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Current Biological Sciences News and Events, Biological Sciences News Articles.
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Study uses stream fish as indicators of water quality
For many years, regulatory agencies have used chemical standards to assess water quality. Now, researchers are discovering how biological criteria can complement chemical standards to assess the status of water bodies, including streams, rivers, lakes, and estuaries. (2005-10-31)

Fruitful collaboration earns another NSF award for Medical College scientist
Stuart A. Newman, Ph.D., professor of cell biology and anatomy at New York Medical College, is one of seven scientists who have been awarded a $5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to study biological self assembly using a technique called (2005-10-24)

National Academies advisory: Nov. 4 International Security and Arms Control Symposium
The National Academies' Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) will hold a symposium to celebrate its 25th anniversary -- giving scholars from the United States, Russia, China, and India opportunities to explore how the committee can marshal scientific evidence to help tackle international security problems in the 21st century. (2005-10-24)

Seeing the forest and the trees
Simulated tree extinctions find that less diverse tropical forests have reduced capacity to sequester carbon and to provide critical ecosystem services. (2005-10-21)

Rensselaer awarded NIH grant to support cheminformatics research
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has been selected as one of six universities nationwide to be awarded a two-year, nearly $1 million planning grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that will provide a foundation for the development of a center for cheminformatics research. The Rensselaer Exploratory Center for Cheminformatics Research (RECCR) will bring together an interdisciplinary research team to seek improved understanding of the relationships between chemical structure and function for use in biotechnology applications. (2005-10-13)

Biosafety facility to prepare first-responders for terrorist attacks
CDC-funded Northeast Ohio Consortium for Biopreparedness at Kent State University offers unique biosafety training to first-responders in state-of-the-art laboratory setting. (2005-10-10)

W.M. Keck Foundation grant advances study of biocompatible liquid crystals
A grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation is expected to advance the study of a little-studied class of liquid crystals. These liquid crystals are compatible with biological materials, rendering them valuable in the design of drug delivery systems and devices to detect biological agents. (2005-10-10)

Faster method to create antibodies for disease research
British scientists are pioneering a new technique to produce large numbers of antibodies quickly and reliably to help the study of dangerous bacteria. The research, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), is a critical area for study as bacteria such as streptococcus cause deadly blood infections and 'flesh eating bug disease'. (2005-10-06)

Flawed studies assess dredge-and-fill programs to protect coastlines
An assessment concludes that despite expensive, multidecadal monitoring efforts, the majority of studies on the ecological impacts of (2005-10-01)

Fruit fly studies open new window on cancer research
Scientists studying the humble fruit fly have found a family of proteins that enhances the sensitivity of a cell to a hormone that can trigger abnormal growth and cancer. Their discovery could lead to a completely new approach to tackling some cancers and the development of new drugs to stop uncontrolled growth in a wide variety of tumour cells. (2005-09-28)

New research could help us deliver genes for new bone formation
UK scientists are working on new methods to regenerate cartilage and bone by delivering genes to stem cells within the body to instruct them to turn into bone cells. The research, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), could lead to a new approach to tissue engineering. With the ageing populations of Western countries it holds the potential of significant benefits for patients needing joint replacement or similar treatments. (2005-09-28)

Exploring the avian biodiversity of Africa with different species concepts
A recent debate over the usefulness and relevance of the widely used Biological Species Concept, based on reproductive isolation, versus the Phylogenetic Species Concept, which is centred around identifying the smallest group with common ancestry, has raised concerns that changing nomenclatural foundations might result in the appearance of previously unrecognized patterns of biodiversity. (2005-09-27)

Mapping the risks of hurricane disasters
The Natural Disaster Hotspots report released earlier this year showed that the U.S. Gulf Coast is among the world's most at-risk regions in terms of human mortality and economic loss due to storms like Katrina and Rita. (2005-09-26)

US Army plans to bulk-buy anthrax
The US military wants to buy large quantities of anthrax, in a controversial move which is likely to raise serious questions over its commitment to obligations under the Biological Weapons Convention. Contracts, uncovered by the director of the Sunshine Project, relate to the US army acquiring bulk quantities of a non-virulent strain of anthrax and equipment to produce significant quantities of other biological agents. It is yet unknown what it will all be used for. (2005-09-24)

Brain remembers familiar faces when choosing potential mate
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have discovered that the human brain favours familiar-looking faces when choosing a potential partner. (2005-08-31)

Virginia water center celebrates 40th year at national symposium at Virginia Tech
The National Water Research Symposium theme will be Balancing Water Law and Science. Topics at the Oct. 10-12 program will include: Uncertainty in the Clean Water Act , Restoration of the Chesapeake Bay, Groundwater Management, and Water Supply and Management. (2005-08-26)

Bioagent detector guide aids first responder purchasing
Ever since envelopes containing anthrax bacteria were mailed to Congressional and media offices in 2001 causing several deaths, many first responder departments have worked to improve their ability to quickly detect toxic biological agents. To help them make informed decisions about which biological agent detection devices best meet their needs, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently developed a two-volume guide for the emergency response community. (2005-07-27)

Whisky fans can drink to crop research
Research into the genetics of barley could lead to improved varieties of the crop most commonly used in the production of whisky and beer. Scientists funded in part by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) are beginning a new programme to uncover key genes that control the specific characteristics of different barley varieties. (2005-07-06)

UK science helps farmers in Africa and India
As the world's attention is focused on issues of aid and trade in developing countries, UK researchers have shown how science can improve the lives of farmers in Africa and Asia. Genetic research at a Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) sponsored institute has been used by Indian researchers to develop a new strain of pearl millet that is resistant to attack by downy mildew. (2005-07-05)

From butterflies to freshwater supplies
The Stanford Institute for the Environment (SIE) has awarded a second round of Environmental Interdisciplinary Initiatives grants to 17 members of the Stanford University faculty. Five projects, from the re-introduction of a local butterfly species to an assessment of groundwater privatization in India, will receive a total of $640,408 over the next two years. Each project involves the collaboration of two to six Stanford faculty members representing a broad range of fields, including earth sciences, education, biological sciences, economics and history. (2005-06-21)

Penn receives $9.5 mllion NIH grant to create center for molecular discovery
The University of Pennsylvania is receiving $9.5 million from the National Institutes of Health during the next three years to establish the Penn Center for Molecular Discovery. The Penn team will screen the NIH repository of small molecules to discover new biological interactions. Hundreds of thousands of molecules, collected and purified from natural sources or synthesized by chemists around the world, will be tested against biological targets for inhibitory or activating activity. The center is one of nine announced today by the NIH. (2005-06-15)

Carnegie Mellon computational biologist wins PECASE Award
Computational biologist Russell Schwartz of Carnegie Mellon University is being recognized as part of an elite group of the most promising early-career scientists and engineers at a Washington, D.C., ceremony Monday, June 13. (2005-06-13)

Comprehensive biodefense text published
A new book, Biological Weapons Defense: Infectious Disease and Counterbioterrorism, authoritatively explains the universe of scientific, medical, and legal issues facing the biodefense research community. Many of the contributors come from the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), the nation's premier biodefense laboratory. In this 624-page, hardcover text, biodefense research experts cover preparation for possible acts of bioterrorism, medical countermeasures, emerging threats, and development of diagnostic tests for identifying biological warfare pathogens. (2005-05-18)

NSF grant to Carnegie Mellon establishes research experiences for undergraduates site
The Department of Biological Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University has received a $407,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to establish a Research Experiences for Undergraduates site. Beginning in late May, ten rising juniors and seniors will spend ten weeks at Carnegie Mellon conducting intensive, mentored research projects in molecular biosciences. Selected students include undergraduates from small colleges and universities that lack extensive research programs, with an emphasis on groups underrepresented in the sciences. (2005-05-18)

Salk Institute scientist Rusty Gage elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Salk institute scientist Rusty Gage elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Awardees also include sculptor, actor and Supreme Court Chief Justice. (2005-05-11)

Major advance made on DNA structure
Oregon State University researchers have made significant new advances in determining the structure of all possible DNA sequences - a discovery that in one sense takes up where Watson and Crick left off, after outlining in 1953 the double-helical structure of this biological blueprint for life. The work may be a milestone in DNA structural biology. (2005-05-02)

Chemical signatures for bioforensics
The scientific analysis of biological evidence isn't just determining what something is - it's also learning how and where it was developed. (2005-04-27)

Cornell graduate student named 2005 AIBS Emerging Public Policy Leader
The American Institute of Biological Sciences, a Washington-based nonprofit scientific association, has named Cornell University PhD candidate Karen Deen Laughlin as its 2005 Emerging Public Policy Leader. (2005-04-18)

Microscopes at microscopic size
Traditionally if scientists wanted to look at something small they would put a sample under a microscope but now researchers have managed to shrink the microscope itself to the size of a single human cell. These biochips raise the possibility of a micro-laboratory, the size of a credit card, which would be able to perform medical diagnostics, improving patient treatment by reducing the number of hospital visits needed for tests. (2005-04-10)

New £6m biocentre to revolutionise the production of safer medicines
The University of Manchester has been awarded £6m to open a new biocentre which will revolutionise the way future medicines are produced - making them safer and more effective. (2005-03-14)

NJIT chemistry professor edits text outlining best laboratory practices
The importance of meticulous measurements are essential to good science. But ensuring that correct methods are used is another story as well as the topic of a text edited by Somenath Mitra, PhD, professor of chemistry, at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). (2005-03-07)

Discovery clarifies role of peptide in biological clock
VIP is not (2005-03-06)

New book on anti-aging hype consolidates latest research
The Gerontological Society of America's 2004 peer-reviewed article series on the truth of anti-aging medicine is now available in a single volume. (2005-02-25)

Advocate for gender equity in the sciences honored by the Association for Women in Science
Susan Bryant, a leading international researcher in limb regeneration, has been elected a 2005 Association for Women in Science fellow, the highest recognition AWIS bestows on individuals. Bryant has advocated equity and opportunity for women in science for more than 30 years and, as dean of the UC Irvine School of Biological Sciences, continues to work steadfastly for their full participation in the scientific enterprise. (2005-02-21)

UI researchers advance understanding of sexual evolution
University of Iowa researchers have uncovered evidence of sexual reproduction in a single-celled organism long thought to reproduce asexually, according to a paper published in the January 26, 2005 issue of the journal Current Biology. (2005-01-25)

Why do some people get bitten by mosquitoes more than others?
Why is it that when you go on holiday some members of your family always seem to get bitten more than others? Researchers supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) think they may have found the answer and their work could lead to new types of insect repellent. (2005-01-19)

NYU researchers simulate molecular biological clock
Researchers at New York University have developed a model of the intra-cellular mammalian biological clock that reveals how rapid interaction of molecules with DNA is necessary for producing reliable 24-hour rhythms. They also found that without the inherent randomness of molecular interactions within a cell, biological rhythms may dampen over time. These findings appeared in the most recent issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). (2005-01-14)

Scientists find that the human nose is more complicated than a jumbo jet
Researchers have discovered how air moves through the nose bringing you those smells but their work may lead to new ways of unblocking it and helping you to breathe more easily. They have even found that the airflow through the human nose is more complicated than that over a jumbo jet's wing. (2005-01-06)

Researchers develop new tool to detect agents of bioterrorism
Scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have developed a new (2005-01-05)

MSI reveals invention for detection and precise quantification of molecules
Researchers at The Molecular Sciences Institute revealed means for sensitive detection and precise quantification of arbitrarily designated molecules. The work is published in the current issue of Nature Methods. (2004-12-22)

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