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Current Ats News and Events, Ats News Articles.
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New guidelines for treatment and management of COPD exacerbations
A multi-disciplinary ERS/ATS task force of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experts has published comprehensive new guidelines on the treatment of COPD exacerbations. (2017-03-15)

ICU care for COPD, heart failure and heart attack may not be better
Does a stay in the intensive care unit give patients a better chance of surviving a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or heart failure flare-up or even a heart attack, compared with care in another type of hospital unit? Unless a patient is clearly critically ill, the answer may be no, according to University of Michigan researchers who analyzed more than 1.5 million Medicare records. (2017-02-17)

Chinese air pollution linked to respiratory and cardiovascular deaths
In the largest epidemiological study conducted in the developing world, researchers found that as exposures to fine particulate air pollution in 272 Chinese cities increase, so do deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. (2017-02-10)

Monoclonal antibody given to preterm babies may reduce wheeze later
Preterm babies given the monoclonal antibody palivizumab to prevent respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) also appear less likely to develop recurrent wheeze, at least until the age of six, according to new research published online, ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Medicine. (2017-02-03)

Oral devices reduce sleep apnea but may not affect heart disease risk factors
In patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), oral appliances that treat the condition by moving the lower jaw forward appear to improve sleep but not reduce key risk factors for developing heart and other cardiovascular disease, according to new research published online, ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2017-01-27)

Children with asthma may be at higher obesity risk
Children with asthma may be more likely to become obese later in childhood or in adolescence, according to new research published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2017-01-20)

Clean-fuel cookstoves may improve cardiovascular health in pregnant women
Replacing biomass and kerosene cookstoves used throughout the developing world with clean-burning ethanol stoves may reduce hypertension and cardiovascular risk in pregnant women, according to new research published online, ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2017-01-13)

Lung function decline accelerates in menopausal women
Menopausal women appear to experience an accelerated decline in lung function, according to new research published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2016-12-02)

Researchers tweak enzyme 'assembly line' to improve antibiotics
Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered a way to make pinpoint changes to an enzyme-driven 'assembly line' that will enable scientists to improve or change the properties of existing antibiotics as well as create designer compounds. (2016-11-29)

E-cigarettes may harm teens' lung health
E-cigarette use among teenagers is growing dramatically, and public health experts are concerned that these devices may be a gateway to smoking. Now, new research indicates that even if these young e-cigarette users do not become tobacco smokers, e-cigarettes may harm their health. (2016-11-17)

Novel approach in primary care setting may help identify patients with COPD
With five simple questions and an inexpensive peak expiratory flow (PEF) meter, primary care clinicians may be able to diagnose many more patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. Follow-up studies will help establish if earlier identification and treatment of people with COPD improves quality of life and health outcomes. (2016-10-28)

ATS international and US members agree climate change affects patient health
A survey of international members of the American Thoracic Society (ATS) found that 96 percent of respondents agreed that climate change is occurring and 81 percent indicated that climate change has direct relevance to patient care. Compared to a similar survey of American ATS members, more international physician members reported that climate change was affecting their patients 'a great deal' or a 'moderate amount' (69 percent international vs. 44 percent US). (2016-10-07)

COPD exacerbations lead to lung function decline, particularly among those with mild COPD
Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, are associated with significant long-term lung function loss, according to research published online, ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2016-09-08)

Tighter air pollution standards may save thousands of lives, greatly improve public health
Reducing outdoor concentrations of two air pollutants, ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5), to levels below those set by the US Environmental Protection Agency would likely save thousands of lives each year, result in far fewer serious illnesses and dramatically reduce missed days of school and work, according to a new analysis conducted by the American Thoracic Society and the Marron Institute of Urban Management at New York University. (2016-08-10)

Burning out in the ICU
A new report on burnout syndrome in critical care health care professionals gives key stakeholders guidance on mitigating the development of burnout syndrome and calls for initiating research to examine ways to prevent as well as treat burnout syndrome. (2016-07-07)

Hydroxyurea improves lung function in children with sickle cell disease
For the first time, researchers were able to demonstrate that children diagnosed with sickle cell disease showed improvement in lung function after treatment with hydroxyurea, a treatment that is underused despite its demonstrated benefits. The study was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-18)

Heart failure patients with predominant central sleep apnea at higher risk for serious complications
Chronic heart failure patients with predominant central sleep apnea (CSA) are at higher risk for death and unplanned hospitalization than those who have both CSA and obstructive sleep apnea, whether or not they receive adaptive servo-ventilation therapy. These interim results from the ongoing FACE Multicentre National Cohort Study, a French prospective observational study, were presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-18)

Novel gene therapy shows potential for lung repair in asthma
A new study has demonstrated a way to deliver a nanoparticle-based gene therapy, in order to repair lungs damaged by chronic allergic asthma and to reduce inflammation that causes asthma attacks. The potential therapy, tested in mice, may hold promise for asthma patients whose disease is not controlled by the most commonly used treatments. The study was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-18)

Early introduction of allergenic foods reduces risk of food sensitization
Children who had a diet that included cow's milk products, egg and peanut before age one were less likely to develop sensitization to the corresponding foods, according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. Early introduction of eggs appeared to be especially beneficial, as it decreased the risk of sensitization to any of the three tested foods. (2016-05-18)

Inhaled steroids may increase risk of nontuberculous mycobacteria lung disease
Patients with obstructive lung disease who take inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) may be at greater risk for nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease (NTM PD), according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-18)

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome associated with higher mortality, more severe illness
Patients with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) develop more severe critical illness and have higher mortality than patients with non-MERS severe acute respiratory infection (SARI), according to investigators involved with the largest study of critically ill patients with MERS. The study was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-18)

Asthma overdiagnosed in Canadian adults
Asthma is overdiagnosed in an estimated 30 percent of Canadian adults, according to a study presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-17)

For ICU patients, nighttime extubations associated with higher mortality
Adult patients who were admitted to US intensive care units had higher mortality if they were extubated overnight. The results reported at the ATS 2016 International Conference may discourage hospital administrators from expanding the practice of overnight extubations in ICUs, which the lead author noted are rapidly being transformed to provide continuity of care. (2016-05-17)

Simple, rapid TB diagnosis feasible in low-resource, high-burden settings
A streamlined approach to tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis requiring a single sputum sample and providing rapid, accurate results to patients proved feasible in rural Uganda, according to research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-17)

Untreated sleep apnea may be related to melanoma aggressiveness
Untreated severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased aggressiveness of malignant cutaneous melanoma, according to the first multicenter prospective study on the relationship between sleep-disordered breathing (apnea or hypopnea) and cancer. The new study, which involved researchers from 24 teaching hospitals that are part of the Spanish Sleep and Breathing Network, was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-16)

Greater collaboration between ICU nurses and ICU physicians may minimize VAP risk
Greater collaboration between ICU nursing and medicine could help to minimize ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), according to a study presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-16)

Monthly resident handoff of patients may increase risk of dying
Transitions in care that occur when medical residents leave a clinical rotation and turn their patients' care over to another resident is associated with increased mortality, according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-16)

As sleep apnea severity increases so do the learning challenges in kids
Sleep assessments in young children showed that, in the context of habitual snoring and enlarged tonsils and adenoids, moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea increased the likelihood and magnitude of cognitive deficits. These deficits include, but are not limited to, problems with attention, memory and language. The research results were presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-16)

Meetings with palliative care do not improve anxiety and depression symptoms
Additional support by palliative care specialists failed to improve anxiety and depression symptoms in caregivers of patients with chronic critical illness, according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. Patients also saw little benefit as the additional support did not lead to reduced time on a breathing machine or in the hospital. (2016-05-16)

OSA linked to heart attack, stroke after coronary revascularization
In an ongoing prospective study involving 1,311 patients from five nations, researchers found that untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was associated with increased risk of a Major Adverse Cardiac and Cerebrovascular Event (MACCE) -- cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (heart attack), non-fatal stroke, and unplanned revascularization such as heart bypass surgery and angioplasty. The new research, from the Sleep and Stent Study, was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-16)

Being fit may slow lung function decline as we age
Being fit may reduce the decline in lung function that occurs as we grow older, according to research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-16)

New easy-to-use TB test achieves accuracy comparable to IGRAs in Phase III trials
A new skin test for tuberculosis infection has proven safe, easy to administer and accurate in two Phase III clinical trials, according to research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-16)

Metals released by burning fuel oil may damage children's developing lungs
A new study investigating the health impact of the chemical components of air pollution is reporting that two metals, nickel and vanadium (Ni and V), may be damaging to the developing lungs of children. The results were presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-16)

ICUs strained by increased volume and a near doubling of opioid-related deaths
ICU admissions related to opioid overdoses are steadily increasing, and opioid overdose-related ICU deaths have nearly doubled since 2009. New research from Boston's Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, University of Chicago, and Vizient Inc., presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference shows the strain America's opioid crisis is putting on ICUs and the critical care teams who care for these patients and calls attention to efforts needed to meet the demands of this expanding population. (2016-05-16)

Exacerbations in COPD patients hasten lung function loss
In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, exacerbations accelerated lung function loss, according to a new study presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. The effect was particularly prominent in those with mild disease (2016-05-16)

The ATS and Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc. release landmark survey
The American Thoracic Society and Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Sunovion) today announced the results of a survey of pulmonologists and pulmonology fellows to determine physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management, with particular attention to the use of hand-held small volume nebulizers. A small volume nebulizer is a device powered by air that aerosolizes medications for delivery to patients. (2016-05-16)

Motivational interviewing may reduce COPD readmissions
Motivational interviewing, a goal-oriented, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change used in health coaching, is a feasible intervention that may reduce short-term readmissions for COPD patients. The study, which was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference, is the first available randomized study to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the intervention. (2016-05-15)

New way to predict COPD progression; new treatment may be on the horizon
New research has found that a process initiated in white blood cells known as neutrophils may lead to worse outcomes for some patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The discovery may help identify patients at higher risk for COPD progression, who might also show little benefit from standard treatments. The study was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-15)

Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation as effective as hospital-based
Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation may be equally effective in improving fitness and quality of life as a traditional center-based program for COPD patients, according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-15)

Risk of mortality linked to interstitial lung abnormalities
New research uncovering a link between Interstitial Lung Abnormalities and an increased risk of in-hospital mortality was shared at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-15)

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