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Religion associated with HPV vaccination rate for college women
A survey of female college students finds 25% had not been vaccinated for HPV and religion may be a contributing factor. (2019-08-19)

Optimal vitamin D levels may vary for different ethnic and racial groups
When recommending vitamin D supplements, doctors should look at each individual patient as having different requirements and not rely on 'one-size-fits-all' guidelines, according to a study by researchers at Rutgers and the University of California, San Francisco. (2019-08-14)

USPSTF still recommends against screening for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic adults
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) still recommends against screening for pancreatic cancer in adults without symptoms. The USPSTF routinely makes recommendations about the effectiveness of preventive care services. (2019-08-06)

People are more likely to try drugs for the first time during the summer
American teenagers and adults are more likely to try illegal or recreational drugs for the first time in the summer, a new study shows. (2019-07-23)

USPSTF recommends screening for hepatitis B virus infection in pregnant women
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit. The USPSTF routinely makes recommendations about the effectiveness of preventive care services and this statement is a reaffirmation of its 2009 recommendation. (2019-07-23)

Islamic values play a significant role in the travel decisions of Muslim tourists
Islamic values are just as important as the destination, quality and value for money for Muslims when choosing a holiday destination, according to a new study by the University of Portsmouth. (2019-06-24)

Cardiac toxicity risk factors identified with relapsed multiple myeloma therapy
More than half of patients with relapsed multiple myeloma treated with carfilzomib experienced cardiac issues during treatment, according to a multi-institutional study published June 12, 2019 in Journal of Clinical Oncology. The study recommends that patients undergo a detailed cardiovascular history before being prescribed carfilzomib and then be monitored with natriuretic peptide testing, an indicator for heart failure. (2019-06-13)

USPSTF recommends PrEP to prevent HIV infection in people at high risk
In a new recommendation, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends clinicians offer preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with effective antiretroviral therapy to people at high risk of acquiring HIV to decrease their risk of infection with the virus that causes AIDS. (2019-06-11)

USPSTF recommendation on screening for HIV infection
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for HIV infection in adolescents and adults ages 15 to 65; in those younger or older at increased risk of infection; and in all pregnant people. The USPSTF routinely makes recommendations about the effectiveness of preventive care services and this statement is an update of its 2013 recommendation. (2019-06-11)

Study offers comprehensive roadmap for regulating political activity by nonprofits
Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer's comprehensive approach yields surprising and controversial solutions, beginning with the creation of a simple and broad definition of political activity that charities will be prohibited from engaging in. (2019-06-05)

Discrimination against older people needs attention, study says
Ever cracked a joke about old people? It might seem funny, but in a world where the population aged 60 or over is growing faster than all younger age groups, ageism is no laughing matter, says a University of Alberta researcher. (2019-05-21)

Button batteries can rapidly damage stomach lining before symptoms appear
Damage to the lining of the stomach can occur quickly when children swallow button batteries; therefore, clinicians should consider prompt endoscopic removal, even when the child is symptom free and the battery has passed safely through the narrow esophagus, according to research presented at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2019. The recommendations represent a change from current practice of watching and waiting. (2019-05-18)

Harmful compounds might be formed when foods containing the sweetener sucralose are heated
Sucralose is a sweetener authorized in the European Union as E 955. The German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) has assessed the current data situation on the stability of sucralose and the formation of possibly harmful chlorinated compounds at high temperatures. (2019-04-12)

Disclosure law has improved nurse staffing in New Jersey, Rutgers study finds
A New Jersey law requiring hospitals and nursing homes to publicly report the number of patients per nurse has led to better staffing ratios, a Rutgers study finds. The study, which appears in the journal Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, is the first to evaluate the effectiveness of the public reporting requirement. It found that since the law went into effect in 2008, the number of patients per nurse decreased in 10 of 13 specialty areas across New Jersey. (2019-04-08)

Defining the responsibility to recontact research participants with new genetic findings
ASHG, along with several co-signing organizations, issued a position statement today outlining whether, and to what extent, there is a responsibility to recontact genetic and genomic research participants when new findings emerge that suggest their genetic information should be interpreted differently, which would allow participants to benefit from current genomics advances. (2019-04-04)

Study shows IPCC is underselling climate change
A new study has revealed that the language used by the global climate change watchdog, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), is overly conservative - and therefore the threats are much greater than the Panel's reports suggest. (2019-03-19)

New food guide will save Canadians money but few are following it, study finds
New research surveys Canadians' perception of the new Canada Food Guide and finds it can save households money -- if followed. (2019-03-14)

Measuring the success of East African protected areas
East Africa (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) contains 1,776 protected areas (including 186 'strict' protected areas) covering more than 27 percent of its terrestrial area. Researchers at UC Davis have now documented the extent to which this East African protected area network really protects wildlife and habitats. (2019-03-13)

Can changes in physical activity, sedentary behavior in people with type 2 diabetes last?
The American Diabetes Association recommends people with type 2 diabetes regularly do physical activity that is moderate to vigorous in intensity and reduce their time being sedentary. This was a randomized clinical trial of 300 physically inactive and sedentary patients with type 2 diabetes at three outpatient diabetes clinics in Rome, Italy. (2019-03-05)

USPSTF recommendation statement on interventions to prevent depression during pregnancy, after childbirth
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends clinicians provide counseling interventions to pregnant and postpartum women at increased risk of depression or refer patients to those services. (2019-02-12)

Button cell batteries: Swallowing can lead to severe health damage in small children
If button cells are swallowed, they can get stuck in the esophagus and severely damage the mucosa. The Assessment of Intoxications committee of the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) therefore recommends particular care. In the last 10 years, several hundreds of cases involving the swallowing of button cell batteries have been reported to the BfR by hospitals and poison information centers. The health damage is caused above all by the discharge current of the batteries. (2019-02-11)

Researchers examine postpartum hospital readmissions for women with psychiatric conditions
When is the best time to screen obese women for gestational diabetes? The first-ever randomized control trial to address this question is presented at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's 39th Annual Meeting. (2019-02-11)

Crossbreeding threatens conservation of endangered milky storks: NUS study
A team of researchers led by Assistant Professor Frank Rheindt from the National University of Singapore has discovered that the conservation of milky storks, an endangered wading bird native to Southeast Asia, is threatened due to crossbreeding with their more widespread cousins, the painted storks. The team's findings can contribute to the design of effective solutions for conservation management of the globally endangered species. (2019-01-31)

New research will improve diagnosis of antenatal anxiety
A landmark study by experts at the University of Stirling will help health professionals improve the identification of severe and problematic anxiety in pregnant women. (2019-01-25)

Erucic acid
Erucic acid occurs in vegetable oils and fats. It is a natural component of plant seeds of the Brassicaceae family (crucifers such as rape and mustard). Chemically, it is a long-chain, simple, unsaturated omega-9 fatty acid. (2019-01-17)

Pyronaridine-artesunate for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria
Researchers from LSTM have looked at the efficacy of using a novel artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), pyronaridine-artesunate, to treat malaria in areas where resistance to other ACTs is becoming a problem. The analysis finds it at least as effective as the currently used ACTs, if not better. (2019-01-08)

A co-worker's rudeness can affect your sleep -- and your partner's, new PSU study finds
A new study from Portland State University and University of Illinois researchers found workplace incivilities has the potential to not only negatively affect an employee's sleep but their partner's as well (2018-12-14)

Breast cancer screening: New emphasis on shared decision-making between women and their doctors
An updated guideline on screening for breast cancer emphasizes shared decision-making between women and their doctors, supporting women to make an informed decision based on personal preferences when the balance between benefits and harms is uncertain. The guideline, released by the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care, is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2018-12-10)

Medical management of opioid-induced constipation differs from other forms of condition
Traditional laxatives are recommended as first-line agents to treat patients with a confirmed diagnosis of opioid-induced constipation, according to a new guideline from the American Gastroenterological Association. If an adequate trial of laxatives results in suboptimal symptom control, the guidelines recommend peripherally-acting mu-opioid receptor antagonist (PAMORA) drugs, namely naldemedine, naloxegol and methylnatrexone. (2018-10-17)

USPSTF recommendation statement on screening for syphilis infection in pregnant women
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends early screening for syphilis infection in all pregnant women. (2018-09-04)

Researchers recommend new herbicide registration for weed control in watermelon crops
Research featured in the latest edition of the journal Weed Technology recommends that the herbicide bicyclopyrone, now used in corn, be registered for weed management in watermelon crops as well. (2018-08-29)

Pass the salt: Study finds average consumption safe for heart health
New research shows that for the vast majority of individuals, sodium consumption does not increase health risks except for those who eat more than five grams a day, the equivalent of 2.5 teaspoons of salt. The research, published in The Lancet, is by scientists of the Population Health Research Institute (PHRI) of McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences, along with their research colleagues from 21 countries. (2018-08-09)

Exercise cuts risk of chronic disease in older adults
People who engaged in the highest levels of total physical activity were twice as lively to avoid stroke, heart disease, angina, cancer and diabetes, and be in optimal physical and mental shape 10 years later, experts found. (2018-07-22)

Expert panel compares opioid epidemic to early days of HIV epidemic
Experts are drawing on lessons learned from the early days of the HIV epidemic to address the current opioid epidemic. As a result of widespread opioid abuse, new epidemics of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV infection have arisen and hospitalizations for related infections have increased. An expert panel convened by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) recommends five crucial steps for clinicians treating patients affected by opioid addiction and these intersecting infections. (2018-07-13)

Transmission of NDM bacteria between dogs and humans established
In 2015, a New Delhi-metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM) Escherichia coli bacteria was discovered in two Finnish dogs. An article recently published in the journal Eurosurveillance reveals that the dogs' owner did also carry the bacterium. This is presumably the first time in the world that the transmission of NDM-bacteria between a dog and a human has been reported. (2018-07-09)

Three research-based ways to maximize the fun of leisure activities
Everyone's so busy these days that it is easy to think you need to schedule time to have fun. But be careful about how you do that, said Selin Malkoc, a time management expert at The Ohio State University's Fisher College of Business. Research shows that scheduling can undermine enjoyment if it is not done right, (2018-07-02)

Missed opportunities for HIV testing
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends at least annual testing for people at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), including men who have sex with men and people who inject drugs. A new study from the CDC estimates substantial numbers of people infected with HIV, but unaware of their infection, weren't offered HIV testing by clinicians they've recently seen. (2018-06-26)

Emergency department patients want to be invited to share in medical decision-making
Most emergency department patients want to be involved in some aspects of medical decision-making, but they need to be invited. (2018-06-20)

USPSTF recommendation statement on screening for cardiovascular disease risk with ECG
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against adding screening with electrocardiography (ECG) to standard risk assessment to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in adults without symptoms at low risk. (2018-06-12)

New guidelines recommend earlier colorectal cancer screening
New guidelines developed by the American Cancer Society (ACS) recommend that screening for colorectal cancer for average-risk adults begin at age 45, five years earlier than the previous recommendation. (2018-05-31)

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