Current Biomedical Engineering News and Events | Page 25

Current Biomedical Engineering News and Events, Biomedical Engineering News Articles.
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Focal epileptic seizures linked to abnormalities in 3 main brain regions
A new study that used functional magnetic resonance imaging and computation pattern analysis to identify differences in regional brain activity between subjects with focal epilepsy and healthy individuals highlighted three common areas of abnormality. Seizures in people with focal epilepsy can originate in various sites in the brain, but these new findings link those sites to three main brain regions, as reported in Brain Connectivity. (2015-11-24)

Report: African-Americans still underrepresented in the physical sciences
African-American students remain underrepresented in physical science and engineering disciplines, according to a new report from the American Institute of Physics Statistical Research Center. The report shows that while the total number of bachelor's degrees obtained in the past decade by African-Americans has increased each year, this growth is not mirrored by increased representation in the physical sciences and engineering. (2015-11-23)

$4 million grant funds Brain Safety Lab focused on brain health of older adults
Brain health is critical to successful aging. A four-year $4 million grant from AHRQ to the Indiana University Center for Aging Research funds the Brain Safety Lab which seeks to redesign the complex systems involved in providing health care to amplify attention to the well-being of the human brain. The Brain Safety Lab will develop potential brain safety solutions, test prototypes and deploy them in a real-world clinical setting. (2015-11-17)

Primordial goo used to improve implants
An innovative new coating that could be used to improve medical devices and implants, thanks to a 'goo' thought to be have been home to the building blocks of life. (2015-11-16)

New microscopy technology may help surgeons save more lives
Biomedical engineers and neurosurgeons at the University of Arizona develop augmented microscopy technology to help surgeons operate with greater precision and reduced risk of harming patients. (2015-11-13)

Cornell engineers develop 'killer cells' to destroy cancer in lymph nodes
Cornell biomedical engineers have developed specialized white blood cells -- dubbed 'super natural killer cells' -- that seek out cancer cells in lymph nodes with only one purpose: destroy them. This breakthrough halts the onset of metastasis, according to a new Cornell study published this month in the journal Biomaterials. (2015-11-12)

CCNY researchers open 'Golden Window' in deep brain imaging
The neuroscience community is saluting the creation of a 'Golden Window' for deep brain imaging by researchers at The City College of New York led by biomedical engineer Lingyan Shi. This is a first for brain imaging, said Shi, a research associate in City College's Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers, and the biology department. (2015-11-11)

Researchers aim to regenerate human knees and limbs by 2030
On Veteran's Day the University of Connecticut announced the launch of its new grand research challenge: regeneration of a human knee within seven years, and an entire limb within 15 years. This major international research undertaking, called The HEAL Project, stands for Hartford Engineering a Limb. It is the brainchild of UConn Health's Cato T. Laurencin, a leading surgeon-scientist in orthopaedic surgery, engineering, and the new field of regenerative engineering. His laboratory research successes include the growth of bone and knee ligaments. (2015-11-11)

CWRU researchers building digital pathology tools to predict cancer outcomes
Case Western Reserve University researchers have been awarded two grants totaling $3.16 million from the National Institutes of Health to create analytic software for managing, annotating, sharing and analyzing digital pathology imaging data. They will start by focusing on tools for quantifying tissue-based biomarkers and disease patterns on digital images of prostate and breast cancer biopsy. (2015-11-11)

Tissue engineers recruit cells to make their own strong matrix
Extracellular matrix is the material that gives tissues their strength and stretch. It's been hard to make well in the lab, but a Brown University team reports new success. The key was creating a culture environment that guided cells to make ECM themselves. (2015-11-09)

Flipping the switch to better see cancer cells at depths
Using a high-tech imaging method, a team of biomedical engineers at the School of Engineering & Applied Science at Washington University in St. Louis was able to see individual, early-developing cancer cells deeper in tissue than ever before with the help of a novel protein from a bacterium. (2015-11-09)

UC San Diego unveils campus-wide microbiome and microbial sciences initiative
University of California, San Diego Chancellor Pradeep K. Khosla announces the launch of the UC San Diego Microbiome and Microbial Sciences Initiative, a concerted research and education effort that leverages the university's strengths in science, medicine, engineering and the humanities to produce a detailed understanding of microbiomes -- distinct constellations of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms that live within and around us -- and methods for manipulating them for the benefit of human health and the environment. (2015-10-29)

Study shows chronic fatigue associated with abnormal brain connectivity at rest
Patients with chronic fatigue have decreased signaling and communication between specific brain regions when the brain is at rest, and less effective connectivity between these regions strongly correlates with greater fatigue, according to the results of a new study published in Brain Connectivity. (2015-10-28)

UA engineering professor wins Air Force grant for supersonic aerodynamics research
University of Arizona engineering professor Jesse Little receives $900,000 US Air Force grant to investigate supersonic air flows for designing the next generation of high-speed aircraft. (2015-10-27)

Carnegie Mellon researchers hack off-the-shelf 3-D printer towards rebuilding the heart
A group of Carnegie Mellon researchers has used a new 3-D bioprinting method to bioprint models of hearts, arteries, bones and brains out of biological materials. The work could one day lead to a world in which transplants are no longer necessary to repair damaged organs. (2015-10-23)

Optical scanner shows potential for real-time 3-D breast cancer screening
Scientists have developed a hand-held optical scanner with the potential to offer breast cancer imaging in real time. The results are reported today, Oct. 23, 2015, in the journal Biomedical Physics & Engineering Express. The device, developed primarily at Florida International University, uses a near-infrared laser diode source to produce an image of the breast tissues. (2015-10-22)

Number of postdocs declines for first time, new study shows
After more than 30 years of steady growth, the number of postdocs in the biological and biomedical sciences is on the decline in the United States, according to a new paper in The FASEB Journal. The study shows that despite continuing increases in the number of Ph.D. students, there was a 5.5 percent loss in the postdoctoral population from 2010-13, the most recent survey year. The findings have important implications for the biomedical workforce. (2015-10-21)

Strathclyde enters partnership with world-leading sensor company
A world-leading sensor design and manufacturing company has announced a major investment in a research partnership with the University of Strathclyde. (2015-10-19)

Otis W. Brawley, M.D. elected to National Academy of Medicine
American Cancer Society Chief Medical Officer, Otis Webb Brawley, M.D., M.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.O., F.A.C.E. has been elected to the 2015 Class of the National Academy of Medicine. (2015-10-19)

Border researchers patent new low-cost printer that tracks HIV patients' health
UTEP researchers have patented a low-cost device that can easily monitor the health of HIV patients living in low-resource settings. The portable device works by helping clinicians count the number of CD4 cells, cells that are attacked by HIV, in the body. (2015-10-15)

Partnership formed to commercialize technology restoring movement in paralyzed patients
Case Western Reserve University's Institute for Functional Restoration (and Synapse Biomedical Inc. have entered a partnership to commercialize fully implantable systems that restore muscle function in paralyzed patients. The first clinical trials, with patients using the system for hand grasp and postural balance, are scheduled to begin this fall. (2015-10-15)

North Carolina researchers awarded $5.3 million to develop novel gut-on-a-chip technology
'Organs-on-a-chip' have become vital for biomedical research, as researchers seek alternatives to animal models for drug discovery and testing. The new grant will fund a technology that represents a major step forward for the field, overcoming limitations that have mired other efforts. (2015-10-09)

Review addresses value and waste in biomedical research
Some studies suggest that as much as 85 per cent of investment in biomedical research is wasted -- a review published in The Lancet with input from Plymouth University addresses the issues. (2015-10-07)

NYU physicist Gershow receives NIH's 'New Innovator' award
Marc Gershow, an assistant professor in NYU's Department of Physics, has received a highly competitive 'New Innovator' award from the National Institutes of Health. (2015-10-06)

New microscopy technology augments surgeon's view for greater accuracy
Researchers at the University of Arizona in Tucson have developed a prototype of a new microscope technology that could help surgeons work with a greater degree of accuracy in diagnosing cancer or performing brain surgery or other procedures. The new technology, call augmented microscopy, is reported today in the Journal of Biomedical Optics, published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics. (2015-10-06)

UC Davis granted $15.5 million to build world's first total-body PET scanner
The NIH has awarded a grant of $15.5 million to a UC Davis team to build the world's first total-body positron emission tomography (PET) scanner, which could fundamentally change the way cancers are tracked and treated and put the university on the nation's leading edge of molecular imaging. (2015-10-06)

NUS researchers develop novel prosthetic heart valve
A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore has developed a novel prosthetic heart valve, known as VeloX, which can be implanted through a small incision for the treatment of a serious heart valve disorder called mitral regurgitation. The device is particularly beneficial to patients who are of high surgical risk or are unsuitable for existing clinical interventions. (2015-10-05)

UV-light enabled catheter fixes holes in the heart without invasive surgery
Researchers from Boston Children's Hospital, the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University, Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the Karp Lab at Brigham and Women's Hospital have jointly designed a specialized catheter for fixing holes in the heart using a biodegradable adhesive and patch. As the team reports in Science Translational Medicine, the catheter has been used successfully in animal studies to facilitate hole closure without the need for open heart surgery. (2015-10-05)

OU engineering professor leads NSF grant on infrastructure resilience
Whether it is malicious or an act of Mother Nature, an infrastructure attack could cripple the nation as more people depend on the interconnected services such as water, electricity, communication, transportation and health care. (2015-10-05)

Immigrants play increasing role in US science and engineering workforce
From 2003 to 2013, the number of scientists and engineers residing in the US rose from 21.6 million to 29 million. An important factor in that increase: over the same time period, the number of immigrant scientists and engineers went from 3.4 million to 5.2 million. (2015-10-05)

CWRU researcher to transform clot makers into clot busters
A Case Western Reserve University researcher has been awarded a five-year, $1.9 million grant from National Institutes of Health (NIH) to transform synthetic platelet technology designed to help form blood clots into devices that dissolve clots to prevent strokes and heart attacks. (2015-10-01)

OU School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering recognized for diversity and inclusion
The School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering in the Gallogly College of Engineering at the University of Oklahoma was recently selected as one of only five universities in the nation to participate in a special Transforming Engineering Culture to Advance Inclusion and Diversity program. The diversity program selected the school to help support and continue its ongoing efforts to attract and retain women and underrepresented minority students and faculty. (2015-10-01)

An accessible approach to making a mini-brain
In a new paper in Tissue Engineering: Part C, Brown University researchers describe a relatively accessible method for making a working -- though not thinking -- sphere of central nervous system tissue. The advance could provide an inexpensive and easy-to-make 3-D testbed for biomedical research. (2015-10-01)

How much radioactivity is in infant formula?
Based on measurements of radioactivity in samples of infant formula manufactured and sold around the world, researchers estimate that infants 1 year of age or younger who consume these formulas would ingest a significantly higher radioactivity dose than reported levels, but lower than internationally recommended limits. The researchers report the radioactivity levels for each brand of formula in an article published in Environmental Engineering Science. (2015-10-01)

Risk factors for prostate cancer
New research suggests that age, race and family history are the biggest risk factors for a man to develop prostate cancer, although high blood pressure, high cholesterol, vitamin D deficiency, inflammation of prostate, and vasectomy also add to the risk. In contrast, obesity, alcohol abuse, and smoking show a negative association with the disease. Details are reported in the International Journal of Medical Engineering and Informatics. (2015-09-29)

Researchers disguise drugs as platelets to target cancer
Researchers have for the first time developed a technique that coats anticancer drugs in membranes made from a patient's own platelets, allowing the drugs to last longer in the body and attack both primary cancer tumors and the circulating tumor cells that can cause a cancer to metastasize. The work was tested successfully in an animal model. (2015-09-29)

Tools for illuminating brain function make their own light
A variant on the optogenetics technique gives neuroscientists the choice of activating neurons with light or an externally supplied chemical. (2015-09-29)

New tech automatically 'tunes' powered prosthetics while walking
When amputees receive powered prosthetic legs, the power of the prosthetic limbs needs to be tuned by a prosthetics expert so that a patient can move normally -- but the prosthetic often needs repeated re-tuning. Biomedical engineering researchers have developed software that allows powered prosthetics to tune themselves automatically, making the devices more functionally useful and lowering the costs associated with powered prosthetic use. (2015-09-28)

Brown University Superfund Research Program earns $10.8M for five-year renewal
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences has renewed the Superfund Research Program for a third multiyear period of support. The funding of more than $2.1 million a year for five years will enable Brown University scientists to further pursue studies of contamination at several sites around Rhode Island and effective ways to detect and prevent its adverse health effects. (2015-09-24)

Ultrafast lasers offer 3-D micropatterning of biocompatible hydrogels
Low-energy, ultrafast laser technology is able to make high-resolution, 3-D structures in transparent silk protein hydrogels to support cell growth and allow cells to penetrate deep within the material. The work represents a new approach to customized engineering of tissue and biomedical implants. Its efficacy was shown in vivo and in vitro. (2015-09-23)

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