Current Breastfeeding News and Events | Page 20

Current Breastfeeding News and Events, Breastfeeding News Articles.
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Strange signals from breastfeeding
Childless women pick up unexpected signals from breastfeeding women and newborns. American researchers found that the smells associated with breastfeeding boosts the sexual desires in other women. The finding adds strength to the suggestion that our natural odours can influence behaviour in other people. (2002-04-24)

Antiretroviral therapy around childbirth reduces risk of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission
Antiretroviral therapy given to women before, during, and after childbirth could be beneficial in reducing mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission in the first few weeks after delivery, suggest authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET. However, this short-term benefit could be compromised unless new interventions are identified to prevent further mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission from breastfeeding. (2002-04-04)

Undersize infants score higher on IQ tests if breast fed exclusively
Full-term infants who are born small score an average of 11 points higher on IQ tests if they are exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life compared to those who are given formula or solids early on, according to findings published in the March Acta Paediatrica. The study was conducted by researchers at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. (2002-03-20)

Exposure to toxin in certain foods could cause testicular cancer
A Wake Forest University cancer researcher has proposed that a compound found in certain foods may be a cause of testicular cancer in young men (2002-02-01)

Benefits of government-mandated folic acid fortification greater than expected
A study released today in the Journal of Nutrition shows that efforts to reduce the incidence of neural tube defects in infants by fortifying grain products with folic acid are paying off -- and the dividends are even greater than expected. (2001-12-06)

Early exposure to farming environment reduces risk of childhood asthma
Early and sustained infant exposure to a farming environment could provide a strong protective effect against the development of asthma and other allergic diseases, suggest authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET. (2001-10-05)

Breastfeeding for less than 3 months may affect a child's intelligence
Breastfeeding for less than 3 months may affect a child's intellectual development, with these children more likely to score below average for mental skills at 13 months and total intelligence at 5 years than children breastfed for six months or more. (2001-08-21)

Research studies miss key information that could encourage breast-feeding
Breast-feeding children for longer periods can improve their health, and researchers have carried out dozens of studies to promote that practice and discourage early termination of breastfeeding. Nevertheless, that research may be overlooking key information, according to a research article published recently in the (2001-08-06)

Polyunsaturated fats implicated in rise in asthma in pre-school children
A diet high in polyunsaturated fats seems to double the risk of asthma, reveals research in Thorax. Being breastfed as a baby and having three or more older siblings seemed to protect against the development of asthma, the research shows. (2001-07-18)

Breast feeding rates in Scottish mothers improve but will fail to hit Government targets
In 1994 the Scottish Office set a target that by 2005, half of all mothers should still be breastfeeding when their babies are six weeks old. A paper in this week's BMJ by Tappin and colleagues shows that breastfeeding at seven days has increased by 6.4 per cent between 1990-1 to 1997-8. (2001-05-31)

Aggressive treatment may be warranted in some newborns with jaundice
In a small fraction of newborns with jaundice, aggressive medical treatment may be necessary to avoid long-term neurological injury, say researchers from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. The researchers suggest that early hospital discharge and inadequate counseling about breastfeeding played a role in the jaundice, also called hyperbilirubinemia, found in the infants they studied. (2001-05-06)

UC Davis study finds breastfeeding may protect bones in teen-age mothers
Teen-age mothers are in no danger of sacrificing their own nutritional health if they choose to breastfeed their babies, according to a study by UC Davis School of Medicine and Medical Center pediatricians. It is the first study to suggest that for mothers who bear children in their teens, bone health may actually be improved by choosing to breastfeed. (2001-04-30)

Why mothers in underserved populations stop breastfeeding
A Yale study shows that most mothers in underserved populations stop breastfeeding far short of the recommended first year of life because they lack confidence in continuing beyond a few months. A large number also believe their infants prefer formula. (2001-04-24)

Breast cancer risk reduced by 50 percent by breastfeeding for two or more years
Breastfeeding for two or more years reduces a woman's risk of developing breast cancer by 50 percent, according to a study conducted by a Yale researcher among women in China. The average duration of breast feeding in the United States is 14 weeks. (2001-01-24)

Physicians have seen a rise in the number of infants suffering from rickets
In the past 10 years, physicians have been seeing an increase in the number of infants diagnosed with vitamin D deficiency rickets, a disease once considered to be virtually nonexistent, according to an article in the August edition of the Journal of Pediatrics. (2000-08-10)

Rickets making comeback among breastfed infants, especially blacks, N.C. doctors find
North Carolina researchers have discovered new evidence that nutritional rickets, a bone-weakening condition in infants and children caused by too little vitamin D, is making a comeback, especially among breastfed black children. Other dark-skinned children may be at risk for what appears to be a growing, potentially crippling problem, physicians say. (2000-08-09)

Inexpensive AIDS drug still reduces HIV transmission from mother to child after one year
A team of scientists from the United States and Uganda reported today that the inexpensive AIDS drug nevirapine, when given to both mother and child around the time of birth, greatly reduces mother-to-infant transmission of HIV up to a year after the medicine was given. (2000-07-12)

Multifaceted intervention program helps prevent asthma in high-risk infants
An intervention program resulted in a modest but significant reduction in the risk of possible or probable asthma and rhinitis without apparent colds at the age of 12 months in high-risk infants. (2000-07-12)

Study: Shorter hospital stays not reducing breastfeeding
Shorter hospital stays following childbirth have raised concerns, including the possibility that new mothers may be less likely to breastfeed their infants. A new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study indicates that that is not true, researchers say. (2000-05-15)

OHSU researchers show premature infants benefit from formula enriched with fatty acids
OHSU researchers show that infant formula enriched with two fatty acids, DHA and AA, can improve the visual and neurolgical development in preterm infants. These fatty acids are naturally delivered to babies through breast milk. The double-blind, randomized trial involved close to 500 premature infants who, when not receiving their mothers' milk, were given either formula with or without the fatty acids. (2000-04-13)

Breastfeeding reduces infectious disease infant mortality
The observation of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 through breastfeeding has resulted in policies that recommend avoidance of breastfeeding by some HIV-1 infected women. Now, an international team of scientists, coordinated by the World Health Organization and the Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil, has found that breastfed infants had a six-fold reduction in death due to infectious diseases in the first few months of life than children who were not breastfed. (2000-02-02)

Warming babies' bottles in boiling water increases risk of scalding in young children
Using a bowl of boiling water to heat a baby's bottle increases the risk of scalds in young children, say a team of plastic surgeons and a paediatrician in a (2000-01-20)

Zinc reduces pneumonia by 41%, and diarrhea by up to 25%
Pneumonia and diarrhea claim the lives of millions of children each year. But now, scientists from The World Health Organization and Johns Hopkins School of Public Health have found that dietary zinc supplementation reduces pneumonia incidence by 41% and diarrhea by as much as 25%. (1999-12-06)

Study finds HIV breastfeeding risk highest in early months after birth
An infant's risk of becoming infected with the AIDS virus through breastfeeding is highest during the first few months of life, according to a new study conducted among HIV- infected mothers and their babies in the African nation of Malawi. A mother's inexperience with breastfeeding may increase HIV transmission risk. (1999-08-24)

Researchers identify a simple, affordable drug regimen that is highly effective in preventing HIV infection in infants of mothers with the disease
A joint Uganda-U.S. study has found a highly effective and safe drug regimen for preventing transmission of HIV from an infected mother to her newborn that is more affordable and practical than any other examined to date. (1999-07-14)

New Findings On Asthma And Breastfeeding, Obesity And Asthma And Snoring And Pre-eclampsia At ALA/ATS Meeting
New findings on breastfeeding and asthma, obesity and asthma and snoring and high blood pressure in pregnancy were discussed here today by an expert panel at the American Lung Association/American Thoracic Society International Conference. (1999-04-26)

Effects Of Anesthesia On Labor And Delivery On Breastfeeding
The use of general anesthesia or pain-relief agents given during labor, delivery or the postpartum period should not interfere with breastfeeding, says a Penn State researcher. (1998-10-20)

Baby Milk Manufacturers Are Breaking The Rules
Baby milk manufacturers are breaking the international code of marketing breast milk substitutes, adopted by the World Health Assembly in 1981 says Anna Taylor, Interagency Group on Breastfeeding Monitoring. Good breast feeding practice could save 1.5 million infants every year, says the author. (1998-04-10)

Mother's Milk: Nutrition And Nurture For Infants -- And The Best Defense Against Disease
Breast-fed babies experience fewer and less serious incidences of disease and allergy than formula-fed babies. Gastrointestinal, respiratory, and middle-ear infections, in particular, are greatly reduced in breast-fed infants. In recent years, scientists have begun to explore what makes breast milk so protective for infants. (1997-07-31)

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