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Yale scientists identify genetic form of hypertension in pregnant women
A Yale research team led by Richard P. Lifton, M.D., professor of genetics, medicine, and molecular biophysics and biochemistry, has identified the molecular cause of an inherited form of hypertension in pregnant women. (2000-07-06)

Consultants feel imbalance between work and family life
Many hospital consultants are dissatisfied with the balance between their career and family life. The working practices and attitudes within hospital culture are an important factor influencing this dissatisfaction, according to a study in this week's BMJ. (2000-05-25)

'Falling down drunk' is not a laughing matter
  • Excessive alcohol consumption clearly has a deleterious effect on brain structure and function.
  • Gait and balance, followed by visuospatial abilities, show the greatest alcohol-related deficits.
  • Two principal neural systems, the cerebellar-frontal and the corticocortical systems, are implicated.
  • The aging process may itself be an additional risk factor for alcoholics.
(2000-05-21)

Sudden falls for elderly may be caused by overlooked ear disorder
SAN DIEGO, CA - Sudden fall attacks among the elderly can be related to an overlooked inner ear disorder. However, with proper diagnosis, available treatments are often successful in curing the problem, according to a study presented during the American Academy of Neurology's 52nd Annual Meeting in San Diego, CA, April 29 - May 6, 2000. (2000-05-02)

Life and death struggle: Proteins play against each other, bringing balance to immune system
Each day, viruses attack the immune system looking to gain a foothold in the body and cause sickness. But the immune system regularly turns away these invaders by using antibodies and killer T cells that attack the antigen. Until now, scientists only knew these that events happened, but not how or why. (2000-04-27)

Yale researchers pinpoint possible causes of dizziness in the elderly/study suggests dizziness is a geriatric syndrome
A Yale study of elderly people found that 24 percent complained of recurring dizziness and that factors such as anxiety, depression and heart disease might cause dizziness. Published in the March 7 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine, the study suggests that by classifying dizziness as a geriatric syndrome, researchers might get closer to identifying the causes of this condition. (2000-03-06)

UMass exercise scientist studies how age affects upper-body motion and balance
UMass exercise science Professor Richard E.A.Van Emmerik is conducting research into how aging changes upper-body motion and the ability to maintain balance while walking. The research could have a major impact on efforts to reduce the risk of injury from falling among the elderly, says Van Emmerik. (2000-03-01)

Attitudes hinder gay and lesbian medical trainees
Canadian gay and lesbian medical students and residents often feel they must balance the risk of disclosing their sexual orientation against enduring homophobic attitudes or even damaging their career. (2000-02-07)

ORNL weigh-in-motion system could increase military mobility
Armed with an automated weigh-in-motion system being developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), U.S. military forces could increase mobility and decrease mistakes when loading vehicles on transport planes and ships. (1999-12-29)

Some consumers use credit cards in pyramid-like scheme
A new study of credit card use in Ohio provides the best evidence to date that some consumers are involved in a risky pyramid scheme: getting new credit cards to pay off old cards. The study found that troubled credit-card owners had an average of 4.6 credit cards. (1999-12-20)

90 high schools will participate in UNC-CH head injury study
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill are trying to make sports safer. Soon they may be able to take some of the guesswork out of how to handle head trauma. They have received two grants totaling $531,000 to support a two-year investigation of such injuries in games and practices. (1999-12-02)

Protein essential for making steroids turns out to be a "molten globule"
UCSF scientists have identified part of the structure of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR). It escorts cholesterol into mitochondria - the first step to make steroid hormones essential for salt and sugar balance, and for sex. StAR appears to do its work in a partially unfolded state - as a (1999-06-22)

UI Researchers Identify Possible Reason For Rare, Accelerated Aging Condition
A University of Iowa study looking at a rare, accelerated aging condition could improve understanding of normal aging and lead to treatments for various problems, including the accelerated aging condition itself, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. (1999-05-21)

Dietary Lutein Inhibits Mammary Tumor Growth And Normalizes Immune Balance In Tumor-Bearing Mice
The carotenoid antioxidant lutein can normalize immune system balance in mammary tumor-bearing mice, effectively slowing tumor growth, according to a study presented today at the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1999 annual meeting. (1999-04-18)

Brain Resolves Sensory Contradictions By Creating Its Own Reality
A device that might not be out of place in an amusement park is being used to trick the brain and uncover secrets of perception. Study subjects are spun and tilted, a process that provides conflicting information from different senses. The research reveals the brain resolves those sensory contradictions by creating its own reality -- a reality that gives people a sensation of movement even when they're still. (1999-04-15)

Old Bone Collection Reveals Basis For Some Dizziness
Using a library of almost 1,000 skull bones collected for more than 30 years at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, researchers have identified a consistent congenital basis for a rare but troubling disorder they discovered in which loud noises cause dizziness. Their findings are to be presented Feb. 17 at the Association for Research in Otolaryngology (ARO) meeting in St. Petersburg Beach, Fla. (1999-02-08)

Serotonin May Be Better Target For Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment
Ritalin has long been used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Researchers thought it worked by altering dopamine levels in the brain. Now HHMI researchers show that serotonin may be a better target than dopamine for ADHD treatment. (1999-01-14)

Intensive Exercise Helps Stroke Survivors Recover Motor Skills
As more people survive strokes, the need for better ways of rehabilitation increases. In a pilot study, researchers show that an intensive post-stroke exercise program can help stroke survivors recover their motor skills. (1998-10-08)

Leptin Regulates Hunger During Energy Deficit In Women
The authors studied the effect of calorie restricted diets on leptin, which is know to be increased in obesity and decreased in malnutrition. Decreased leptin was associated with increased hunger, but was unrelated to a decrease in body weight or fatness. Thus leptin plays a significant role in regulating food intake independent of body size. (1998-10-01)

University Of Washington Scientists Discover A Gene That Causes Deafness And Dizziness In Mice
Culminating several years of work, scientists at the University of Washington have identified a gene that, when mutant, causes mice to be deaf and to suffer from motor imbalance. Aptly named, these (1998-08-12)

U.S. Navy Medical Breakthrough To Help Millions Of Americans At Risk For Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
In a medical breakthrough that will help tens of millions of Americans at risk for noise-induced hearing loss, the Naval Medical Center in San Diego has successfully tested a technique that restores hearing loss if administered within hours following exposure to loud noise. It can also (1998-07-31)

Shift In Care Of Elderly Is Falling On Shoulders Of GPs
The number of institutional care places for elderly people in Britain doubled to 563,000 between 1980 and 1995, with NHS beds accounting for less than ten per cent of the total by the end of this period. Shane Kavanagh from the University of Kent and Martin Knapp from the London School of Economics consider the impact that this shift is having on general practice. (1998-07-31)

Congress To Learn About Near-Earth Space Objects: Could "Deep Impact" And "Armageddon" Come True?
Is there a real danger to Earth from space objects, as depicted in such films as (1998-06-04)

As Elders Rock, Emotional Burden Of Dementia Eases
Nursing home residents who have dementia can literally rock away their anxiety and depression simply by rocking back and forth in a rocking chair for about an hour or two a day. The finding by a University of Rochester nurse researcher was presented at a meeting of the Eastern Nursing Research Society. (1998-04-25)

Link Made Between Human Growth Hormone, Bone Quality In Mice
Laboratory mice which have been genetically altered to produce human growth hormone grow to be 25-30 percent larger than normal mice---with much of that size difference coming from bigger bones, according to researchers. (1998-03-30)

Getting At The Components Of Mechanotransduction: Genes Required For Vertebrate Sensory Hair Cell Function Identified
Although researchers know a great deal about the biophysics of hearing, not much is known about the molecular basis of inner ear and lateral line function. In a study on zebrafish mutants (Neuron, February 1998), Max Planck scientists identified genes which appear to have a specific role within sensory hair cell. (1998-03-16)

Biologists Map First Gene For Age-Related Hearing Loss In Mice
A team of biologists from the University of Cincinnati, the Jackson Laboratory, and Northern Illinois University have identified a gene which leads to age-related hearing loss in mice. The gene was mapped used traditional genetic crosses and newer DNA micro-satellite markers. The work appears in the current issue of Hearing Research. The ultimate goal is to gain a better understanding of age-related hearing loss in humans. (1998-02-24)

Falling May Be Linked To Neurological Disorder In Elderly
Nearly one in three people over age 65 and not living in a nursing home fall each year---and those falls often result in serious injury and significant cost. Now, through a series of studies, researchers have documented a strong link between falling and a neurological disorder called peripheral neuropathy. (1998-02-05)

Falling In The Elderly Involves More Than Balance
The loss of strength and flexibility is not the only reason why older people fall. A new Penn State study suggests a decrease in the ability to rapidly compensate for out-of- balance positions and their generally smaller ranges of stability may account for unsteadiness in older adults. (1998-01-05)

How The Brain Maintains Balance: New Insights Into Vestibular Compensation
The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), Anniversary Lecture will be held on Friday, November 7, 1997, at 10 a.m. in Lister Hill Auditorium, NIH, Bethesda, MD. The lecture, entitled (1997-10-29)

New Study: Athletes Should Wait At Least 3 Days After Head Injury
Football players and other athletes who suffer mild head injuries should wait at least three days after symptoms disappear before playing again, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study. (1997-08-06)

Do Jet Contrails Add Up To A Cloudy Climate Forecast?
Can wispy plumes of jet exhaust affect climate? With more than 62 million commercial and military flights weaving trails of jet exhaust across the skies above the United States each year, that's an emerging question on the radar screens of some climatologists. (1997-05-30)

New Films May One Day Be Used To Repair Tissue, Keep Aircraft Ice-Free
University of Illinois scientists believe that a new class of miniature polymers that ultimately form films should prove useful in many applications, from the repair of human tissue to keeping aircraft wings ice-free (1997-05-02)

Further Reductions Forcast For Science Funding
The latest budget proposals from the White House and the U.S. House of Representatives Budget Committee would reduce funding for nondefense R&D programs by about 25 percent by 2002, according to a new analysis by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (1996-05-16)

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