Current Biorefinery News and Events

Current Biorefinery News and Events, Biorefinery News Articles.
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National laboratories point to sugars as a key factor in ideal feedstock for biofuels
Popular wisdom holds that tall, fast-growing trees are best for biomass, but new research by two US Department of Energy National Laboratories reveals the size of trees is only part of the equation. Of equal economic importance, according to scientists from the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), is the amount of sugars that can be produced from the ligno-cellulosic biomass that can be converted into fuels. (2020-10-20)

E. coli engineered to grow on CO2 and formic acid as sole carbon sources?
A metabolic engineering research group at KAIST has developed a strategy to grow an E. coli strain to higher cell density solely on CO?and formic acid. Formic acid is a one carbon carboxylic acid, and can be easily produced from CO?using a variety of methods. (2020-09-28)

From biopaste to bioplastic
Forest scientists develop innovative wood-based materials for 3D printing. (2020-08-21)

Solve invasive seaweed problem by turning it into biofuels and fertilisers
UK researchers have developed a cheap and simple way of creating biofuel and fertiliser from seaweed, whilst removing plastic from the oceans and cleaning up tourist beaches in the Caribbean and Central America. (2020-05-11)

Researchers present a microbial strain capable of massive succinic acid production
A research team led by Distinguished Professor Sang-Yup Lee reported the production of a microbial strain capable of the massive production of succinic acid with the highest production efficiency to date. This strategy of integrating systems metabolic engineering with enzyme engineering will be useful for the production of industrially competitive bio-based chemicals. (2020-05-06)

Possible lives for food waste from restaurants
The BIOSAHE research group at the University of Cordoba developed a methodology to assess waste and determine the most appropriate valorization paths. (2020-04-01)

New metabolic engineering strategy for effective sugar utilization by microbes improves bioproduction of polymer raw materials
Using biomass and microbes to synthesize useful chemical compounds is an environmentally friendly alternative to petrochemical production, however it is difficult to produce sufficient amounts. A Kobe University/RIKEN team has succeeded in improving the yield of the target chemical muconic acid by developing a new strategy to metabolically engineer the bacteria used in bioproduction, so that it would utilize different kinds of sugar absorbed from the biomass for separate aims. (2020-02-25)

Scientists develop open-source software to analyze economics of biofuels, bioproducts
Perennial grasses can be converted into everything from ethanol to bioplastics, but it's unclear which bioproducts hold the greatest potential. BioSTEAM, a new open-source simulation software package in Python developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, gives scientists, engineers, biotechnology companies, and funding agencies a fast, flexible tool to analyze the economics of producing different biofuels and bioproducts -- in a matter of seconds. (2020-02-19)

From petroleum to wood in the chemical industry: cost-efficient and more sustainable
An interdisciplinary team of bio-engineers and economists from KU Leuven has mapped out how wood could replace petroleum in the chemical industry. They not only looked at the technological requirements, but also whether that scenario would be financially viable. A shift from petroleum to wood would lead to a reduction in CO2 emissions, the researchers state in Science. (2020-02-13)

Life Cycle Assessment pinpoints 'sustainability hotspots' in bio-chemical production
New research concerning Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) reveals challenges and opportunities in bio-chemical production. Particularly, it shows that the industry needs to assess a production method's environmental performance at an early stage of development. (2020-01-14)

EU project RES URBIS shows the viability of bioplastic generation with urban biowaste
In a circular economy the city waste being turned into resources, is of great importance considering more than 70% of the inhabitants in Europe live in urban areas. The European project RES URBIS (Resources from Urban Bio-waste), showed that different biowaste produced in an urban environment can be treated within the same chain of valorisation and can obtain products with biological origins, such as bioplastic, with a higher economic value to the classic compost and biogas. (2020-01-13)

Biotech breakthrough turns waste biomass into high value chemicals
A move towards a more sustainable bio-based economy has been given a new boost by researchers who have been able to simplify a process to transform waste materials into high value chemicals. (2019-11-26)

New microorganism for algae biomass to produce alternative fuels
Professor Gyoo Yeol Jung and his research team utilized algae that grow three times faster than starch crops and succeeded in producing biofuel and biochemicals. They developed a new artificial microorganism as a microbial platform for the biorefinery of brown macroalgae which is possible to accelerate biochemical production rate. (2019-06-11)

Grassland areas should be chosen wisely
According to researchers from the Department of Agroecology at Aarhus University, choosing the best areas to convert from cereals to grasslands depends on whether you prioritize improvement of nature and the aquatic environment, how much biomass you can produce, or how much land is needed to so do -- or a combination. The researchers developed a method that enabled them to optimize selection of the best areas, where multiple benefits were taken into consideration. (2019-06-03)

New composite advances lignin as a renewable 3D printing material
Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a recipe for a renewable 3D printing feedstock that could spur a profitable new use for an intractable biorefinery byproduct: lignin. (2018-12-19)

Researchers find value in unusual type of plant material
UW-Madison scientists have shown that a recently-discovered variety of lignin called catechyl lignin (C-lignin) has attributes that could make it well-suited as the starting point for a range of bioproducts. (2018-09-28)

Less drain on freshwater supplies with seawater fuel discovery
Researchers have found that seawater can replace freshwater to produce the sustainable fuel Bioethanol, reducing the need to drain precious resources. (2018-08-21)

Hydrogen and plastic production: New catalyst with a dual function
Chemists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have developed a new, low-cost catalyst for plastic production. It turns a biorefinery product into a starting material for the synthesis of plastics, which could represent a sustainable alternative to widespread PET. At the same time, the potential energy source hydrogen can also be formed during the reaction. (2018-07-24)

Biorefineries will have only minimal effects on wood products and feedstocks markets
A new report from researchers from IIASA, Luleå University of Technology, and RISE Research Institutes of Sweden has shown that more biorefineries, which produce biobased fuels and chemicals, will have only a small effect on the availability and pricing of wood products and feedstocks. (2018-07-05)

Novel approach for photosynthetic production of carbon neutral biofuel from green algae
Reducing carbon emissions in order to prevent climate change requires developing new technologies for sustainable and renewable biofuel production. Molecular hydrogen is regarded as one of the most promising energy carriers due to its high energy density and clean, carbon-free use. A research group from the University of Turku, Finland, has discovered an efficient way for transforming solar energy into the chemical energy of biohydrogen through the photosynthesis of green algae that function as cell factories. (2018-05-03)

The new bioenergy research center: building on ten years of success
The Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC), led by the University of Wisconsin-Madison, recently embarked on a new mission: to develop sustainable alternatives to transportation fuels and products currently derived from petroleum. (2018-02-18)

Fungal enzymes could hold secret to making renewable energy from wood
An international team of researchers, including scientists from the University of York, has discovered a set of enzymes found in fungi that are capable of breaking down one of the main components of wood. The enzymes could now potentially be used to sustainably convert wood biomass into valuable chemical commodities such as biofuels. (2018-02-16)

Calculating the CO2 emissions of biofuels is not enough
A new EU regulation aims to shrink the environmental footprint of biofuels starting in 2021. But an EPFL scientist thinks we should go one step further and take into account all compounds produced at biorefineries, not just biofuel. And he has developed a model for doing just that. (2018-01-29)

New filters could enable manufacturers to perform highly-selective chemical separation
A team of chemical and biological engineers from Tufts University has developed highly selective membrane filters that could enable manufacturers to separate and purify chemicals in ways that are currently impossible, allowing them to potentially use less energy and cut carbon emissions, according to findings published in print today in the journal ACS Nano. (2018-01-23)

Airline industry could fly thousands of miles on biofuel from a new promising feedstock
A Boeing 747 burns one gallon of jet fuel each second. A recent analysis from researchers at the University of Illinois estimate that this aircraft could fly for 10 hours on bio-jet fuel produced on 54 acres of specially engineered sugarcane. (2017-09-11)

Spinning plant waste into carbon fiber for cars, planes
Using plants and trees to make products such as paper or ethanol leaves behind a residue called lignin. That leftover lignin isn't good for much and often gets burned or tossed into landfills. Now, researchers report transforming lignin into carbon fiber to produce a lower-cost material strong enough to build car or aircraft parts. The researchers are presenting their results at the 254th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society. (2017-08-23)

Mountains of waste could lead to new US manufacturing, jobs
Waste material from the paper and pulp industry soon could be made into anything from tennis rackets to cars. Scientists at Texas A&M AgriLife Research have discovered how to make high quality carbon fiber from lignin. (2017-05-15)

Dual-purpose biofuel crops could extend production, increase profits
Dual-purpose biofuel crops could extend production by two months, decreasing the cost of each gallon of fuel and increasing profits by as much as 30 percent. (2017-01-10)

USDA announces $2.9 million available for biorefinery research
The US Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced the availability of $2.9 million in funding for research to improve biorefinery technologies. (2017-01-06)

Which cropping system is best for the environment?
Early sown winter wheat, where the straw is removed every second year and used in biorefining, is the best of six different cereal cropping systems with regard to total environmental impact. (2016-11-23)

The European CYCLALG project will develop an algae-based biorefinery
Six R&D centres in the Basque Autonomous Community, Navarre and France -NEIKER-Tecnalia, National Centre of Renewable Energies (CENER), Tecnalia Research & Innovation, Association of Industry of Navarre (AIN), Association for the Environment and Safety in Aquitaine (APESA) and the Centre for the Application and Transformation of Agro-resources (CATAR-CRITT)- are participating in the European CYCLALG project to drive forward an algae-based biorefinery which aims to develop and validate technological processes designed to obtain biodiesel through algae cultivation. (2016-07-22)

Energy Department grants $2.5M for biorefinery waste use, renewable bioproduct study
The US Department of Energy granted $2.5 million to Texas A&M AgriLife Research to find ways to use biorefinery waste to make new, marketable products. 'It is said you can make anything but money out of lignin. Yet, that is the majority of what's left over in the biorefinery plants,' said Dr. Joshua Yuan, a biotechnologist and lead scientist on the project. 'Until we resolve this problem, biorefinery is not going to become economically viable.' (2016-07-20)

UT center continues quest for low-cost, high-quality bioenergy
The University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture Center for Renewable Carbon is the lead institution in a $4 million study funded by the US Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office that will allow the CRC and its partners to explore in greater detail some feedstock supply and logistical issues. (2016-03-21)

Bioprospecting study finds biosurfactant-producing microbes target biodiversity in Latin America
The natural biodiversity in Latin America has made it a hotspot for research and applications of biosurfactants, with Brazil leading the way in intellectual property and patents for novel processes and sustainable production methods to manufacture biosurfactants at low cost from agro-industrial waste. A review of bioprospecting studies to identify biosurfactant-producing microorganisms, the renewable substrates used in fermentation processes, and the range of biosurfactant applications being developed across Latin America is presented in an article in Industrial Biotechnology. (2016-03-09)

Optimizing biofuel production from algae using carbon dioxide emissions
The combustion of fossil fuels drives the world's energy production, but it also emits carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases. In recent years, researchers have worked to cultivate alternative, renewable energy sources, including using algae-based systems. Now, a team reports in ACS' journal Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research an optimized way of producing biofuel from algae that also removes CO2 emissions from the environment. (2016-02-24)

Renewable fuels from algae boosted by NREL refinery process
A new biorefinery process developed by scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has proven to be significantly more effective at producing ethanol from algae than previous research. (2016-02-16)

Iowa State engineers develop hybrid technology to create biorenewable nylon
Iowa State's Zengyi Shao and Jean-Philippe Tessonnier are combining the tools of biology and chemistry to create new biorenewable products. Their hybrid conversion technology is featured on the cover of the Feb. 12 issue of the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition. (2016-02-09)

Ionic liquids interesting in extracting molecules from wood
Thanks to their unique properties, ionic liquids are all in the rage as solvents as 'green' sustainable chemical processes. Recently, two research teams at Umeå University in Sweden discovered how enzymes can perform their catalytical processes in a switchable ionic liquid. The discovery paves way for enzymatic refinement of cellulose to precious molecules and industrial products. The results have been published in the journal ChemSusChem. (2015-10-26)

Increased application of green biomass entails potential as well as challenges
A new memorandum provides a general overview of the most important potential and challenges encountered in connection with an increased application of green biomass in Denmark. The memorandum is part of the scientific basis for the National Bioeconomy Panel's recommendations within the area. (2015-09-30)

Engineered bacterium produces 1,3-diaminopropane, an important industrial chemical
A Korean research team led by Distinguished Professor Sang Yup Lee of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology reported, for the first time, the production of 1,3-diaminopropane via fermentation of an engineered E. coli bacterium. (2015-08-11)

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