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Benefits of antidepressants appear greater than risks for children, teens
A review of previous studies indicates that the benefits of antidepressants for children and teens with depression or anxiety disorders may outweigh their risks, and that the increased risk for suicidal thoughts and attempts from using these medications is not statistically significant, according to an article in the April 18 issue of JAMA. (2007-04-17)

JAMA: Study finds benefits of antidepressants in treating pediatric depression
According to a new study, conducted by the Center for Innovation in Pediatric Practice at Columbus Children's Hospital and published in the April 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, the overall benefits of antidepressants in treating pediatric major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and non-OCD anxiety disorders in children 19-years-old and younger clearly out-weigh the risks of suicidal thoughts and attempts associated with these medications. (2007-04-17)

Guns in homes strongly associated with higher rates of suicide
In the first nationally representative study to examine the relationship between survey measures of household firearm ownership and state level rates of suicide in the US, researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health found that suicide rates among children, women and men of all ages are higher in states where more households have guns. (2007-04-10)

Tissue engineering for craniofacial reconstruction
Tissue engineering has emerged as a promising alternative for the reconstitution of lost or damaged organs and tissues, circumventing the complications associated with traditional transplants. (2007-03-23)

Linguistics expert to speak on language extinction, conservation
University of Alaska Fairbanks professor emeritus Michael Krauss will speak on language extinction during his presentation this week at the American Association for the Advancement of Science annual meeting in San Francisco. (2007-02-16)

Liberate Men!
A new dissertation from UmeƄ University in Sweden deals with the association Liberate Men! and what happens when a group of individuals tries to challenge the prevailing gender order. (2007-02-16)

Umbilical cord blood banking Richard Branson's way
Any attempt to increase the available pool of umbilical cord blood cells, which are otherwise just discarded, should be enthusiastically praised, states the lead editorial in this week's issue of the Lancet. (2007-02-08)

FEMMSS2: Knowledge that Matters
The Association for Feminist Epistemologies, Methodologies, Metaphysics and Science Studies holds a national conference at Arizona State University February 8-10 to look at how knowledge is produced, distributed and taken up in the context of questions of equality, ethics, sustainability, power, identity, voice and social change. Questions of difference, democracy and justice have been at the forefront of feminist discussions about what knowledge matters for social justice. Attending: feminists, scientists and scholars. (2007-02-08)

Steele prize for mathematical exposition goes to Springer author
David Mumford, 69, of Brown University has received the 2007 American Mathematical Society Leroy P. Steele Prize for Mathematical Exposition. Presented annually by the AMS, the Steele Prize is one of the highest distinctions in mathematics. The prize was awarded on Saturday, Jan. 6, 2007, at the Joint Mathematics Meetings in New Orleans, La. The prize is accompanied by $5,000. (2007-02-07)

Sildenafil prevents rebound pulmonary hypertension in infants
A single dose of sildenafil, a blood vessel widening vasodilator, prevented rebound pulmonary hypertension and significantly reduced the duration of mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU) infants being withdrawn from inhaled nitric oxide therapy. This research appears in the first issue for November 2006 of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, published by the American Thoracic Society. (2006-11-01)

Blacks in US have suicide attempt rate higher than previously reported
New research indicates that blacks in the US have a lifetime prevalence of attempted suicide of about 4 percent, a rate comparable with the general population, but higher than previous estimates, according to a study in the Nov. 1 issue of JAMA. (2006-10-31)

Potassium limitation, ammonium toxicity and amino acid excretion in yeast
An amino acid excretion mechanism is identified in yeast. This stress response helps purge excess nitrogen when ammonium ion toxicity is encountered, presumed to leak through potassium channels, in potassium-limiting conditions. (2006-10-16)

Cialis improves sexual function for prostate cancer survivors
In the first randomized trial of its kind, Tadalafil, a drug typically prescribed for erectile dysfunction in men, has been proven to increase the sexual function of prostate cancer survivors, according to a study released today from the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of ASTRO. (2006-10-02)

How angry customers get revenge (and create civic protest)
In the first study to explore how consumers attempt to gain revenge against corporations that have wronged them, researchers from Arizona State University find strong parallels between consumer complaint Web sites and other civic protest movements. Consumer Web sites use rhetorical tactics to address injustice, identity, and agency -- turning personal betrayal into a (2006-08-09)

Children and teens taking antidepressants might be more likely to attempt, complete suicide
Antidepressant medications may be associated with suicide attempts and death in severely depressed children and adolescents but not in adults, according to an article in the August issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2006-08-07)

The influence of money on medical science
Because of the importance of the issue of the influence of money in science and in light of recent incidents involving authors failure to disclose all of their potential conflicts of interest to JAMA, Dr. DeAngelis has written an editorial on the subject. (2006-08-07)

You argue when you care
We are emotionally attached to the products we use regularly, so much so that we become defensive and tense when they are criticized, says a new study from the September issue of the Journal of Consumer Research. Interestingly, the more committed we are to a product -- and thus the more incensed we are by any critique -- the more counterarguments we are able to come up with. (2006-07-17)

NYU scientists begin second phase of project to better understand disease
A team of researchers at New York University's Center for Comparative Functional Genomics are embarking on the second phase of a collaborative research undertaking to predict structures of key proteins, which in turn shed light on their roles in diseases and offer pathways for cures. (2006-06-27)

IVF identity fraud: A phenomenon that puts patients, children, and clinics at risk
Safeguards against identity fraud by IVF patients are needed in order to prevent impostors gaining access to treatment, a scientist told the 22nd annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology in Prague, Czech Republic, on Tuesday 20 June 2006). (2006-06-20)

Alcoholics with a borderline personality disorder are at greatest risk for suicidal behavior
A research study reveals the following information: Compared to the general population, individuals with alcohol-use disorders (AUDs) have a significantly greater risk of suicide attempts; New research examines the impact of all personality disorders (PDs) on the risk of a suicide attempt among individuals with AUDs; and Alcoholics with a borderline personality disorder and those who live alone are at highest risk. (2006-04-23)

Scientists discover a genetic switch that links animal growth and cancer
Laboratory discoveries by scientists at two universities may lead to new directions in cancer therapy drugs. The researchers have discovered that a genetic switch involved in growth and development of an animal is the same one used to prevent normal cells from becoming cancerous. The findings are reported in the April 18 issue of Current Biology. (2006-04-17)

Sacking of Canadian Medical Association Journal's editors 'deeply troubling'
The dismissal of two of the Canadian Medical Association Journal's editors seems to be an attempt to deprive the journal of its capacity for investigative journalism, states an editorial in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2006-03-02)

Cholesterol levels discounted as a biological marker for suicide risk among alcoholics
Alcoholism is a major risk factor for suicidal behavior. Prior research has suggested that cholesterol may be a general biological marker for suicide risk. New research discounts cholesterol levels as a biological marker for suicide attempt risk among alcoholics, but identifies a (2006-02-22)

Paternalism not to blame for failure to implement resuscitation policies
Many seriously ill patients admitted to hospital cannot discuss resuscitation in line with current guidelines, finds a study published online by the BMJ today. (2006-02-09)

'A bias for the whole': Study proves we're more willing to part with small bills
A new study, forthcoming in the March 2006 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research explores our definite preference for big bills over small ones - and explains our marked reluctance to part with a larger bill when compared to an equivalent dollar amount of small bills. (2006-01-30)

Unplanned quit attempts more likely to succeed
Unplanned attempts to stop smoking are more likely to succeed than planned ones, concludes a study published online by the BMJ today. (2006-01-26)

AIDS drug from sunflowers
Sunflowers can produce a substance which prevents the AIDS pathogen HIV from reproducing, at least in cell cultures. This is the result of research carried out by scientists at the University of Bonn in cooperation with the Caesar Research Center. (2006-01-09)

Researchers investigate the case of the disappearing teaspoons
'Where have all the bloody teaspoons gone?' is an age old question in the workplace. In this week's BMJ, researchers at the Burnet Institute in Australia attempt to measure the phenomenon of teaspoon loss and its effect on office life. (2005-12-22)

NIH grant to fund U-Georgia's doctoral student's innovative dietary research
A new $147,200 two-year federal grant from the National Institutes of Health will help researchers from UGA's College of Public Health understand how communication and lifestyles affect our consumption of fruits and vegetables. (2005-11-01)

New study reveals attempted suicide often a snap decision fuelled by drugs and alcohol
As Australia tries to arrest its national suicide rate, new University of Western Sydney research reveals that many suicide attempts are unplanned, with a good portion of suicide survivors reporting they felt the urge to harm themselves less than ten minutes before acting on it. (2005-10-18)

Scripps researchers rediscover elusive site of exploding volcanic rocks
Scientists aboard the Scripps research vessel Roger Revelle this week solved a 45-year-old geological mystery. (2005-10-14)

Study finds surprising links between depression, suicide, and epilepsy
Researchers have found provocative evidence that the brain dysfunction that underlies epilepsy may also determine whether people are at risk for suicide. The study also suggests that depression and suicide may have different brain mechanisms. (2005-10-10)

Treating individuals with substance-abuse disorders who have attempted suicide
A considerable percentage of individuals with substance-use disorders (SUDs) attempt suicide. A new study investigates if treatment setting - inpatient or outpatient - has a different impact on outcomes for suicidal and nonsuicidal patients with SUDs. Suicidal patients receiving inpatient, compared to outpatient, SUD treatment were significantly more likely to have better substance-related, but not psychiatric, outcomes following treatment. (2005-09-14)

Risk factors for childhood obesity
In an attempt to better understand the problem of obesity in children, Paul Veugelers and Angela Fitzgerald interviewed all grade 5 students in Nova Scotia and their school principals. Among the over 4000 students, 33% were overweight and 10% were obese. (2005-09-12)

Latest government report on health inequalities 'hushed up'
Researchers in this week's BMJ accuse the government of suppressing their latest report on health inequalities, showing that the gap between the rich and poor in England has continued to widen under New Labour. (2005-09-08)

RIT receives National Science Foundation grant to model rumor propagation
Rumors and their often dangerous aftereffects have long been major themes in pop culture, including an entire movie devoted to the spread of one rumor, Gossip. However, little scientific data is available on the importance of rumors in social interaction. (2005-09-06)

Researchers seek to discover what really happens when a virus enters the body
Does the immune system respond to viruses because they are foreign or when they cause harm? Amy Bell, an electrical and computer engineer (ECE), and Karen Duca, a research assistant professor at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute (VBI), both of Virginia Tech, are profiling host-virus interaction using the electrical engineering concepts of signal and image processing. (2005-08-26)

Antidepressant paroxetine linked to higher rate of suicide attempts in adults
Adult patients taking the antidepressant drug paroxetine are at higher risk of attempting to commit suicide than those not taking medication. A new analysis, published in BMC Medicine, of previous clinical data on paroxetine use adds the antidepressant to the list of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) that have been shown to increase suicidal tendencies in adult patients with depression. (2005-08-21)

Anxious and nervous men run nine-fold risk of attempted suicide
Men who report feeling anxious and nervous are nine times as likely to attempt suicide within the next five years, and women three times as likely to do so, compared with those without these feelings, finds research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. (2005-08-10)

Home away from home
An article released in the September 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research helps to better explain our lives in the workplace. The article finds that in order to reconcile the competing worlds of work and home, people often find ways to blend the two -- often by using possessions -- yet at the same time maintaining lines of division. (2005-08-10)

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