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Current Black Holes News and Events, Black Holes News Articles.
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Matter falling into a black hole at 30 percent of the speed of light
A UK team of astronomers report the first detection of matter falling into a black hole at 30% of the speed of light, located in the centre of the billion-light year distant galaxy PG211+143. The team, led by Professor Ken Pounds of the University of Leicester, used data from the European Space Agency's X-ray observatory XMM-Newton to observe the black hole. Their results appear in a new paper in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. (2018-09-20)

Study documents poor mental and physical health in rural borderland community members
The borderlands between the United States and Mexico are home to numerous Mexican and Central American rural communities, with many members living in poverty and frustrated by limited access to basic resources. A study on inequalities and health among foreign-born Latinos in rural borderland communities, led by a researcher at the University of California, Riverside, has found that this population is vulnerable to high stress that negatively impacts its mental and physical health. (2018-09-20)

Black women more likely to skip crucial breast cancer treatments
A new study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute finds that black women are more likely to skip hormone therapy treatments, also known as endocrine therapy, for breast cancer. (2018-09-20)

Looking back in time to watch for a different kind of black hole
A simulation done by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology has suggested what astronomers should look for if they search the skies for a direct collapse black hole in its early stages. (2018-09-18)

Lupus discovery could help manage disease in African patients
New discoveries about the most common form of the autoimmune disease lupus could improve diagnosis and treatment of the condition in black Africans. (2018-09-17)

More women than men veterans with chronic pain use therapies like yoga and acupuncture
A major shift in practice by the VA means that therapies such as meditation and yoga are being offered to VA patients as non-drug approaches for pain management, says Elizabeth Evans of UMass Amherst, who studied their use by gender among veterans with chronic musculoskeletal pain. (2018-09-17)

Astronomers witness birth of new star from stellar explosion
Astronomers have observed a new phenomena in the aftermath of a stellar explosion. (2018-09-12)

Evaluating the contribution of black carbon to climate change
Collaboration between Nagoya University and Cornell University develops improved model to assess the ability of black carbon to warm the Earth's atmosphere. (2018-09-11)

Delayed childbearing is a growing source of multiple births, study shows
Assisted reproductive technologies are not the sole cause of multiple births -- naturally occurring multiple births due to women choosing to have children later in life is responsible for a growing percentage of multiples. (2018-09-11)

Large trucks are biggest culprits of near-road air pollution
A new U of T Engineering study reveals large diesel trucks to be the greatest contributors to harmful black carbon emissions close to major roadways, indicating that vehicle types matter more than traffic volume for near-road air pollution. (2018-09-10)

Racial wealth inequality overlooked as cause of urban unrest, study says
More than 50 years ago, riots tore through many U.S. cities, prompting national scrutiny of the root causes. Yet a half-century later, says new research, a key contributor to the social upheaval of the 1960s remains under-explored: racial wealth inequality. Meanwhile, the racial wealth gap that helped fuel the urban violence of the 1960s has only grown, says new research from Duke University, UCLA and the New School. (2018-09-10)

Renewable energy sources: All-in-one light-driven water splitting
Solar-powered water splitting is a promising means of generating clean and storable energy. A novel catalyst based on semiconductor nanoparticles has now been shown to facilitate all the reactions needed for 'artificial photosynthesis'. (2018-09-06)

Pay of NHS doctors varies by ethnic group
Data published by The BMJ today reveal some differences in median basic pay between white and black and minority ethnic (BME) hospital doctors employed by the NHS in England. (2018-09-05)

Most people don't change their views after seeing racial disparities in police statistics
What people believe is the cause of racial disparities in police stops does influence whether they generally view police officers as trustworthy or not, but most people also don't change their views in light of reading those statistics, according to a study led by a University of Kansas researcher of political behavior and public policy. (2018-09-04)

Changing the type of silicon etching drops solar power costs by more than 10 percent
Michigan Technological University and Aalto University researchers have found that using dry etched black silicon for passive emitter rear cell (PERC) solar cells increases the cost of individual cell production by 15.8 percent to 25.1 percent, but reduces the cost per unit power by 10.8 percent over those for industrial Czochralski silicon. (2018-09-04)

Introducing high-performance non-fullerene organic solar cells
An team of researchers, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has introduced a novel method that can solve issues associated with the thickness of the photoactive layers in OSCs. (2018-08-30)

Female basketball players face disproportionate racial bias: New study
New research has uncovered a recurring pattern of referee bias in women's college basketball. (2018-08-24)

Researchers stop cell suicide that worsens sepsis, arthritis
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have discovered a way to stop immune cell death associated with multiple diseases, including sepsis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and arthritis. The findings, published in Science Immunology , identify a chemical that potently inhibits inflammatory cell death. (2018-08-24)

New paper addresses human/wildlife conflict through use of social and ecological theory
In a new paper in the journal Biological Conservation, the researchers apply a new approach to understand human-black bear conflicts in Durango, Colorado. (2018-08-22)

Study finds racial disparities in prescribing opioids for chronic pain
Yale researchers have identified racial disparities in the treatment of patients who are prescribed opioids for chronic pain. Black patients who receive opioids long-term are more likely than whites to be tested for illicit drug use. Of those who test positive, blacks are more likely to have their opioid prescriptions discontinued, said the researchers. (2018-08-20)

Coal miners at growing risk of developing debilitating, deadly lung fibrosis
The number of cases of progressive massive fibrosis (PMF) among US coal miners has risen during the past two decades, even as the number of coal miners has declined, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. (2018-08-17)

Sprawling galaxy cluster found hiding in plain sight
MIT scientists have uncovered a sprawling new galaxy cluster hiding in plain sight. The cluster, which sits a mere 2.4 billion light years from Earth, is made up of hundreds of individual galaxies and surrounds an extremely active supermassive black hole, or quasar. (2018-08-16)

Black male youth more fearful when visiting whiter neighborhoods
Young black males feel less safe when they go to neighborhoods with a larger white population than occurs in areas they normally visit, a new study suggests. (2018-08-13)

MSU Astronomers discovered supermassive black hole in an ultracompact dwarf galaxy
A team of scientists from the Faculty of Physics and Sternberg State Astronomical Institute, MSU leading an international collaboration with members from Europe, Chile, United States, and Australia discovered a supermassive black hole in the center of the Fornax galaxy. The results of the research were published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society journal. The report will be presented at the XXXth General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union that will take place in Vienna on August 20-31, 2018. (2018-08-13)

'Citizen science' yields updated predicted distributions for rare species
Online 'citizen science' data initiatives may be able to help map the distribution of rare species in the wild, according to a study published Aug. 8 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Yifu Wang of McGill University and colleagues. (2018-08-08)

Bad policing, bad law, not 'bad apples,' behind disproportionate killing of black men
Killings of unarmed black men by white police officers across the nation have garnered massive media attention in recent years, raising the question: do white law enforcement officers target minority suspects? A recent study says no. (2018-08-08)

Likelihood of dementia higher among black ethnic groups
Rates of dementia diagnosis are higher among black ethnic groups compared to white and Asian groups in the UK, a new UCL-led study has found. (2018-08-07)

Fast, cheap and colorful 3D printing
People are exploring the use of 3D printing for wide-ranging applications, including manufacturing, medical devices, fashion and even food. But one of the most efficient forms of 3D printing suffers from a major drawback: It can only print objects that are gray or black in color. Now, researchers have tweaked the method so it can print in all of the colors of the rainbow. They report their results in the ACS journal Nano Letters. (2018-08-01)

GRAVITY confirms predictions of general relativity
Observations made with the Very Large Telescope (VLT) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) have, for the first time, detected the effects of general relativity predicted by Einstein, in the movement of a star passing into the intense gravitational field of Sagittarius A*, a massive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way. (2018-07-30)

Parker Solar Probe and the birth of the solar wind
This summer, humanity embarks on its first mission to touch the Sun: A spacecraft will be launched into the Sun's outer atmosphere. Facing several-million-degree Fahrenheit temperatures, NASA's Parker Solar Probe will directly sample solar particles and magnetic fields to resolve some of the most important questions in solar science. (2018-07-30)

Study: Student loans hamper wealth accumulation among black, Hispanic adults
Graduating college with student loan debt hampers wealth accumulation and asset building among black, Hispanic adults much longer than previously thought -- at least until age 30, University of Illinois social work professor Min Zhan found in a new study co-written with Illinois alumna Xiaoling Xiang, now a professor of social work at the University of Michigan. (2018-07-30)

X-ray technology reveals never-before-seen matter around black hole
In an international collaboration between Japan and Sweden, scientists clarified how gravity affects the shape of matter near the black hole in binary system Cygnus X-1. Their findings, which were published in Nature Astronomy this month, may help scientists further understand the physics of strong gravity and the evolution of black holes and galaxies. (2018-07-27)

Black holes really just ever-growing balls of string, researchers say
Black holes aren't surrounded by a burning ring of fire after all, suggests new research. (2018-07-26)

Galaxy outskirts likely hunting grounds for dying massive stars and black holes
Findings from a Rochester Institute of Technology study provide further evidence that the outskirts of spiral galaxies host massive black holes. These overlooked regions are new places to observe gravitational waves created when the massive bodies collide, the authors report. (2018-07-26)

Einstein's general relativity confirmed near black hole
Observations made with ESO's Very Large Telescope have for the first time clearly revealed the effects of Einstein's general relativity on the motion of a star passing through the extreme gravitational field very close to the supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way. This long-sought result represents the climax of a 26-year-long observation campaign using ESO's telescopes in Chile. (2018-07-26)

Technique to easily fabricate ceramic films used as OPV inter-layers developed
Researchers developed a technique for coating Zinc related oxide (ZnOx, ZnOHx) simply by depositing the films in a solution process using the Metal Organic Decomposition method at ambient temperature and pressure without heating. They also demonstrated that their thin films produced by this technique were useful as buffer layers for OPV cells and that the films achieved a power conversion efficiency equivalent to that of ZnO thin films produced by conventional methods involving sintering. (2018-07-25)

New study finds police-related fatalities may occur twice as often as reported
According to a new study led by a Cornell University researchers, an average of nearly three men in the United States are killed by police use of deadly force every day. This accounts for 8 percent of all homicides with adult male victims -- twice as many as identified in official statistics. (2018-07-24)

NUST MISIS scientists present metamaterial for solar cells and nanooptics
A research team from the NUST MISIS Laboratory of Superconducting Metamaterials led by Alexey Basharin, Senior Lecturer and Candidate of Technical Sciences, has developed a metamaterial-dielectric that has unique characteristics and is easy to manufacture. This ease of access will allow researchers to use it to create the latest optical devices. The research results were published in Laser&Photonics Reviews. (2018-07-23)

Puzzling results explained: A multiband approach to Coulomb drag and indirect excitons
A new theoretical study explains previous mystifying experimental results, in which coupled charged particles moved in exactly the opposite direction to that predicted. This apparently contradictory phenomenon is associated with the bandgap in dual-layer graphene structures, a bandgap which is very much smaller than in conventional semiconductors. (2018-07-18)

White mass shooters receive sympathetic media treatment
White mass shooters receive much more sympathetic treatment in the media than black shooters, according to a new study that analyzed coverage of 219 attacks. Findings showed that white shooters were 95 percent more likely to be described as 'mentally ill' than black shooters. (2018-07-17)

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