Current Biomineralization News and Events | Page 2

Current Biomineralization News and Events, Biomineralization News Articles.
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Louisiana Tech University student coauthors research in ACS journal
Joshua Tully, senior chemistry student at Louisiana Tech University, has coauthored a paper titled 'Halloysite Clay Nanotubes for Enzyme Immobilization,' which has been published in 'Biomacromolecules,' a highly influential, international journal of the American Chemical Society. (2016-01-13)

How to eliminate pain tied to tooth decay
An abundance of sweets during the holidays increases the threat of cavities and tooth sensitivity. USC researchers have found a way to regrow enamel to protect teeth. Perhaps one day their gel could be used as teeth strips or in a mouth guard. (2015-11-16)

Cave snail from South Korea suggests ancient subterranean diversity across Eurasia
A sensational find of subterranean biodiversity surfaces from the depths of Nodong cave, South Korea. This rare, unique occurrence of an ancient group of tiny terrestrial snails provides evidence of a pan-Eurasian distribution of diehard snails formerly known to inhabit only caves of Southern Alpine Europe. Asia's first exclusively cave-dwelling hollow-shelled snail is described in the open-access journal ZooKeys after Nano-CT scans made it possible to see inside the diaphanous shell walls. (2015-08-18)

Evolution: The secrets of the brachiopod shell
Researchers of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have carried out the first detailed study of the molecular mechanisms responsible for formation of the brachiopod shell. Comparison with shell synthesis in other groups reveals the deep evolutionary roots of the process. (2015-04-30)

Amelotin molecule plays a critical role in tooth enamel maturation
Today, the International and American Associations for Dental Research published an innovative developmental biology study by lead researcher Bernhard Ganss, University of Toronto, ON, Canada, that relates amelotin with tooth enamel defects and enamel formation. (2015-02-24)

Chinese and American scientists review early evolution of eukaryotic multicellularity
The rise of multicellularity represents a major evolutionary transition and it occurred independently in multiple eukaryote clades. Complex multicellular eukaryotes began diversifying in the Ediacaran Period, just before the Cambrian explosion. The Ediacaran fossil record can provide key paleontological evidence about the early radiation of multicellular eukaryotes. In a new study, Chinese and American scientists review exceptionally preserved eukaryote fossils from the Ediacaran Weng'an biota in South China, along with varying interpretations of these fossils. (2015-01-28)

Geoscientists unearth mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new technologies
Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect themselves. Virginia Tech researchers have discovered that certain types of sugars, known as polysaccharides, may also control the timing and placement of minerals that animals use to produce hard structures. (2013-08-01)

Beautiful 'flowers' self-assemble in a beaker
By simply manipulating chemical gradients in a beaker of fluid, materials scientists at Harvard have found that they can control the growth behavior of crystals to create precisely tailored structures -- such as delicate, micron-scale flowers. (2013-05-16)

Using snail teeth to improve solar cells and batteries
An assistant professor at the University of California, Riverside's Bourns College of Engineering is using the teeth of a marine snail found of the coast of California to create less costly and more efficient nanoscale materials to improve solar cells and lithium-ion batteries. (2013-01-16)

Earth science professor honored by Geological Society of America
The Geological Society of America has honored Gary Rosenberg, an associate professor of earth sciences in the School of Science at IUPUI, with the Mary C. Rabbitt History of Geology Award. (2012-06-05)

First direct observation of oriented attachment in nanocrystal growth
Berkeley Lab researchers have reported the first direct observation of nanoparticles undergoing oriented attachment, the critical step in biomineralization and the growth of nanocrystals. A better understanding of oriented attachment in nanoparticles is a key to synthesizing new materials with remarkable structural properties. (2012-05-24)

Evidence for a geologic trigger of the Cambrian explosion
The oceans teemed with life 600 million years ago, but the simple, soft-bodied creatures would have been hardly recognizable as the ancestors of nearly all animals on Earth today. (2012-04-18)

Connecting the dots: Pitt School of Dental Medicine team describes how enamel forms
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine are piecing together the process of tooth enamel biomineralization, which could lead to novel nanoscale approaches to developing biomaterials. The findings are reported online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (2011-08-08)

Citrate key in bone's nanostructure
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have identified the composition that gives bone its outstanding properties and the important role citrate plays, work that may help science better understand and treat or prevent bone diseases such as osteoporosis. (2011-06-08)

Simulations aim to unlock nature's process of biomineralization
A University of Akron researcher is leveraging advanced modeling and simulation resources at the Ohio Supercomputer Center to study the process of biomineralization, nature's ability to form complex structures, such as bones, teeth and mollusk shells. Hendrik Heinz, Ph.D., is investigating a natural phenomenon that if harnessed, could lead to the design of composite materials and devices for such applications as bone replacement, sensing systems, efficient energy generation and treatment of diseases. (2010-12-09)

Adele Boskey 2010 recipient of ORS/AOA award for lifetime contributions to orthopedics
Biomineralization and osteoporosis investigator Adele L. Boskey, Ph.D., the Starr Chair in Mineralized Tissue Research at Hospital for Special Surgery in New York, has been selected the 2010 recipient of the Orthopedic Research Society/American Orthopaedic Association Alfred R. Shands, Jr. Award. The award will be presented to Dr. Boskey on Monday, March 8, at the 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopedic Research Society in New Orleans. (2010-03-08)

McGill, Quebec biotech firm partner for new bone-disease treatment
Dr. Marc McKee of McGill University is collaborating closely with Enobia Pharma Inc., a Quebec biotech company, to develop innovative treatments for serious genetic bone diseases. McKee's research looks into the reasons why calcium-phosphate mineral fails to crystallize properly to form strong bones and teeth. (2010-03-05)

Scientists watch as peptides control crystal growth with 'switches, throttles and brakes'
By producing some of the highest resolution images of peptides attaching to mineral surfaces, scientists have a deeper understanding how biomolecules manipulate the growth crystals. This research may lead to a new treatment for kidney stones using biomolecules. (2009-11-23)

2,000-year-old statue of an athlete sheds light on corrosion and other modern challenges
The restoration of a 2,000-year-old bronze sculpture of the famed ancient Greek athlete Apoxyomenos may help modern scientists understand how to prevent metal corrosion, discover the safest ways to permanently store nuclear waste, and understand other perplexing problems. That's the conclusion of a new study on the so-called (2009-07-08)

Focus on the formation of bones, teeth and shells
Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology for the first time have shown the earliest stages in biomineralization, the process that leads to the formation of bones, teeth and sea shells. (2009-05-14)

Dr. Hunter receives IADR Biological Mineralization Award
Dr. Graeme Hunter, University of Western Ontario, Canada, is the recipient of the 2009 Biological Mineralization Award, which will be presented by the International Association for Dental Research at its 87th General Session & Exhibition in Miami, Fla., on April 1, 2009. (2009-03-17)

First high-resolution images of bone, tooth and shell formation
Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology have for the first time made high-resolution images of the earliest stages of bone formation. They used the world's most advanced electron microscope to make three-dimensional images of the nanoparticles at the heart of the process. The results provide improved understanding of bone, tooth and shell formation. For industrial applications, they promise better materials and processes based on nature itself. The findings form the cover story of Science magazine of Friday, March 13. (2009-03-12)

Bare bones of crystal growth: Biomolecules enhance metal contents in calcite
A finding that a hydrophilic peptide significantly enhances the magnesium-content of calcite is especially meaningful for geologists because Mg-content in carbonates is used as a (2008-10-31)

Sea urchin yields a key secret of biomineralization
The teeth and bones of mammals, the protective shells of mollusks, and the needle-sharp spines of sea urchins and other marine creatures are made-from-scratch wonders of nature. (2008-10-27)

New insight to demineralization
Researchers explain the dissolution behavior of silica glasses manufactured by different processes, a natural biologically produced silica and a synthetic, dispersed or colloidal silica. Their findings present the basis for understanding how simple modulations in solution chemistry can tune the durability of silica in humid or wet environments. Moreover, the insights suggest a means by which one could use simple, environmentally benign solutions to regulate surface roughness at the nanoscale. (2008-07-07)

George to receive Pulp Biology and Regeneration Award
The 2008 Pulp Biology and Regeneration Award is being presented to Dr. Anne George from the University of Illinois, College of Dentistry in Chicago. (2008-06-25)

Microbes at work cleaning up the environment
It may sound counterintuitive to use a microbial protein to improve water quality. (2007-06-14)

Simmer to receive research in Biological Mineralization Award
The 2007 Award for Basic Research in Biological Mineralization will be presented today by the International Association for Dental Research to Dr. James P. Simmer, professor, Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor. (2007-03-21)

Scientists uncover speedometer for crystal growth controlled by biomolecule properties
Researchers at Virginia Tech, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia report that the chemistry of organic molecules control the rate of crystal growth. Nano-quantities of biomolecules in the tissues of organisms where biominerals develop can cause calcite crystals to grow faster. And speed of growth can be tuned by varying the charge and water-structuring ability of the biomolecules. The findings result in a speedometer that predicts the type of molecules that will speed up crystal growth. (2006-12-04)

Carnegie Mellon scientist plays key role in unveiling sea urchin genome
Carnegie Mellon University has played a key role in an international, multi-institutional collaboration to sequence the sea urchin genome. As part of the consortium, Charles Ettensohn, professor of biological sciences, led the team that cataloged the genes responsible for building the sea urchin's embryonic skeleton. He also contributed 51,000 cDNAs -- about one-third of the total genomic material critical for assembling the genome and for accurately predicting where genes lie within the DNA sequence. (2006-11-09)

Subsurface bacteria release phosphate to convert uranium contamination to immobile form
In research that could help control contamination from the radioactive element uranium, scientists have discovered that some bacteria found in the soil and subsurface can release phosphate that converts uranium contamination into an insoluble and immobile form. (2006-03-30)

NSLS student-researcher talks at the March APS Meeting
Each year, the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory hosts several high-school and college students, who come to the facility to perform research using its bright beams of x-ray, ultraviolet, and infrared light. This year, four of these students will be presenting the results of their research at the March meeting of the American Physical Society (APS) in Baltimore, Maryland. (2006-03-16)

Dental researchers answer key enamel question
Research published in Science answers major question about tooth enamel formation. (2005-03-07)

Ancient life form may help create newest technologies
Diatoms, a single celled marine life form that has been around at least 100 million years, are being harnessed to help make progress in one of the newest and most promising fields of science - nanotechnology. (2004-07-30)

Two Livermore scientists earn Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers
Edmond Chow and Christine Orme today will be honored with the 2002 Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) as science's foundation for the future. (2004-05-04)

Breakthrough Clemson research appears in Science
Science reports a discovery by a Clemson University researcher that Eastern Oyster shell growth begins withing immune blood cells, challenging 40 years of marine biomineralization research. (2004-04-09)

Microbe's trick provides a template for willowy crystals
Writing in the March 12, 2004 issue of the journal Science, a team of scientists from the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Wisconsin-Madison describe not only the discovery of the willowy microbe-made crystalline structures, but also the process by which they are produced. (2004-03-11)

Zebrafish genetic research results in significant discovery for geobiologists
A researcher at Oregon Health & Science University's Oregon Hearing Research Center and colleagues at the Max Planck Institute have discovered a new gene that has profound effects on the formation of inorganic crystals in the inner ears of zebrafish. (2003-10-09)

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Hormone treatment may increase susceptibility to genital herpes. Researchers from the University of Granada, Spain, have identified a strain of bacteria that may help protect stone monuments and statues from pollution-induced erosion. A vaccine that makes the recipient toxic to mosquitoes is possible. (2003-04-11)

Natural antifreeze yields secrets
Fish in the icy seas around the North Pole and Antarctica have proteins in their blood that act as a natural antifreeze. Now researchers at the University of California, Davis, are closing in on just how those proteins work. The research could lead to safer storage for food or blood products. It may also help scientists understand how bones and sea-shells are made and how mineral deposits can cause kidney stones and heart disease. (2002-03-15)

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