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UTA scientists use advanced astronomical software to date 2,500 year-old lyric poem
Physicists and astronomers from the University of Texas at Arlington have used advanced astronomical software to accurately date lyric poet Sappho's 'Midnight Poem,' which describes the night sky over Greece more than 2,500 years ago. (2016-05-13)

Physicists measure van der Waals forces of individual atoms for the first time
Physicists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute and the University of Basel have succeeded in measuring the very weak van der Waals forces between individual atoms for the first time. To do this, they fixed individual noble gas atoms within a molecular network and determined the interactions with a single xenon atom that they had positioned at the tip of an atomic force microscope, as the international team of researchers reports in Nature Communications. (2016-05-13)

Experimental physicist Dmitry Budker receives an ERC Advanced Grant
Professor Dmitry Budker has been granted €2.5 million in funding by the European Research Council for his new project involving the hunt for dark matter and dark energy. Using a new approach, Budker is embarking on a systematic search for the particles that make up dark matter and the components that make up dark energy. Dark matter and dark energy are still among the great puzzles of physics. (2016-05-12)

Roland Wiesendanger and Xiang Zhang awarded Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics 2016
This year's Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics for outstanding research in materials science and its applications will be awarded to Roland Wiesendanger (Hamburg) and Xiang Zhang (Berkeley, Calif.). The award, accompanied by US$ 5,000, will be presented to the scientists at the Haus der Patriotischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg on May 27, 2016, during the Julius Springer Forum on Applied Physics. (2016-05-12)

Researchers unveil new, detailed images of DNA transcription
An unprecedented molecular view of the critical early events in gene expression, a process essential for all life, has been provided by researchers at Georgia State University, the University of California at Berkeley and Northwestern University. (2016-05-11)

Nuclear physics' interdisciplinary progress
The theoretical view of the structure of the atom nucleus is not carved in stone. Particularly, nuclear physics research could benefit from approaches found in other fields of physics. Reflections on these aspects were just released in a new type of rapid publications in the new Letters section of EPJ A, which provides a forum for the concise expression of more personal opinions on important scientific matters in the field. (2016-05-10)

Atomic force microscope reveals molecular ghosts
UC Berkeley researchers recently used non-contact atomic force microscopy to look at simple chemical reactions with atomic resolution, confirming what chemists have heretofore only inferred from spectroscopy. These researchers have now looked at a more complicated reaction and seen intermediate states that should not have been observable because of their short lives. A theoretical understanding of why these stick around long enough to photograph is providing new rules for predicting or designing novel catalytic reactions. (2016-05-09)

Smartphones uncover how the world sleeps
A pioneering study of worldwide sleep patterns combines math modeling, mobile apps and big data to parse the roles society and biology each play in setting sleep schedules. (2016-05-06)

Physics: From the atomic to the nuclear clock
Measuring time using oscillations of atomic nuclei might significantly improve precision beyond that of current atomic clocks. Physicists have now taken an important step toward this goal. (2016-05-06)

Lung tumors hijack metabolic processes in the liver, UCI study finds
University of California, Irvine scientists who study how circadian rhythms -- our own body clocks -- control liver function have discovered that cancerous lung tumors can hijack this process and profoundly alter metabolism. Their research, published online in Cell, is the first showing that lung adenocarcinoma can affect the body clock's sway over lipid metabolism and sensitivity to insulin and glucose. (2016-05-05)

Scientists watch bacterial sensor respond to light in real time
Researchers have made a giant leap forward in taking snapshots of ultrafast reactions in a bacterial light sensor. Using the world's most powerful X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, they were able to see atomic motions as fast as 100 quadrillionths of a second -- 1,000 times faster than ever before. (2016-05-05)

Preventing another Flint, Mich.; new research could lead to more corrosion-resistant water pipes
Using state-of-the-art in situ microscopy techniques, scientists at Binghamton University were able to watch the oxidation of copper -- the primary building material for millions of miles of water piping -- at the atomic level as it was happening. What they saw could help create pipes with better corrosion resistance. (2016-05-03)

Underwater archaeology looks at atomic relic of the Cold War
The April issue of Springer's Journal of Maritime Archaeology focuses on a single shipwreck as the lens through which maritime archaeology assesses the advent of the Atomic Age and the Cold War. The wreck is the World War II veteran aircraft carrier USS Independence, which was one of nearly a hundred ships used as targets in the first tests of the atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the summer of 1946. (2016-04-28)

Researchers create artificial protein to control assembly of buckyballs
A Dartmouth College scientist and his collaborators have created an artificial protein that organizes new materials at the nanoscale. (2016-04-26)

Atomic magnets using hydrogen and graphene
CIC nanoGUNE researchers in collaboration with the Autonomous University of Madrid and the Institut Néel of Grenoble have shown for the first time that the simple absorption of a hydrogen atom on a layer of graphene magnetises a large region of this material. By selectively manipulating these hydrogen atoms, it is possible to produce magnetic graphene with atomic precision. The work has been published in the prestigious journal Science. (2016-04-26)

Attosecond physics: New movies from the microcosmos
With the aid of terahertz radiation, Munich physicists have developed a method for generating and controlling ultrashort electron pulses. With further improvements, this technique should be capable of capturing even electrons in motion. (2016-04-22)

The gates of serotonin: Cracking the workings of a notorious receptor
EPFL scientists have elucidated for the first time how a notoriously elusive serotonin receptor functions with atom-level detail. The receptor transmits electrical signals in neurons and is involved in various disorders, meaning that the discovery opens the way for new treatments. (2016-04-21)

NRL reveals novel uniform coating process of p-ALD
Particle atomic layer deposition (p-ALD) is highlighted as a technology that can create new and exciting designer core/shell particles to be used as building blocks for the next generation of complex multifunctional nanocomposites. (2016-04-20)

First-ever videos show how heat moves through materials at the nanoscale and speed of sound
Using a state-of-the-art ultrafast electron microscope, University of Minnesota researchers have recorded the first-ever videos showing how heat moves through materials at the nanoscale traveling at the speed of sound. (2016-04-15)

Vital nutrient has key role in keeping body clocks running on time
The essential mineral magnesium has an unexpected role in helping living things remain adapted to the rhythms of night and day. (2016-04-13)

Detection of atomic scale structure of Cooper-pairs in a high-TC superconductor
Researchers from Seoul National University and the Center for Correlated Electron Systems within the Institute for Basic Science discover a Cooper-pair density wave at an atomic level. (2016-04-13)

HRL to develop next-generation inertial sensor technology
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has awarded HRL Laboratories, LLC, $4.3 million to develop vibration- and shock-tolerant inertial sensor technology that enables future system accuracy needs without utilizing GPS. (2016-04-11)

Texas A&M study shows saturated fats 'jet lag' body clocks, triggering metabolic disorders
New research from the Texas A&M Health Science Center parses out why saturated fats are 'bad' -- and suggests that it may all be in the timing. Findings, published in the journal EBioMedicine, show that consumption of saturated fats (specifically palmitate) at certain times may 'jet lag' internal body clocks, triggering metabolic disorders. (2016-04-06)

UCSB researchers identify specific defects in LED diodes that lead to less efficient solid state lighting
UCSB researchers identify specific defects in LED diodes that lead to less efficient solid state lighting. (2016-04-06)

Second quantum revolution a reality with chip-based atomic physics
A University of Oklahoma-led team of physicists believes chip-based atomic physics holds promise to make the second quantum revolution -- the engineering of quantum matter with arbitrary precision -- a reality. With recent technological advances in fabrication and trapping, hybrid quantum systems are emerging as ideal platforms for a diverse range of studies in quantum control, quantum simulation and computing. (2016-03-30)

UT Southwestern scientists identify structure of crucial enzyme in cell division
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have determined the atomic structure of an enzyme that plays an essential role in cell division, the fundamental process that occurs countless times daily in many life forms on Earth. (2016-03-30)

Molecular-scale ALD discovery could have industrial-sized impact
University of Alberta engineering researchers have developed a new method of making thin films -- materials that are essential in today's computers and electronic devices -- by adapting current atomic layer deposition techniques. (2016-03-30)

Eindhoven and Mexican researchers prove Huygens was right
In 1665, Christiaan Huygens discovered that two pendulum clocks, hung from the same wooden structure, will always oscillate in synchronicity. Today, some 350 years on, Eindhoven and Mexican researchers present the most accurate and detailed description of this 'Huygens synchronization' to date in the journal Scientific Reports. It is evident that Huygens had come up with the right explanation insofar as this was possible back then. (2016-03-29)

Timeless thoughts on the definition of time
The earliest definitions of time-interval quantities were based on observed astronomical phenomena. Today's definition of time uses a combination of atomic and astronomical time. However, their connection could be modified in the future to reconcile the divergence between the astronomic and atomic definitions. These are observations made by Judah Levine, author of a riveting paper just published in EPJ H, which provides unprecedented insights into the nature of time and its historical evolution. (2016-03-24)

Study sheds light on patterns behind brain, heart systems; circadian rhythms
A Washington University in St. Louis engineer has found a new way to control chemical oscillation that could help regulate biorhythms involving the heart, brain and circadian cycles. (2016-03-18)

New research shows how nanowires can be formed
In an article published in Nature today, researchers at Lund University in Sweden show how different arrangements of atoms can be combined into nanowires as they grow. Researchers learning to control the properties of materials this way can lead the way to more efficient electronic devices. (2016-03-17)

Time to eat
Weizmann Institute scientists find that our cells' power plants run on timers. (2016-03-16)

World's thinnest lens to revolutionize cameras
Scientists have created the world's thinnest lens, one two-thousandth the thickness of a human hair, opening the door to flexible computer displays and a revolution in miniature cameras. Lead researcher Dr Yuerui (Larry) Lu from The Australian National University (ANU) said the discovery hinged on the remarkable potential of the molybdenum disulphide crystal. (2016-03-11)

Unpacking space radiation to control astronaut and earthbound cancer risk
Personalizing the assessment of cancer risk due to space radiation may let NASA pinpoint astronauts who could withstand higher doses, removing one barrier to a trip to Mars. (2016-03-10)

Atomic vibrations in nanomaterials
Researchers at ETH have shown for the first time what happens to atomic vibrations when materials are nanosized and how this knowledge can be used to systematically engineer nanomaterials for different applications. (2016-03-09)

UT, ORNL scientists gain new insights into atomic disordering of complex metal oxides
A study led by the University of Tennessee and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory could soon pay dividends in the development of materials with energy-related applications. (2016-03-07)

Building a better mouse trap, from the atoms up
For most of human history, the discovery of new materials has been a crapshoot. But now, UConn researchers have systematized the search with machine learning that can scan millions of theoretical compounds for qualities that would make better solar cells, fibers, and computer chips. The search for new materials may never be the same. (2016-03-04)

The special theory of relativity has been disproved theoretically
The paper finds that the time of STR is no longer the physical time measured with clocks; our physical time is an invariant of Lorentz Transformation, absolute and universal; the speed of light measured with clocks still follows Newton's velocity addition formula; the time dilation and length contraction of a moving inertial reference frame observed on the stationary inertial reference frame are just illusions. (2016-03-01)

Biological clocks orchestrate behavioral rhythms by sending signals downstream
Different groups of neurons program biological clocks to orchestrate our behaviors by sending messages in a unidirectional manner downstream, a team of biologists has found. (2016-02-29)

CCNY researchers introduce new route to thermal measurements with nanometer resolution
Understanding nanoscale heat flow is critical in the design of integrated electronic devices and in the development of materials for thermal insulation and thermoelectric energy recovery. While several techniques are currently available to observe heat transport over macroscopic distances, there is a need for new methods capable of revealing the dynamics of heat flow with nanometer resolution. (2016-02-29)

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