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Screening for impaired vision in older adults: New Canadian guideline
A new Canadian guideline for impaired vision in older adults recommends against primary care screening of older adults not reporting concerns about their vision. The guideline, published in English and French in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) by the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC), is aimed at primary care practitioners. (2018-05-14)

USPSTF recommendation statement on screening for prostate cancer
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that men 55 to 69 who are interested in screening talk to their doctors about potential benefits and harms of screening for prostate cancer before deciding whether to undergo periodic prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening. The USPSTF recommends against PSA-based screening for men 70 and older. (2018-05-08)

Exercise to prevent falls recommended for older adults at increased risk for falls
For adults 65 years or older who are at increased risk of falling, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends exercise, such as supervised individual and group classes and physical therapy, to prevent falls, and that clinicians selectively check older adults' risks for falls and then offer tailored interventions that address those specific risks. The USPSTF recommends against vitamin D supplementation. (2018-04-17)

USPSTF recommendation statement on vitamin D, calcium supplementation to prevent fractures
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes current scientific evidence is insufficient regarding the use of vitamin D and calcium, alone or in combination, to prevent fractures in men and premenopausal women. The USPSTF recommends against daily supplementation with 400 IU or less of vitamin D and 1,000 mg or less of calcium to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women. (2018-04-17)

Frequency of skin cancer screening among indoor tanners
Skin cancer screening is underused by indoor tanners. (2018-04-04)

Closing the 69 million teacher gap needs to be top priority for world's education leaders
Addressing the global teacher gap of 69 million should be the number one priority for education policymakers the world over, a new international study has warned. (2018-03-20)

US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on behavioral counseling to prevent skin cancer
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends behavioral counseling to help reduce the risk of skin cancer from ultraviolet (UV) radiation in persons ages 6 months to 24 years with fair skin types. (2018-03-20)

Getting flu vaccine cuts risk of death by half in people with heart failure
For people with heart failure, getting a seasonal influenza (flu) vaccine in a given year was associated with a 50 percent drop in the risk of death during flu season and a 20 percent drop in the risk of death during the rest of the year, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session. (2018-02-28)

DASH-Style diet associated with reduced risk of depression
Eating a diet that emphasizes vegetables, fruit and whole grains it may lead to a reduced risk of depression, according to a study by researchers at Rush University Medical Center. (2018-02-26)

Screening for ovarian cancer not recommended
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for ovarian cancer in women without symptoms and who are not known to be at high risk (such as those who have certain hereditary cancer syndromes that increase the risk for ovarian cancer). (2018-02-13)

Better health and economic activity key to easing UK pension crisis
Raising the UK state pension age is not enough to address the challenges caused by an ageing population, a new report from Cass Business School for the Centre for the Study of Financial Innovation (CSFI) argues. (2018-01-29)

Walk in groups to keep exercise goals on track
People may be more likely to stick to taking exercise if they walk in groups, according to a paper published in the International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care. (2018-01-29)

Physicians' experiences with family and friends impact breast cancer screening
Results of a national survey of more than 800 physicians suggest that their experiences with patients, family members and friends with breast cancer are linked with their recommendations for routine mammograms. (2017-12-04)

Intranasal ketamine has more minor side effects than intranasal fentanyl in children with acute pain
Minor adverse events (e.g., bad taste in the mouth and dizziness) occur more frequently with intranasal ketamine than with intranasal fentanyl in children with suspected extremity fractures. (2017-11-22)

Quality of care for older Texas patients with colon cancer on the rise, still room for improvement
Research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center finds adherence to surgical treatment guidelines has improved significantly among older Texas patients with colon cancer since 2001, while adherence to chemotherapy guidelines has remained largely unchanged. The study, published today in Cancer, identifies factors influencing adherence rates, including socioeconomic status and access to skilled physicians. (2017-11-15)

ACP says patient safety must be improved in office-based practice setting
More needs to be done to improve patient safety in the outpatient setting, said the American College of Physicians (ACP) in a new policy paper released today. Patient Safety in the Office-Based Practice Setting offers a set of recommendations aimed at improving patient care in office-based practices. (2017-11-06)

Pollution responsible for 16 percent of deaths globally -- Lancet Commission report
Diseases caused by pollution were responsible in 2015 for an estimated 9 million premature deaths -- 16 percent of all deaths worldwide, according to a report by The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. SFU health sciences professor Bruce Lanphear is a commissioner and author. (2017-10-20)

More infants and toddlers being positioned correctly in car safety seats
New research suggests child passenger safety education programs are a success, with more infants and toddlers riding in the rear-facing position than ever before. The study abstract, 'Trends in Child Passenger Safety Practices in Indiana From 2009-2015,' will be presented Monday, Sept. 18 at the American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference & Exhibition in Chicago. (2017-09-15)

Researchers raise health concerns about off-road vehicles and inhalation of asbestos
Preventing injuries may not be the only reason children shouldn't use off-road vehicles (ORVs). In a new study, public health scientists raise concerns that people who use ORVs in many regions of the country may face exposure to hazardous mineral fibers. (2017-08-30)

ESC focused update on dual antiplatelet therapy in coronary artery disease published today
The first ESC Focused Update on Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in Coronary Artery Disease is published online today in European Heart Journal,1 and on the ESC website.2 The document was developed in collaboration with the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS). (2017-08-26)

Despite benefits, half of parents against later school start times
Leading pediatrics and sleep associations agree: Teens shouldn't start school so early. Yet University of Michigan research finds parents are split almost down the middle on whether they support delays in school start times that might permit their 13- to 17-year-olds to sleep later on school days. (2017-08-18)

Climate change means more rain, more nitrogen runoff, more problems
An intensifying water cycle will likely cause dramatic increases -- nearing 20% by 2100 -- in the amount of nitrogen runoff in the US, according to a new study. (2017-07-27)

AAP counsels pediatricians to focus on clusters of cardiometabolic risk factors to help obese kids
Since frameworks used to identify adults at heightened risk for such complications are a poor fit for kids, the American Academy of Pediatrics now recommends that pediatricians instead focus on clusters of cardiometabolic risk factors that are associated with obesity. (2017-07-24)

Parents have critical role in preventing teen drinking
Fewer Australian teenagers are drinking alcohol but more needs to be done to curb the drinking habits of Aussie students, based on the findings of the latest study by Adelaide researchers. (2017-07-20)

USPSTF recommendation regarding behavioral counseling for cardiovascular disease prevention
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care professionals individualize the decision to offer or refer adults without obesity who do not have high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol or blood sugar levels or diabetes to behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity. Existing evidence indicates a positive but small benefit of behavioral counseling for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in this population. The report appears in the July 11 issue of JAMA. (2017-07-11)

UK can lead the way in labor rights post-Brexit, says new academic report
Leading academics have today published a set of proposals for the protection of workers' rights in post-Brexit UK trade agreements. (2017-07-04)

Illegal activities threaten natural World Heritage -- IUCN
Illegal fishing, logging and poaching, are impacting two-thirds of the 57 natural World Heritage sites monitored by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) this year, putting some of the world's most precious and unique ecosystems and species at risk. (2017-06-30)

Aspirin reduces risk of pre-eclampsia in pregnant women
Taking a low-dose aspirin before bed can reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia, which can cause premature birth and, in extreme cases, maternal and fetal death. (2017-06-28)

What causes women to stop breastfeeding early?
A recent systematic literature review has investigated potential sociodemographic, physical, mental, and social factors that may cause breastfeeding mothers to stop breastfeeding before infants reach 6 months of age. (2017-06-07)

Lupin seeds: Health impairments possible with bitter taste
For several years now, lupin seeds have been used increasingly to produce foods such as gluten-free bakery produce and pasta, as well as diet products for people with milk protein allergies. Lupin seeds or beans are also consumed as snacks in some European and North African countries. Depending on the botanical species and geographical origin of the lupins, their seeds can contain bitter quinolizidine alkaloids. (2017-06-01)

Legalizing marijuana will harm health of youth in Canada
The federal government's bill C-45 to legalize marijuana in Canada will jeopardize the health of young people and Parliament should vote against it, argues the interim editor-in-chief of CMAJ in an editorial. (2017-05-29)

US strategy to defeat Islamic State in Iraq and Syria needs overhaul
Longstanding weaknesses in America's Middle East strategy, spanning at least four decades, mean new options are needed to defeat the Islamic State (IS) in Iraq and Syria, stabilize the Middle East and reestablish a sense of domestic security in the US and Europe, according to a new RAND report. (2017-05-08)

Research supports new criteria for evaluating urologic cancer in women
Experts in women's health are recommending physicians follow new guidelines to determine when women warrant further evaluation and testing for urologic cancers when there is microscopic blood in their urine. (2017-05-02)

New guideline published on uncommon risk of death in epilepsy
There is an uncommon risk of death that people with epilepsy and their loved ones may not know about. The risk is called sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, or SUDEP. Now the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the American Epilepsy Society have co-developed a new guideline on SUDEP, published in the April 24, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, and presented at the 69th AAN Annual Meeting in Boston, April 22 to 28, 2017. (2017-04-24)

How educators could help tackle religious segregation
Educators could be doing more to address the challenges and obstacles faced by Muslim students in modern times, a new research report published today in the Journal of Language, Identity and Education suggests. (2017-04-20)

Researchers find high cardiovascular risk even in normal weight individuals
A new research study has found that approximately one-third of all individuals with a normal body mass index (BMI) had cardio-metabolic risk factors for heart disease, especially those of South Asian and Hispanic descent. (2017-04-04)

Early use of marijuana can increase its negative health impacts
The need for age guidelines for marijuana use is the focus of a new study recently published in the journal Health. Findings show that young users report the most impact to their physical and mental health. (2017-03-28)

Many youths with diabetes not being screened as recommended for diabetic retinopathy
Many youths with type 1 and 2 diabetes are not receiving eye examinations as recommended to monitor for diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology. (2017-03-23)

Less than half of elderly hip fracture patients take vitamin D supplements
Despite national recommendations for daily vitamin D intake, a new study presented today at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) found that just 45.7 percent of patients reported consistently taking vitamin D supplements following a hip fracture, a known treatment and preventative strategy for osteoporosis. (2017-03-14)

FDG PET/CT found useful in certain lung cancer patients
FDG PET/CT is a valuable imaging tool for treatment assessment of patients with lung cancer, though systematic evidence for its comparative effectiveness with conventional imaging, such as chest CT, is still evolving. (2017-03-01)

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