Current Biological Anthropology News and Events | Page 25

Current Biological Anthropology News and Events, Biological Anthropology News Articles.
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I think step to the left, you think step to the east
Even the way people remember dance moves depends on the culture they come from, according to a report in the Dec. 14 issue of Current Biology, a Cell Press publication. Whereas a German or other Westerner might think in terms of (2009-12-14)

Studying hair of ancient Peruvians answers questions about stress
The first study of its kind, published in the Journal of Archaeological Science, detected the stress hormone cortisol in the hair of ancient Peruvians, who lived between 550 and 1532 A.D. (2009-12-09)

Julien Gagnon's Rhode to Oxford
Julien Gagnon has been named one of two Quebec recipients of a 2009 Rhodes Scholarship. The financial support will enable the 21-year-old, who is completing a master's at the Université de Montréal department of economics, to undertake a second graduate degree at Oxford University next year. (2009-12-08)

Think again about keeping little ones so squeaky clean
A new Northwestern University study suggests that American parents should ease up on the antibacterial soap. Exposure to infectious microbes early in life may actually protect children from cardiovascular diseases that can lead to death as an adult. The study is the first to look at how microbial exposures early in life affect inflammatory processes related to diseases associated with aging in adulthood. Ultra-clean environments may be depriving developing immune networks of important environmental input. (2009-12-08)

How can scientists measure evolutionary responses to climate change?
As global temperatures continue to rise scientists are presented with the complex challenge of understanding how species respond and adapt, reports Dr. Francisco Rodriguez-Trelles and Dr. Miguel Rodriguez in Insect Conservation and Diversity. (2009-11-30)

Research indicates that baby's sleep position is the major factor in 'flat-headedness'
A baby's sleep position is the best predictor of a misshapen skull condition known as deformational plagiocephaly -- or the development of flat spots on an infant's head -- according to findings reported by Arizona State University scientists in the December issue of the journal Pediatrics. (2009-11-18)

Hormone that affects finger length key to social behavior
Research at the universities of Liverpool and Oxford into the finger length of primate species has revealed that cooperative behavior is linked to exposure to hormone levels in the womb. (2009-11-04)

Inequality, 'silver spoon' effect found in ancient societies
The so-called (2009-10-29)

A technique speeds up the identification of 2,000 missing in Kosovo during Yugoslavia war
Researchers of the Laboratory of Forensic Anthropology of the University of Granada have created a system based on the study of ribs and pubis, which will be very useful for the identification of persons in armed conflicts. This work, pioneer all over the world, has involved the study of one of the greatest forensic samples never before analyzed. (2009-10-21)

Penn State to collaborate with Cyprus on research project
Thousands of ancient Cyprian artifacts, images and documents will soon be available to view and search online, thanks to a research partnership between Penn State and the Cyprus Institute. (2009-10-13)

Murcia to house Bronze Age research institute
A team of researchers from the Department of Prehistory of Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona will be directing a research project, creating a museum and scientific dissemination of findings at the archaeological site La Bastida located in the municipality of Totana, Murcia. In addition to the excavations and the study of archaeological materials, the project includes the installation of a monographic museum about the site and the creation of a research institute dedicated to the Bronze Age. (2009-10-08)

Kent State University Professor C. Owen Lovejoy helps unveil oldest hominid skeleton
Throw out all those posters and books that depict an ape evolving into a human being, says Kent State University Professor of Anthropology Dr. C. Owen Lovejoy. An internationally recognized biological anthropologist who specializes in the study of human origins, Lovejoy is one of the primary authors who revealed their research findings today on Ardipithecus ramidus, a hominid species that lived 4.4 million years ago in what is now Ethiopia. (2009-10-01)

Security of biological select agents and toxins
A new report from the National Research Council, (2009-09-29)

Book on ape evolution wins W. W. Howells Award
A book titled (2009-09-29)

Chandramouli to deliver keynote address on Cognitive Radio Networking at Nanjing, China
Professor Rajarathnam Chandramouli, the Thomas Hattrick Chair Professor of Information Systems in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Stevens Institute of Technology, will deliver a keynote address to the 2009 International Conference on Wireless Communications and Signal Processing at Nanjing, China. The conference will be held Nov. 13-15 with the technical co-sponsorship of the IEEE Communications Society, among other international organizations. (2009-09-28)

Socio-cultural, genetic data work together to reveal health disparities
How society sees people in terms of race might play a greater role than genetics when it comes to health disparities between different groups. The study by University of Florida researchers is the first to rigorously combine both socio-cultural and genetic data to simultaneously test the relative contributions of each to racial inequalities in health. (2009-09-08)

Learn how the study of surfaces advances fields as diverse as archaeology and food science
Philosophers say that to find the truth one must look below the surface. But for scientists and engineers in a broad range of fields, the surfaces of objects can reveal a wealth of useful information -- from the function of ancient stone tools to the best temperature to serve chocolate. Scientists and engineers from more than 10 disciplines will gather at Worcester Polytechnic Institute Oct. 26-28, 2009, for the inaugural International Conference on Surface Metrology. (2009-09-01)

LSU professor finds alternate explanation for dune formation on Saturn's largest moon
A new and likely controversial paper has just been published online in Nature Geoscience by LSU Department of Geography and Anthropology Chair Patrick Hesp and United States Geological Survey scientist David Rubin. (2009-08-25)

The peopling of the Americas
At one time or another most of us wonder where we came from, where our parents or grandparents and their parents came from. Did our ancestors come from Europe or Asia? As curious as we are about our ancestors, for practical purposes, we need to think about the ancestry of our genes, according to Cecil Lewis, assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Oklahoma. Lewis says our genetic ancestry influences the genetic traits that predispose us to risk or resistance to disease. (2009-08-14)

Diet, population size and the spread of modern humans into Europe
Stable isotope data published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by Erik Trinkaus, professor of anthropology at Washington University in St. Louis, and Michael Richards of the University of British Columbia and the Max Planck Institute, suggests that at least some of the European early modern humans consistently consumed fish, supplementing their diet of terrestrial animals. (2009-08-11)

Reprogrammed mouse fibroblasts can make a whole mouse
In a paper publishing online July 23 in Cell Stem Cell, a Cell Press journal, Dr. Shaorong Gao and colleagues from the National Institute of Biological Sciences in Beijing, China, report an important advance in the characterization of reprogrammed induced pluripotent stem cells, or iPSCs. (2009-07-23)

AIDS discovered in wild chimpanzees
A new study from an international team, including University of Minnesota professors Anne Pusey and Michael Wilson, shows that chimpanzees infected with SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus), the precursor to HIV-1, do contract and die from AIDS. (2009-07-22)

Ancient humans left evidence from the party that ended 4,000 years ago
The party was over more than 4,000 years ago, but the remnants still remain in the gourds and squashes that served as dishware. For the first time, University of Missouri researchers have studied the residues from gourds and squash artifacts that date back to 2200 B.C. and recovered starch grains from manioc, potato, chili pepper, arrowroot and algarrobo. The starches provide clues about the foods consumed at feasts, and document the earliest evidence of the consumption of algarrobo and arrowroot in Peru. (2009-07-21)

Tiny diamonds on Santa Rosa Island give evidence of cosmic impact
Nanosized diamonds found just a few meters below the surface of Santa Rosa Island off the coast of Santa Barbara provide strong evidence of a cosmic impact event in North America approximately 12,900 years ago, according to a new study by scientists. Their hypothesis holds that fragments of a comet struck across North America at that time. (2009-07-21)

Field Museum conducts archaeological excavation at 'The Place of the Dead'
Scientists previously believed pre-Hispanic Zapotec rulers carried around human femurs as a symbol of power and legitimacy, as evidenced from a carved lintel at the site of Lambityeco, where a ruler is depicted with a femur in his hand. Now, a Field Museum excavation team has confirmed they did remove femurs from earlier graves and that this custom may have been widely practiced by heads of households outside of the ruling class. (2009-07-08)

Fish on the menu of our ancestors
The isotopic analysis of a bone from one of the earliest modern humans in Asia, the 40,000 year old skeleton from Tianyuan Cave in the Zhoukoudian region of China, has shown that this individual was a regular fish consumer (2009-07-07)

First direct evidence of substantial fish consumption by early modern humans in China
Freshwater fish are an important part of the diet of many peoples around the world, but it has been unclear when fish became an important part of the year-round diet for early humans. A new study by an international team of researchers, including Erik Trinkaus, Ph.D., professor of anthropology in arts & sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, shows it may have happened in China as far back as 40,000 years ago. (2009-07-06)

Biological warfare in bacteria offers hope for new antibiotics
Scientists are to study a group of proteins that are highly effective at killing bacteria and which could hold the key to developing new types of antibiotics. Researchers from the Universities of York and Leeds have been awarded £3.3 million ($5.4 million) from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council to find out how a family of proteins known as colicins force their way into bacterial cells before destroying them. (2009-07-02)

UAB researchers draft 3-D protein map to aid stroke, cancer research
In a new study, researchers have generated a computer map of the protein acid-sensing ion channel-1, or ASIC-1, an important neurological pathway. The map greatly simplifies the testing of drugs or compounds designed to protect neurons, regulate their molecular interactions or isolate brain tumors. The ASIC-1 work began with a toxin found only in the venom of the Trinidad chevron tarantula. (2009-06-24)

Unspoken memories of Holocaust survivors find silent and nonpathological expression
Aspects of knowing about a parent's or grandparent's Holocaust experiences and traumas are transmitted to other members of the family through unspoken and sometimes unintentional behaviors in the home. This leads to a (2009-06-22)

CU-Boulder study shows Maya intensively cultivated manioc 1,400 years ago
A University of Colorado at Boulder team has uncovered an ancient and previously unknown Maya agricultural system -- a large manioc field intensively cultivated as a staple crop that was buried and exquisitely preserved under a blanket of ash by a volcanic eruption in present-day El Salvador 1,400 years ago. (2009-06-16)

Archeological evidence of human activity found beneath Lake Huron
More than 100 feet deep in Lake Huron, on a wide stoney ridge that 9,000 years ago was a land bridge, University of Michigan researchers have found the first archeological evidence of human activity preserved beneath the Great Lakes. (2009-06-08)

Study shows gay couples want legal rights, regardless of marriage
New research from North Carolina State University shows that gay and lesbian couples are forming long-term, committed relationships, even in the absence of the right to marry. However, couples surveyed for the study overwhelmingly said they would get married if they could in order to secure legal rights -- such as retirement and health care benefits. (2009-06-01)

Stanford's Woods Institute awards new round of Environmental Venture Projects
The Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford has awarded four new Environmental Venture Projects grants for interdisciplinary research aimed at finding practical solutions promoting global sustainability. Four Stanford University faculty teams will receive a total of $791,692 over the next two years to tackle environmental challenges, from the desert grasslands of Australia to the mountain meadows of California. (2009-05-27)

American Journal of Men's Health accepted to MEDLINE
The American Journal of Men's Health, published by SAGE, has been accepted for inclusion in MEDLINE, the premier bibliographic database of the US National Library of Medicine, containing more than 16 million journal article citations. (2009-05-12)

Warriors do not always get the girl
Aggressive, vengeful behavior of individuals in some South American groups has been considered the means for men to obtain more wives and more children, but an international team of anthropologists working in Ecuador among the Waorani show that sometimes the macho guy does not do better. (2009-05-11)

Snakes and how they helped our big brains evolve
The threat of snakes gave primates superior vision and large brains -- and fueled a critical aspect of human evolution, UC Davis anthropology professor Lynne Isbell argues in a new book. (2009-04-30)

SMU anthropology chair elected to NAS
David Meltzer's election to the National Academy of Sciences April 28 underscores the strength of Southern Methodist University's Anthropology Department: Meltzer is the department's third NAS member. (2009-04-28)

Native Americans descended from a single ancestral group, DNA study confirms
After comparing DNA samples from people in dozens of modern-day Native American and Eurasian groups, an international team of scientists has provided robust evidence to support the theory that all Native Americans and Western Beringians trace a large portion of their ancestry to a single founding population, and that this population may have been isolated from other Asian groups prior to expanding into the Americas. (2009-04-28)

Beyond 'ooh-ooh, aah-aah'-- expert on monkey communication kicks off Darwin series, May 5
Robert Seyfarth, a noted expert on monkey communication, will present (2009-04-27)

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