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Current Avian Influenza News and Events, Avian Influenza News Articles.
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Why aren't pregnant women getting flu vaccine?
Both mother and fetus are at increased risk for complications of flu infection during pregnancy. And prenatal care providers say they're advising women to get the flu vaccine, in line with recommendations from various organizations. But many pregnant women don't understand the importance of this advice -- and don't get the vaccine. (2014-08-18)

Vanderbilt-led study shows high-dose flu vaccine more effective in elderly
High-dose influenza vaccine is 24 percent more effective than the standard-dose vaccine in protecting persons ages 65 and over against influenza illness and its complications, according to a Vanderbilt-led study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine. (2014-08-13)

Novel chip-based platform could simplify measurements of single molecules
Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have developed a new approach for studying single molecules and nanoparticles by combining electrical and optical measurements on an integrated chip-based platform. In a paper published July 9 in Nano Letters, the researchers reported using the device to distinguish viruses from similarly sized nanoparticles with 100 percent fidelity. (2014-08-13)

Hand sanitizers in classrooms do not reduce school absences in children
Installing alcohol-based hand sanitizer dispensers in the classrooms does not lead to reductions in the rate of school absences in children, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine led by Patricia Priest and colleagues from the University of Otago, New Zealand. (2014-08-12)

New study: Ravens rule Idaho's artificial roosts
A new study by the Wildlife Conservation Society, US Geological Survey and Idaho State University explored how habitat alterations, including the addition of energy transmission towers, affect avian predators nesting in sagebrush landscapes. (2014-08-11)

Researcher using next-generation sequencing to rapidly identify pathogens
A recent study looks at porcine enterovirus G, which is an important find in the United States. (2014-07-28)

Study indicates large raptors in Africa used for bushmeat
Bushmeat, the use of native animal species for food or commercial food sale, has been heavily documented to be a significant factor in the decline of many species of primates and other mammals. However, a new study indicates that more than half of the species being consumed are birds, particularly large birds like raptors and hornbills. (2014-07-24)

Potential new flu drugs target immune response, not virus
The seriousness of disease often results from the strength of immune response, rather than with the virus, itself. Turning down that response, rather than attacking the virus, might be a better way to reduce that severity, says Juliet Morrison of the University of Washington, Seattle. She and her collaborators have now taken the first step in doing just that for the H7N9 influenza, and their work has already led to identification of six potential therapeutics. (2014-07-21)

Findings suggest antivirals underprescribed for patients at risk for flu complications
Patients likely to benefit the most from antiviral therapy for influenza were prescribed these drugs infrequently during the 2012-2013 influenza season, while antibiotics may have been overprescribed. Published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and now available online, the findings suggest more efforts are needed to educate clinicians about the appropriate use of antivirals and antibiotics in the outpatient setting. (2014-07-17)

Bacterial colonization prior to catching the flu may protect against severe illness
Severe illness and even death are likely to result if you develop another respiratory infection after catching the flu. Now, however, a team of Wistar researchers has determined that if you reverse the order of infection, pneumococcus bacteria may actually protect against a bad case of the flu. The bacterial protein pneumolysin, a bacterial virulence factor, might protect certain immune system cells (macrophages) in the alveoli of the lungs, preventing inflammation and, thus, pneumonia. (2014-07-10)

Patient patience and pandemics
Allowing patients to choose which hospital they attend when suffering illness during a pandemic rather than assigning them to a specific healthcare facility could be inefficient, according to research published in the International Journal of Mathematics in Operational Research. But incentives might redress the balance. (2014-07-07)

Archaeopteryx plumage: First show off, then take-off
Paleontologists of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich are currently studying a new specimen of Archaeopteryx, which reveals previously unknown features of the plumage. The initial findings shed light on the original function of feathers and their recruitment for flight. (2014-07-03)

No two lark sparrows are alike (at least when it comes to migration habits)
New study conducted by researchers from the University of Oklahoma, who used geolocators to track birds migration journey, shows that migration flyways and winter destinations of sparrows are unique to each bird. (2014-07-03)

The Lancet: Viewpoints explore public health and health security in the USA and CDC's role in global health
Two Viewpoints, published in The Lancet alongside a new Series, 'The Health of Americans,' explore the intersection of public health and health security in the US, and the role of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in promoting and improving global health. (2014-07-02)

New analysis of 'swine flu' pandemic conflicts with accepted views on how diseases spread
New analysis of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic in the US shows that the pandemic wave was surprisingly slow, and that its spread was likely accelerated by school-age children. (2014-07-01)

UF part of research team that finds equine influenza virus in camels
University of Florida researchers have found evidence that an influenza A virus can jump from horses to camels -- and humans could be next. (2014-06-24)

Evolution of equine influenza led to canine offshoot which could mix with human influenza
Equine influenza viruses from the early 2000s can easily infect the respiratory tracts of dogs, while those from the 1960s are only barely able to, according to research published ahead of print in the Journal of Virology. The research also suggests that canine and human influenza viruses can mix, and generate new influenza viruses. (2014-06-19)

Study reveals conditions linked to deadly bird flu and maps areas at risks
A dangerous strain of avian influenza, H7N9, that's causing severe illness and deaths in China may be inhabiting a small fraction of its potential range and appears at risk of spreading to other suitable areas of India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines, according to a new study published today in the journal Nature Communications. (2014-06-17)

Computation leads to better understanding of influenza virus replication
Computer simulations that reveal a key mechanism in the replication process of influenza A may help defend against future deadly pandemics. (2014-06-16)

Viral infections, including flu, could be inhibited by naturally occurring protein
By boosting a protein that naturally exists in our cells, an international team of researchers led by the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, partner with UPMC CancerCenter, has found a potential way to enhance our ability to sense and inhibit viral infections. The laboratory-based discovery, which could lead to more effective treatments for viruses ranging from hepatitis C to the flu, appears in the June 19 issue of the journal Immunity. (2014-06-12)

Spanish flu-like virus with pandemic potential could emerge in bird populations
Emerging bird flu viruses continually threaten to cause pandemics, underscoring the need for better ways to predict potential outbreaks. A new study shows that circulating bird flu viruses are very similar to the flu virus that caused the 1918 pandemic -- the most devastating disease outbreak ever recorded. Only a few amino acids separate viral proteins currently found in bird populations from proteins in the 1918 virus, suggesting that a similar deadly virus may emerge. (2014-06-11)

Genes found in nature yield 1918-like virus with pandemic potential
An international team of researchers has shown that circulating avian influenza viruses contain all the genetic ingredients necessary to underpin the emergence of a virus similar to the deadly 1918 influenza virus. (2014-06-11)

EcoHealth 2014 connects researchers addressing impacts of global change on health and ecosystems
EcoHealth 2014 is a key forum for researchers, practitioners and educators whose work spans the fields of ecology, human and veterinarian medicine, planning, social sciences, international development and beyond. This year's conference is the fifth biennial event of the International Association for Ecology & Health and is co-hosted by the Canadian Community of Practice in EcoHealth and the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Well-Being, Health, Society and Environment of the Université du Québec à Montréal. (2014-06-09)

Study: When hospital workers get vaccines, community flu rates fall
For every 15 healthcare providers who receive the influenza vaccination, one fewer person in the community will contract an influenza-like illness, according to a study using California public health data from 2009 - 2012. (2014-06-04)

Scientists uncover features of antibody-producing cells in people infected with HIV
By analyzing the blood of almost 100 treated and untreated HIV-infected volunteers, a team of scientists has identified previously unknown characteristics of B cells in the context of HIV infection. B cells are the immune system cells that make antibodies to HIV and other pathogens. The findings augment the current understanding of how HIV disease develops and have implications for the timing of treatment. (2014-06-02)

Chinese scientists map reproductive system's evolution as dinosaurs gave rise to birds
As winged dinosaurs underwent a series of evolutionary changes during the transition into Aves, or birds, one pivotal transformation was the appearance of a single-ovary reproductive system. A team of Chinese scientists are adding new details to the mosaic of understanding how terrestrial dinosaurs gave rise to birds and powered flight. (2014-05-30)

Implications of mandatory flu vaccinations for health-care workers
Employers planning to implement mandatory influenza vaccination policies for health-care workers need to understand the implications, according to an analysis published in CMAJ. (2014-05-26)

Oil and gas development homogenizing core-forest bird communities
Conventional oil and gas development in northern Pennsylvania altered bird communities, and the current massive build-out of shale-gas infrastructure may accelerate these changes, according to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences. (2014-05-21)

Experiments using virulent avian flu strains pose risk of accidental release
Experiments creating dangerous flu strains that are transmissible between mammals pose too great a risk to human life from potential release, according to an editorial by researchers from Harvard School of Public Health and Yale School of Public Health. (2014-05-20)

Flu vaccines in schools limited by insurer reimbursement
School-based influenza vaccine programs have the potential to reach many children at affordable costs and with parental support, but these programs are limited by low rates of reimbursement from third-party payers, according to recently published study results by researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine. (2014-05-20)

Scientists reveal new picture in the evolution of flightless birds
Because of their far-flung geography and colorful examples including the African ostrich, Australian emu, New Zealand kiwi and long lost giants such as the New Zealand moa, researchers Allan Baker, et. al. have examined a fascinating part in the story of the avian tree of life: flightless birds, or ratites. (2014-05-13)

Understanding the 1918 flu pandemic can aid in better infectious disease response
The 1918 Flu Pandemic infected over 500 million people, killing at least 50 million. Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri has analyzed the pandemic in two remote regions of North America, finding that despite their geographical divide, both regions had environmental, nutritional and economic factors that influenced morbidity during the pandemic. Findings from the research could help improve current health policies. (2014-05-13)

SOCS4 prevents a cytokine storm and helps to clear influenza virus from the lung
Certain influenza strains are highly virulent -- they cause more serious disease and kill more people. Some of the damage is caused by the stronger immune response such strains elicit, especially in the lung. A study published on May 8 in PLOS Pathogens identifies SOCS4 as a key regulator of the immune response against influenza virus. (2014-05-08)

IL-27 balances the immune response to influenza and reduces lung damage
Highly pathogenic (dangerous) influenza strains elicit a strong immune response which can lead to uncontrolled inflammation in the lung and potentially fatal lung injury. A study published on May 8 in PLOS Pathogens demonstrates the importance of IL-27 for the control of immunopathology -- damage to the lung tissue caused by the immune system -- and the therapeutic potential of well-timed IL-27 application to treat life-threatening inflammation during lung infection. (2014-05-08)

Ending the perfect storm: Protein key to beating flu pandemics
A protein called SOCS4 has been shown to act as a handbrake on the immune system's runaway reaction to flu infection, providing a possible means of minimizing the impact of flu pandemics. (2014-05-08)

UTMB awarded $4.4 million to develop universal flu vaccine
UTMB researchers are working to create a universal flu vaccine -- one that could eliminate the need for an annual flu shot. Thanks to a $4.4 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, UTMB researchers and biotechnology company Etubics Corporation plan to construct, produce and test a vaccine containing various antigens of the A and B strains of influenza. (2014-05-07)

Distinct avian influenza viruses found in Antarctic penguins
An international team of researchers has, for the first time, identified an avian influenza virus in a group of Adelie penguins from Antarctica. The virus, found to be unlike any other circulating avian flu, is described in a study published this week in mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. (2014-05-06)

China study improves understanding of disease spread
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have shown how the travel and socialization patterns of people in Southern China can give greater insight into how new diseases such as bird flu may spread between populations. (2014-05-01)

Predators predict longevity of birds
Max Planck scientists discover the secret for a long life in birds. (2014-04-30)

Mystery of the pandemic flu virus of 1918 solved by University of Arizona researchers
UA researchers have solved the mystery of the origin of the 1918 pandemic flu virus and found compelling evidence that its severity resulted from a mismatch between its surface proteins and prior immunity in certain age groups, which could inform future vaccine design and pandemic prevention. (2014-04-28)

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