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Cognitive therapy effective in preventing repeat suicide attempts
Adults who had attempted suicide reduced their risk of a repeat attempt by participating in a cognitive therapy program, compared to adults who received the usual care, according to a study in the August 3 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights. (2005-08-02)

A loofah for the heart?
Imagine a tiny loofah that works inside the corridors of the human heart. As it scrubs, it alerts heart stem cells to rush to the site of dying cells to begin renewal and repair of cardiomyocytes. (2005-07-21)

UK College of Public Health earns national accreditation
The University of Kentucky's College of Public Health has received full accreditation this week from the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH). The college earned this honor on its first attempt and was granted a five year accreditation, the maximum term possible for a first accreditation. The UK College of Public Health was designated as the 37th accredited college of public health in the United States by the council. (2005-06-16)

Learning through laughter: New study supports use of humor in online courses
Watch out Leno, here come the professors. Though most students would argue that academia and humor are about as compatible as oil and water, two Ohio University psychology professors argue that the use of humor in online courses can yield good results. (2005-05-26)

Easy access to nicotine patches could help more smokers to quit
Giving smokers easy access to free nicotine patches could substantially increase the likelihood of them quitting, concludes a study in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2005-05-26)

MUHC scientists describe genetic resistance to rampant virus
MUHC researchers have defined genetic resistance to the widespread virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV)--a member of the viral group that causes some of the world's most prevalent diseases, such as herpes, chicken pox and mononucleosis. The groundbreaking research published in Nature Genetics last week, provides a roadmap for the development of human therapies for CMV, which could prolong the life of HIV patients and improve the success of transplant surgery by reducing the risk of rejection. There is currently no treatment or cure for CMV. (2005-05-24)

NASA postpones satellite launch
NASA's launch of the NOAA-N polar-orbiting environmental satellite for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has been postponed. NOAA-N will launch no earlier than 6:22 a.m. EDT, Friday, May 20. The satellite has a 10-minute launch window. (2005-05-16)

How important is sexual conflict?
The May special issue of The American Naturalist, edited by David Hosken and Rhonda Snook, will explore timely issues of sexual conflict and their biological basis. (2005-03-29)

Hi-tech support helps Mt. Everest climber
Pioneering technology that enables climbers and explorers to plan expeditions more effectively - and could even help to save lives - will be 'road tested' by a Scottish-based mountaineer on Everest this spring. Computer technology being developed at the University of Edinburgh will allow climber Rob Milne to respond rapidly to changing conditions and inform family and friends back home of his progress and any alterations to his plans. (2005-03-24)

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Highlights from this week's Journal of Neuroscience include locating one's self at the temporoparietal junction. (2005-01-18)

The human eye cannot spot the offside rule
The human eye is unable to detect an offside position during a football match, claims a doctor from Spain in this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ. This may explain why so many offside decisions are controversial. (2004-12-16)

Is fitness your New Year's resolution? You need professional help
If one of your New Year's resolutions is to start a fitness regimen, you might want to seek professional help. A study by McMaster University's Department of Kinesiology has found that people who are new to an exercise activity perform better when goals are set by a fitness professional rather than by themselves. This speaks to the important role health and fitness professionals play in increasing confidence and motivation among people starting an exercise program. (2004-12-09)

Promoting walking and cycling as an alternative to using cars: what works?
What measures persuade people to shift from using cars to walking and cycling? (2004-09-30)

Humans not irrational, just wary
Psychologists often conclude from research subjects' behavior in psychological experiments that humans are irrational. New research indicates that humans are in fact quite rational; they just do not trust what people in lab coats tell them. (2004-09-16)

Ecologists help keep death off the roads
Far fewer animals would be killed on the roads if planners took the findings of new research into account when designing and building new roads. According to a study published today in the British Ecological Society's Journal of Applied Ecology, it is possible to predict where most animals will attempt to cross roads, and hence where they are most likely to be killed by vehicles. (2004-08-18)

Neurosurgeons at Rush are the first in the midwest to implant investigational neurostimulator
Neurosurgeons at Rush University Medical Center are the first in Chicago to implant a new investigational neurostimulator in a patient with medically refractory epilepsy. The neurostimulator may be able to suppress seizures in patients with epilepsy before any symptoms appear, much like the commonly implanted heart pacemakers which stop heart arrhythmias before any symptoms occur. (2004-08-05)

Dispersing asylum seekers may increase HIV burden
Doctors are concerned that the UK policy of dispersing asylum seekers may lead to increased HIV transmission, according to a paper in this week's BMJ. (2004-08-05)

New research shows reasons for smoking vary
An article proposing a new method for measuring tobacco addiction, published in the latest edition of The Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, suggests that one size does not fit all when it comes to motivations for smoking. (2004-05-20)

Co-occurring disorders increase risk of suicide attempt by adolescents
Research has shown that adolescents with substance use disorders are most likely to attempt suicide when they also have a co-occurring mood disorder. NIDA-funded scientists at the University of Pittsburgh have extended this research and found that generally, both male and female substance abusers who attempt suicide begin taking drugs at an early age and have more symptoms of psychiatric and substance use disorders than adolescents who do not attempt suicide. (2004-05-03)

Reporters from Science Magazine to receive ASM Public Communications Award
Two journalists from Science magazine have been named the recipients of the American Society for Microbiology 2004 Public Communications Award. (2004-04-07)

New research suggests that when children ask 'what is this?' they may seek an object's function
Normally, adults assume that when children ask, (2004-03-17)

Friendships play key role in suicidal thoughts of girls, but not boys
Relationships with friends play a significant role in whether teenage girls think about suicide, but have little impact on suicidal thoughts among boys, according to a new nationwide study. The research found that girls were nearly twice as likely to think about suicide if they had only a few friends and felt isolated from their peers. Girls were also more likely to consider suicide if their friends were not friends with each other. (2004-01-06)

Suicidal minority teens lack adult support
Low-income black and Latino teens who report suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts also say they have few adults in their lives with whom they can discuss personal problems, according to a new study. (2003-11-24)

Beagle 2 tests successfully completed
On Friday 4 July, and Saturday 5 July 2003, engineers successfully carried out overnight tests on the Mars Express lander, Beagle 2. (2003-07-09)

Adirondack interstate underpasses designed for wildlife attract anything but, study says
Why did the deer cross the road? It didn't. And neither did the bear, fox or coyote, according to a new study by the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society that says wildlife underpasses designed to keep wildlife off the New York Thruway are not working. (2003-05-22)

16% of English smokers classed as hardcore
As many as 16% of smokers in England are classed as hardcore, almost four times higher than in California where there has been an intensive campaign against smoking over the past decade, show researchers in this week's BMJ. (2003-05-15)

Researchers find signs of lethal cell division in mouse models for AD
Mouse models for Alzheimer disease fail to mimic substantial loss of nerve cells in AD. However, researchers now have discovered that, just like in their human counterparts, nerve cells which are at-risk for death in AD, make an attempt at cell division, an almost always lethal choice for adult nerve cells. Finding that the disease process begins in the mouse in the same way it does in humans means the mouse model may be better than previously thought. (2003-05-09)

Doctors without borders
In an attempt to better understand the demographic and educational characteristics of international medical graduate applicants in Canada, Rodney Crutcher and colleagues surveyed applicants to the second iteration of the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) match and identified their preferred clinical disciplines and practice locations. (2003-04-28)

Have medical journals helped to justify war?
Medical journals may have played an important part in providing the political justification for attacking Iraq, argues a public health expert in this week's BMJ. (2003-04-10)

NIST helps US Capitol with 'overhead' problem
Repairing a leaky roof usually doesn't require the skills of researchers at NIST -- unless the building needing help is one of the nation's most treasured edifices. NIST welding experts have devised a method for returning the cast-iron supporting structure of the U.S. Capitol's dome to its original condition without replacing cracked castings or losing any of the iron work's historical integrity. (2003-03-13)

Single-parent children at increased risk of suicide, substance abuse
Authors of a Swedish population study in this week's issue of THE LANCET provide strong evidence that children brought up in single-parent households are more likely to suffer health problems--especially relating to mental illness and suicide risk--than children brought up with both parents in the same household. (2003-01-23)

Most ecstasy-related deaths occur among white males
Most people who die after taking ecstasy are white males in their late twenties, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2003-01-09)

Invariant properties in coevolutionary networks of plant-animal interactions
The interactions among animal and plant species depict the essence of natural communities: a web of relationships that build up links of mutual dependence. Until now the complexity of this type of ecosystem network escaped scientists' attempt to study them: just imagine all the interactions that can take place in a highly diverse tropical rainforest. (2003-01-06)

Leaving hospital against medical advice
Leaving hospital against medical advice (AMA) is a common and frustrating problem for health care providers. In an attempt to gain a better understanding of why patients do this, Dr. Aslam Anis and colleagues reviewed all 'index' (first admission) records for HIV/AIDS patients admitted to St. Paul's Hospital in Vancouver between Apr. 1, 1997, and Mar. 1, 1999. (2002-09-16)

OTC sales of smoking cessation aids up, effectiveness down
UCSD Cancer researchers report in the Sept. 11 Journal of the American Medical Association that nicotine replacement therapies (NRT) such as the nicotine patch and nicotine gum are no longer effective in helping smokers quit for the long term. They cite over-the-counter availability of these products starting in mid-1996 as the turning point. (2002-09-10)

Suicide attempt rate high among urban gay men, UCSF study finds
UCSF researchers have found that twelve percent of urban gay and bisexual men have attempted suicide in their lifetime, a rate three times higher than the overall rate for American adult males. (2002-08-05)

Women suffering from anorexia are 50 times more likely to commit suicide
In a study of suicidal behavior of 246 women with eating disorders over a span of 8.6 years, Debra L. Franko, an associate professor of counseling psychology at Northeastern University's Bouvé College of Health Sciences, and her colleagues at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), found that women with anorexia nervosa are 57 times more likely to commit suicide than the expected rate for other women in the same age and racial groups. (2002-04-25)

Nicotine shows anti-depressant effects in an animal model of depression
Scientists correlate behavioral findings in lab animals with chemical changes in the brain, and discuss nicotine's impact on the depressed brain. (2002-04-20)

Action needed to stop 'disease mongering'
A lot of money can be made from telling healthy people they're sick despite clear conflicts of interest. Pharmaceutical companies sponsor disease definitions and promote them to prescribers and consumers. In this week's BMJ researchers give examples of (2002-04-11)

Smokers disillusioned and over-optimistic about quitting
Most smokers are disenchanted with smoking and would not smoke if they had their time again, according to a letter in this week's BMJ. It also shows that smokers' expectations of how soon they will quit greatly exceed rates of quitting observed in recent history. (2002-03-07)

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