coast is dated at 71.5 million years ago
New research at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, is the first to tie the stable carbon isotope record of Africa's South Atlantic coast to global records. This record clarifies the age of rocks at Bentiaba, Angola. The work provides a 71.5 million year age for the richest marine reptile fossil bed along the South Atlantic. The new record of time represents nearly 30 million years of Cretaceous fossils and environments in the ancient South Atlantic Ocean. (2014-05-15)

Study sheds light on penguins first year far from home
In the first study of its kind, scientists tracked penguins first year away from home and found young king penguins explored new habitat, eventually learning to find food similarly to their parents. (2014-05-14)

Smithsonian scientists link unusual fish larva to new species of sea bass from Curacao
Identifying larval stages of marine fishes in the open ocean is difficult because the young fishes often bear little or no resemblance to the adults they will become. Confronted with a perplexing fish larva collected in the Florida Straits, Smithsonian scientists turned to DNA barcoding, which yielded an unexpected discovery -- a match between the mysterious fish larva and adults of a new species of sea bass discovered off the coast of Curacao. (2014-05-13)

Homemade stink bug traps squash store-bought models, Virginia Tech researchers find
A Virginia Tech team of researchers has proven that homemade, inexpensive stink bug traps crafted from simple household items outshine pricier models designed to kill the invasive, annoying bugs. (2014-05-08)

Climate change to intensify important African weather systems, Stanford scientists say
Climate change could strengthen African easterly waves, which could in turn have consequences for rainfall in the Sahel region of northern Africa, formation of Atlantic hurricanes and dust transport across the Atlantic Ocean. (2014-04-30)

European seafloor survey reveals depth of marine litter problem
A major new survey of the seafloor has found that even in the deepest ocean depths you can find bottles, plastic bags, fishing nets and other types of human litter. (2014-04-30)

NOAA reports show strong economic gains from fishing, continued improvement in fish stocks
Two new NOAA reports, Fisheries Economics of the United States 2012 and the Status of US Fisheries 2013, show positive trends in the steady rebuilding of the country's federally managed fisheries off our coasts, and the important role fisheries contribute to the United State economy. (2014-04-29)

Getting at the root of the mountain pine beetle's rapid habitat expansion and forest
The mountain pine beetle has wreaked havoc in North America, across forests from the American Southwest to British Columbia and Alberta, with the potential to spread all the way to the Atlantic coast. Using a newly sequenced beetle genome, authors Janes, et.al. examined how the pine beetle could undergo such rapid habitat range expansion. (2014-04-22)

Slowdown of global warming fleeting
The recent slowdown in the warming rate of the Northern Hemisphere may be a result of internal variability of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation -- a natural phenomenon related to sea surface temperatures, according to Penn State researchers. (2014-04-07)

Tracking sperm whales' ecology through stomach contents
'Understanding what resources support populations of these incredibly rare animals is important to conservation,' the lead author says of the pygmy and dwarf sperm whales she studied. 'If there are changes in the environment or their prey, we can now hope to better anticipate the potential impacts. There had been quite a knowledge gap about these animals, but this work gives us an idea of their ecological niche and requirements in the current environment.' (2014-04-04)

Warm North Atlantic Ocean promotes extreme winters in US and Europe
The extreme cold weather observed across Europe and the east coast of the US in recent winters could be partly down to natural, long-term variations in sea surface temperatures, according to a new study published today. (2014-04-01)

The Atlantic Ocean dances with the sun and volcanoes
Natural fluctuations in the ocean temperature in the North Atlantic have a significant impact on the climate in the northern hemisphere. These fluctuations are the result of a complex dance between the forces of nature, but researchers at Aarhus University can now show that solar activity and the impact of volcanic eruptions have led this dance during the last two centuries. (2014-03-30)

SU biologists use sound to identify breeding grounds of endangered whales
Susan Parks, assistant professor of biology, says the article confirms what many conservationists fear -- that Roseway Basin, a heavily traveled shipping lane, off the coast of Nova Scotia, is a vital habitat area for the endangered North Atlantic right whale. (2014-03-25)

'RoboClam' replicates a clam's ability to burrow while using little energy
A 'RoboClam' replicates a clam's ability to burrow into soil while using very little energy. (2014-03-24)

Stanford professor maps by-catch as unintended consequence of global fisheries
A new analysis provides an unprecedented global map of the unintended animal victims of fishing, starkly illustrating the scope of the problem and the need to expand existing conservation efforts in certain areas. (2014-03-20)

Tracking endangered leatherback sea turtles by satellite, key habitats identified
Most satellite tagging studies of leatherbacks have focused on adult females on their tropical nesting beaches, so little is known worldwide about males and subadults, the researcher point out. But now, tagging and satellite tracking in locations where leatherbacks forage has allowed the scientists to get a much richer picture of the leatherback's behavior and dispersal patterns on the open ocean. (2014-03-19)

Satellite movie shows a Mid-Atlantic St. Patrick's Day snow
The green of St. Patrick's Day in the Mid-Atlantic was covered by white snow as a result of a late winter snow storm. (2014-03-17)

New satellite movie shows massive Eastern US cool down
Three days of satellite imagery from NOAA's GOES-East satellite were compiled into an animation that showed the progression of the storm system that drastically changed temperatures in the Mid-Atlantic and northeastern US from spring-like warmth to the bitter cold of winter. (2014-03-13)

Study of the effects of winter storms' impact on southwest UK could aid preparedness
UK scientists funded by NERC have just started a 12-month project to find out how the recent barrage of devastating winter storms affected the communities and coastlines of southwest England. The £50,000 project started on 1 March 2014 and will run for one year. (2014-03-11)

Crowdsourced rain samples map Hurricane Sandy's evolution
As the climate changes in the 21st century, more hurricanes may stray farther north along the eastern seaboard, like Superstorm Sandy did. During Sandy, researchers used crowdsourcing to collect the largest ever dataset of hurricane rain waters and isotopic analysis of the samples allowed tracking the intensity of the storm as it moved north. Results show how a cold front originating from the Midwest joined with Sandy, likely prolonging and expanding the storm. (2014-03-11)

Farm salmon pose clear reproductive threat to wild gene pools
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that while farmed salmon are genetically different to their wild counterparts, they are just as fertile. This is important information because millions of farmed salmon escape into the wild -- posing threats to wild gene pools. The research team say farmed salmon should be sterilised to protect wild gene pools. (2014-03-09)

Sun's energy influences 1,000 years of natural climate variability in North Atlantic
Changes in the sun's energy output may have led to marked natural climate change in Europe over the last 1,000 years, according to researchers at Cardiff University. Scientists studying seafloor sediments found that changes in the sun's activity can have a considerable impact on the ocean-atmospheric dynamics in the North Atlantic, with potential effects on regional climate. (2014-03-09)

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