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Current Biomass News and Events, Biomass News Articles.
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Gene controlling flowering boosts energy production from sorghum
A sorghum hybrid that does not flower and accumulates as much as three times the amount of stem and leaf matter may help the bioenergy industry, according to a new study. A team at Texas AgriLife Research has discovered a gene that regulates sorghum flowering. (2011-09-27)

President to honor high achieving, early career NOAA scientists
Three NOAA scientists named recipients of Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. The award is the highest honor given by the US government to outstanding young scientists. Recipients are: James A. Morris, Jr., Ph.D., National Ocean Service's Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research; Erin Oleson, Ph.D., National Marine Fisheries Service Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; David Richardson, Ph.D., National Marine Fisheries Service Northeast Fisheries Science Center. (2011-09-26)

New approach challenges old ideas about plant species and biomass
It is no longer hump day, according to new research in the current issue of the journal Science. (2011-09-22)

Turning waste into inexpensive, green fuel
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside's Center for Environmental Research and Technology at the Bourns College of Engineering have received two grants to further explore a process they developed that turns waste into inexpensive, green fuels. (2011-09-14)

Improving sugarcane ethanol production -- the 'midway' strategy
An article in the current issue of Global Change Biology Bioenergy reviews the history and current state of ethanol production of sugarcane in Brazil and presents a strategy for improving future ecosystem services and production. Researchers introduce a new approach that prioritizes a sustainable and responsible way of producing ethanol called the (2011-09-13)

Farming commercial miscanthus
An article in the current issue of Global Change Biology Bioenergy examines the carbon sequestration potential of Miscanthus plantations on commercial farms. Researchers evaluated Miscanthus plantations in Ireland, where planting has been subsidized by the government. Carbon sequestration is expected to vary among different farming practices and soil characteristics. (2011-08-31)

Illinois-UC Berkeley discovery turns seaweed into biofuel in half the time
University of Illinois scientists have engineered a new strain of yeast that converts seaweed into biofuel in half the time it took just months ago. (2011-08-29)

Panda poop may be a treasure trove of microbes for making biofuels
Panda poop contains bacteria with potent effects in breaking down plant material in the way needed to tap biomass as a major new source of (2011-08-29)

Hake population has withstood overfishing, thanks to the warming of the sea
Hake is constantly fished in the waters of the European Atlantic Ocean and, nevertheless, resists stock depletion relatively well. At times nature is capable of correcting the mistakes made by humans. Nerea Goikoetxea, a researcher at Azti-Tecnalia, has been witness to this. She has investigated the population dynamics of the northern European hake population, observing which environment has favored the species since the 1990s to date. (2011-08-23)

A quick way to grade grasses for ethanol yields
US Department of Agriculture researchers have developed an inexpensive way to grade the ethanol potential of perennial grasses at the biorefinery's loading dock. (2011-08-18)

Harnessing the power of plants
A new USDA and Department of Energy-backed study has a research team looking at how to genetically modify sorghum to produce more biomass, which could be turned into biofuel. (2011-08-18)

Single, key gene discovery could streamline production of biofuels
A team of researchers at the Department of Energy's BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) have pinpointed the exact, single gene that controls ethanol production capacity in a microorganism. This discovery could be the missing link in developing biomass crops that produce higher concentrations of ethanol at lower costs. (2011-08-15)

OU-led research team receives $1.28 million grant from DOE
Improving energy output from switchgrass plants during conversion to biofuels is the focus of a study being conducted by a University of Oklahoma researcher and funded by a $1.28 million grant from the US Department of Energy. (2011-08-12)

U.Va. researchers find high energy output from algae-based fuel, but 'no silver bullet'
Algae-based fuel is one of many options among the array of possible future energy sources. New University of Virginia research shows that while algae-based transportation fuels produce high energy output with minimal land use, their production could come with significant environmental burdens. (2011-08-10)

Atlantic herring population trends linked to egg predation by haddock
Scientists from NOAA's Northeast Fisheries Science Center have developed a population model for Atlantic herring that links herring population trends to the size of the haddock population. The model also provides evidence that egg predation by haddock can cause alternate stable population levels in Georges Bank herring. These results have significant ecological as well as management implications. The study was published online Aug. 8, 2011, in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (2011-08-09)

New technology revives biofuels
Started three years ago, EQUIMOTOR PLUS, an R&D project financed through the EUREKA initiative, benefited from the brains of some of the brightest researchers in the four corners of Europe. Together, technicians from Spain, the Czech Republic, Finland, Germany and the United Kingdom worked together to overcome one of the main technological obstacles to an economy based on green energies. (2011-08-09)

Crop breeding could 'slash CO2 levels'
Breeding crops with roots a meter deeper in the ground could lower atmospheric CO2 levels dramatically, with significant environmental benefits, according to research by a leading University of Manchester scientist. (2011-08-03)

Novel gene increases yeast's appetite for plant sugars
For thousands of years, bakers and brewers have relied on yeast to convert sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Yet, University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers eager to harness this talent for brewing biofuels have found when it comes to churning through sugars, these budding microbes can be picky eaters. (2011-07-25)

Animal species large and small follow same rule for how common they are in ecosystems
Animal species all follow the same rule for how common they are in an ecosystem, scientists have discovered. And the rule is simple. Everything from birds to fishes, crabs to snails to worms, and the parasitic animals that live inside or on them, follows it. (2011-07-25)

Parasites help reveal new ecological rules
Scientists at UC Santa Barbara and other institutions say their new research is expected to profoundly affect the field of ecology and can assist the management of ecosystems, including forests, lakes, and oceans. And it's all because of parasites. (2011-07-21)

Study: Regulatory hurdles hinder biofuels market
In a new study, University of Illinois law professor Jay P. Kesan and Timothy A. Slating, a regulatory associate with the University of Illinois Energy Biosciences Institute, argue that regulatory innovations are needed to keep pace with technological innovations in the biofuels industry. (2011-07-21)

Researchers find potential key for unlocking biomass energy
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory and Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center have found a potential key for unlocking the energy potential from non-edible biomass materials such as corn leaves and stalks, or switch grass. (2011-07-20)

Biologists discover an 'evening' protein complex that regulates plant growth
Farmers and other astute observers of nature have long known that crops like corn and sorghum grow taller at night. But the biochemical mechanisms that control this nightly stem elongation, common to most plants, have been something of a mystery to biologists -- until now. (2011-07-13)

Indoor air pollution linked to cardiovascular risk
An estimated two billion people in the developing world heat and cook with a biomass fuel such as wood, but the practice exposes people -- especially women -- to large doses of small-particle air pollution, which can cause premature death and lung disease. (2011-07-08)

Ben-Gurion U. part of expert consortium to create Israeli Renewable Energy Center
The group of 27 senior researchers will include nine researchers from Ben-Gurion University who are leaders in production of biomass; photo-catalysis of CO2 and water to fuels; gasification of biomass; and production of liquid fuels from biomass and mixtures of CO2 and water. (2011-07-07)

Future fire -- still a wide open climate question
CSIRO's Dr Melita Keywood says it is likely that fire will become an increasingly important driver of atmospheric change as the world warms. (2011-07-06)

Termites' digestive system could act as biofuel refinery
One of the peskiest household pests, while disastrous to homes, could prove to be a boon for cars, according to a Purdue University study. (2011-07-05)

Biofuels from the sea
The use of kelp as a biofuel could provide an important alternative to terrestrial grown biofuels; however the suitability of its chemical composition varies on a seasonal basis. Harvesting the kelp in July when carbohydrate levels are at their highest would ensure optimal sugar release for biofuel production. This work will be presented at the Society for Experimental Biology Annual Conference in Glasgow on July 4, 2011. (2011-07-03)

Salt-loving microbe provides new enzymes for the production of next-gen biofuels
To realize the full potential of advanced biofuels that are derived from lignocellulosic biomass, new technologies that can efficiently and cost-effectively break down this biomass into simple sugars are required. A new class of solvents, ionic liquids, are more efficient in treating the biomass and enhancing the yield of sugars liberated from it. To identify new enzymes that are tolerant of ionic liquids, researchers are turning to salt-tolerant organisms isolated from the Great Salt Lake. (2011-06-30)

European research effort improves understanding of impacts of aerosols on climate
Atmospheric aerosol particles have been masking the true rate of greenhouse gas induced global warming during the industrial period. New investigations show that the aerosol cooling effect will be strongly reduced by 2030, as air pollution abatements are implemented worldwide and the presently available advanced control technologies are utilized. These actions would increase the global mean temperature by circa 1 degree Celsius. This is one of the main research outcomes of the recently concluded EU EUCAARI project. (2011-06-29)

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2011
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory's recent research is highlighted in this series of news tips. (2011-06-23)

Iowa State hybrid lab combines technologies to make biorenewable fuels and products
The Hybrid Processing Laboratory located just inside the front door of Iowa State University's new Biorenewables Research Laboratory is increasingly busy. It's a place where researchers in biochemical and thermochemical sciences work together to develop technologies that produce biorenewable fuels and chemicals. And it's a showcase for the multidisciplinary work promoted by Iowa State's Bioeconomy Institute. (2011-06-20)

Miscanthus adapts
Sustainable, large-scale bioenergy production requires domestication that develops crops capable of producing sufficiently high biomass on marginal and degraded land. An article in the current issue of Global Change Biology Bioenergy finds that natural populations of Miscanthus are promising candidates as second-generation energy sources because they have genetic variation that may increase their stress tolerance. (2011-06-06)

New report highlights diversity and value of Alaska's coastal forests
A new report published by the USDA Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station presents summaries of current southeast and south-central Alaska forest topics, ranging from carbon and forest products to lichens and invasive species. (2011-06-01)

Sustainable 'bio-derived' jet fuel industry is achievable
Establishing an economically and environmentally beneficial, (2011-05-25)

Southampton scientists to help create a sustainable energy system for the UK
The University of Southampton is playing a key role in a major public/private partnership to evaluate the use of biomass to create a cost effective and sustainable UK energy system for 2050. (2011-05-20)

Fueled by trees: International New Phytologist Symposium on 2nd generation biofuels
More than one hundred scientists will discuss recent developments in biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass at the 26th New Phytologist Symposium (2011-05-17)

Smoke-related chemical discovered in the atmosphere could have health implications
Cigarette smoking, forest fires and woodburning can release a chemical that may be at least partly responsible for human health problems related to smoke exposure, according to a new study by NOAA researchers and their colleagues. (2011-05-16)

Eucalyptus tree genome deciphered
A team of international researchers, led by Prof. Zander Myburg from the University of Pretoria, South Africa, completed the genome sequence for the forest tree species Eucalyptus grandis. The completed genome sequence, that unlocks new possibilities for biofuels and forestry, is available on the internet. (2011-05-12)

NREL's multi-junction solar cells teach scientists how to turn plants into powerhouses
Plants can overcome their evolutionary legacies to become much better at using biological photosynthesis to produce energy, the kind of energy that can power vehicles in the near future, an all-star collection of biologists, physicists, photochemists, and solar scientists has found. (2011-05-12)

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