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Valuing gluten-free foods relates to health behaviors in young adults
In a new study featured in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, researchers found that among young adults valuing gluten-free foods could be indicative of an overall interest in health or nutrition. These young adults were more likely to engage in healthier behaviors including better dietary intake and also valued food production practices (e.g., organic, non-GMO, locally sourced). Of concern, they were also more likely to engage in unhealthy weight control behaviors and over-concern about weight. (2018-06-18)

Daily fasting works for weight loss
A new study shows that daily fasting is an effective tool to reduce weight and lower blood pressure. The study is the first to examine the effect of time-restricted eating on weight loss in obese individuals. (2018-06-18)

Novel information about the effects of in vitro fertilization on embryonic growth
In vitro fertilization affects the regulatory region of genes essential for placental and embryonic growth, as well as the birth weight. A new study suggests that the effects depend on genetic variation inherited from the parents. This information could be useful in development of assisted reproduction technologies. (2018-06-18)

Florida's obesity rate may be higher than originally thought, new study finds
Florida's obesity rate may be higher than originally thought. A widely used national health survey puts the overall obesity rate in the state at 27.8 percent, but a new study based on an analysis of a robust clinical data repository shows a rate of 37.1 percent -- nearly 10 percentage points higher. (2018-06-15)

Study: Patients maintain muscle mass five years after surgically-induced weight loss
Newly-published research provides important evidence supporting the long-term safety and viability of bariatric surgery. The study finds that muscle mass and fat-free mass (organs, bones, tissues) levels are maintained in the body following a rapid post-surgical weight loss. The finding dispels fears that gastric bypass surgery may result in a detrimental loss of muscle that continues for years after initial weight loss, leading to long-term muscle insufficiency despite weight regain. (2018-06-14)

Foods combining fats and carbohydrates more rewarding than foods with just fats or carbs
Researchers show that the reward center of the brain values foods high in both fat and carbohydrates -- i.e., many processed foods -- more than foods containing only fat or only carbs. A study of 206 adults, to appear June 14 in the journal Cell Metabolism, supports the idea that these kinds of foods hijack our body's inborn signals governing food consumption. (2018-06-14)

Girls with high level of vitamin D have stronger muscles
Girls are stronger with higher levels of vitamin D, but the association was not found in boys. These are the results from a new large study from the Odense Child Cohort, recently published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. According to the study's first author, medical student Rada Faris Al-Jwadi, girls with low vitamin D have a 70 percent increased risk of being among the lowest 10 percent in a test for muscle strength. (2018-06-14)

Increased helmet use in alpine sports fails to reduce risk of traumatic brain injury
A new study published in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine confirms that helmets are generally effective in protecting skiers and snowboarders from head injuries, but questions their effect in reducing traumatic brain injury, especially concussion. (2018-06-14)

Men turn to plastic surgeons for a better body image and more confidence at every age
Body confidence is an issue most often talked about among women, but a new report shows an increase in men exploring their options to gain a better body image. New statistics released by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons confirm that more men are having cosmetic procedures, with over 1.3 million procedures performed on men last year. (2018-06-13)

Youths prescribed antipsychotics gain body fat, have increased diabetes risk
Doctors sometimes prescribe antipsychotic drugs to treat behavior disorders in youths who don't respond to traditional medications. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Florida Atlantic University have found that young people taking antipsychotics for as little as 12 weeks experience significant gains in body fat and also become less sensitive to insulin. (2018-06-13)

Binging, purging and fasting more common in overweight, obese young adults
Young adults who are overweight or obese are twice as likely as their leaner peers to binge and purge, use laxatives or diuretics, or force themselves to vomit as a means of controlling their weight, according to a new study led by UCSF Benioff Children's Hospitals. (2018-06-12)

FASEB Journal: Caloric intake and muscle mass at high altitude
New research in The FASEB Journal explored why a group of young, healthy adults residing at high altitude lost muscle mass while severely underfed and consuming the same high-protein diet that preserved muscle during weight loss at sea level. (2018-06-07)

Research shows dogs prefer to eat fat, and cats surprisingly tend toward carbs
Dogs gravitate toward high-fat food, but cats pounce on carbohydrates with even greater enthusiasm, according to research into the dietary habits of America's two most popular pets. (2018-06-05)

Psychiatric disorders shouldn't disqualify youth with severe obesity from weight loss surgery
Psychiatric disorders, a common comorbidity of severe obesity, especially for youth, should not disqualify an adolescent with severe obesity from bariatric surgery. According to a forthcoming study in Pediatrics, identifying anxiety, depressive disorders, ADHD, and eating disorders, while still a crucial pre-surgical evaluation step, had no predictive value for how much post-surgical weight loss an adolescent would achieve. (2018-06-01)

Dieting associated with risky behaviours in teenage girls
Teenage girls who diet are more likely to engage in other health-compromising behaviours, including smoking, binge drinking, and skipping breakfast, a University of Waterloo study recently found. (2018-06-01)

Study offers new hope for the fight against genetically determined obesity
A large group of people with obesity have a genetic mutation that is causing their obesity. Common treatments for obesity only benefit these people to a limited extent, but now a new study conducted at the University of Copenhagen reveals that they can be treated effectively with the medicine liraglutide, which is a GLP-1 receptor agonist. (2018-06-01)

Weight changes associated with reduced bone strength
Researchers from Hebrew SeniorLife's Institute for Aging Research, Boston University, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and University of Calgary have found evidence that weight loss can result in worsening bone density, bone architecture and bone strength. The results were published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. (2018-06-01)

More important for heart patients to be active than thin
A new study shows that it is much more important to exercise than to lose weight for patients with coronary heart disease conditions, such as angina pectoris and heart attacks. (2018-05-31)

Heavier astronauts have higher risk of post-flight eye changes
New research suggests that changes in the eye that occur during spaceflight may be related to how much an astronaut weighs. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology--Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology. (2018-05-31)

Abnormal lipid metabolism in fat cells predicts future weight gain and diabetes in women
The inefficient breakdown of fats predicts later weight gain and metabolic complications such as type 2 diabetes in women, researchers report May 31 in the journal Cell Metabolism. Low levels of hormone-stimulated lipolysis -- a biochemical process by which triglycerides are broken down into energy-rich fatty acids -- were associated with weight gain and metabolic problems 13 years later. The researchers also developed an algorithm to detect impairments in hormone-stimulated lipolysis using clinical and blood measures. (2018-05-31)

Inefficient fat metabolism a possible cause of overweight
Protracted weight gain can, in some cases, be attributed to a reduced ability to metabolise fat, a new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in the esteemed journal Cell Metabolism shows. Sensitive individuals might need more intensive lifestyle changes if they are to avoid becoming overweight and developing type 2 diabetes, claim the researchers, who are now developing means of measuring the ability to break down fat. (2018-05-31)

Older men with higher levels of sex hormones could be less religious
The level of sex hormones such as testosterone in a man's body could influence his religiosity. A new study by Aniruddha Das of McGill University in Canada in Springer's journal Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology now adds to the growing body of evidence that religiosity is not only influenced by upbringing or psychological makeup, but physiological factors could also play a role. (2018-05-30)

Recreational football an absolute winner for 55- to 70-year-olds with prediabetes
Twice-weekly football combined with dietary guidance improves fitness level and cardiovascular health profile in untrained 55- to 70-yr-old women and men with prediabetes. They can also lose weight in a healthier way than with normal dieting. This is the conclusion of the world's first trial involving football and dietary guidance in older prediabetics, carried out in the Faroe Islands by football researchers and physiologists from the Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics at the University of Southern Denmark. (2018-05-29)

Majority of premature infants still exposed to early antibiotics
Most premature infants, who are at risk for sepsis but who may not have a culture confirmation of infection, continue to receive early antibiotics in the first few days of life, a finding that suggests neonatal antibiotic stewardship efforts are needed to help clinicians identify infants at lowest risk for infection to avoid unnecessary antibiotic exposure. (2018-05-25)

Google search data shows weight loss searches have increased over time while those on obesity have decreased
New research on Google trends data presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) shows that over time, searches using the terms weight loss have increased, while those using the word obesity have decreased, potentially suggesting a normalization of obesity in society. (2018-05-25)

Study finds that weight loss after obesity surgery can rapidly restore testosterone production and sex drive in morbidly obese men
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) shows that weight reduction following a sleeve gastrectomy (obesity surgery), which reduces the size of the stomach, can rapidly reverse obesity-related hypogonadism in morbidly obese men, restoring normal levels of testosterone and sex drive. (2018-05-25)

Bid to beat obesity focuses on fat that keeps us warm
A new technique to study fat stores in the body could aid efforts to find treatments to tackle obesity, research from the University of Edinburgh suggests. The approach focuses on energy-burning tissues found deep inside the body -- called brown fat -- that help to keep us warm when temperatures drop. (2018-05-24)

The obesity paradox: Large study finds people hospitalized for infections are twice as likely to survive if they are overweight or obese
A study of more than 18,000 patients in Denmark, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (23-26), shows that patients admitted to hospital for treatment for any infectious disease are around twice as likely to survive if they are overweight or obese. (2018-05-24)

Obese and overweight patients hospitalized with pneumonia are 20 percent to 30 percent less likely to die than normal-weight patients
New research from over 1,000 US hospitals presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria, shows that obese and overweight patients hospitalized for pneumonia are 20-30 percent less likely to die than patients of a normal weight. (2018-05-24)

Nationwide USA data shows that overweight and obese patients are less likely to die from sepsis in hospital than patients with normal weight
Data from 3.7 million hospital admissions for sepsis from 1,000 US hospitals, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, shows that patients who are overweight or obese are more likely to survive than those who are normal weight. (2018-05-24)

Less muscle wasting in obese people in intensive care may mean they have a better chance of survival
Further evidence that obese people who are seriously ill could have a better chance of survival than their normal weight counterparts is presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26). (2018-05-24)

What your choice of clothing says about your weight
It's commonly said that you can tell a great deal about a person by the clothes they wear. Now new research suggests that choice of garment color is a predictor of body mass index (BMI). (2018-05-24)

Study suggests that a novel wearable nasal device to reduce smelling ability can induce weight loss and changes to dietary preferences
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) shows that a daily use of a novel nasal device to reduce smelling ability can induce weight loss and changes to dietary preferences in people aged 50 years and under. (2018-05-24)

Unsubstantiated health claims widespread within weight loss industry
New research investigating the legality of on-pack nutrition and health claims routinely found on commercially available meal replacement shakes for sale in the UK, reveals that more than three-quarters are unauthorized and do not comply with the EU Nutrition and Health Claims regulation. (2018-05-24)

Milk and dairy do not promote childhood obesity according to comprehensive new review
A comprehensive review of the scientific evidence over the last 27 years concludes that cow's milk and other dairy products do not play a role in the development of childhood obesity. (2018-05-24)

Whey protein supplements and exercise help women improve body composition
It's known that men benefit from whey protein supplements and exercise, and for what is believed to be the first time, the same can be said for women, according to a large study review by Purdue University nutrition experts. (2018-05-23)

Early-life obesity impacts children's learning and memory, study suggests
A new study by Brown University epidemiologists found that children on the threshold of obesity or overweight in the first two years of life had lower perceptual reasoning and working memory scores than lean children when tested at ages five and eight. The study also indicated that IQ scores may be lower for higher-weight children. (2018-05-23)

To manage weight, it may matter when protein supplements are consumed
People looking to manage their weight with strength-training and protein supplements should consume their supplements during a meal, according to a research review by nutrition experts at Purdue University. (2018-05-23)

Study finds that obesity surgery is associated with a massive fall in risk of melanoma skin cancer
New research presented at the European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26), shows that obesity (bariatric) surgery is associated with a 61 percent fall in the risk of developing malignant melanoma skin cancer, and a 42 percent drop in the risk of skin cancer in general. The study is by Magdalena Taube and colleagues from University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2018-05-23)

Avoiding obesity and maintaining stable weight both important in preventing several obesity-related cancers in women
Avoiding obesity as well as maintaining a stable weight in middle adulthood could help prevent certain cancers in women, according to new research presented at this year's European Conference on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26). (2018-05-23)

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