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Current Behavioral Problems News and Events, Behavioral Problems News Articles.
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Behavioral flexibility impaired after exposure to oxycodone
Brief usage of the painkiller oxycodone may impair behavioral flexibility even after that use ends, suggesting impaired decision-making as an enduring consequence of exposure, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published Nov. 17 in the journal Learning and Memory. (2014-11-17)

Fruit flies learn from others
Fruit flies do not always conform to the norm. When female fruit flies have to decide where to lay their eggs, they take their lead from what they see most others in their group do. However, some do take their personal preferences into account. So says Marine Battesti of the Université Paris-Sud in France, lead author of a study in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. (2014-11-17)

High rate of insomnia during early recovery from addiction
Insomnia is a 'prevalent and persistent' problem for patients in the early phases of recovery from the disease of addiction -- and may lead to an increased risk of relapse, according to a report in the November/December Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health. (2014-11-05)

Drinking and poor academics affect the future of children with behavioral disorders
Childhood behavioral conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder are linked with an increased risk of being convicted of a felony later in life, with heavy drinking and educational failure contributing to this link. (2014-11-04)

Pedro Noguera awarded prize for outstanding achievement in behavioral and social sciences
SAGE and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University are delighted to announce that Dr. Pedro Noguera is the 2014 recipient of the SAGE-CASBS award. Established in 2013, the award recognizes outstanding achievement in advancing the understanding of the behavioral and social sciences as they are applied to pressing social issues. (2014-11-04)

Researchers advocate for optimum level of 'unequality' for the US economy
The growing disparity in economic inequality has become so stark that even Janet Yellen, Federal Reserve chairwoman, recently expressed concern. Interestingly, new research has discovered that American citizens desire an unequal, but more equal distribution of wealth and income. Lower levels of this 'unequality' are associated with decreased unethical behavior and increased motivation and labor productivity. This study is published today in the inaugural issue of Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences. (2014-11-04)

Can social media help stop the spread of HIV?
In addition to providing other potential benefits to public health, all of those tweets and Facebook posts could help curb the spread of HIV. Although public health researchers have focused early applications of social media on reliably monitoring the spread of diseases such as the flu, Sean Young writes in an article in the Cell Press journal Trends in Microbiology of a future in which social media might predict and even change biomedical outcomes. (2014-10-29)

Children's Hospital Los Angeles receives $1 million grant from Autism Speaks
Pat Levitt, Ph.D., Simms/Mann Chair in Developmental Neurogenetics at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, has received a grant of nearly $1 million from Autism Speaks, the world's leading autism science and advocacy organization. Funding will support research into the treatment of chronic constipation to improve behavioral symptoms associated with autism spectrum disorder. (2014-10-24)

Two days later: Adolescents' conflicts with family spill over to school, vice versa
Family conflict and problems at school tend to occur together on the same day. A new study has found that these problems spill over in both directions for up to two days after. The study found that teens with more pronounced mental health symptoms, anxiety and depression, for example, are at risk for intensified spillover. The study followed over a hundred 13 to 17 year olds and their parents over a 14-day period. (2014-10-23)

Children in high-quality early childhood education are buffered from changes in family income
A new Norwegian study shows that while losses in family income ought to predict increases in behavior problems for many children, attending high-quality early childhood centers offered protection against economic decline. The study looked at 75,000 children from birth through age 3, in addition to their families. In Norway, publicly subsidized high-quality early childhood education and care is available to all children, from low-income to affluent, starting at age 1. (2014-10-23)

Bradley Hospital finds sleep difficulties common among toddlers with psychiatric disorders
John Boekamp, Ph.D., clinical director of the Pediatric Partial Hospital Program at Bradley Hospital recently led a study that found sleep difficulties -- particularly problems with falling asleep -- were very common among toddlers and preschool-aged children who were receiving clinical treatment for a wide range of psychiatric disorders. The study, titled 'Sleep Onset and Night Waking Insomnias in Preschoolers with Psychiatric Disorders,' is now published online in the journal Child Psychiatry & Human Development. (2014-10-23)

Autism Speaks commits $2.3 million to research on gut-brain connection
Autism Speaks, the world's leading autism science and advocacy organization, has selected two major research projects -- one focused on intestinal bacteria, the other on chronic constipation -- to advance understanding of autism's gut-brain connection. Funding for the studies, each spanning three years, will total more than $2.3 million. (2014-10-22)

A child's poor decision-making skills can predict later behavior problems, research shows
Children who show poor decision-making skills at age 10 or 11 may be more likely to experience interpersonal and behavioral difficulties that have the potential to lead to high-risk health behavior in their teen years, according to a new study from Oregon State University psychology professor. (2014-10-20)

Miriam Hospital study finds smoking during pregnancy alters newborn stress hormones and DNA
Researchers from the Miriam Hospital have studied the effects of smoking during pregnancy and its impact on the stress response in newborn babies. Their research indicates that newborns of mothers who smoke cigarettes during pregnancy show lower levels of stress hormones, lowered stress response, and alterations in DNA for a gene that regulates passage of stress hormones from mother to fetus. The study and its findings have been published in the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology. (2014-10-17)

Jet lag can cause obesity by disrupting the daily rhythms of gut microbes
Organisms ranging from bacteria to humans have circadian clocks to help them synchronize their biological activities to the time of day. A Cell study now reveals that gut microbes in mice and humans have circadian rhythms that are controlled by the biological clock of the host in which they reside. Disruption of the circadian clock in the host alters the rhythms and composition of the microbial community, leading to obesity and metabolic problems. (2014-10-16)

Oh brother! Having a sibling makes boys selfless
A study found that siblings uniquely promote sympathy and altruism. Boys and girls benefited equally -- a surprise since girls generally benefit more from friendships. A hostile relationship with a sibling made boys more likely to have behavior problems. (2014-10-15)

Testing parents' patience, while treating kids' problem behavior
Researchers at Marcus Autism Center are studying delay discounting as it applies to parents' decision-making, when it comes to engaging in treatment for their children's problem behavior. (2014-10-14)

In-home visits reduce drug use, depression in pregnant teens
Intensive parenting and health education provided in homes of pregnant American Indian teens reduced the mothers' illegal drug use, depression and behavior problems, and set their young children on track to meet behavioral and emotional milestones they may have otherwise missed. (2014-10-10)

Researchers uncover how 'love hormone' regulates sexual behavior
Oxytocin has been called the 'love hormone' because it plays an important role in social behaviors, such as maternal care and pair bonding. In a new study researchers uncover oxytocin-responsive brain cells that are necessary for female social interest in male mice during estrus -- the sexually receptive phase of their cycle. These neurons, found in the prefrontal cortex, may play a role in other oxytocin-related social behaviors such as intimacy, love, or mother-child bonding. (2014-10-09)

New NIH Big Data to Knowledge center of excellence
National Institutes of Health director Dr. Francis Collins today announced a new national initiative, the National Center of Excellence for Mobile Sensor Data-to-Knowledge, focused on developing computational tools to facilitate the collection and analysis of large-scale health data generated by mobile and wearable sensors. Computer scientists Deepak Ganesan and Benjamin Marlin will co-lead the center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, one of 12 institutions sharing $10.8 million over four years. (2014-10-09)

Childhood Obesity and Cognition: Exploring the Link
Scientists will meet at American University on Oct. 13-14 for the first gathering of its kind focused on obesity and cognition in children and adolescents. (2014-10-08)

Childhood psychological abuse as harmful as sexual or physical abuse
Children who are emotionally abused and neglected face similar and sometimes worse mental health problems as children who are physically or sexually abused, yet psychological abuse is rarely addressed in prevention programs or in treating victims, according to a new study published by the American Psychological Association. (2014-10-08)

Combined behavioral support and medication offers smokers best chance of quitting
Numerous randomized clinical trials have shown the effectiveness of the two major forms of smoking cessation treatment -- behavioral support and medication -- in helping smokers quit. Researchers have now demonstrated that this approach can successfully translate to the 'real world' and that a combination of the two treatments offers almost a threefold chance of success over attempts to quit without using a cessation aid. Their findings are published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings. (2014-10-07)

Parent coaching early intervention program benefits young children with autism
A parent coaching intervention brings meaningful benefits for preschool-aged children with autism-spectrum disorders, according to a clinical trial in the October Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health. (2014-10-02)

Proving 'group selection'
The notion of 'group selection' -- that members of social species exhibit individual behavioral traits that render a population more or less fit for survival -- has been bandied about in evolutionary biology since Darwin. The essence of the argument against the theory is that it's a 'fuzzy' concept without the precision of gene-based selection. (2014-10-01)

In the face of uncertainty, the brain chooses randomness as the best strategy
A new study shows that, in competitive situations, rats abandon their normal tactic of using past experience to make decisions and instead make random choices when their competitor is hard to defeat. This switch in strategy is controlled by a brain circuit, indicating that the brain can enter a random decision-making mode when it provides a competitive edge. These findings may have implications for human disorders, in which even ordinary decision-making is viewed as ineffective. (2014-09-25)

Grant to help find why people reveal information online
Penn State researchers have received a $262,383 grant from the National Science Foundation to better understand why people disclose or withhold private information during online transactions. (2014-09-24)

Chimpanzees raised as pets or performers suffer long-term effects on their behavior
Although the immediate welfare consequences of removing infant chimpanzees from their mothers are well documented, little is known about the long-term impacts of this type of early life experience. In a year-long study, scientists from Lincoln Park Zoon observed 60 chimpanzees and concluded that those who were removed from their mothers early in life and raised by humans as pets or performers are likely to show behavioral and social deficiencies as adults. (2014-09-23)

Chimpanzee lethal aggression a result of adaptation rather than human impacts
A new study using long-term data gathered on chimpanzee aggression is the first effort to test the human impact versus adaptive strategies hypothesis and finds that human impact is not the culprit. (2014-09-17)

First blood test to diagnose depression in adults
The first blood test to diagnose major depression in adults has been developed, providing the first objective, scientific diagnosis for depression. The test also predicts who will benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy, offering the opportunity for more effective, individualized therapy. The test also showed the biological effects of the therapy, the first measurable, blood-based evidence of the therapy's success and showed who is vulnerable to recurring episodes of depression. (2014-09-16)

Effect of magnesium sulfate during pregnancy on very preterm infants
Magnesium sulfate given intravenously to pregnant women at risk of very preterm birth was not associated with benefit on neurological, behavioral, growth, or functional outcomes in their children at school age, according to a study in the Sept. 17 issue of JAMA. (2014-09-16)

Long-term effects of childhood asthma influenced by socioeconomic status
Studies have shown that asthma is associated with attention and behavioral issues in children, yet little existing research examines how socioeconomic status may influence the ultimate effects of these difficulties. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has found that the overall outcomes for children with asthma are influenced by socioeconomic inequalities. (2014-09-15)

Brain structure could predict risky behavior
Some people avoid risks at all costs, while others will put their wealth, health, and safety at risk without a thought. Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have found that the volume of the parietal cortex in the brain could predict where people fall on the risk-taking spectrum. (2014-09-09)

Poverty, not bias, explains racial/ethnic differences in child abuse
Poverty -- rather than biased reporting -- seems to account for the higher rates of child abuse and neglect among black children, reports a study in the September Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health. (2014-09-09)

Lead and cadmium found in some chocolate bought in Brazil
Scientists have found that commercial samples of chocolate purchased in Brazil contain varying levels of lead and cadmium, which can cause health problems, and that those levels are linked to how much cocoa a product contains. They reported their findings, which could have health implications -- particularly for children -- in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. (2014-09-03)

Early cerebellum injury hinders neural development, possible root of autism
Princeton University researchers offer a new theory that an early-life injury to the cerebellum disrupts the brain's processing of external and internal information and leads to 'developmental diaschisis,' wherein a loss of function in one brain region leads to problems in another. Applied to autism, cerebellar injury could hinder how other areas of the brain interpret external stimuli and organize internal processes. (2014-09-02)

Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with later excess weight/obesity during adolescence
Growth deficiency is a defining feature of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). A new study has found that rates of excess weight/obesity are elevated in adolescents with partial fetal alcohol syndrome (pFAS). Females with FASD may be at a greater risk for excess weight/obesity than males during adolescence. (2014-08-26)

New clinical trial for children with autism to target parents
SLU Researchers will help parents apply strategies that could improve their child's behavioral problems. (2014-08-25)

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Aug. 26, 2014
The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends that overweight or obese adults with at least one additional risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) be offered or referred to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention. The recommendation is being published in Annals of Internal Medicine. (2014-08-25)

Study shows cognitive-behavioral coping skills training has positive effects on rheumatoid arthritis
A team of researchers from Wayne State University and collaborators from Duke University Medical Center recently published a paper in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology that explores two psychological interventions separately and in combination to determine their effectiveness in offering relief to rheumatoid arthritis patients. (2014-08-22)

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