Current Burgess Shale News and Events | Page 2

Current Burgess Shale News and Events, Burgess Shale News Articles.
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Daddy daycare: Why some songbirds care for the wrong kids
Interspecific feeding -- when an adult of one species feeds the young of another -- is rare among songbirds, and scientists could only speculate on why it occurs, but now, Penn State researchers have new insight into this behavior. (2019-10-03)

Half-a-billion-year-old tiny predator unveils the rise of scorpions and spiders
Two palaeontologists working on the world-renowned Burgess Shale have revealed a new species, called Mollisonia plenovenatrix, which is presented as the oldest chelicerate. This discovery places the origin of this vast group of animals -- of over 115,000 species, including horseshoe crabs, scorpions and spiders -- to a time more than 500 million years ago. The findings are published in the prestigious journal Nature on Sept. 11, 2019. (2019-09-11)

Researchers develop affordable, less intensive methane detection protocol
A new testing protocol that uses existing, affordable water chemistry tests can help scientists and regulators detect sites showing evidence of new methane gas leaks caused by oil and gas drilling, according to Penn State researchers. (2019-08-27)

New study: Fracking prompts global spike in atmospheric methane
As methane concentrations increase in the Earth's atmosphere, chemical fingerprints point to a probable source: shale oil and gas, according to new Cornell University research published today in Biogeosciences, a journal of the European Geosciences Union. (2019-08-14)

Very little public support for relaxing rules and regulations around fracking
A major new public attitudes survey on fracking reveals very little public support for relaxing the rules and regulations around fracking -- a key demand of major shale gas extraction companies. (2019-08-01)

UNH research finds shale natural gas development impacting recreationists
Researchers at the University of New Hampshire took a closer look at shale natural gas energy development (SGD) and how it is affecting the experiences of outdoor recreationists, like hikers and campers. They found a significant number of recreationists encountered SGD-related activities and a smaller number even changed their outdoor behaviors or experiences as a result of encountering SGD. (2019-07-31)

A voracious Cambrian predator, Cambroraster, is a new species from the Burgess Shale
Palaeontologists at the Royal Ontario Museum and University of Toronto have uncovered fossils of a large new predatory species in half-a-billion-year-old rocks from Kootenay National Park in the Canadian Rockies. This new species has rake-like claws and a pineapple-slice-shaped mouth at the front of an enormous head, and it sheds light on the diversity of the earliest relatives of insects, crabs, spiders, and their kin. (2019-07-30)

Fracking likely to result in high emissions
Natural gas releases fewer greenhouse gases than other fossil fuels. That's why it is often seen as a bridge technology to a low-carbon future. A study by the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) has estimated emissions from shale gas production through fracking in Germany and the UK. It shows that CO2-eq. emissions would exceed the estimated current emissions from conventional gas production in Germany. The potential risks make strict adherence to environmental standards vital. (2019-07-25)

AGS commends bipartisan leaders on bringing training legislation closer to law
As members of the House Committee on Energy & Commerce move to debate, amend, and revise a host of important health proposals, the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) again pledged enthusiastic support for one of the Committee's most important bills under consideration: The Educating Medical Professionals and Optimizing Workforce Efficiency and Readiness (EMPOWER) for Health Act of 2019 (H.R. 2781). (2019-07-11)

Copper compound shows further potential as therapy for slowing ALS
A compound with potential as a treatment for ALS has gained further promise in a new study that showed it improved the condition of mice whose motor neurons had been damaged by an environmental toxin known to cause features of ALS. (2019-07-01)

UToledo research links fracking to higher radon levels in Ohio homes
A new study at The University of Toledo connects the proximity of fracking to higher household concentrations of radon gas, the second leading cause of lung cancer in the US. (2019-06-18)

New 'king' of fossils discovered in Australia
Fossils of a giant new species from the long-extinct group of sea creatures called trilobites have been found on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. (2019-06-13)

Fracking causes some songbirds to thrive while others decline
A paper soon to appear in The Condor: Ornithological Applications, published by Oxford University Press, finds that some songbird species benefit from the spread of fracking infrastructure while others suffer. (2019-06-11)

Fertilizer plants emit 100 times more methane than reported
Emissions of methane from the industrial sector have been vastly underestimated, researchers from Cornell University and Environmental Defense Fund have found. (2019-06-06)

Rare fossils provide more detailed picture of biodiversity during Middle Ordovician
Marine fossil specimens unearthed in northern Portugal are filling a gap in understanding evolution during the Middle Ordovician period. (2019-06-04)

Swapping water for CO2 could make fracking greener and more effective
Scientists at the Chinese Academy of Sciences and China University of Petroleum (Beijing) have demonstrated that CO2 may make a better hydraulic fracturing (fracking) fluid than water. Their research, published May 30 in the journal Joule, could help pave the way for a more eco-friendly form of fracking that would double as a mechanism for storing captured atmospheric CO2. (2019-05-30)

Measuring methane from coal and gas in Pennsylvania informative
While methane pollution caused by natural gas production in Pennsylvania is underestimated by the US Environmental Protection Agency, natural gas still has half the carbon footprint of underground coal mining, according to an international team of researchers. (2019-05-23)

New therapeutic target for depression identified
There are different pharmacological treatments for depression, mainly therapies that act on the serotonin system -- the so-called SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors). However, it has been evidenced that these antidepressants take around two weeks to have an effect and, what's more, around 30% of patients are resistant to this drug. Researchers of the Department of Human Physiology of the UMA Faculty of Medicine have taken a step closer to a new therapeutic target to face this mental disorder. (2019-05-22)

School choice system is unfair to households in areas given fewer choices
The first ever study to assess secondary school choices made across all households in England has shown that the system is unfair to households in areas where they are given fewer options on the application form, with these parents having to make 'less ambitious' choices. (2019-05-22)

Damaging Sichuan earthquakes linked to fracking operations
Two moderate-sized earthquakes that struck the southern Sichuan Province of China last December and January were probably caused by nearby fracking operations, according to a new study published in Seismological Research Letters. (2019-04-04)

Global centers of unsustainable harvesting of species identified
Unsustainable harvesting, including hunting, trapping, fishing and logging, is one of the biggest threats to biodiversity. Hotspots identified by the team of scientists. (2019-04-03)

Half-a-billion-year-old fossil reveals the origins of comb jellies
One of the ocean's little known carnivores has been allocated a new place in the evolutionary tree of life after scientists discovered its unmistakable resemblance with other sea-floor dwelling creatures. (2019-03-21)

A new treasure trove of Cambrian secrets unearthed
Researchers have discovered an early Cambrian fossil assemblage located along the bank of the Danshui River in China. (2019-03-21)

Inflammation links heart disease and depression, study finds
People with heart disease are more likely to suffer from depression, and the opposite is also true. Now, scientists at the University of Cambridge believe they have identified a link between these two conditions: inflammation -- the body's response to negative environmental factors, such as stress. (2019-03-18)

500-million-year old worm 'superhighway' discovered in Canada
Prehistoric worms populated the sea bed 500 million years ago--evidence that life was active in an environment thought uninhabitable until now, research by the University of Saskatchewan (USask) shows. (2019-02-28)

Risk remains low despite rise in global shark attacks
A new study led by Department of Oceanography & Coastal Sciences Assistant Professor Stephen Midway at Louisiana State University shows that although the number of shark attacks has increased over time, the rate of attack is low and the risk of being attacked by a shark is highly variable across the globe. (2019-02-27)

Ancient rocks provide clues to Earth's early history
A research team led by scientists at Arizona State University has provided compelling evidence for significant ocean oxygenation before the GOE, on a larger scale and to greater depths than previously recognized (2019-02-25)

Half-a-billion-year-old weird wonder worm finally gets its place in the tree of life
Paleobiologists from the University of Bristol have shed new light on a jaw-snapping species of prehistoric worm using half-a-billion-year-old fossils kept at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C. (2019-02-21)

Two studies explore timing, influence of deccan trap volcanism in dinosaurs' demise
In two separate studies, researchers using different methods of high-precision dating attempted to illuminate the series of events that led to the demise of vast swaths of life on Earth nearly 66 million years ago. (2019-02-21)

Scientists developed a method that allows removal of antibiotic residue from waste water
In February the article 'Metal-doped organic aerogels for photocatalytic degradation of trimethoprim' written by the researchers of two research groups (nanoporous materials and environmental technology research groups) of Tallinn University of Technology was published in the high-impact peer-reviewed professional journal Chemical Engineering Journal. (2019-02-13)

Study uses satellite data to pinpoint widespread oil industry 'flaring'
A new study by SF State University Assistant Professor of Health Education Lara Cushing and colleagues at the University of Southern California used satellite data to track flaring, an often underreported and potentially harmful oil and gas industry practice. (2019-02-13)

Ancient spider fossils, surprisingly preserved in rock, reveal reflective eyes
A new paper in the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, coauthored by a KU researcher, describes fossil spiders found in an area of Korean shale called the Lower Cretaceous Jinju Formation. (2019-02-12)

First identification of brain's preparation for action
Neuroscientists have identified the processes which occur in our brains milliseconds before we undertake a series of movements, crucial for speech, handwriting, sports or playing a musical instrument. Tracking brain activity, researchers could distinguish between neural mechanisms associated with skilled and error-prone actions. Following further research, this new information could lead to the development of interventions which would assist with rehabilitation post-stroke or improve life for people living with stutter, dyspraxia or other similar conditions. (2019-02-07)

Understanding physics could lead to big gains in shale oil recovery
Oil companies are missing out on vast sums of recoverable oil in unconventional reservoirs, according to Penn State experts. (2019-01-14)

'Realistic' new model points the way to more efficient and profitable fracking
The mathematical and computational model is the first to predict branching while being consistent with the amount of gas that is known to be released from the shale. (2019-01-07)

Pitt chemical engineers advance olefins production through computational modeling
New research from the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering has introduced a method to effectively screen different catalysts that convert light alkanes to olefins. With light alkanes being abundant in the Marcellus and Utica shale reserves, this methodology may provide a more economical solution for olefins production. (2018-12-12)

Silicosis is on the rise, but is there a therapeutic target?
Researchers from the CNRS, the University of Orléans, and the company Artimmune, in collaboration with Turkish clinicians from Atatürk University, have identified a key mechanism of lung inflammation induced by silica exposure, which leads to silicosis, an incurable disease. Their study in mice and patients, published in Nature Communications, shows that this inflammation can be prevented by extracellular DNA degradation, suggesting a new therapeutic target. (2018-12-06)

USGS identifies largest continuous oil and gas resource potential ever
USGS announces an assessment of continuous oil and gas in Texas and New Mexico's Delaware Basin, the largest USGS has ever conducted, with an estimate of 46.3 billion barrels of oil and 281 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. (2018-12-06)

The physics of extracting gas from shale formations
In a recent article published in EPJ E, Natalia Kovalchuk and Constantinos Hadjistassou from the University of Nicosia, Cyprus, have distilled the current state of knowledge regarding the multi-scale flow processes occurring during shale gas extraction. This know-how is deemed essential for improving gas recovery and lowering production costs. (2018-11-30)

Ground and stream water clues reveal shale drilling impacts
Chemical clues in waters near Marcellus Shale gas wells in rural Pennsylvania can identify new drilling-related sources of methane contamination, according to scientists. (2018-11-19)

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