Current Bioscience News and Events

Current Bioscience News and Events, Bioscience News Articles.
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CovMT: Tracking virus mutations across the world
An interactive platform helps users visualize where SARS-CoV-2 mutations start, how wide they spread and how infectious they are. (2021-02-21)

New study evaluates the advancement of ecology from a 2D to 3D science
A new study, published in Bioscience, considers the future of ecology, where technological advancement towards a multidimensional science will continue to fundamentally shift the way we view, explore, and conceptualize the natural world. (2021-02-17)

Social distancing in the natural world: Strategies to detect and avoid disease
The notion of social distancing rose to public prominence approximately a year ago, when health officials began recommending it as a way to slow the spread of the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus. Despite the novelty of the concept among many contemporary human audiences, social distancing has considerable precedent among animals. (2021-02-09)

Novel therapy-resistance mechanism promoting the growth of breast cancer brain metastasis
SORLA is a protein trafficking receptor that has been mainly studied in neurons, but it also plays a role in cancer cells. Professor Johanna Ivaska's research group at Turku Bioscience observed that SORLA functionally contributes to the most reported therapy-resistant mechanism by which the cell-surface receptor HER3 counteracts HER2 targeting therapy in HER2-positive cancers. Removing SORLA from cancer cells sensitized anti-HER2 resistant breast cancer brain metastasis to targeted therapy. (2021-01-29)

Peter Raven addresses earth's dwindling resources, the value of science-informed outreach
The BioScience Talks podcast (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com) features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2021-01-08)

Plants can be larks or night owls just like us
Plants have the same variation in body clocks as that found in humans, according to new research that explores the genes governing circadian rhythms in plants. (2020-12-18)

Biodiversity collections, vital for pandemic preparedness, face drop in specimen deposits
While the importance of natural history museums to human health has never been higher, in recent years the number of specimens being deposited in biodiversity collections actually has been declining. (2020-12-16)

Science leaders issue clarion call for evidence-based policy
Since the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, US science leaders and others have expressed frustration with the lack of an informed and coherent federal response, a sentiment that echoes objections to the handling of other pressing issues, such as climate change. Writing in BioScience, past presidents of the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) have issued an appeal for the reinvigoration of sound policy and governance through the careful consideration of sound science. (2020-12-08)

Identification of the SARS-CoV-2 virus features causing COVID-19 using primate model
Features of the SARS-CoV-2 virus causing COVID-19, which could be useful for developing vaccines and treatment strategies, were identified using a nonhuman primate model developed at the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology(KRIBB). (2020-11-15)

Trump administration delists gray wolves: Response from the experts
The BioScience Talks podcast (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com) features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2020-11-11)

Neuron-based gene expression study reveals insights on fear and its regulation
The expression of a gene called CREB in certain neurons may function as a switch to regulate feelings of fear and its extinction. (2020-10-26)

Researchers develop a simplified method to modify disease signaling with light
Cellular optogenetics is a technique that allows researchers to use light to precisely control cell signaling and function in space and time enabling the investigation of mechanisms involved in disease processes. A research team from the University of Turku have developed a novel way to make cellular optogenetic tools much easier to monitor and apply, and showed how they can be used to investigate the cellular side effects of medicines used to treat cancer. (2020-10-22)

Fats fighting back against bacteria
With antibiotic-resistant superbugs on the rise, this research shows a new way that cells are using to protect themselves - using fats as a covert weapon, and giving us new insights into alternative ways to fight infection. (2020-10-16)

Chronically understudied, fences hold grave ecological threats
Fences are one of humanity's most frequent landscape alterations, with their combined length exceeding even that of roads by an order of magnitude. Despite their ubiquity, they have received far less research scrutiny than many human-built structures. Writing in BioScience (http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biaa103), Alex McIntuff and a global team characterize the current state of fence research and generate a typology to guide future efforts. (2020-09-30)

Inflammatory gene provides clue to obesity risk
A gene that helps to control inflammation increases the risk of obesity and could be turned off in mice to stop weight gain, a study from The University of Queensland has found. (2020-09-29)

Neil deGrasse Tyson speaks out on space, politics, and science outreach
The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2020-09-18)

Typhoid: Study confirms Vi-DT conjugate vaccine is safe and immunogenic in children 6-23 months
A new study conducted by IVI in collaboration with SK bioscience shows that single-dose and two-dose regimens of Vi-DT typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) are safe and immunogenic in children 6-23 months of age, a group with high rates of typhoid fever in resource-limited settings. (2020-09-17)

Biologists developing global citizen network to monitor insect abundance
A University of Arkansas biologist is part of an international team of researchers is building a volunteer network of citizen scientists to help monitor the abundance of dragonflies and damselflies. (2020-09-16)

Compounds show promise in search for tuberculosis antibiotics
Compounds tested for their potential as antibiotics have demonstrated promising activity against one of the deadliest infectious diseases - tuberculosis (TB). (2020-07-30)

Hot urban temperatures and tree transpiration
The BioScience Talks podcast (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com) features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2020-07-29)

Studying COVID-19's envelope protein
A likeness between genes of the SARS and COVID-19 viruses could inform research into potential treatments. (2020-07-27)

Healthy offspring from testicular tissue plantation in mice: Retinoic acid key
Germ cell depletion in recipient testis has adverse effects on spermatogenesis in orthotopically transplanted testis pieces via retinoic acid insufficiency. Repetitive RA administration significantly improved donor spermatogenesis to produce healthy offspring. (2020-07-16)

Leveraging biodiversity science infrastructure in the COVID-19 era
The BioScience Talks podcast (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com) features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2020-06-23)

More effective human antibodies possible with chicken cells
Antibodies for potential use as medicines can be made rapidly in chicken cells grown in laboratories. Researchers refer to their technique as the human ADLib system, short for autonomously diversifying libraries. The technique automatically builds vast numbers, or libraries, of diverse antibodies using chicken immune system cells' natural method for shuffling their genes. (2020-05-26)

UMD researchers tap CRISPR technology to connect biology, electronics
In an effort to create first-of-kind microelectronic devices that connect with biological systems, University of Maryland (UMD) researchers are utilizing CRISPR technology in a novel way to electronically turn 'on' and 'off' several genes simultaneously. Their technique, published in Nature Communications, has the potential to further bridge the gap between the electronic and biological worlds, paving the way for new wearable and 'smart' devices. (2020-05-19)

KIST-CUK research team develops vaccine platform applicable to various viruses
MERS, which struck South Korea in a 2015 outbreak, was caused by a coronavirus--the same family of viruses that is responsible for COVID-19. Recently, a Korean research team announced that it had developed a new vaccine platform using RNA-based adjuvants for the MERS coronavirus. The research team successfully conducted an experiment on nonhuman primates. It is expected that the new vaccine platform will soon be applicable to the development of a COVID-19 vaccine, an urgent global health priority. (2020-05-08)

Coronavirus (COVID-19) testing, next steps, and the role of small business
The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2020-04-13)

Spider venom key to pain relief without side-effects
Molecules in tarantula venom could be used as an alternative to opioid pain killers for people seeking chronic pain relief. (2020-04-13)

Natural sunscreen gene influences how we make vitamin D
Genetic variations in the skin can create a natural sunscreen, according to University of Queensland researchers investigating the genes linked with vitamin D. (2020-04-02)

Parkinson's disease linked to gene targeted by blue-green algae toxin
Scientists have discovered a possible link between Parkinson's disease and a gene impacted by a neurotoxin found in blue-green algae. (2020-03-15)

JNK protein triggers nerve cells to withdraw their synapses when stressed
New study from Eleanor Coffey's lab at Turku Bioscience Center in Finland identifies that the JNK protein triggers nerve cells to withdraw their synapses when stressed. (2020-03-11)

Rejuvenating the immune system supports brain repair after injury
Researchers have identified a major shift in how to treat brain injuries, after rejuvenating immune cells to support the repair process. (2020-03-08)

The dangers facing fireflies
The BioScience Talks podcast (http://bioscience.libsyn.com) features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2020-02-24)

NUI Galway highlights reproductive flexibility in hydractinia, a Galway bay jellyfish
A new study, led by Dr Tim DuBuc and Professor Uri Frank from the Centre for Chromosome Biology at NUI Galway, has found that Hydractinia, a North Atlantic jellyfish that also lives in Galway Bay, reproduces in a similar way to humans but does so far more flexibly. (2020-02-21)

USC scientists advance better imaging tool to study disease
USC scientists have developed a new tool to peer more deeply and clearly into living things so science can be used to develop better diagnostics and treatments, including detecting lung cancer or damage from pollutants. (2020-02-05)

Fireflies face global threats
Worldwide declines in insect populations have garnered significant attention of late. However, many species are understudied, including firefly beetles, whose charismatic bioluminescent displays elevate their cultural and economic importance. Reporting the results of a recent survey in BioScience, Sara M. Lewis of Tufts University and her colleagues present a broad overview of the threats facing these diverse insect populations. (2020-02-03)

Room for complexity? The many players in the coffee agroecosystem
The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2020-01-23)

Researchers discover new strategy in the fight against antibiotic resistance
Bioscience engineers from KU Leuven in Belgium have developed a new antibacterial strategy that weakens bacteria by preventing them from cooperating. Unlike with antibiotics, there is no resistance to this strategy. (2020-01-14)

Better science through peer review
The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2020-01-08)

Declaration of a climate emergency and next steps for action
Scientific consensus concerning climate change is well established, but action has been slow to follow. Writing in BioScience, a worldwide coalition of scientists led by William J. Ripple and Christopher Wolf, both with Oregon State University, describe graphical indicators related to climate change and six areas they highlight as requiring prompt action. (2019-11-05)

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