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Current Bay News and Events, Bay News Articles.
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USC/Norris oncologists test new front-line therapy for pancreatic cancer
USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center oncologists are testing the effectiveness of a new drug against pancreatic cancer in a phase II clinical trial sponsored by the NCI. (2005-01-13)

Hidden fault may contribute to Bay Area earthquake risk
Earthquakes are not unusual in the San Francisco Bay Area, but a team of Penn State geoscientists believes that the hazard may be greater than previously thought because of a hidden fault under Marin County. (2004-12-16)

Hudson's Bay Company fur trapping policies set stage for modern environmental struggles
The Pacific Northwest has seen its share of major environmental battles. Now a new pilot study examining the historical record for the National Park Service has found that the Hudson's Bay Company, the dominant outside force in the region during the early years of the 19th century, set the stage for later environmental struggles through its own sometimes conflicting policies. (2004-12-13)

MBL scientists embark on international effort to uncover microbial diversity in world's oceans
In an unprecedented effort to catalog the Earth's known marine microbes, and explore the ocean's yet untold microbial diversity, Mitchell L. Sogin, of the Marine Biological Laboratory and Jan W. de Leeuw of the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, have launched the International Census of Marine Microbes, the first global effort to focus on the biodiversity of single-celled organisms in the world's oceans. (2004-11-29)

Eelgrass provides a refuge from predators for some fish species
An article in the current issue of the journal Marine Ecology Progress Series describes experiments by URI Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) biological oceanographers Lora Harris, Betty Buckley, Scott Nixon, and Ben Allen to investigate how different habitats affect predator-prey relationships. The three habitats in the study included eelgrass Zostera marina, macroalgae, and bare sediment. (2004-11-24)

Look at past sea-level rise points to troubling future
New research presented at this week's annual meeting of the Geological Society of America shows that rising sea levels of as little as a half-meter per century have been sufficient to dramatically change the shoreline of the U.S. Gulf Coast within the past 10,000 years. The findings are significant because half-meter increases are within the moderate range of predictions for the Gulf Coast during this century, according to an expert at Rice University in Houston. (2004-11-08)

Live, from Peconic Bay, it's National Estuaries Day
National Estuaries Day Web Cast features eastern Long Island as one of seven estuaries from around the U.S. (2004-09-24)

Visiting African scientists collaborate with MBL scientists on infectious diseases
African scientists will be collaborating with researchers in the MBL's Josephine Bay Paul Center for Comparative Molecular Biology and Evolution to help further the world's understanding of infectious diseases, which are responsible for one third of all human deaths each year. (2004-08-24)

Well-preserved layer of material ejected from Chesapeake Bay meteor-strike discovered
Now researchers at the University of Georgia, studying a kaolin mine in Warren County, have found a layer of tiny grains, which indicate that the grains and the Georgiaites were products of a recently discovered impact that left a huge crater beneath the waters of the Chesapeake Bay. (2004-08-23)

Pollination find could lead to cordgrass control
The wind transports pollen far less effectively than scientists assumed, according to a new study of invasive Atlantic cordgrass by researchers at UC Davis. This discovery will help control a cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora, that is invading wetlands on the Pacific coast. (2004-08-17)

Researchers unearth ancient continental rift activity
Researchers at the University of Alberta have found evidence that a 2,000-kilometre corridor stretching diagonally across northern Canada was under tremendous pressure to split in two about 2.7 billion years ago. It is the first evidence suggesting enormous continental landforms and plate tectonics existed that long ago. (2004-07-27)

New research demonstrates powerful new tool used to study landslides
In what is perhaps the most detailed study yet of active landslides in the San Francisco Bay Area, UC Berkeley researchers found that the slides were moving downhill between 5 to 38 millimeters per year. Their findings demonstrate the power of a new satellite mapping technique that provides far more information than what was previously possible through labor-intensive field studies. (2004-06-24)

'Search and destroy' protein turns tables on HIV
A human protein that mutates the AIDS virus (HIV) and holds potential for keeping the disease at bay has been discovered and its function described by a team led by Reuben Harris of the University of Minnesota. (2004-06-24)

Encouraging interim results on BAY 43-9006 in advanced kidney cancer
Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation (NYSE: BAY) and Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ONXX) today announced encouraging new interim results from a Phase II clinical trial of BAY 43-9006 used as a single agent in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC), or kidney cancer. The results were presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology in New Orleans. (2004-06-07)

Encouraging data on BAY 43-9006 in combo w/ standard chemo as melanoma treatment presented at ASCO
Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation (NYSE: BAY) and Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ONXX) today announced encouraging interim results from a Phase l/II clinical trial of BAY 43-9006 administered in combination with the chemotherapeutic agents carboplatin and paclitaxel to treat patients with advanced malignant melanoma. The data were presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology in New Orleans. (2004-06-07)

Cream may ward off jellyfish stings, Stanford study suggests
Two dozen volunteers bravely exposed their arms to jellyfish tentacles as part of a new Stanford University School of Medicine study to test a topical, over-the-counter cream designed to protect against stinging nettles. Fortunately for the volunteers, the cream appeared to be relatively effective. (2004-06-01)

Moss Landing researchers reveal iron as key to climate change
A major oceanographic expedition to Antarctica's Southern Ocean suggests that iron supply to this area influenced Earth's climate during ice ages. As reported in the April 16, 2004 issue of Science, a multi-institutional group of scientists fertilized two key areas of the Southern Ocean with trace amounts of iron. Their observation of large phytoplankton blooms in both areas has doubled the area of the Southern Ocean that scientists believe could be important for carbon cycling. (2004-04-15)

Nanoparticles from the ocean and vehicle emissions
Under the right conditions, nanoparticles can form spontaneously in the air. These atmospheric nanoparticles are an important missing factor in understanding global climate change. (2004-03-29)

NASA uses a 'SLEUTH' to predict urban land use
According to NASA-funded researchers, developed land in the greater Washington-Baltimore metropolitan area is projected to increase 80 percent by 2030. Scientists used a computer-based decision support model loaded with NASA and commercial satellite images to simulate three policies affecting land use. (2004-03-25)

Lakes with zebra mussels have higher levels of toxins, MSU research finds
Inland lakes in Michigan that have been invaded by zebra mussels, an exotic species that has plagued bodies of water in several states since the 1980s, have higher levels of algae that produce a toxin that can be harmful to humans and animals, according to a Michigan State University researcher. (2004-03-10)

University of Delaware lays keel for new research vessel
The University of Delaware has begun construction of a state-of-the-art coastal research vessel that will allow for clean and quiet operations. (2004-02-23)

Slow-moving ground water slows down water-quality improvements in Chesapeake Bay
Ground water supplies about half of the water and nitrogen to streams in the Chesapeake Bay watershed and is therefore an important pathway for nitrogen to reach the bay, according to a recent USGS study. The relatively slow movement of nutrient-rich ground water to streams and into the Bay will impact the (2004-02-18)

Hudson River Estuary enters middle age
History of sediment accumulation points to a new phase in the formation of the lower Hudson River. (2004-02-10)

New 'bumpy' jelly found in deep sea
Wart-like bumps of stinging cells cover the feeding arms and bell of a newly described deep-sea jelly, published by MBARI biologists in this month's issue of the Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. This softball-sized, translucent jelly moves through the water like a shooting star, trailing four fleshy oral arms--but no tentacles--behind it. This and other unique features resulted in the jelly's categorization as a new genus and species. (2004-02-03)

DOE awards grants to evaluate technologies that reduce truck idling
DOE's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity has awarded separate project grants to Caterpillar Inc. and Schneider National Inc. to investigate technologies that reduce truck idling. (2004-01-29)

NASA satellites see ocean conditions in 3-D, improve forecasts
Freighters, cruise lines, marine rescuers and coastal managers are among those who could benefit from prototype three-dimensional, three-day ocean condition forecasts created with the assistance of NASA satellite data, computer models and on-site ocean measurements. (2004-01-29)

MBL scientists confirm evolutionary exception
Biologists at the Josephine Bay Paul Center for Comparative Molecular Biology and Evolution at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) have confirmed that a group of microscopic animals has evolved for tens of millions of years without sexual reproduction. Their results demonstrate a radical exception to the biological rule that abandonment of sexual reproduction is an evolutionary dead end. (2004-01-20)

Coronary heart disease risk assessment improves with coronary artery calcium scoring
Researchers conclude that CT scans for calcium can play a role in predicting cardiac deaths. (2004-01-15)

Bayer and Onyx announce new data on dual mechanism of action of BAY 43-9006
Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation and Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced today new preclinical data on the proposed anti-tumor activity of the investigational drug BAY 43-9006, indicating that the novel signal transduction inhibitor exhibits a dual mechanism of action targeting both cell proliferation and angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels to support cancer cell growth). (2003-11-20)

UCSF & SF Bay Area receive federal funds to expand breast cancer / environmental research
A new federally funded Bay Area center will bring together local health experts to investigate possible environmental links to breast cancer and the high incidence of the disease in some regional counties. (2003-10-14)

ATV simulation facility will be first to 'fly' very complex mission
Before the green light can be given for the launch of Jules Vernes in autumn 2004, another Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) has to first successfully fly the same mission. Next year, prior to the inaugural ATV mission, this ATV will fly a full mission though launch, docking and undocking from ISS, to controlled destructive re-entry over the Pacific. (2003-10-07)

URI oceanographers study relationship between Narragansett Bay and Rhode Island Sound
In a recent issue of the Journal of Geophysical Research, Chris Kincaid and Robert Pockalny from URI's Graduate School of Oceanography, and Linda Huzzey from the U.S. Coast Guard Academy presented results of a study designed to enhance further understanding of RIS and the relationship between Rhode Island Sound and Narragansett Bay. This work represents one component of a 3-year multi-disciplinary study that was funded by Rhode Island Sea Grant. (2003-10-07)

Nurseries in the deep sea
Exploring a deep-sea ridge off Northern California, MBARI scientists have discovered a unique undersea nursery, where groups of fish and octopus brood their eggs together. This is the first time that marine biologists have directly observed any deep-sea fish brooding its eggs and the first time two different types of mobile deep-sea animals have been observed brooding in the same area. This nursery may represent a new type of biological (2003-09-03)

19th century museum specimens help plan reintroduction of endangered tiger beetle
When conservation biologists decided to reintroduce the endangered tiger beetle in New England, they had to determine how many genetically distinct populations are involved, where they came from, and who their ancestors were. Therefore, they aimed the 21st century technology of DNA sequencing at museum specimens collected back to 1885. The results showed the current genetic variation between the New England and Chesapeake Bay populations, and helped plan the reintroduction of the northern population. (2003-06-27)

Solid management, natural resilience both key to sockeye success
Biocomplexity is typically thought of in terms of ecosystems having a complex set of species. Now researchers reveal the importance of biocomplexity within a species. Salmon managers in the Pacific Northwest and elsewhere, as well as those overseeing other fish and shellfish populations, need to consider this. It's why protecting only the habitat and fish of today's strongest runs is a mistake. One can't know for sure which runs might stumble in the future. (2003-05-09)

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution scientists respond to Buzzards Bay oil spill
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) scientists from diverse disciplines have responded to the April 27 spill of nearly 15,000 gallons of No. 6 fuel oil into Buzzards Bay, drawing on decades of experience studying the effects of oil spills on the marine and coastal environment. (2003-05-07)

Former CEBAF (now Jefferson Lab) scientific director earns outstanding scientist honors
Governor Mark R. Warner and Science Museum of Virginia Director, Dr. Walter R.T. Witschey, announced the state's Outstanding Scientists and Industrialists of 2003 in a special announcement on Feb. 11. Walecka, one of the world's leaders in nuclear theory, was formerly a professor of physics at Stanford University; and from 1986-92 he was the scientific director of CEBAF. The physicist has authored several books and more than 130 publications in scientific journals. (2003-04-24)

Unique fleet of underwater vehicles to gather elusive environmental data
A fleet of miniature underwater vehicles being developed by Virginia Tech researcher Dan Stilwell will enable scientists to gather environmental data off the coast of Virginia and in the Chesapeake Bay. Stilwell's goal is to develop a low-cost miniature autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), to develop a mathematical theory that describes how AUVs can cooperate, and to deploy a fleet of vehicles that can gather environmental data that otherwise would be impossible to collect. (2003-02-17)

NASA joins snow study over the sea of Japan
NASA and two Japanese government agencies are collaborating on a snowfall study over Wakasa Bay, Japan. Using NASA's Earth Observing System Aqua satellite, research aircraft and coastal radars to gather data, the joint effort is expanding scientific knowledge about where precipitation falls. (2003-01-29)

URI biological oceanographers test shallow marine systems' response to increased nutrients
A team of scientists at the URI Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) have focused their research on very shallow lagoon type estuaries to determine if there are predictable patterns of response to nutrient enrichment in these more complex systems. The research team includes biological oceanographer Dr. Scott Nixon, research associates Betty Buckley and Steven Granger, and recent Ph.D. graduate Joanne Bintz. (2003-01-09)

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