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Current Brain News and Events, Brain News Articles.
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Researchers identify treatment option for brain injury patients suffering from aggression
A drug originally developed in the 1960s as an antiviral medication is showing promise as a treatment option for people who suffer from increased feelings of aggression following traumatic brain injury, Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have reported. (2017-09-11)

Scientists track the brain-skull transition from dinosaurs to birds
The dramatic, dinosaur-to-bird transition that occurred in reptiles millions of years ago was accompanied by profound changes in the skull roof of those animals -- and holds important clues about the way the skull forms in response to changes in the brain -- according to a new study. It is the first time scientists have tracked the link between the brain's development and the roofing bones of the skull. (2017-09-11)

Scientists discover genetic timetable of brain's aging process
Brain scientists have identified a genetic programme that controls the way our brain changes throughout life. (2017-09-11)

Study offers a new mindset in the search for stroke therapies
UNSW researchers have identified a promising new avenue to explore in the search for stroke treatments, after translating findings from Alzheimer's disease. (2017-09-07)

Gene related to brain damage in pre-term infants identified
A gene has been identified by researchers at King's College London that is thought to be associated with the types of brain damage that can be caused by pre-term birth. (2017-09-05)

Songbird study shows how estrogen may stop infection-induced brain inflammation
New research by American University neuroscience Professor Colin Saldanha shows that estrogen synthesis, a process naturally occurring in the brains of zebra finches, may also fight off neuroinflammation caused by infection that occurs elsewhere in the body. (2017-08-31)

Biologists find new source for brain's development
A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. (2017-08-31)

'Seeing' robot learns tricky technique for studying brain cells in mammals
Imperial scientists have successfully taught robots to perform a challenging brain technique only previously mastered by a handful of humans. (2017-08-30)

Eating triggers endorphin release in the brain
Finnish researchers have revealed how eating stimulates brain's endogenous opioid system to signal pleasure and satiety. (2017-08-28)

UBC researchers test new technique to help with concussion diagnosis
Sports-related concussions are a major public health concern and are notoriously difficult to diagnose. But new research from UBC's Okanagan campus provides a new tool to help test athletes for recent brain trauma. (2017-08-24)

How people discern changes in pitch to extract meaning from language
The ability for humans to discern changes in pitch as they listen to a speaker is essential for extracting meaning from words, and now researchers have identified a set of neurons responsible for detecting such relative changes in pitch. (2017-08-24)

Linking mental health and the gut microbiome
Better understanding the gastrointestinal microbiome may help psychiatrists treat mental health disorders such as depression, highlights a review in Frontiers in Psychiatry. (2017-08-23)

Use of brain-computer interface, virtual avatar could help people with gait disabilities
Researchers from the University of Houston have shown for the first time that the use of a brain-computer interface augmented with a virtual walking avatar can control gait, suggesting the protocol may help patients recover the ability to walk after stroke, some spinal cord injuries and certain other gait disabilities. (2017-08-23)

Chronic stress induces fatal organ dysfunctions via a new neural circuit
New research reveals the mechanisms behind the effects of chronic stress and tiny inflammations in the brain on fatal gut failure. (2017-08-21)

Our brains do change from early to mid-adulthood
Scientists in China have been able to accurately estimate an individual's age from their brain structure. The researchers found that significant microstructural changes occur in the brain from early to mid-adulthood. Until now, scientists thought that brain structure was relatively stable during this period of life, and this is one of the first studies to show that our brains continue to change throughout our early and mid-adulthood. (2017-08-21)

Latency of seizures determined by diet
Scientists are increasingly appreciating estrogen's role in brain health. The latest research from Hiroshima University connecting DHA synthesis to estrogen production, and consequentially brain health, backs up further the old adage that a daily intake of fish oil is good for you. (2017-08-17)

Pioneering research reveals how altered brain networks can lead to seizures
An international team of scientists, led by mathematicians from the University of Exeter's Living Systems Institute, have developed a ground-breaking new method that can identify regions of brain tissue most likely to generate seizures in people with epilepsy. (2017-08-17)

Adult brains produce new cells in previously undiscovered area
A University of Queensland discovery may lead to new treatments for anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). UQ Queensland Brain Institute scientists have discovered that new brain cells are produced in the adult amygdala, a region of the brain important for processing emotional memories. Disrupted connections in the amygdala, an ancient part of the brain, are linked to anxiety disorders such as PTSD. The research marked a major shift in understanding the brain's ability to adapt and regenerate. (2017-08-15)

Brain injury in kids might lead to alcohol abuse
Researchers at Ohio State University have surveyed previous studies to investigate the relationship between traumatic brain injuries and alcohol abuse. They found evidence that traumatic brain injuries in children and adolescents could be a risk-factor for alcohol abuse in later life, and advise that brain injury survivors should be given special attention to address potential substance abuse issues. (2017-08-14)

Working memory may compensate for lack of attention
A study in eNeuro shows that, when remembering a sequence of events, the brain focuses on the event paid the least attention, rather than replaying the events in the order they occurred. This finding suggests that attention during the initial encoding of a memory influences how information is manipulated in working memory. (2017-08-14)

Dendritic Golgi as key cause of degenerative brain disease
Korean researchers have identified the early neuropathic mechanism of degenerative brain diseases and suggested ways to restore early neuropathy. It is expected to be used in the development of therapeutic agents for early neuropathy of degenerative brain diseases. (2017-08-10)

Mapping the brain, neuron by neuron
A mathematician and computer scientist joined an international team of neuroscientists to create a complete map of the learning and memory center of the fruit fly larva brain, an early step toward mapping how all animal brains work. (2017-08-10)

Ah yes, I remember you
In monkeys, researchers have identified two new areas of the brain that facilitate the recognition of familiar faces. (2017-08-10)

Breakthrough method yields trove of neuron subtypes, gene regulators
With funding from the NIH BRAIN Initiative, researchers have discovered a trove of neuronal subtypes and gene regulators, using a new method they developed. It allows for the discovery of subtypes based on their unique profiles of molecular switches that regulate gene expression within the cell. This opens the door to potentially discovering changes in such profiles linked to brain disorders, say the researchers. (2017-08-10)

Mapping the brain
A significant development in understanding the brain: As part of her doctoral thesis, Katharina Eichler, a doctoral student at the University of Konstanz under the supervision of the neurobiologist Dr. Andreas Thum, has for the first time ever described the mushroom body connectome within the brain of fly larvae (Drosophila melanogaster) -- the circuit diagram of nerve cells. (2017-08-09)

New genes discovered regulating brain metastases in lung cancer
Researchers set out to find which genes can regulate the cells that initiate brain metastases, the genes that are sending the signal to leave the lung tumour, go into the blood stream, invade the blood-brain barrier and form a tumour in the brain. (2017-08-08)

Tiny molecule has big effect on brain's ability to learn
Prenatal brain development is a crucial period, and as new research has found, even small alterations to the way brain cells develop can have significant effects later in life. In a study involving researchers from the Queensland Brain Institute, scientists have shed light on the role that small molecules called microRNAs play in early brain development. The research found a close link between early brain developmental events and changes in cognitive function in adulthood. (2017-08-07)

Women have more active brains than men
In the largest functional brain imaging study to date, the Amen Clinics (Newport Beach, CA) compared 46,034 brain SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography) imaging studies provided by nine clinics, quantifying differences between the brains of men and women. The study is published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. (2017-08-07)

Increased brain acidity in psychiatric disorders
Decreased brain pH in the patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder has been considered to be the result of secondary factors associated with the diseases, such as medication and agonal state. However, the researchers of the present study suggest that decreased brain pH is a primary feature of the diseases themselves, based on the current findings from systematic investigation using five animal models, which are devoid of such secondary factors. (2017-08-07)

Manipulating brain network to change cognitive functions: New breakthrough in neuroscience
When an electric circuit breaks down, we can repair it by restoring connections in the circuit. Is it possible to restore the connections in our brain? And by doing so, is it possible to restore declining cognitive functions? Numerous regions of the brain are connected together and constitute a huge network. Researchers have developed a learning method to change cognitive function by manipulating connections in the brain. (2017-08-07)

Study identifies molecules that could help to prevent the development of brain tumors
Researchers from the University of Portsmouth's Brain Tumour Research Centre of Excellence have identified molecules which are responsible for metastatic lung cancer cells binding to blood vessels in the brain. (2017-08-03)

Researchers want to know how early life affects the adult brain
The study found the visual environment that zebrafish grew up in affected their spontaneous brain activity and, in turn, affected their behavior and ability to catch prey. (2017-08-03)

Study examines drowning-induced brain injury in children
A new study indicates that children who develop brain injury due to non-fatal drowning often experience severe motor deficits but maintain relatively intact perceptual and cognitive capabilities. (2017-08-01)

Magic helps unmask how the brain works
Scientists have used the 'mirror box' illusion -- an old magic trick - in a number of neuroscience studies. Researchers at the University of Delaware are using a new version of the illusion to study how the brain processes multiple sensory inputs to perceive our bodies and the world around us. (2017-08-01)

Lab-created mini-brains reveal how growing organ maintains neuronal balance
Scientists can now explore in a laboratory dish how the human brain develops by creating organoids -- distinct, three-dimensional regions of the brain. In research published in Cell Stem Cell, Yale scientists coaxed early stage stem cells to create and fuse two types of organoids from different brain regions to show how the developing brain maintains proper balance of excitatory and inhibitory neurons. (2017-07-27)

Talking to yourself in the third person can help you control emotions
The simple act of silently talking to yourself in the third person during stressful times may help you control emotions without any additional mental effort than what you would use for first-person self-talk -- the way people normally talk to themselves.   (2017-07-26)

Brain stimulation may improve cognitive performance in people with schizophrenia
Brain stimulation could be used to treat cognitive deficits frequently associated with schizophrenia, according to a new study from King's College London. (2017-07-24)

Depression changes structure of the brain, study suggests
Changes in the brain's structure that could be the result of depression have been identified in a major scanning study. (2017-07-21)

Study offers potential diagnostic and prognostic tools for HIV-associated neurocognitiv
UAlberta researchers believe they have a clearer picture of why people living with HIV so commonly suffer from dementia and other neurocognitive disorders. They found a number of critical peroxisomal proteins were virtually absent in the brains of HIV patients. The team believes the finding offers a strong clue as to the underlying cause of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) and that it could lead to new biomarkers to rapidly diagnose HAND in patients. (2017-07-20)

Estrogen in the brain prevents obesity and glucose intolerance during menopause in lab animal study
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) have found that adding estrogen in the brain may improve health in obese females after menopause. The study conducted by Christina Estrada, a doctoral candidate in the UC psychology graduate program in the laboratory of Matia Solomon, PhD, an Associate Professor in the UC Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, used surgically-induced menopause to cause obesity in rats and identified brain areas that benefit from estrogen replacement. (2017-07-18)

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