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First surveys of Tanzanian mountains reveal 160+ animal species, including new & endemic
The first field surveys of the Rubeho Mountains in Tanzania revealed over 160 animal species--including a new species of frog and eleven endemic species--according to an article published in the African Journal of Ecology this month. The findings elevate the importance of protecting this biologically-rich wilderness area and the broader Eastern Arc Mountain range from destructive activities underway such as clear-cutting for agriculture, logging and poaching. (2006-06-22)

Basic work on E. coli identifies two new keys to regulation of bacterial gene expression
The cellular process of transcription, in which the enzyme RNA polymerase constructs chains of RNA from information contained in DNA, depends upon previously underappreciated sections of both the DNA promoter region and RNA polymerase, according to work done with the bacterium E. coli and published today (June 16) in the journal Cell by a team of bacteriologists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. (2006-06-16)

Dartmouth study finds that arsenic inhibits DNA repair
Dartmouth researchers, working with scientists at the University of Arizona and at the Department of Natural Resources in Sonora, Mexico, have published a study on the impact of arsenic exposure on DNA damage. (2006-05-26)

The world's deepest dinosaur finding - 2256 metres below the seabed
The somewhat rough uncovering of Norway's first dinosaur happened in the North Sea, at an entire 2256 metres below the seabed. While most nations excavate their skeletons using a toothbrush, the Norwegians found one using a drill. The fossil represents the world's deepest dinosaur finding. (2006-04-24)

Carnegie Mellon artists explore the final frontier
Astronauts aren't the only ones exploring outer space. Two internationally recognized space artists, Carnegie Mellon University's STUDIO for Creative Inquiry Distinguished Fellow Lowry Burgess and associate Frank Pietronigro, are leading the space exploration community as co-chairs of the first Space Art Track during the International Space Development Conference (ISDC). (2006-04-17)

UF study: World shark attacks dipped in 2005, part of long-term trend
Assertive and even aggressive human behavior could explain why shark attacks worldwide dipped last year, continuing a five-year downward trend in close encounters with the oceanic predators, new University of Florida research suggests. (2006-02-13)

Hope for arthritis, heart attack, stroke relief found in unique 'acid active' receptor
Acidic conditions such as arthritis causes in joints, tests cells' survival mechanisms. University of Texas Medical Branch-Galveston researchers studied a unique, wide-spread, acid-sensing receptor that protects human cells in pH down to 6 in synovial fluid, well below physiological normal pH7.4. The ability to operate normally in acidic conditions - or at least survive them -- also could have clinical significance in heart attack, stroke and other low-oxygen episodes that cause reperfusion injury, the researchers believe. (2005-10-23)

Prehistoric global warming may have contributed to fossil preservation
Prehistoric global warming episodes from massive atmospheric pollution involving carbon dioxide and methane could have created and preserved (2005-10-12)

Study casts doubt on 'Snowball Earth' theory
A USC graduate student finds strong evidence for the existence of open ocean during the so-called Snowball Earth glaciation. The study appears in the Sept. 29 issue of Science Express. (2005-09-29)

Can ancient rocks yield clues about catastrophes like Hurricane Katrina?
Scientists studying sediments laid down on the ocean floor during greenhouse conditions 85 million years ago have gained insights into the causes and mechanisms of climate change, which many people believe is the root cause of recent natural catastrophes including Hurricane Katrina. (2005-09-07)

Carnegie Mellon West Coast campus hosts the Space Art Workshops Feb. 10-12
Research fellows at the STUDIO for Creative Inquiry at Carnegie Mellon University's College of Fine Arts, have organized the (2005-02-10)

DNA movement linked to formation of antibody genes
Peter W. Atkinson, a University of California, Riverside professor of entomology is part of a team that has linked the movement of small pieces of DNA, known as transposable elements, to a process called V(D)J recombination that produces the genetic diversity responsible for the production of antibodies. This will help scientists understand the mixing and matching of DNA in all organisms and the role this mixing plays in healthy and diseased cells. (2005-01-06)

Poisoning solved after millions of years
Since 1875 a large number of well preserved fossils have been discovered in the brown coal mine at Messel near Darmstadt. Palaeontologists have long puzzled over what could have been the reason for this annihilation of so many creatures. In the latest issue of the Paläontologische Zeitschrift researchers from the University of Bonn have put forward a new theory: the cause of the deaths of these animals may have been poisoning by cyanobacteria. (2004-11-17)

Company uses Georgia Tech innovation to monitor high-temperature gas turbine engines
An Atlanta company formed by former Georgia Tech researchers has developed an innovative new sensor system that monitors industrial equipment, including sections of gas turbine engines that reach 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit. (2004-05-24)

Second generation targeted antibodies - It's all in the binding
Just weeks after one of the first anti-EGFR antibodies, ImClone's Erbitux (Cetuximab), was approved for use in Europe and the USA, a 'second generation' anti-EGFR antibody that is able to discriminate between EGFR molecules on cancer cells and EGFR molecules on normal cells is set to enter early-phase clinical trials. (2004-05-06)

Seabed secrets in English clay
An international team of geologists has discovered that Oxford Clay fossil samples show co-existance of oxygen and non-oxygen breathing species, suggesting dynamic periods of climate change may be condensed into the fossil record. (2004-04-23)

Guiding gas exploration: U-M research offers inexpensive tool
Freshwater from melting ice sheets set the stage several thousand years ago for production of natural gas along the margins of sedimentary basins. (2004-04-21)

Geoenvironmental researchers to join Technium
Cardiff University's Wales Geoenvironmental Research Park (GRP) is to become the first occupant of a new Technium for Sustainable Technologies, using its expertise to create new hi-tech companies to tackle environmental problems in Wales and around the world. (2004-03-22)

The President's FY 2005 budget for USGS highlights
The President has proposed a budget of $919.8 million for the Department of the Interior's (DOI) U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Fiscal Year 2005. (2004-02-02)

UF study: World shark attacks sink again, may signal long-term trend
The number of shark attacks worldwide took a dip for the third straight year, in part perhaps because more people are realizing the ocean is a wild place instead of a backyard swimming pool, a new University of Florida study finds. (2004-01-27)

Transgenic animals produced using cultured sperm
A Japanese-U.S. team today reported the successful creation of transgenic animals using sperm genetically modified and grown in a laboratory dish, an achievement with implications for a wide range of research from developmental biology to gene therapy. (2004-01-26)

Study shows negative impact from parental move after divorce
A parent's move to another city after divorce may have a negative impact on a child, according to a new study by a team of Arizona State University researchers. The findings contrast with assumptions made by some courts that a child's interests are best served by allowing the custodial parent to move and improve his or her circumstances. (2003-06-25)

NHGRI study may help scientists develop safer methods for gene therapy
Researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) may have taken a major step towards safer gene therapy for patients. In a report in this week's issue of Science, a research team from NHGRI's Division of Intramural Research demonstrates for the first time that the genetically engineered mouse virus used in gene therapy trials tends to insert itself at the beginning of genes in the target cell, potentially disrupting the genes normal function. (2003-06-12)

ARC partners with US company to research and field-test future energy reserves
The Alberta Research Council (ARC) has formed an alliance with TerraTek Inc. of Salt Lake City, Utah to provide integrated field services for research activities and field-testing of unconventional natural gas, including coalbed methane (CBM), shale gas, and tight gas in Western Canada. (2003-06-02)

Much oil remains to be tapped below Gulf of Mexico
U.S. reliance on foreign oil production could be reduced by chemically mapping the subsurface streams of hydrocarbons, amounting to tens of billions of barrels, hidden well below the Gulf of Mexico, says Lawrence M. Cathles, a professor of chemical geology at Cornell. (2003-03-27)

2003 assessment of oil and gas resources in Appalachian basin completed
The USGS has just completed a geologically based assessment of the technically recoverable, undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Appalachian Basin Province. (2003-03-10)

Centralia, Pa., underground coal fire creeping forward
For those who have forgotten, Centralia Pa. is still burning underground and the fire front is still moving, but for a Penn State psychology undergraduate, Centralia became the focus of geologic research that broadened her interest in local history to include geology. (2003-02-14)

World shark attacks sink for second year in row, UF research shows
A weak economy and excessive fishing may have taken a bite out of shark attacks, which declined in 2002 for the second straight year, a new University of Florida report shows. (2003-02-05)

U. of Colorado collaboration will test use of imaging to find expansive soils
Professor Alexander Goetz, a scientist with CU-Boulder's Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences with colleagues from the Colorado School of Mines, the Colorado Geological Survey and the U. S. Geological Survey, will expose a 100-foot section of vertically layered sediments for a study of one of the worst construction hazards along the Front Range. (2002-05-30)

Framework for predicting underground rock geometry may aid coal, gas companies
Jesse Korus, a graduate student in Virginia Tech's Department of Geological Sciences, is developing a framework for predicting the geometry of important rock formations below ground. (2002-04-03)

New process by Temple grad student can place loose fossils back into the strata or determine fakes
A Temple University geology graduate student has developed a new geochemical process to assist palentologists in placing loose fossils back into the earth's strata or determine the validity of the fossil. (2002-03-25)

'Summer of the Shark' in 2001 more hype than fact, new numbers show
Despite Time magazine labeling it the (2002-02-18)

Adsorption on clay accounts for organic-rich rocks
New data from black shale deposits in South Dakota and Wyoming show a clear relationship between the presence of organic carbon in the sediments and a clay mineral called smectite. Analysis reveals that smectite's abundant surface area accounts for the large amounts of organic carbon seen in the deposits. The burial of organic-rich material plays an important role in maintaining habitable conditions in the biosphere and is also economically important as the ultimate source of oil. (2002-01-24)

Green Mud cure for $2 billion loss
Worldwide, the oil industry suffers an estimated $2 billion loss every year due to collapsed and sidetracked holes, lost tools and abandoned wells. Researchers from CSIRO, in conjunction with US firm Halliburton Energy Services' Baroid Drilling Fluids, have developed a low-cost, environmental product to help alleviate this industry headache: 'green muds'. (2001-12-05)

UF study shows all-time high number of shark attacks last year
The number of shark attacks in the world hit an all-time high in 2000, led by an upswing of incidents in the United States and Florida, a new University of Florida study shows. (2001-02-07)

February media highlights: Geology and GSA today
Highlights include the relationship of gas hydrates to climate change and composition of Earth's atmosphere, possible chaos regions on Io, new understanding of the intraplate seismicity of the New Madrid area of the eastern U.S., submarine growth and internal structure of ocean island volcanoes, and the Chengjiang Biota and exceptional preservation of fossils. (2001-01-24)

Community programs can help prevent heart disease
Community heart health programs with links to local hospitals can help reduce cardiovascular disease deaths, suggest the results of a study. Researchers based these findings on an analysis of one such community program in rural Franklin County, ME. (2000-06-18)

Should adolescents be allowed to make health care decisions?
Drs. Christopher Doig and Ellen Burgess review the arguments for and against whether teens should be allowed to refuse potentially lifesaving medical therapy. (2000-05-29)

Last unidentified sport fish in North America gets a scientific name
Scientists have identified a new species of bass, making the finned fighter likely the last game fish in North America to get a scientific name, says a University of Florida researcher. (2000-01-19)

Researchers Determine Three Dimensional Structure Of Melatonin Producing Enzyme
Researchers from two NIH institutes have determined the three-dimensional structure of an enzyme that produces melatonin--a key hormone that regulates the body's internal clock. The accomplishment may lead to the eventual design of drugs to fight jet lag, to help shift workers adjust to variable schedules, and to combat depression. (1999-02-02)

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