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Rye is healthy, thanks to an interplay of microbes
Eating rye comes with a variety of health benefits. A new study from the University of Eastern Finland now shows that both lactic acid bacteria and gut bacteria contribute to the health benefits of rye. Published in Microbiome, the study used a metabolomics approach to analyse metabolites found in food and the human body. (2019-08-05)

Diets rich in blueberries yield diverse benefits
A collection of new studies in The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences further quantifies how blueberry consumption can contribute to healthy aging. (2019-07-29)

20 overlooked benefits of distributed solar energy
A study released today provides the most complete list yet of the advantages of solar energy -- from carbon sequestration to improvements for pollinator habitat. (2019-07-09)

In Health Affairs: Large positive returns on HIV treatment
In 2014 the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) established 90-90-90 treatment targets for the treatment of HIV. These goals include 90% of people with HIV will know their status; 90% will receive appropriate treatment; and 90% will suppress the virus. (2019-07-01)

Elevated air pollution could diminish health benefits of living in walkable communities
The benefits of living in a walkable neighborhood could be diminished by increased exposure to traffic-related air pollution, suggests a study led by St. Michael's Hospital and ICES, a non-profit research institute that uses population-based health information to produce knowledge on a broad range of health care issues. (2019-06-25)

New research provides medical proof vacation is good for your heart
New Research from Syracuse University professors Bryce Hruska and Brooks Gump published Wednesday in Psychology and Health shows that using, instead of losing, your vacation time can be beneficial to your heart health. (2019-06-20)

An hour or two of outdoor learning every week increases teachers' job satisfaction
A Swansea University study has revealed how as little as an hour a week of outdoor learning has tremendous benefits for children and also boosts teachers' job satisfaction. (2019-06-11)

Economic downturns may affect children's mental health
Research linking economic conditions and health often does not consider children's mental health problems. In a new Health Economics study, investigators found that US children's mental health worsened as the economy weakened. The use of special education services for emotional problems also rose when economic conditions worsened. (2019-06-05)

Breastfeeding reduces long-term risk of heart disease in mothers
Women who breastfed their babies are less likely to develop heart disease later in life, according to findings to be presented in Lyon, at the European Society of Endocrinology annual meeting, ECE 2019. The study also suggests that the protective effect on heart health is increased in women who breastfed for longer periods of time. These findings provide further evidence for the long-term health benefits of breastfeeding and that women should be encouraged to do so when possible. (2019-05-18)

Perceived union support buoys 'meaningfulness of work' measures
When employees think of their labor union as supportive and caring, says new research co-written by U. of I. labor professor M. Teresa Cardador, they are more likely to rate their union as fulfilling their psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness - all of which are related to enhanced work meaningfulness. (2019-05-13)

Reducing carbon emissions while improving health is economically attractive, study shows
A study debuting a new climate policy model developed by Princeton University researchers and others reports it is economically sound to quickly and dramatically cut greenhouse gas emissions given the immediate and significant human health benefits. (2019-05-07)

Global health benefits of climate action offset costs
New research in Nature Communications finds that immediate, dramatic cuts in global emissions -- aggressive enough to meet the Paris Climate Agreement -- are economically sound if human health benefits are factored in. (2019-05-07)

Reduction and loss of SNAP benefits tied to increased food insecurity and poor health among working
Families with young children who experienced a reduction or cutoff in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits because of increased income were more likely to experience food insecurity and report poor health following the benefit change, according to new research from Children's HealthWatch, based out of Boston Medical Center. (2019-05-06)

Bacteria use their enemy -- phage -- for 'self-recognition'
Scientists discovered that cells can distinguish themselves from closely related competitors through the use of a virus, and the harboring of phage in bacterial genomes benefits host cells when facing competitors in the environment. (2019-04-22)

Natural resources valued differently by men and woman, study shows
Men and women value, access and use resources from the natural environment in distinct and different ways, a new study has shown. (2019-02-18)

Working it out: Researchers find exercise may help fight depression in seniors
The benefits of exercise are widely known but kinesiologists at McMaster University have for the first time found that physical activity may help fight depression in seniors by stimulating muscle-generated mood boosters. (2019-02-07)

New strategy expands the benefits of Internet-delivered CBT
Scientists at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have experimented with a new adaptive treatment strategy for Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) that identifies patients within the first month who face a major risk of treatment failure. Published in the scientific journal American Journal of Psychiatry, the results also suggest that such patients may nevertheless benefit if their treatment is adjusted to accommodate their specific needs and challenges. (2019-01-30)

Better living through improved weather forecasting
On the eve of the American Meteorological Society's centennial anniversary, Richard Alley and colleagues highlight the advances in our weather and environmental forecasting ability and the many societal benefits they provide. (2019-01-24)

Is very low LDL-C harmful?
Low-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) is a major Cardiovascular (CV) risk factor. Accumulating evidence supports a linear association between LDL-C levels and CV risk. However, the lower limit of LDL-C that might offer CV benefits without any safety concerns is still a topic of debate.Achieving an LDL-C of 40-50 mg/dl seems to be safe, and importantly might offer CV beneficial effects. Data for attaining levels below 25 mg/dl is limited, however in favor of such reductions. (2019-01-01)

Austerity results in 'social murder' according to new research
The consequence of austerity in the social security system -- severe cuts to benefits and the 'ratcheting up' of conditions attached to benefits -- is 'social murder', according to new research by Lancaster University. (2018-12-19)

Performance enhancer: Sports compression stockings a winning advantage
A scientist from James Cook University in Australia has found sports compression stockings are so effective they might be considered performance enhancers for soccer players. (2018-12-19)

Research finds opioids may help chronic pain, a little
In a study published today by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), McMaster University researchers reviewed 96 clinical trials with more than 26,000 participants and found opioids provide only small improvements in pain, physical functioning and sleep quality compared to a placebo. (2018-12-18)

Breast cancer screening: New emphasis on shared decision-making between women and their doctors
An updated guideline on screening for breast cancer emphasizes shared decision-making between women and their doctors, supporting women to make an informed decision based on personal preferences when the balance between benefits and harms is uncertain. The guideline, released by the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care, is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2018-12-10)

Statins overprescribed for primary prevention
Taking cholesterol-lowering drugs, or statins, as a preventive measure can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. A study by the University of Zurich now shows that this measure is recommended too often, as current guidelines fail to take into account the risks of side effects. (2018-12-06)

Screening for colorectal cancer spares male patients from intense treatments
While screening for colorectal cancer did not, so far, reduce mortality, it did reduce the need for chemotherapy and emergency surgeries among male patients, shows a recent Finnish study. (2018-11-21)

Calls for businesses to better use employee benefits to support low earners
New research by the Work Foundation finds that while businesses increasingly recognize employee benefits as vital in the global race for talent, many are failing to maximize their value for low earners amongst their workforce. (2018-11-20)

Pilates provides a range of benefits for patients with chronic musculoskeletal conditions
A Musculoskeletal Care study is the first to investigate individual perceptions of the impact of a Pilates exercise program on the daily lives of people with chronic conditions. (2018-11-07)

People overestimate benefits, and underestimate risks, of medical interventions
From major heart surgery to a course of minor drugs, people overestimate the benefits and underestimate the risks of a variety of medical procedures, according to new research. led by the University of Plymouth, UK. (2018-10-25)

Participating in sports during childhood may have long-term benefits for bone health
Participation in organized sport during childhood and adolescence is associated with bone mass at 20 years of age, according to a Journal of Bone and Mineral Research study. (2018-10-17)

Zinc oxide nanoparticles: Therapeutic benefits and toxicological hazards
Despite the widespread application of zinc oxide nanoparticles in biomedicine, their use is still a controversial issue. Zinc oxide nanoparticles were are reported to have therapeutic benefits. (2018-10-17)

Study shows link between breastfeeding and infant health is not straight-forward
Results from new study suggest that the benefits of breastfeeding reported in the vast majority of prior research could be influenced by the mother's characteristics, such as what they know about health and nutrition. The findings could help guide policy makers and health care professionals when it comes to providing critical information to expectant mothers about feeding their newborns. (2018-09-25)

Birds help each other partly for selfish reasons
Up to now, researchers have believed that birds stay at home and altruistically help raise younger siblings because this is the only way to pass on genes when you cannot breed yourself. But this idea is only partially true. A new study from Lund University in Sweden shows that birds benefit from being helpful because it also increases their chances of reproducing in the future. (2018-09-10)

Experts advise against routine testing for prostate cancer
Routine testing for prostate cancer is not recommended for most men because the benefit is small and uncertain and there are clear harms, say a panel of international experts in The BMJ today. (2018-09-05)

Regular exercise may be more beneficial for men than post-menopausal women
The blood vessels of middle-aged men and women adapt differently to regular exercise according to new research being presented today at the British Cardiovascular Society conference in Manchester. (2018-06-04)

New study shows evidence that health information exchanges improve care, reduce costs
An updated systematic review of recent studies of health information exchanges found evidence the exchanges reduced both the cost of health care and its use. That contrasts with an assessment published three years ago that found little such evidence. (2018-05-30)

USPSTF recommendation statement on screening for prostate cancer
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that men 55 to 69 who are interested in screening talk to their doctors about potential benefits and harms of screening for prostate cancer before deciding whether to undergo periodic prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening. The USPSTF recommends against PSA-based screening for men 70 and older. (2018-05-08)

Mindfulness at work: UBC study first to uncover positive benefits for teams
Challenges and differences in opinion are inevitable when working in a team. But new research from the UBC Sauder School of Business suggests some of these conflicts can be reduced, or even avoided, through team mindfulness. (2018-05-03)

Get off the golf cart if you have knee osteoarthritis
It may seem intuitive that golfers with knee osteoarthritis should stay off their feet and ride in a golf cart. But new research from the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab and Northwestern Medicine has found, for the first time, that walking the course provides significantly higher health benefits and is not associated with increased pain, cartilage breakdown or inflammation. (2018-04-28)

NUS geography researchers determine benefits of Singapore's mangroves
A three-year study conducted by researchers from the National University of Singapore has identified that apart from cultural benefits, mangroves act as nursery habitat for fish and as coastal defence, as well as storing carbon that could help offset some of our climate change emissions. (2018-04-26)

Swapping cars for shared bicycles would avoid up to 73 deaths per year
A new study underscores the health and economic benefits of the 12 largest European bicycle-sharing systems. (2018-04-19)

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