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Even in normal range, high blood sugar linked to brain shrinkage
People whose blood sugar is on the high end of the normal range may be at greater risk of brain shrinkage that occurs with aging and diseases such as dementia, according to new research published in the Sept. 4, 2012, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2012-09-03)

Smokers more than double their risk of burst aneurysm
Smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day doubles the risk of a potentially fatal brain bleed as a result of a burst aneurysm, finds research published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. (2012-08-29)

Zebrafish study explains why the circadian rhythm affects your health
Disruptions to the circadian rhythm can affect the growth of blood vessels in the body, thus causing illnesses such as diabetes, obesity, and cancer, according to a new study from Linkoping University and Karolinska Institute in Sweden. (2012-08-28)

Renal denervation achieves significant and sustained blood pressure reduction
Renal denervation leads to significant and sustained blood pressure reduction for up to 18 months in patients with treatment resistant hypertension, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012. (2012-08-27)

Study questions technique to repair ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms
A new study raises a cautionary note about the increasing use of a minimally invasive procedure to repair ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. (2012-08-27)

Scientists to investigate preventing life-threatening complications in transplant patients
Scientists from the University of Southampton have received a grant from the blood cancer charity Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research to explore ways of preventing life-threatening side effects in patients receiving bone marrow transplants. (2012-08-20)

Blood type may influence heart disease risk
Having blood type A, B, or AB was associated with a higher risk for coronary heart disease when compared to those who had blood type O. Genetics determine blood type, but a healthy lifestyle may help protect those with types A, B or AB. The findings were based on two large studies of adults followed for at least 20 years. (2012-08-14)

Cocoa compounds may reduce blood pressure
Compounds in cocoa may help to reduce blood pressure, according to a new systematic review in The Cochrane Library. The researchers reviewed evidence from short-term trials in which participants were given dark chocolate or cocoa powder daily and found that their blood pressure dropped slightly compared to a control group. (2012-08-14)

Autoantibodies damage blood vessels in the brain
The presence of specific autoantibodies of the immune system is associated with blood vessel damage in the brain. These findings were made by researchers from the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine Berlin-Buch and the biotech company E.R.D.E.-AAK-Diagnostik GmbH in rats. Their results suggest that autoimmune mechanisms play a significant role in the pathogenesis and progression of Alzheimer's and vascular dementia. (2012-07-31)

Adult stem cells from liposuction used to create blood vessels in the lab
Researchers used stem cells from fat to grow new small-diameter blood vessels in the laboratory. Lab-grown small-diameter blood vessels could help patients undergoing procedures such as heart bypass surgery. (2012-07-25)

Blood vessel forming potential of stem cells from human placenta and umbilical cord blood
This study compared endothelial colony-forming cells derived from human placenta to those derived from human umbilical cord blood to find which were more proliferative and better at forming new blood vessels. Circulating ECFCs from umbilical cord blood and those from human placenta are phenotypically identical with equivalent proliferative potential. However, researchers found that ECFCs from placenta formed significantly more blood vessels than those derived from umbilical cord blood. The placenta-derived cells were also more vasculogenic. (2012-07-19)

Are cardiac risk factors linked to less blood flow to the brain?
Metabolic syndrome, a term used to describe a combination of risk factors that often lead to heart disease and Type 2 diabetes, seems to be linked to lower blood flow to the brain, according to research by the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. (2012-07-18)

Frail, older adults with high blood pressure may have lower risk of mortality
A new study suggests that high blood pressure is actually associated with lower mortality in extremely frail, elderly adults. (2012-07-16)

Oral contraceptive use in girls and alcohol consumption in boys are associated with increased BP....
The substantial differences in blood pressure found in the study between those with a healthier or less favorable lifestyle (2012-07-11)

Researchers closer to understanding how proteins regulate immune system
Researchers in the biological sciences department in the Faculty of Science at the University of Calgary have revealed how white blood cells move to infection or inflammation in the body; findings which could help lead to developing drug therapies for immune system disorders. The research is published this month in the Journal of Biological Chemistry. (2012-07-03)

More accurate diagnostic test may reduce deaths
A more accurate, faster diagnostic test for Group B Streptococcal infection in babies has been reported in the Journal of Medical Microbiology. The new test could allow better treatment and management of the disease and reduce the risk of mortality among newborns. (2012-06-26)

Low vitamin D level is linked to greater chance of risk factors for Type 2 diabetes
A new study presents more evidence of a possible link between low vitamin D levels and a higher risk of Type 2 diabetes and heart disease. The results will be presented Saturday at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. (2012-06-25)

Modified bariatric surgery provides remission of Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes often reverses after modified weight loss surgery, especially when the duration of diabetes is less than 10 years, a new study finds. The results will be presented Tuesday at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. (2012-06-25)

Computer program aids blood-sugar control among critically ill
A computer-software program more effectively controlled blood-sugar levels among critically ill patients than nurse-directed care did, according to the first large clinical trial of its kind. The results will be presented at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. (2012-06-25)

Elderly diabetics have fewer bouts of hypoglycemia at night with new insulin
A new variety of long-lasting insulin, called insulin degludec, lowers the risk of nighttime low blood sugar in elderly diabetic adults compared with insulin glargine, a systematic review of diabetes studies has found. The meta-analysis of phase 3 clinical trials will be presented Monday at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. (2012-06-25)

Experimental insulin drug prevents low blood sugar
An experimental insulin drug prevented low blood sugar among diabetic patients more often than a popular drug on the market, a new study finds. The results will be presented Sunday at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. (2012-06-24)

Reactive hypoglycemia symptoms improve with sitagliptin
The diabetes drug sitagliptin appears to reduce the severity of reactive hypoglycemia, a form of low blood sugar that occurs after a meal, a preliminary study finds. The results will be presented Sunday at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. (2012-06-24)

Exercise with diet improves insulin sensitivity much more than diet alone
Obese older adults can reduce their chance of developing the metabolic syndrome by losing weight through dieting alone, but adding exercise to a weight loss program has even more benefit, a new study finds. The results, to be presented Saturday at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston, show that a combination of diet-induced weight loss and frequent exercise almost doubled the improvement in insulin sensitivity compared with dieting alone. (2012-06-23)

Timing of menopause symptoms relates to risk markers for heart disease, stroke
The hot flashes and night sweats that most women experience early in menopause are not linked to increased levels of cardiovascular disease risk markers unless the symptoms persist or start many years after menopause begins. These new study results will be presented Saturday at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. (2012-06-23)

South African daffodils may be a future cure for depression
Scientists have discovered that plant compounds from a South African flower may in time be used to treat diseases originating in the brain - including depression. At the University of Copenhagen, a number of these substances have now been tested in a laboratory model of the blood-brain barrier. The promising results have been published in the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. (2012-06-22)

New study: Snacking on raisins significantly reduces overall post-meal blood sugar levels
New research debuted at the American Diabetes Association's 72nd Annual Scientific Session suggests eating raisins three times a day may significantly lower postprandial (post-meal) glucose levels when compared to common alternative snacks of equal caloric value. The study was conducted at the Louisville Metabolic and Atherosclerosis Center (L-MARC) by lead researcher, Harold Bays, MD, medical director and president of L-MARC. (2012-06-22)

Exercise program improved health of lung transplant patients and cut cardiovascular risk
Lung transplant patients who took part in a three-month structured exercise program when they were discharged from hospital improved their health-related quality of life and reduced their risk of cardiovascular problems. Those are the key findings of research published in the American Journal of Transplantation. (2012-06-21)

The doping-drug Epo has an impact in the brain
Sportsmen and women dope with the blood hormone Epo to enhance their performance. Re-searchers from the University of Zurich now discovered by animal testing that Epo has a performance-enhancing effect in the brain shortly after injection and not only after days by improving oxygen transport in blood. As Epo also increases motivation, it could be useful in treating depression. (2012-06-11)

Slightly elevated blood glucose levels increase risk of heart disease
New research from the University of Copenhagen shows that even slightly higher levels of glucose in the blood noticeably increase the risk of ischemic heart disease. The study involves more than 80,000 people and has just been published in the well-reputed Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (2012-06-11)

Meditation practice may decrease risk for cardiovascular disease in teens
Regular meditation could decrease the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in teens who are most at risk, according to Georgia Health Sciences University researchers. (2012-06-07)

Finnish researchers identified the cause for LGL leukemia
Researchers of the University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Central Hospital and Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, have discovered that a mutation in the STAT3 gene is an underlying cause for LGL leukemia. Since the STAT3 gene is also abnormally expressed in many other cancers and autoimmune diseases, this finding has roused extensive interest. The research will be published in the New England Journal of Medicine on Thursday, May 17, 2012. (2012-05-16)

High-fat diet lowered blood sugar and improved blood lipids in diabetics
People with type 2 diabetes are usually advised to keep a low-fat diet. Now, a study at Linköping University shows that food with a lot of fat and few carbohydrates could have a better effect on blood sugar levels and blood lipids. (2012-05-11)

Home telemonitoring by pharmacists helps control patients' blood pressure
Patients receiving telemonitoring support from pharmacists were more likely to control their blood pressures than patients not receiving extra support. Having telemonitoring support from a pharmacist resulted in larger drops in blood pressure than care without additional support. (2012-05-10)

Doubts over long term impact of group education for diabetes patients
The benefits of a one-off group education program for people with newly diagnosed type II diabetes are not sustained over the long term, concludes a study published on today. (2012-04-26)

The American Society of Hematology launches Blood journal app
The American Society of Hematology, the world's largest organization concerned with the causes and treatment of blood disorders, today released the Blood journal app for iPhone and iPad. Blood is the official Journal of the Society and the most cited peer-reviewed publication in the field. (2012-04-19)

Specific protein may increase risk of blood-vessel constriction linked to gum disease
A protein involved in cellular inflammation may increase the risk of plaque containing blood vessels associated with inflammatory gum disease, according to research presented at the American Heart Association's Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2012 Scientific Sessions in Chicago. (2012-04-18)

Hypertension study proves treatment with RAAS inhibitors saves lives
RAAS inhibitors showed a 5 percent reduction in all-cause mortality and a 7 percent reduction in cardiovascular mortality when compared with control antihypertensive therapy. (2012-04-17)

Blood type A may predispose to some rotavirus infections
Some strains of rotavirus find their way into the cells of the gastrointestinal tract by recognizing antigens associated with the type A blood group, a finding that represents a new paradigm in understanding how this gut pathogen infects humans, said Baylor College of Medicine researchers in an online report in the journal Nature. (2012-04-15)

New pregnancy risk for babies and moms
Pregnant women who are overweight with moderately elevated blood sugar are at a higher risk of bad pregnancy outcomes than previously known. Their risk is higher than pregnant women who are obese with normal blood sugar or pregnant women who have gestational diabetes and a normal weight. (2012-04-11)

Southampton research could lead to better treatments for cardiovascular disease
Scientists at the University of Southampton have discovered a new process that controls the ability of arteries to regulate blood pressure. (2012-04-03)

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