Current Caesarean News and Events

Current Caesarean News and Events, Caesarean News Articles.
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Skin-to skin contact with fathers may help newborns after caesarean delivery
Separating infants and their mothers after a Caesarean section delivery is common. A new study published in Acta Paediatrica has found that providing skin-to-skin contact with the father may provide benefits to a newborn. (2021-01-06)

UK's aim to half maternal mortality by 2030 is challenged by social inequalities, and increasing maternal age, obesity and c-section rates
The complex issues around maternal deaths in the UK will be presented at Euroanaesthesia in a new review by an anaesthesiologist who works on the UK Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths (CEMD), which began in 1952 and investigates the death of every mother during pregnancy and after childbirth. (2020-11-27)

Risk of childhood asthma by caesarean section is mediated through the early gut microbiome
New study highlights long-term perturbations of the early gut microbiome as a possible mechanism for the observed association between caesarean section and increased risk of developing asthma. (2020-11-12)

During COVID-19 first wave, the proportion of caesarean section deliveries done under
New research from north-west England published in Anaesthesia (a journal of the Association of Anaesthetists) shows that during the first wave of COVID-19, the proportion of caesarean section deliveries carried out under general anaesthesia approximately halved, from 7.7% to 3.7%. (2020-11-02)

Poor women in Bangladesh reluctant to use healthcare
A study, published in PLOS ONE, found that the women living in Dhaka slums were reluctant to use institutionalised maternal health care for fear of having to make undocumented payments, unfamiliar institutional processes, lack of social and family support, matters of honour and shame, a culture of silence and inadequate spousal communication on health issues. (2020-10-23)

More than 40% of women suffer from constipation during pregnancy and right after childbirth
Women are 2-3 times more likely to suffer from constipation during pregnancy and right after childbirth than at any other time in their life, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. (2020-10-09)

Caesarean birth, prolonged labour influence infant gut bacteria, risk of childhood obesity
Events at birth may affect the microbes living in a baby's gut during the first few months of life, leading to a higher risk of childhood obesity and allergies, according to a new study published in the journal Gastroenterology. (2020-10-02)

Are we medically intervening in maternity care when we don't need to?
Researchers from the School of Nursing and Midwifery at Trinity College Dublin have provided an international perspective on differences in key birth interventions as part of a European research network which aims to understand and contextualise physiological labour and birth. The studies focussed on the economic implications of reducing caesarean section rates and on the amounts of synthetic oxytocin used during labour. (2020-08-06)

Maternal transmission of COVID-19 to baby during pregnancy is uncommon, study finds
Transmission of COVID-19 from mother to baby during pregnancy is uncommon, and the rate of infection is no greater when the baby is born vaginally, breastfed or allowed contact with the mother, according to a new study. (2020-06-15)

Even natural products can be harmful for the unborn child
Plant products ingested by pregnant women through their diet are broken down by the intestinal microbiota into chemical substances, some of which can cross the placental barrier and reach the fetus. These foreign substances can harm the unborn child, even if they are of 'natural origin'. Researchers at the Department for BioMedical Research (DBMR) at the University of Bern and Inselspital, University Hospital Bern, therefore warn against underestimating the effects of such substances. (2020-05-26)

US maternal health spending varies by state, driven by cost of childbirth
The average cost of childbirth varies widely from state to state, according to new national analysis from the Health Care Cost Institute, which also found that spending on postpartum care extended across the full year after delivery. The research drew on HCCI's database of medical claims from approximately 40 million US individuals with employer-sponsored insurance. (2020-05-13)

Study shows it is safe to give antibiotics to mothers after umbilical cord clamping in C-sections, to avoid exposure of newborns
New research to be presented at the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) shows that it is safe to give antibiotics to mothers after umbilical cord clamping in cesarean section, rather than before, to avoid exposure of the newborn baby to these drugs. (2020-04-17)

The effects of inflammatory bowel disease on pregnancy
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) -- including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis -- often affects women of childbearing age. A study published in Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics compared the health of pregnant and non-pregnant women with IBD. (2020-04-08)

Newborns infected with COVID-19 in China experienced mild symptoms
Researchers have identified a total of four cases of newborn babies with COVID-19 infection in China. In all cases the babies experienced only mild symptoms with none requiring intensive care or mechanical ventilation according to research published in in the European Respiratory Journal today (Thursday). (2020-04-08)

Caesarean birth has little impact on children developing allergies
A caesarean birth had little impact on whether a child would go onto develop allergies, a new study has shown. (2020-03-03)

Improved access to Midwifery Units is urgently needed, says new study
A high number of pregnant women in England cannot access the maternity care most appropriate for them, according to a new study, which could be costing the NHS millions of pounds a year. The research, which is published in the BMJ Open, reviewed NHS maternity services in different areas of England and identified a number of key factors that limit the availability and use of Midwifery Units, (home-like settings run by midwives). (2020-02-19)

Sharp rise in canine fertility clinics but not always staffed with vets
There has been a sharp rise in the number of specialist canine fertility clinics, according to an investigation published in this week's issue of the Vet Record. (2020-02-06)

Elevated fasting blood sugar in pregnancy linked to harmful outcomes for mothers, babies
Women with gestational diabetes who have elevated blood sugar levels before eating are at higher risk for complications than those whose blood sugar is only elevated after meals -- even when their diabetes is treated, according to a new study from the University of Alberta. (2020-02-03)

Does inflammatory bowel disease carry certain risks during pregnancy?
Pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are more likely to undergo delivery by Caesarean section and face certain risks during pregnancy, according to an analysis published in Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics. (2020-01-08)

Pregnant smokers at higher risk for gestational diabetes, Hebrew University study finds
Pregnant smokers at higher risk for gestational diabetes, Hebrew University study finds. (2019-12-09)

Research reveals potential dangers during skin-to-skin contact for mother and baby following cesarean section birth
Research in the latest edition of the European Journal of Anaesthesiology (the official journal of the European Society of Anaesthesiology) reports the potential dangers of allowing skin-to-skin contact for mother and baby in the operating room, following a cesarean section birth. (2019-11-07)

Vaginal tearing: Why are episiotomies down despite some benefits?
In Canada, the rate of episiotomy during childbirth has declined in recent years, but when it comes to births assisted by forceps or vacuum, this downward trend warrants a closer look, suggests new UBC research. (2019-10-21)

Babies burdened by environmental estrogens in mothers' wombs
Early childhood life in the womb is particularly sensitive to the effects of environmental pollutants. A team from Empa and the University of Vienna has now for the first time been able to show how a pollutant from contaminated food - the environmental estrogen zearalenone - spreads in the womb and is metabolized into harmful metabolites. (2019-10-10)

The Lancet: Evidence of mistreatment of women during childbirth in four low-income countries
Physical and verbal abuse during childbirth peaked between 30 minutes before birth until 15 minutes after birth, and mistreatment was more common in younger, less educated women, according to a study in The Lancet which combined observations of 2,016 women during labour and childbirth with surveys of 2,672 women post-childbirth in Ghana, Guinea, Myanmar, and Nigeria. (2019-10-08)

New evidence on the mistreatment of women during childbirth
New evidence from a World Health Organization (WHO)-led study in four countries shows more than one-third of women experience mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities. The study, led by Dr. Meghan Bohren from the University of Melbourne Centre for Health Equity and WHO, showed that women were at the highest risk of experience physical and verbal abuse between 30 minutes of birth until 15 minutes after birth. (2019-10-08)

Different views on vaginal birth after previous caesarean section (VBAC)
There is considerable variations in different countriesĀ“ health care systems and professionals in the views on vaginal birth after previous caesarean section (VBAC), according to a European study. However, women'sĀ“ views are more similar in the different countries. (2019-10-03)

Babies' gut bacteria affected by delivery method, Baby Biome project shows
Babies born vaginally have different gut bacteria -- their microbiome -- than those delivered by caesarean, research has shown. Scientists from the Wellcome Sanger Institute, UCL, the University of Birmingham and collaborators discovered that whereas vaginally born babies got most of their gut bacteria from their mother, caesarean babies instead had more bacteria associated with hospital environments in their guts. It isn't known if these differences at birth will have any effect on later health. (2019-09-18)

Large meta-analysis links IVF to higher gestational diabetes risk
Women who give birth to singleton babies following assisted reproductive technologies including vitro fertilisation (IVF) are at greater risk of developing gestational diabetes than those who conceive naturally, according to a meta-analysis involving over almost 2 million singleton pregnancies. (2019-09-18)

Planned delivery reduces impact of potentially fatal pregnancy complication, trial finds
In research published today in the Lancet and funded by National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), researchers from King's College London have found that early, planned delivery for women with pre-term pre-eclampsia reduces complications and severe hypertension, as well as costs, compared to the current method of care. (2019-08-28)

China's two-child policy has led to 5.4 million extra births
The introduction of China's universal two-child policy, that permits all couples to have two children, has led to an extra 5.4 million births, finds a study in The BMJ today. (2019-08-21)

Migraine increases the risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth
Pregnant women with migraine have an increased risk of miscarriage, caesarean sections and giving birth to a child with low birth weight. This is shown by a comprehensive register-based study from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark. The study also suggests that prescription migraine drugs may alleviate the complications. (2019-06-26)

The bacteria building your baby
Australian researchers have laid to rest a longstanding controversy: is the womb sterile? Published in Frontiers in Microbiology, their study used uniquely rigorous contamination controls to confirm that exposure to bacteria begins in the womb -- and could help to shape the developing fetal immune system, gut and brain. (2019-06-05)

Reducing opioid prescriptions after C-sections
There's a better way to take care of patients after C-sections to help them heal faster and manage pain without increasing their risk of long-term opioid use, Michigan Medicine researchers say. (2019-06-05)

The Lancet: Preventative antibiotics after assisted childbirth almost halve maternal infection rate and reduce overall antibiotic use
Giving a single dose of preventative antibiotics to all women after childbirth involving forceps or vacuum extraction could prevent almost half of maternal infections including sepsis--equivalent to over 7,000 maternal infections every year in the UK, and around 5,000 in the USA. (2019-05-13)

Hospital study shows in just a decade, proportion of pregnant women with obesity has doubled
The proportion of pregnant women with obesity (body mass index [BMI] above 30 kg/m2) has doubled over the past decade, from around 22% in 2010 to 44% in 2018, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Glasgow, UK (April 28-May 1). (2019-04-30)

Additional routine ultrasounds benefit mothers and babies, and could be cost saving, study finds
Offering universal late pregnancy ultrasounds at 36 weeks' gestation eliminates undiagnosed breech presentation of babies, lowers the rate of emergency caesarean sections, and improves the health of mothers and babies. These are some of the conclusions of the Pregnancy Outcome Prediction (POP) study published this week in PLOS Medicine by David Wastlund of the University of Cambridge, UK, and colleagues. (2019-04-16)

Additional routine ultrasounds benefit mothers and babies and could be cost-saving
Offering universal late pregnancy ultrasounds at 36 weeks would benefit mothers and babies and could be cost saving. A new study shows that an additional routine ultrasound could eliminate undiagnosed breech presentation of babies, lower the rate of emergency caesarean sections, and improve the health of mothers and babies. (2019-04-16)

Mode of delivery alters infants' gut microbiota and this may impact respiratory health in first year of life
New research being presented at this year's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (April 13-16), suggests that mode of delivery influences the development of the microbial composition of the gut (i.e. the gut microbiota) in infants, independently of a mother's use of antibiotics. This, in turn, may affect infants' respiratory health during the first year of life. (2019-04-12)

Cesarean delivery associated with higher risk of severe complications for the mother
Cesarean delivery is associated with a higher risk of severe complications for the mother compared with vaginal delivery, especially in women aged 35 and older, according to new research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-04-01)

Death rates from cesarean section far higher in developing countries
Cesarean sections are disproportionately threatening the lives of women and babies in low and middle-income countries (LMIC), according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London. (2019-03-28)

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